• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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Discovering Research of Special Agency of National R&D Management by Analyzing the Current Management System of National R&D Program (연구관리 전문기관의 실태분석을 통한 유형화에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Lee, Gil-Woo;Chon, Se-Bong;Ko, Yun-Mi
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-35
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzes the current status of how to manage the national R&D program and the systematic problems of R&D planning, evaluation, and management, and then shows the strategy to support special agency of national R&D management for effective operation. Additionally, this study seeks to search for the macro methods to coordinate and to develop the roles and functions of special agency of national R&D management, and to promote efficiency and productivity of the National R&D investment. First of all, this study generally introduces the national R&D and surveys each special agency of national R&D management by analyzing the status of each agency charged by Ministry. Also, this study defines special agency of national R&D management by investigating each agency's status based on law and finds out the strategy to support special agency of national R&D management for effective operation. Each special agency of national R&D management is based on acts, administrative orders, or blanket contracts and takes whole charge of each National R&D program. The organization forms of special agency of national R&D management can be classified into two forms: One is a form to plan, to evaluate, and to manage the National R&D program and other is a form to research program together with the functions of planning, evaluation, and management. Therefore, this study defines special agency of national R&D management as "an organization, having a legal basis(acts, administrative orders), funded and charged by government for executing R&D planning, evaluation and management of R&D program." This study shows the strategy to operate special agency of national R&D management efficiently by analyzing each agency's current status and comparing each agency with each other. Moreover, every agency has a committee member pool, and the pool is classified well according to the fields of work and technology. Also, the special agency of national R&D management has its own organization to manage performances of program.

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Comparative Study on the Technology Transfer from Government- funded Research Institutes to the Private Sector Focusing on Licensing Contract

  • Kim, Mi-Jung;Park, Jong-Bok;Lee, Jeong-Dong;Kim, Tai-Yoo
    • Proceedings of the Technology Innovation Conference
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    • pp.205-221
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 정부출연연구소에서 연구개발된 기술이 민간부문에서 충분히 활용되지 못하고 있다는 문제의식으로부터 출발하여, 원천, 핵심기술의 확보가 국가경쟁력을 좌우하는 첨단기술경제시대에 막대한 국가자금으로 연구개발된 우수한 기술의 사장을 방지하고 궁극적으로 국가경제발전을 위한 전략적 기술이전 촉진 방안을 모색하는 것이다. 현재 국무총리산하 기초, 산업, 공공기술 연구회로 분류 조직되어 있는 3개 연구회 총 1개 정부출연연구소의 지난 10년간(1992-2001)의 연구예산규모, 보유특허수, 기술이전건수, 기술징수액, 기술실시계약서를 방문 조사하고 각 연구소의 기술이전전담조직의 실무자를 대상으로 설문 조사하여 설문 및 통계분석 결과를 토대로 기술이전관련 문제점 파악 및 기술이전 촉진을 위한 전략적 개선방안을 모색해 보았다. 먼저 기술이전 현황을 살펴보면 기술이전건수는 보유특허수의 3%미만, 기술료 징수액은 연구예산규모의 2%미만으로 기술이전 및 기술상업화율이 상당히 저조하다. 설문 및 통계분석 결과로부터 TLO 조직의 비효율적인 운영, 비전문성, 열악한 운영인력, 적극적인 기술이전을 위한 동기부족, 정부의 제도적인 지원부족, 기술실시계약서 조항들의 경직성 등을 기술이전 관련 문제점으로 도출해 낼 수 있었다. 이러한 문제점을 극복하고 기술이전 촉진을 위한 개선방안으로는 첫째, TLO 조직을 전략으로 개편해야 한다. 즉 기술이전 전담인력을 변리사, 전문 협상가, 연구원 둥 전문가들로 구성하여 지적재산권 관리, 기술평가, 시장조사, 기술마케팅, 사후관리 등을 효율적으로 수행해야 한다. 둘째, 정부의 정책적인 지원이 필요하다. 기술이전 전담조직에 대한 인센티브 시스템 기술이전을 위한 특별예산 편성 등을 정책적, 제도적으로 도입하는 등의 적극적인 지원이 요구된다. 셋째, 기술실시계약서 조항들을 기술실시자의 실질적인 기술 상업화에 도움이 되고 기술 유출 및 기술사장화를 방지하는 방향으로 개선하여야 한다. 특히, 전용실시권과 실시대가, 기술실시 및 지적재산권 관리와 관련된 제반 비용의 부담비율 등을 보다 유연하게 개선하여야 한다. 본 연구는 정부출연연구소에서 민간부문으로의 기술이전만을 고려하여 기술이전의 중요한 요소인 민간부문에 대한 고려가 전혀 없다. 따라서 보다 실질적이고 체계적인 결과를 도출하기 위해 민간부문을 고려한 연구가 진행되어야 한다고 생각한다.

