• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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Strategy and Task of Government-Funded Research Institution for Post Catch-Up Innovation : Based on case of KRICT(Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) (탈추격 혁신을 위한 정부출연연구기관의 노력과 과제: 한국화학연구원을 중심으로)

  • Seong, Ji Eun;Ko, Young Ju
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.85-113
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    • 2013
  • This study analyzes the government-funded research institutions as players which derive inner transition based on technology, policy and market environment changes. In this study, the main case is KRICT(Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) which tries to make post catch-up innovation in the organization. This institution has attempted to overcome the limitation such as change of technology paradigm and PBS(Project Based System) since 2000's. Responding to the needs of technology convergence and innovation by the paradigm change, KRICT has reformed organization and R&D management system prospectively. And this institution sets the goal like development of natural friendly technologies, small and medium-sized business support, and providing countermeasures of social problems. This case shows possibility of continuous innovation. There are some structural limitation like budget restriction, multiple organization structure, and biased quantitative assessment, but endogenous efforts of government -funded institutions make the new paradigm of post catch-up innovation.

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The Economic Benefit of the R&D Performance from Government-funded Research Institute for Science and Technology: Evidence from K Research Institute (과학기술계 정부출연연구기관 연구개발 성과의 경제적 편익 추정에 관한 연구 : K연구원의 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kwak, Kiho
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.1122-1158
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    • 2017
  • Government-funded research institutes in the field of science and technology of Korea have contributed to the growth of the national economy and industrial development since the 1960s. However, those institutes recently have faced with criticism over the R&D performance on investment. Accordingly, we suggest two analytical approaches that estimate the economic benefit of the R&D performance of those institutes, (1) 'bottom-up' approach that aggregates the economic benefits of individual performances, e.g., technology transfer, technology support for small and medium enterprises, and the supply of researcher manpower and (2) 'top-down' one that estimates the contribution of those institutes on the economic growth of the industries that the R&D performance of those institutes is mainly utilized. In addition, by applying two approaches, we computed the economic benefit of the performance of the K institute in the 1996-2014 periods at 12.3 trillion won and 29.5 trillion won, respectively. Lastly, we suggest the feasibility of two approaches from the perspective of complementarity. Our study provides analytical approaches that estimate the economic benefit of the R&D performance from government funded research institutes in Korea. Lastly, our study contributes to the understanding of public on science and technology as well as the enhancement of legitimacy on those institutes among the public.

Knowledge Structures and Research Management based on Bibliographic Analysis : A Case of Government-funded Research Institutes in Korea (계량 서지정보를 이용한 지식구조 분석방법 및 연구관리에 관한 연구동향 : 정부출연연구소 사례를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Woo-Sung;Yang, Hyeonchae
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.65-81
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    • 2015
  • As research management is growing in importance for research organizations, their disciplinary structures need to be interpreted. However, it is not only difficult but ambiguous to detect causal relations between subjects because diverse disciplines interacting with each other lead the development of organizational research. Therefore, this article summarizes the major concepts and results recently achieved in the related fields such as research management, bibliographic analysis, information theory, and networks to characterize organizational knowledge structures. Relevant analytical methods obtained from the literature can be applied to empirical situations. Predictive causal relations can be measured using an information theoretic indicator on a series of organizational research portfolios identified from bibliographic information. A network approach would be suitable to manage organizational research effort from a holistic view. Knowledge structures of the Government-funded Research Institutes in Korea are explored experimentally.

A study on the Management of Technology Holding Company to technology commercialization in the Public Research Institutes (공공연구기관의 기술 사업화 촉진을 위한 기술지주회사 운영방안에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Heon;Kim, Sun-Young
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.115-142
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    • 2008
  • Although more interests are displayed concerning the business opportunities over the technologies developed in government-funded research centers or the universities, overall business performance does not meet the level of investment. As a consequence, it is hotly debated about stock investment for research enterprise and venture founded on the technologies of the government-funded research centers and the need and the required measures for the foundation of technology holding company that provides incubation service. This paper attempts to identify the critical success points in the foundation and the operation of technology holding company by observing the cases of overseas public research centers and to provide the future guide.

