• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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The Success Factors on Private-Public Technology Collaboration of SMEs (중소기업의 산·연 기술협력 성과 영향 요인)

  • Lee, Chang-yeon;Kim, Byung-Keun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.416-445
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    • 2019
  • This study aims at examining the relationship among entrepreneurial orientation, absorption capability, alliance capability and cooperation performance in technological cooperation between SMEs and government-funded R&D Institutes. For empirical analysis, the study conducted a survey on total 2,895 SMEs participating in the technological cooperation programs operated by government-funded R&D Institutes, and collected 332 survey responses. Data were analysed using a structural equation model. Empirical results show that entrepreneurial orientation, absorption capability, and alliance capability influenced the performance of technological cooperation. In addition, alliance capability has a significant effect on absorptive capacity. In order for the technology cooperation between SMEs and government-funded research institutes being successful, efforts are needed to secure companies' entrepreneurial orientation, absorption capability and alliance capability that has the capabilities that SMEs needs for technological cooperation.

Factors Affecting Technology Transfer of Government-funded Research Institutes (정부출연연구기관 기술이전 영향요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Jang-ho
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.519-545
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the factors influencing the technology transfer of Government-Funded Research Institutes from the perspective of resource-based view. In particular, we analyzed the effects of research resources, research capacity, and research results diffusion variables on technology transfer performance. The research resource variables affect the primary output of R&D (patents, research papers) but direct effect on the technology transfer performance was very weak. Among the research competency variables, patent-related variables such as patent registration, patent holdings have a significant effect on the technology transfer performance. However, the research papers have a negative effect on the technology transfer performance. The research results diffusion variables such as TLO organization and TLO budget may partly have a positive impact on technology transfer, but the statistical significance is not clear.

4P Model for Strategic Research Planning: Focusing on the Cases of Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology

  • Choi, Kyungsun;Choe, Hochull;Ko, Youngjoo
    • Asian Journal of Innovation and Policy
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.287-309
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    • 2018
  • The demand for efficient utilization of input resources and productive outcomes is increasing as the government's R&D investments in Government-funded research institutes (GRIs) expand. These changes call for improving research-planning activities, which are defined as a set of activities wherein objectives are established, strategies for acquisition and expenditures of research resources are devised, and utilizations of research outcomes are addressed. This study introduces the integrated 4P analysis model that identifies the relationships among patents, papers, products, and projects. It looks into 4P analysis structure and its efficiency as a research planning means through case studies of the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology. This study introduces 4P analysis applied to KRICT, which can be utilized for outcome-oriented research planning of GRIs. At the same time, it investigates into the benefits and implications of 4P analysis. It proffers policy suggestions on such aspects as how research planning of GRIs should go through changes in a strategic and systematic way.

A study on the professional mobility of researchers in Korean government-funded research institutes (활용중심의 연구인력 유동성 현황 연구 : 우리나라 이공계 출연(연)을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Karp-Soo;Kwak, Chang-Gyu
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.334-360
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    • 2007
  • This paper presents an emerging concept, professional mobility in S&T innovation system, that focus on the utilization of highly qualified researchers without recruiting. In this paper we divided the utilization of external researcher into four types: (1)visiting/post-Doc/guest researcher, (2)collaborating research student, (3)part-timer or trainee and (4)foreign researcher. From 2002 to 2005 in 19 Korean government-funded research institutes, while total researchers have increased by 13.3%, external researchers have decreased from 39.2% to 35.7%. In 2005, visiting and foreign researchers were only 6.5% of total external researchers. It may indicate that the innovation capability of Korean research institutes is on the quite limited situation compared to foreign research institutes. The financial and institutional support programs for promoting the professional mobility are also insufficient in Korean S&T innovation system.

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Analysis of the Productivity Changes in Government-funded Research Institute for Economies & Humanities and Social Sciences (경제인문사회분야 정부출연연구기관의 생산성 변화 분석)

  • Jeon, Seong-Wook;Kim, Seong-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.6066-6075
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the productivity changes in government-funded research institutes for Economics & Humanities and Social Sciences. From Malmquist total factor productivity index analysis, the average productivity decreased 6.5% between 2006 and 2010. Further analysis showed that technical efficiency increased 4.7% annually while the technology change rate decreased 10.8% on average. Under pressure for innovation from the outside, research institutes responded to managerial efficiency improvement, which lead to increases in technical efficiency. On the other hand, for productivity improvement of government funded research institutes, they must pursue technological advances by securing an outstanding research workforce, expanding the R&D budget, and changing the R&D method. Each institute must perceive the cause of an individual institute's productivity change, and establish strategies for increasing productivity.