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Analysis of Research for the Actual State and Management of Automated Horticultural Facilities (경북지역 현대화 원예시설의 관리실태 조사분석)

  • 정현교;이기명;박규식
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.174-186
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out in order to understand the plan, design, constructing and actual condition of management of modernized horticultural facilities in Kyungpook Province which had been constructed from 1992 to 1995 funded by Government support. The aim of this study is to provide reference data for success of the forth project. It was performed by making up a question about driving of project and management condition of equipment after constructing. The results obtained from this study are as follows: 1. 73.5% of facilities horticulture farmhouse recognized that the prospect of greenhouse is bright, but 92.5% of the farmhouse also recognised that they need technical consultation on protected horticulture farming. Therefore, technical educations would must be enhanced about foundation of greenhouse and cultivation technique. 2. The holding times of explanatory meetings, cause of understanding to farmhouse, were one or two times in greenhouse construction, and 62.5% of the farmhouse expressed the insufficiency at the explanation and educational data. For this reason, it was judged that the construction contract had been delayed more than 5 months in 49.3% of the farmhouse after the decision of project budget. 3. In constructing after a contract, the rates of construction delay is 53.4% and defect occurrence is 41.1%. The biggest reasons of construction delay was insufficiency of worker and materials supply. Each percentage is 29.1%. And the reason of defect occurrence is badness of machinery equipment(62.9% ). 4. In management of greenhouse, a pipe-constructed plastic film greenhouse changes plastic film every one and three years because of sticking dust on plastic film. It was needed to about in cleaning technique of coverings. Because that used 3-5 years only half of the expected life span. 5. The order of broken rating in the subsidiary equipment is like this lollop ventilator (42.8%), a general control system(33.3%) especially, in the case of a general control system, the rate of all family can control is 52.7%. so, it is time to develop easy control equipment which every one could use as soon as possible. 6. When choose heat generator as decide capacity, the most priority is the mount of heat generator the percent is 45.5% heat generator and as decide model, the private purchase's percent is 77.3%. It is higher than a public bidding heat generator the percent is 22.7% heat generator when it compare with a public bidding. In the case of $CO_2$ generator, using rate is only 19.0%. The using rate is very low, so it needs education how to use depends on the way of the subsidiary equipment. 7. In the case of seedlings, it is asked to use factory-processed seedling effectively. because it's difficult to get security of labors(58.8%), hoped crops (55.9%) access same crops(29.4%) much more and changing of crops depends on market situation. that is the main reason the lack of knowhow.

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A Study on the Test Construction Evaluation and Noise and Vibration Characteristics of Wireless Low-Floored Trams Trackway (무가선 저상트램 노면선로의 시험시공 평가와 소음·진동 특성연구)

  • Jeong, Young Do;An, Dong Geun;Jun, Jin Taek;Jeong, Woo Tae;Lee, Su Hyung
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.143-154
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    • 2012
  • The wireless low-floored tram is an innovative transportation system which is environment-friendly and highly energy-efficient. In addition, the system has various advantages such as low construction cost, improvement of urban landscape, revitalization of surrounding commercial area, elevated convenience for passengers, etc. Therefore, more than ten local governments have proposed tram construction projects in Korea. Accordingly, many research and development projects are ongoing funded by government including the developments of tram vehicle, tram trackway, signal system, etc. The embedded rail system are commonly used in order to provide leveled roadway surface in urban area. It is effective to reduce the noise and vibration, caused at the interface between the wheel and track, to minimize the construction period, and to lower the maintenance cost. This paper investigated the design and construction processes for tram trackway and figured out the constructability for the test track with embedded rail system for the first time in Korea. The performance to reduce the noise and vibration were quantitatively measured in the test track with embedded rail system. In addition, the results were compared to the ones for track with conventional rail system.