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Research and Development of Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells in Japan

  • Miyata, Seizo
    • Proceedings of the Polymer Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.60-61
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    • 2006
  • New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) promotes R&D that individual private sector enterprises can not undertake by themselves. To do this, it utilizes an extensive network that supports cooperation between industries, universities, and public research organizations. NEDO's government-funded R&D budget for FY2005 totals approximately 148.8 billion yen. Fuel cells and hydrogen technology development project is one of NEDO's emphasizing projects. The budget size was ${\yen}$20.8 billion, corresponding to about 60% of annual expenditure of Japanese government for fuel cells in FY2005. These projects consist of 8 programs as follows.

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Aging and Research Performance of the Government-funded Research Institutes in the Field of Science and Technology (과학기술분야 정부출연연구기관의 평균연령 증가 추세가 연구성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seung Tai;Jung, Su Hyeon;Lee, Kijong
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.25-50
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    • 2017
  • Declining research competitiveness and inefficiency are constantly being raised in the National Assembly and the media for the Government-funded Research Institutes(GFRIs), which are highly dependent on government funding. These external stakeholders point to the workforce aging of the GFRIs as one of the main causes of inefficiency. They insist that the aging leads to an increase in labor costs, a discontinuity in research, a decrease in employment of new researchers, and a decrease in research competitiveness. However, the GFRIs argue that the aging is a natural phenomenon due to an increase in the age of recruitment, and even if there is an side effect, it is extremely small or even vice versa. It is interesting that there is no empirical study identifying the correlation between the workforce aging and the research performance of the GFRIs, despite the discussion. This study tracked and analyzed the changes of the research performance and the workforce for the five years from 2011 to 2015, and tried to demonstrate the correlation between the workforce aging and the research performance. As a result, we confirmed that there is an inverted U-type correlation between the aging and the papers, one of the research performance, and that the optimal age is 44.96 years. Also, we could not find any correlation between the aging and the patents.

Analysis of R&D Investment for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell (수소.연료전지 연구개발 투자현황 분석)

  • Park, No-Eon;Kim, Hyung-Wook
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.143-148
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    • 2010
  • Research and Development (R&D) investment of hydrogen and fuel cell, funded by government from 2007 to 2008 in Korea, has been analyzed. R&D investment of hydrogen and fuel cell in 2008 would see 9% and 29% of total budget in the field of renewable energy, respectively. It was found that R&D investment is mainly dependent on mission of Ministry in Korea. Basic and apply research would be mainly invested by Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MEST), while development research would be conducted by Ministry of Knowledge Economy (MKE). In R&D investment by performer, hydrogen technology would be conducted by government-funded institute and university. It was also shown that funds for hydrogen production have been much supported than hydrogen storage. Meanwhile, fuel cell would be mainly conducted by major companies. It was also shown that funds for proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) have been much invested than other technology in fuel cell.

A Study on the Applications using Open GIS Component

  • Kim, Kwang-Soo;Choi, Hae-Ock
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • pp.850-853
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    • 2002
  • This paper described some applications using Open GIS Component that was called MapBase. There were 4 applications : KSDI(Korea Spatial Data Infrastructure) funded by MOIC(Ministry of Information and Communication), National Plants Resource Management System supported by Korea Forest Service, 7-Underground Facilities Management System of Cheongju funded by MOCT(Ministry of Construction and Transportation), and National Disaster Management System supported by MOGAHA(Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs. Because they wanted to access heterogeneous spatial database, it was necessary to select MapBase as their base methodology. The main feature of MapBase was component S/W which provided the interoperability and reusability among GIS applications as well as non-GIS information system through common specification. In this paper, we showed some applications' architectures and functions to increase understanding MapBase. That would help you to make application using MapBase.

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