• Title, Summary, Keyword: Government-funded Research

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A Study on the analysis of Research Data Management and Sharing of Science & Technology Government-funded Research Institutes (과학기술분야 출연연구기관 연구데이터 관리 및 공유 사례 분석 연구)

  • Park, Miyoung;Ahn, Inja;Nam, Seungjoo
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.319-344
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    • 2018
  • As a part of the open science policy, this study compared the perception of research data sharing and utilization by academic field. Based on this, in - depth interviews were conducted with semistructured questions to the data task managers of 27 government - funded research institutes in science and technology. Among them, nine excellent organizations were selected from the viewpoint of data management and cases of research data collection and management were specifically presented. The State of the collection and management of research data by the participating research institutes is generally a pilot project stage, and the level of collection and establishment of data also differs by institution. In terms of institutions, they are divided into three levels: the level of collection and establishment of data(KIOM), the advanced level of it (KIST), And level of steps to start sharing (KRIBB, KRICT).

Leader-subordinate communication and leadership style in a project team

  • Oh-Kyoungjo;Lee, Jinjoo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Operations and Management Science Society Conference
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    • pp.365-373
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    • 1990
  • The relationships between leader-subordinate interpersonal communication and performance were examined in conjuction with leadership for small project teams of six research institutes funded by Korean Government. The official communication was more positively related to consideration than initiating structure of leader behavior. The non-official communication was positively related to consideration but not significantly related to initiating structure. Each dimension of the performance was positively related to the official and non-official communication for total sample and related differently to the communications according to leadership types for given leadership style.

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The Effect on Technology Innovation Performance of Private-Public R&D Cooperation of ICT SMEs: Focused on Collaboration with Government-funded Research Institutes (ICT 중소기업의 산·연 R&D협력이 기술혁신성과에 미치는 영향: 출연연구기관과의 협력을 중심으로)

  • Park, Wung;Park, Ho-Young;Yeom, Myoung-Bae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.139-150
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    • 2017
  • In Korea, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) play an pivotal role in the national economy, accounting for 99.9% of all enterprises, 87.9% of total employment, and 48.3% of production. In spite of their crucial role in the national development, most of SMEs suffer from a lack of R&D related resources. Public R&D organizations such as government-funded research institutes can provide SMEs with valuable supplementary technological knowledge and help them build technological capacity. In this regard, this study estimated the effect of internal R&D investment and private-public R&D cooperation on technological innovation of ICT SMEs based on 2016 ETRI Survey. Building on previous literatures, the study established and tested a research model using binary logistic regression analysis. First, internal R&D investment and preferences for open innovation demonstrated the strengthening of R&D collaboration. Second, internal R&D investment and R&D cooperation showed a positive effect on both product and process innovation. Therefore, internal R&D capability and taking advantage of R&D collaboration are needed to achieve technological innovation for SMEs in ICT sector. This study also discuss implications for encouraging private-public R&D cooperation.

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An Analysis of Factors Affecting Industry-Public Research Institutes Cooperation and Firm Performance in Korea (기업-정부출연(연) 간 협력과 기업성과에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Hwang, Kyung-Yun;Sung, Eul-Hyun
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.147-171
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors affecting cooperation between industry and public research institutes, in addition to the effects of cooperation between them; on technological and economic performance of firms. Based on existing research relating to the factors affecting industry-university-research institutes cooperation and the relationship between them and firm performance, this study selected the competence of government-funded research institutes, R&D capabilities and organizational characteristics of firms, and support of government and local governments; as factors influencing cooperation between industry and public research institutes. This study sets seven hypotheses on the relationship between the factors promoting industry-public research institute cooperation, technological performance and economic performance. A questionnaire survey was used to collect data for hypothesis testing and 116 questionnaires were completed and used in this research. The PLS-MGA was used as a method for hypothesis testing. In the analysis results, we found that the competence of government-funded research institutes, organizational characteristics of firms, and the support of government and local governments have a positive impact on cooperation between industry and public research institutes. We also found that the collaboration between industry and public research institutes, positively affects firms' technological performance. In addition, we found that the technological performance of a firm, positively affects a firms' economic performance. On the other hand, firms' R&D capabilities have no significant effect on cooperation between industry and public research institutes, and industry-public research institute cooperation does not directly affect the economic performance of firms.

Impact of R&D expenditures on SMEs' employment: The moderating effect of Government R&D funding (중소기업 R&D활동이 고용창출에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 정부R&D지원의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Young Im
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2015
  • This article investigates the impact of SMEs' R&D expenditure, government R&D funding, the number of funded by Government R&D programs on the employment growth rate. This study also explores whether government R&D funding and the number of funded by Government R&D programs have interaction effects between SMEs' R&D expenditures and the employment growth rate. The results show that SMEs' R&D expenditure and government R&D funding have a positive effect on the employment growth rate. The rest of variables have no significant direct effects on the employment growth rate. The government R&D funding has a interaction effect between SMEs' R&D expenditures and the employment growth rate. Especially, the firm group of high-level innovation capabilities has a positive effect on the employment growth rate. The results explain that the government R&D funding influences SMEs' employment positively and the impact of the government R&D funding on employment is more effective in the firm group of high-level innovation capabilities. Therefore, Government provides differentiation strategy of R&D funding by innovation capabilities of SMEs and can maximize the employment.