Analysis of Perceptions on Accreditation System of Vocational Training Providers and Measures to Improve the Accreditation System (직업훈련기관 인증평가에 대한 인식 및 개선방안 연구)

  • Ko, Hye-Won;Lee, Chul-Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.694-704
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    • 2021
  • To improve the quality of government-funded vocational training, an accreditation system of vocational training providers has been implemented since 2015. The purpose of this study was to suggest improvement measures by analyzing the accreditation system and the perceptions surrounding it. To this end, accreditation systems from European countries, such as Germany and the UK, as well as related domestic systems, were reviewed. Two surveys were administered to 131 appraisers and 370 vocational training providers. The study results showed that changes to the standard and accreditation processes are not needed at this point. In the long term, however, it will be necessary to request that vocational training providers adopt their quality assurance system. In addition, both appraisers and vocational training providers responded that the accreditation system is being established to increase the quality assurance system within vocational training providers. Based on the study results, several implications for improving the accreditation system were suggested as follows: a vocational training enhancement centered on outstanding vocational training providers; an accreditation system simplification for short-term vocational training providers; a stronger monitoring system during the accreditation period; and an operation of outcome-based accreditation.

Research on Science, Technology & Society in Korea: A Critical Review (과학기술과 사회 연구의 현황과 과제)

  • Bak, Hee-Je
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.155-195
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    • 2017
  • The goal of the present study is reviewing the literature on the scientific community and also on science, technology & society to increase interactions between innovation studies and social studies of science and technology. Up until now, various empirical studies on Korean scientists and engineers have been concentrated on researchers at universities, while they have paid inadequate attention to researchers at state-funded research institutes and private companies. In addition, these studies have tended to use concepts in Western academia to elucidate Korean cases. On the other hand, recent empirical researches on the effects of the evaluation systems in universities, PBS system, and the network of school ties suggest that these topics may reveal the unique characteristics of Korean scientific community. Empirical studies on the scientific community have also shown that Korean research institutes and researchers who are in charge of innovation in Korea have demonstrated a tendency to conform to the government's guidance due to long experiences of state-led R&D and nationalism. Research on science, technology and society has viewed the participation of citizens in science and technology as a way toward science and technology democracy, and tended to have a strong practical orientation. However, there has been a relatively small amount of research on how citizen participation influences the direction and content of technological innovation. Also, although, from the viewpoint of technological innovation, how participation of citizens in science and technology can contribute to knowledge production and innovation is a critical issue, relatively small numbers of case studies on this subject have been conducted. Therefore, as the scholars who have emphasized the democracy of science and technology have actually experimented with various ways of citizen participation, innovation researchers may have to design and implement citizen participation through which citizens' local knowledge can contribute to technological innovation.

