• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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A Study on the Research Performance and Efficiency of Convergence Research Projects sponsored by National Research Council of Science & Technology : A Comparative Study of Convergence Research and General Trust Projects Using DEA (국가과학기술연구회 융합연구사업의 연구성과 효율성에 관한 연구 : DEA를 활용한 융합연구 및 일반수탁사업의 비교분석을 중심으로)

  • Yuk, Hyounggab;Kang, Jaeyeol;Pae, Kibong;Kang, Daeseok
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 2020
  • This study compared and analyzed the efficiency of the research results of the convergence research project operated by the National Science and Technology Research Council and the general research project carried out by the Government-funded research institute and proposed measures to enhance the efficiency of the operation and management of convergence research. Research data were collected from 21 government-funded research institutes through an information disclosure claim and DEA analysis was conducted for efficiency assessment. The SCI papers of convergence research showed high efficiency, and the patent registration and technology transfer sector showed high efficiency of general research projects. This indicates that convergence research projects for securing lead and original technologies are highly efficient, but their performance is low due to lack of participation by businesses in terms of the utilization of derived technologies, and more companies' participation and opportunities are needed for practical use of convergence research results. Through the analysis of efficiency of convergence research project performance, this study provided policy and guidance for R&D planning for rational investment of limited manpower and research costs. Further, future research on identifying efficiency is proposed depending on the type of technology subject to convergence research as a method for managing convergence research.

Measuring the Dynamic Efficiency of Government Research Institutes in R&D and Commercialization by DEA Window Analysis (DEA 윈도우 분석을 이용한 정부출연연구기관의 연구개발 사업화 동태적 효율성 분석)

  • Lee, Seonghee;Kim, Taesoo;Lee, Hakyeon
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.193-207
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    • 2015
  • Government-funded research institutes (GRIs) have played a pivotal role in national R&D in Korea. To achieve desired goals of GRIs with the limited R&D budget, their performance along with time needs to be measured and compared so that appropriate R&D policies can be formulated and implemented. This study measures the dynamic performance of GRIs from the efficiency perspective using the window model of data envelopment analysis (DEA). DEA is a non-parametric approach to measuring the relative efficiency of decision-making units (DMUs) with multiple inputs and outputs, and the DEA window model can capture the dynamic changes in efficiency of DMUs during multiple periods. The relative efficiency of GRIs is measured from the two perspectives: R&D and R&BD. Patents, papers, technology transfers are selected as outputs for R&D while compensated technology transfers and technology royalty are employed as outputs for R&BD. This study measures and compares the two types of performance of 20 Korean GRIs under the control of National Research Council of Science and Technology during the period of six years from 2008 to 2013. The results are expected to provide fruitful implications for national R&D policy making.

Analysis of the Differences in the Technology Support Effect on ICT SMEs : From the Perspective of a Government-funded Research Institute (ICT 중소기업 유형별 기술지원 효과 차이분석: 출연(연) 중소기업 기술지원 프로그램을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyung-Ju;Lee, Yong-hun;Lee, Il-jin;Kim, Seo-kyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.12-20
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    • 2017
  • This study aim to analyze the differences of the technology support on ICT SMEs conducted by ETRI - a government funded research institute. To collect the data, 167 beneficiaries participated in the survey and we classified them as 3 groups using cluster analysis. Then, we conducted ANOVA to verifying the differences among 3 groups. Results show that companies belonging to the higher revenue size groups have a highly effective technical support, while companies belonging to the lower revenue size groups have a highly effective information offering.

Factors Influencing the Effectiveness of Materials Handling Equipments Supplied in Agriculture

  • Park, Sung-Ha
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.503-507
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    • 2011
  • Objective: This paper presents the factors influencing the effectiveness of materials handling equipments in agriculture. Background: Agriculture is one of the job categories where work-related musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) are the most common. Statistics shows that majority of farm workers is exposed to repetitive and forceful body movements, lifting, lowering, pushing, pulling, or carrying heavy materials. In such a working environment, materials handling equipments are required and introduced to assist in the prevention of MSDs and other farm injuries. Method: Examples of materials handling equipments are rail carts, portable lifts, and bale handlers. Contributing factors influencing the effectiveness of materials handling equipments supplied in agriculture were identified based on the lessons learned from previous government-funded ergonomic projects. Results: Contributing factors identified include: (1) forward-looking attitude for the standardization of farming, its environments, and handling equipments, (2) participation of farm members in the process and evaluation of project, (3) leadership of project manager, (4) reinforcement of safety education and training, and (5) project selection and priority of handling equipment. Conclusion: Government-funded research planners, farmers, ergonomists, and farm machine experts are recommended to consider the factors identified when implementing materials handling equipments in agriculture. Application: Actual or potential application of this research includes recommendation for the effective implementation of material materials handling equipments in agricultural sectors.