Research trends in obesity & obesogenic environments in Korea

  • Lee, Myoungsook
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.461-472
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    • 2019
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Globally, it has been projected that there will be 2 billion overweight and 1 billion obese individuals by 2030. In Korea, the prevalence of adult obesity (BMI > 25) increased from 29.7% in 2009 to 32.4% in 2015. Moreover, childhood obesity, which leads to adulthood obesity, has increasingly become a social problem. The purpose of this review is to summarize the scientific basis for the development of effective models and policies aimed at preventing obesity over a lifetime based on research modeling obesogenic environments. MATERIALS/METHODS: The review focuses on the characteristics of obesity prevalence and trends in 3P analysis (papers, patents, and products) as well as government-funded projects in Korean obesity obesogenic environments over the last 10 years. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: As a result of the 3P analysis, studies on obesity risk factors were frequently carried out, according to two data bases RISS (4.9%) and PubMed (24.7%). Since there were only 17% patents related to the mechanism of preventing obesity in 7,951 Korean patents related to obesity, new paradigms of technologies to dominate the global obesity markets are needed. After government-funded projects were analyzed, communication and cooperation in multi-governmental departments were suggested to elucidate the characteristics of Korean obesity. Government should also produce short- and long-term road maps to develop a practical, successful outcome. Although the rate of obesity in Korea is currently lower than in other developed countries according to WHO criteria, without adequate governmental intervention, obesity rates will approach those of the top countries with high incidence rates of obesity within the next 10 years.

The Analysis of The Factors Affecting The Research Outcomes of Government-funded Research Institutes in Science and Technology (과학기술분야 정부출연연구기관의 연구실적 영향요인 분석)

  • Baek, Sunghyun;Yi, Yoonju
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.170-177
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    • 2020
  • The Korean government's R&D budget has risen steadily annually, reaching 24.2 trillion won in 2020, and the ratio of R&D expenditure to GDP ranked high among OECD countries. However, national science and technology innovation ranked low among OECD countries. This study focused on Korean government-funded research institutes in the field of science and technology by analyzing the effects of budget and workforce input on research performance in order to provide directions for management. Multiple regression analysis was conducted with budget and workforce input as independent variables, which influence major research outcomes (SCI paper, patent, royalty). In the research budget, only government contribution had a positive effect on SCI thesis performance, and the increase in the government project and private project funding had a negative effect on the number of patents and technology royalties. For the workforce, the positive effect of regular workers on all research achievements was 3-6 times more than that of non-regular workers. Through this study, policy implications such as establishment of institutional performance indicators according to research types were derived for the outcome driven management of government-funded research institutes in the field of science and technology.

Analysis of the Determinants Influencing Technology Transfer in Government Funded Research Institutes: Focusing on Features of National R&D Projects (정부출연연구기관의 기술이전 영향 요인 분석: 국가 R&D 과제 특성을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seulki;Yeon, Seungmin;Kang, Inje;Lee, Byeong-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.624-639
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    • 2016
  • Among various types of public research institutes (PRI), the government-funded research institutes (GRIs) are having a difficult time in enhancing the efficiency of technology transfer. This study specifically analyzed 1,163 projects conducted by GRIs from 2009~2013 to ascertain the determinants that affect technology transfer process. Along with conducting qualitative analysis on relevant researches, we examined the hypotheses by relying on quantitative analysis, using national R&D data from National Science and Technology Information Service (NTIS). As a result of the analysis, we found that whether or not the project generated applied patent, the royalty varied. Also, depending on different R&D development stage, a number of researchers and the amount of R&D funding, the royalty varied. Finally, we derived that out of all the independent variables, a number of applied patents, a number of researchers and the amount of R&D funds can affect the royalty generated from technology transfer. Based on such results we suggest several policy implications.

Policy Changes of the Research Council System of Science and Technology using Multiple Streams Framework (다중흐름모형을 이용한 과학기술 연구회제도의 정책변동 분석)

  • Jang, Mun Yeong;Yi, Chan Goo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.858-887
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    • 2017
  • This study deals with the cases of policy changes of the research council system which exists since 1999 as a policy tool to achieve the goals for autonomy and independence of Government-funded Research Institutes (GRIs) in the field of science and technology and their cooperation and organic connection. The purpose of the study was to analyze through which process policies about the research council system have changed and whether they resulted in the successful achievements of the aimed policy goals, and to contribute to the effective policy implementation in the future. The Research Council System of Science and Technology has been undergoing a change for four government replacements (from Kim Dae-jung's Government to Park Geun-hye's Government). In this study, the major policy making factors and the policy change process of each government case are analyzed in comparison using Kingdon's multiple streams framework, as a result, their policy change type by the Hogwood and Peters's theory and the achievement of their policy goals of autonomy and responsibility were examined.

A Study on the Open Access Policy of Scholarly Journals Publishing Research Papers Funded by Korean Government (공공연구기금 논문성과물 게재 학술지의 오픈액세스 정책에 대한 연구)

  • Min, Yoonkyung;Cha, Mikyeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.155-176
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzes the open access policies of major scholarly journals that have large number of publicly funded articles, for the purposes of expanding and facilitating the public access. Eighteen scholarly journals in Korea and abroad were selected based on the number of published publicly funded articles through a survey of dissemination of publicly funded journal articles via information from NTIS. The open access policies of the selected journals were analyzed by 5 categories including codification of OA related policy, copyrights, reuse rights, self archiving policy, free access. As a result, this research proposed several considerations for establishing national policies for the collection and distribution of the publicly funded research products.