A Study on Intelligent Value Chain Network System based on Firms' Information (기업정보 기반 지능형 밸류체인 네트워크 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Tae-Eung;Kim, Kang-Hoe;Moon, Young-Su;Lee, Ho-Shin
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.67-88
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    • 2018
  • Until recently, as we recognize the significance of sustainable growth and competitiveness of small-and-medium sized enterprises (SMEs), governmental support for tangible resources such as R&D, manpower, funds, etc. has been mainly provided. However, it is also true that the inefficiency of support systems such as underestimated or redundant support has been raised because there exist conflicting policies in terms of appropriateness, effectiveness and efficiency of business support. From the perspective of the government or a company, we believe that due to limited resources of SMEs technology development and capacity enhancement through collaboration with external sources is the basis for creating competitive advantage for companies, and also emphasize value creation activities for it. This is why value chain network analysis is necessary in order to analyze inter-company deal relationships from a series of value chains and visualize results through establishing knowledge ecosystems at the corporate level. There exist Technology Opportunity Discovery (TOD) system that provides information on relevant products or technology status of companies with patents through retrievals over patent, product, or company name, CRETOP and KISLINE which both allow to view company (financial) information and credit information, but there exists no online system that provides a list of similar (competitive) companies based on the analysis of value chain network or information on potential clients or demanders that can have business deals in future. Therefore, we focus on the "Value Chain Network System (VCNS)", a support partner for planning the corporate business strategy developed and managed by KISTI, and investigate the types of embedded network-based analysis modules, databases (D/Bs) to support them, and how to utilize the system efficiently. Further we explore the function of network visualization in intelligent value chain analysis system which becomes the core information to understand industrial structure ystem and to develop a company's new product development. In order for a company to have the competitive superiority over other companies, it is necessary to identify who are the competitors with patents or products currently being produced, and searching for similar companies or competitors by each type of industry is the key to securing competitiveness in the commercialization of the target company. In addition, transaction information, which becomes business activity between companies, plays an important role in providing information regarding potential customers when both parties enter similar fields together. Identifying a competitor at the enterprise or industry level by using a network map based on such inter-company sales information can be implemented as a core module of value chain analysis. The Value Chain Network System (VCNS) combines the concepts of value chain and industrial structure analysis with corporate information simply collected to date, so that it can grasp not only the market competition situation of individual companies but also the value chain relationship of a specific industry. Especially, it can be useful as an information analysis tool at the corporate level such as identification of industry structure, identification of competitor trends, analysis of competitors, locating suppliers (sellers) and demanders (buyers), industry trends by item, finding promising items, finding new entrants, finding core companies and items by value chain, and recognizing the patents with corresponding companies, etc. In addition, based on the objectivity and reliability of the analysis results from transaction deals information and financial data, it is expected that value chain network system will be utilized for various purposes such as information support for business evaluation, R&D decision support and mid-term or short-term demand forecasting, in particular to more than 15,000 member companies in Korea, employees in R&D service sectors government-funded research institutes and public organizations. In order to strengthen business competitiveness of companies, technology, patent and market information have been provided so far mainly by government agencies and private research-and-development service companies. This service has been presented in frames of patent analysis (mainly for rating, quantitative analysis) or market analysis (for market prediction and demand forecasting based on market reports). However, there was a limitation to solving the lack of information, which is one of the difficulties that firms in Korea often face in the stage of commercialization. In particular, it is much more difficult to obtain information about competitors and potential candidates. In this study, the real-time value chain analysis and visualization service module based on the proposed network map and the data in hands is compared with the expected market share, estimated sales volume, contact information (which implies potential suppliers for raw material / parts, and potential demanders for complete products / modules). In future research, we intend to carry out the in-depth research for further investigating the indices of competitive factors through participation of research subjects and newly developing competitive indices for competitors or substitute items, and to additively promoting with data mining techniques and algorithms for improving the performance of VCNS.

Applications of "High Definition Digital Climate Maps" in Restructuring of Korean Agriculture (한국농업의 구조조정과 전자기후도의 역할)

  • Yun, Jin-I.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2007
  • The use of information on natural resources is indispensable to most agricultural activities to avoid disasters, to improve input efficiency, and to increase lam income. Most information is prepared and managed at a spatial scale called the "Hydrologic Unit" (HU), which means watershed or small river basin, because virtually every environmental problem can be handled best within a single HU. South Korea consists of 840 such watersheds and, while other watershed-specific information is routinely managed by government organizations, there are none responsible for agricultural weather and climate. A joint research team of Kyung Hee University and the Agriculture, forestry and Fisheries Information Service has begun a 4-year project funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and forestry to establish a watershed-specific agricultural weather information service based on "high definition" digital climate maps (HD-DCMs) utilizing the state of the art geospatial climatological technology. For example, a daily minimum temperature model simulating the thermodynamic nature of cold air with the aid of raster GIS and microwave temperature profiling will quantify effects of cold air drainage on local temperature. By using these techniques and 30-year (1971-2000) synoptic observations, gridded climate data including temperature, solar irradiance, and precipitation will be prepared for each watershed at a 30m spacing. Together with the climatological normals, there will be 3-hourly near-real time meterological mapping using the Korea Meteorological Administration's digital forecasting products which are prepared at a 5 km by 5 km resolution. Resulting HD-DCM database and operational technology will be transferred to local governments, and they will be responsible for routine operations and applications in their region. This paper describes the project in detail and demonstrates some of the interim results.