Desirable Legal Structure and Policy for the Promotion of Technology Transfer of Inventions at the Universities (대학연구성과의 기술이전 촉진을 위한 입법.정책적 개선방안)

  • 정상기
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.90-103
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    • 1999
  • This article is dedicated to present a cornerstone for a desirable legal structure in the area of the administration and utilization of the intellectual property rights of the university research results sponsored by the government, and, in the long run, contribute to the industrial development of our country. In order to achieve that purpose, this article reviews basic theories and current status of the intellectual property regime for the research results sponsored by the government, and presents some suggestions for a desirable legal institution, in particular, including that 'Intellectual Property Rights Administration Center', should be established, an exclusive institution for the systematic administration of the follow-ups of the research results with speciality.

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An Analysis of Government R&D Investment and Its Policy Implications (정부연구개발사업 투자현황분석 및 정책적 시사점)

  • 손병호;오동훈;양희승
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.255-274
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to provide information about the priority setting and budget coordination of government R&D spendings in Korea. Based on the result of "Survey, Analysis and Evaluation of National R&D Programs"in FY 2000. this paper reviews the government R&D expenditures by the concerned variables such as program objectives, sector of performance, character of work and technology fields. It is found that R&D spendings on the areas of industrial development, information technology, and development research are funded pretty high. Also, it turns out that, considering program objectives and character of work, there are some redundancies of R&D programs among government agencies. Policy implications are suggested.

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A Study on the Improvement of Creativity of R&D Team in Government-Funded Research Institutes : Comparative Study on the Viewpoints of Leaders and Members (정부출연 연구기관 연구개발팀의 창의성 제고 관리방안에 관한 연구 : 부서장과 구성원 관점의 비교)

  • Roh, Poong-Du;Han, In-Soo
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.992-1020
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the ways to enhance the creativity of R & D teams of government-funded research institutes through systematic empirical studies. For this purpose, a research model was established based on existing research on group creativity and verified through empirical studies. Specifically, This study first attempts to investigate the influence that team diversity, team cohesion, team autonomy and team efficacy have on team creativity. Second, it intends to verify the mediating effects of team efficacy between team characteristics and team creativity. An empirical study was conducted on 102 R & D teams of government-funded research institutes. In the team creativity measurement, the evaluation by the leaders and the self evaluation of the members were performed in parallel. This is to increase the accuracy of the evaluation and to compare the differences of the viewpoints of the two subjects. The result of the analysis demonstrated that team cohesion among the others had a positive influence on team creativity, and that team efficacy possessed certain positive qualities in mediating the relationship between team diversity, team autonomy, and team creativity. Based on these findings, this study discussed its academic implications as well as its practical limitations, and made suggestions on future research tasks that remain.

The Program Evaluation and Analysis of Creative Research Initiatives (창의적연구진흥사업 사업평가 및 분석)

  • 변명문
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.161-188
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    • 2004
  • The objective of this research is to evaluate the Creative Research Initiative Program (CRI), a national R&D program funded by the Ministry of Science & Technology in Korea. The evaluation of CRI covers the following research questions; 1) Have it set a unique position and characteristic distinguished from other government-funded R&D programs\ulcorner 2) Are the achievements of the program relevant to its goal\ulcorner 3) What is its performances and how much is it achieved its goal\ulcorner The results are the followings; 1) CRI is perceived as a pure basic research, distinguished from other national basic research programs, such as the Coal Oriented Basic Research Program and the SRC and ERC. 2) CRI is a well-adapted R&D program in confront of the environmental changes and R&D needs, as well as follows the planned R&D areas. 3) CRI have performed well in the raising-up world-class research leaders and the nation-wide diffusion of creative R&D culture, while it got few performances in the overcoming the limitation of the existing technologies and the independent development of original key technologies for future industries. However, the duration of the program, 5 year, is too short to expect concrete outcome, such as creating original technologies. Many of the outcomes of CRI gets a lot of attention from top class scientists in the world, it is expected to generate various R&D performances in the future.

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