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An Exploratory Study on the Interaction Model of Institutional Change of Government-Funded Research Institutes : Focused on R&D Funding Systems (정부출연연구기관 제도변화의 상호작용모형에 관한 탐색적 연구 : R&D 예산제도를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hak-Sam;Shim, Young Bo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.29-43
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    • 2013
  • The dominant perspective on institutional change of the GRI is the environment-dependence. GRI's institutions are, however, prone to change due to the endogenous factors. Therefore, we need a dynamic alternative model to analyze the interaction between the exogenous and endogenous factors around the GRI's institutions. In this paper, authors examined the changes in GRI's funding system. The results were verified in the layering which is a one of the dynamic institutional change forms. Owing to the interaction between the exogenous and endogenous factors, institutional reform's layers of the institution funding expansion have been continuously accumulated in order to modify the Project-Based System(PBS). Eventually expansion layers of the institution funding have grown more quickly than the Project-Based System(PBS), as a result, GRI's funding system has been changing centered on the Block funding.

A Study on Information Service Status and Librarians' Perceptions on Promoting Services in Special Libraries (전문도서관의 정보서비스 현황과 서비스 활성화를 위한 사서의 인식연구)

  • Lee, Myeong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.157-179
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the current state and librarian's perception of information services in order to maximize their expertise and role of each policy field and promote continuous development of information services. The researcher surveyed 22 government-funded research institute librarians on their perception of service planning stage, investigation and provision stage, evaluation stage, system operation, required capacities for librarians, role expansion and change, and job difficulties. The questionnaire was consisted of 7 domains, 12 items, and 61 questions, and in-depth interviews were conducted for qualitative analysis. The findings of the study discovered newly required tasks in libraries such as introducing research information management tools, operating an advisory committee, and conducting publications-related tasks. Suggestions were made to encourage standardized manuals for modules based on job tasks, Continuing education to expand the role of subject librarians, and utilization of social media in information services.

Comparison of a Qualitative and a Quantitative Approach to Evaluate the Performance of R&D Projects: A Case Study (연구개발 프로젝트 정성·정량평가 비교 분석을 통한 성과평가 발전방향 연구 : K연구원 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Suchul;Ko, Mihyun
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.271-291
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    • 2017
  • This study measures and compares the performance of research and development (R&D) programs in government-funded research institutes (GRIs) in terms of qualitative and quantitative approaches to find out strategic insights for improving performance evaluation policy. In particular, we adopt the evaluation results from the real data of K institute in 2015 for a qualitative evaluation and the results of data envelopment analysis (DEA) for a quantitative evaluation. Comparative analysis of the R&D performance of 14 programs finds that the difference between the evaluation results of qualitative and quantitative approaches is significant. From this finding, we suggest several strategic directions to complement two approaches each other.

Study on Strategy for Smart IT Adaption & Construct - Focusd on Government-Funded Research Institute - (스마트 IT 도입 및 구축 전략에 관한 연구 - 정부출연연구소 중심 -)

  • Cho, Sung-Nam;Kim, Jae-Sung;Kim, Dae-gi
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1776-1779
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구에서는 최신 IT 트랜드인 스마트 IT의 국내외 환경 분석을 통해 정책적 기술적인 환경 변화와 정부 출연연의 사업추진 현황에 관한 조사 분석 결과를 토대로, 향후 새로운 IT기술 환경 변화에 대응한 스마트 IT의 효과적 도입 구축 전략 및 방향성 정립을 위한 방안을 제시하고자 한다.

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New drug classification system in accordance with global harmonization (글로벌 조화에 부합하는 국내 의약품 분류체계 개선방안)

  • Sohn, Sung-Ho;Yoo, Bong Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.260-267
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to investigate drug classification system in Korea and other developed countries. Laws and regulations of Korea regarding the system were retrieved from sources posted in Ministry of Government Legislation. We also reviewed previous research reports performed as part of government's effort to reform the system The system in the foreign countries was retrieved from the official homepage operated by each country's government. There have been two research funded by Korean government, which strongly suggested that the system should be reformed. However, we found that the system was never reformed and still effective. Drug classification system in US and most western countries consists of two categories, i.e., prescription drugs and non-prescription drugs except UK, which classifies into three categories: Prescription Only Medicines, Pharmacy Medicines, and General Sales List Medicines. Interestingly, in Japan, non-prescription drugs are further classified into three groups: Group 1, 2, and 3. Recently, Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) in Korea proposed a plan to reclassify all the approved drugs according to purportedly rational and scientific criteria. However, the plan does not include reform of the existing laws and regulations, which appears that it is just one-time action rather than a sustainable administration backed up by law. Therefore, it is recommended that Korean MOHW take appropriate action on laws and regulations with regard to the system to meet global harmonization standard.