Development of Tuna Purse Seine Fishery in Korea and the Countries Concerned (한국(韓國) 및 관련각국((關聯各國)의 다랑어 선망어업(旋網漁業) 발달과정(發達過程))

  • Hyun, Jong-Su;Lee, Byoung-Gee;Kim, Hyoung-Seok;Yae, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.30-46
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    • 1992
  • Korea's first exploratory tuna fishing was done with a used longliner in 1957. Then the commercial fishing has been made steady headway since the 1960's and grown up to one of major tuna fishing countries in 1970's. The tuna fishing aimed primarily at acquiring foreign currency, then tuna was exported directly from the overseas fishing base. Tuna, however, has been gradually favored by Koreans as high-proteined foods according to the growth of GNP since the 1970's. In 1980, the canned tuna began to be produced and sold at home. And so the demand of raw tuna for cannaries has steeply increased not only for home but also for abroad, and stimulated the development of tuna purse seine fishery. The author carried out a study on the development of tuna purse seine fishery in Korea and countries concerned-the United States and Japan-because it is recognized to be significant for the further development of this fishery. Just as purse seining was originated in the United States, so tuna purse seining was also pioneered by Californian fishermen in the west coastal waters of the United States (Eastern Pacific Ocean). They started to produce the canned tuna in the early 1900's, and the demand for raw tuna began to be increased rapidly. In those days, tuna was mostly caught by pole-and-line, but the catch amount was far away from the demand. To satisfy this demand, they began to try out fishing tuna by the use of purse seine which had been born in the eastern waters in the 1820's and applied to catch white fishes in the western waters of the United States in those days. Even though their trial was technically successful through severe trial and error, a new problem was raised on the management of tuna resource and the preservation of porpoise which was occassionally caught with tuna. Then the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission (IATTC) was established by countries neighboring to the United States in 1950 and they set up the Commission's Yellowfin Regulatory Area (CYRA) and regulated the annual quota for yellowfin. Then, American owners tried to send their seiners to the Western African waters to expand the fishing ground in 1967 and to the Centeral-Western Pacfic in 1974, and the fishing ground was widely expanded. The number of the United States' purse seiners amounted to about 150 in 1980, but the enthusiasm was gradually cooled thereafter and the number of seiner was decreased to 67 in 1986. The landing of tuna by purse seiners in the United States after 1980 maintains 200 thousands M/T or so with a little increase despite the decreasing of domestic seiners. This shows that the landing by foreign seiners are increasing, compared with the landing by domestic seiners are decreasing. In Japan, even though purse seining was introduced in 1880, they had fished tuna by longline and pole-and -line until the tuna purse seining was introduced from the United States again. In the 1960's, Japanese tuna seiners made the exploratory fishing in the South-western Pacific and West African waters with a limited success. In 1971, the government-funded research center "JARMRAC" conducted the exploratory fishing which extended to the Central American waters, the Asia-Pacific Region and the South-western Pacific. It had also much difficulties, till they improved the fishing gear adaptable to the new fishing condition in the South-western Pacific. Japanese government has begun to licence 32 single seiners and 7 group seiners since 1980 and their standard has lasted up to now. The catch in the Pacific Islands Region amounted to 160 thousands M/T in 1986. Korea's tuna purse seine fishery was originated in 1971 by Jedong Industrial Co., Ltd. with three used tuna purse seiners purchased from the United States, and they began to fish in the Eastern Pacific, but failed owing to the superannuation of vessel and the infancy of fishing technique. The second challenge was done by Dongwon Industrial Co., Ltd. in 1979, with one used seiner purchased from the United States, and started to fish in the Eastern Pacific. Even though the first trial was almost unsuccessful but they could obtain the noticeable success by removing the vessel to the South-western Pacific in 1980. This success stimulated the Korean entherprisers to take part in this fishery, and the number of Korean tuna purse seiners has been increased rapidly in accordance with the increased demand for raw tuna. The number of vessels actually at work amounted to 36 in 1990 and they operate in the South-western Pacific. The annual catch of tuna by purse seiners amounted to 170 thousands M/T in 1990 and ranked to one of the major tuna purse seining countries in the world.

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