• Title/Summary/Keyword: Ground effective thermal Conductivity

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Construction of Ground Effective Thermal Conductivity Database for Design of Closed-Loop Ground Heat Exchangers (밀폐형 지중열교환기 설계를 위한 지중 유효열전도도 데이터베이스 구축)

  • Choi, Jae-Ho;Sohn, Byong-Hu;Lim, Hyo-Jae
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2008.06a
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    • pp.776-781
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    • 2008
  • A ground heat exchanger in a GSHP system is an important unit that determines the thermal performance of a system and its initial cost. The Size and performance of this heat exchanger is highly dependent on the thermal properties. A proper design requires certain site-specific parameters, most importantly the ground effective thermal conductivity, the borehole thermal resistance and the undisturbed ground temperature. This paper is part of a research project aiming at constructing a database of these site-specific properties, especially ground effective thermal conductivity. The objective was to develop and evaluation method, and to provide this knowledge to design engineers. To achieve these goals, thermal response tests were conducted using a testing device at nearly 150 locations in Korea. The in-situ thermal response is the temperature development over time when a known heating load imposed, e.g. by circulating a heat carrier fluid through the test exchangers. The line-source model was then applied to the response test data because of its simplicity. From the data analysis, the range of ground effective thermal conductivity at various sites is $1.5{\sim}4.0\;W$/mK. The results also show that the ground effective thermal conductivity varies with grouting materials as well as regional geological conditions and groundwater flow.

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Effect of Some Parameters on Ground Effective Thermal Conductivity (지중열교환기 설치 조건이 지중 유효 열전도도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jae-Ho;Lim, Hyo-Jae;Kong, Hyoung-Jin;Sohn, Byong-Hu
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2008.11a
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2008
  • A ground-loop heat exchanger in a ground source heat pump system is an important unit that determines the thermal performance of a system and its initial cost. The Size and performance of this heat exchanger is highly dependent on ground thermal properties. A proper design requires certain site-specific parameters, most importantly the ground effective thermal conductivity, the borehole thermal resistance and the undisturbed ground temperature. This study was performed to investigate the effect of some parameters such as borehole lengths, various grouting materials and U-tube configurations on ground effective thermal conductivity. In this study, thermal response tests were conducted using a testing device with 9-different ground-loop heat exchangers. From the experimental results, the length of ground-loop heat exchanger affects to the effective thermal conductivity. Among the various grouting materials, the bentonite-based grout with silica sand shows the largest thermal conductivity value.

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The Effects of the Installation Conditions of Ground Loop Heat Exchanger to the Thermal Conductivity and Borehole Resistance (지중열교환기 설치 조건이 지중 유효 열전도도와 보어홀 열저항에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Hyo-Jae;Kong, Hyoung-Jin;Kang, Sung-Jae;Choi, Jae-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2011
  • A ground loop heat exchanger in a ground source heat pump system is an important unit that determines the thermal performance of a system and its initial cost. A proper design requires certain site specific parameters, most importantly the ground effective thermal conductivity, the borehole thermal resistance and the undisturbed ground temperature. This study was performed to investigate the effect of some parameters such as borehole lengths, various grouting materials and U tube configurations on ground effective thermal conductivity and borehole thermal resistance. In this study, thermal response tests were conducted using a testing device to 9 different ground loop heat exchangers. From the experimental results, the length of ground loop heat exchanger affects to the effective thermal conductivity. The results of this experiment shows that higher thermal conductivity of grouting materials leads to the increase effective thermal conductivity from 22 to 32%. Also, mounting spacers have increased by 14%.

An Experimental Study on the Effect of Ground Heat Exchanger to the Overall Thermal Conductivity (지중열교환기 설치 조건이 지중 유효 열전도도에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kong, Hyoung-Jin;Lim, Hyo-Jae;Choi, Jae-Ho;Sohn, Byong-Hu
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2009.06a
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    • pp.45-51
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    • 2009
  • A ground-loop heat exchanger in a ground source heat pump system is an important unit that determines the thermal performance of a system and its initial cost. The size and performance of this heat exchanger is highly dependent on ground thermal properties. A proper design requires certain site-specific parameters, most importantly the ground effective thermal conductivity, the borehole thermal resistance and the undisturbed ground temperature. This study was performed to investigate the effect of some parameters such as borehole lengths, various grouting materials and U-tube configurations on ground effective thermal conductivity. In this study, thermal response tests were conducted using a testing device with 9-different ground-loop heat exchangers. From the experimental results, the length of ground-loop heat exchanger affects to the effective thermal conductivity. Among the various grouting materials, the bentonite-based grout with silica sand shows the largest thermal conductivity value.

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Effect of Grouting Materials on Ground Effective Thermal Conductivity (그라우팅 재료가 지중 유효열전도도에 미치는 영향)

  • Sohn, Byong-Hu
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • 2007.05b
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    • pp.3371-3376
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    • 2007
  • The design of a ground-source heat pump system includes specifications for a ground loop heat exchanger where the heat transfer rate depends on the thermal conductivity of the ground. To evaluate this heat transfer property, in-situ thermal response tests on four vertical test boreholes with different grouting materials were conducted by adding a monitored amount of heat to water over various test lengths. By measuring the water temperatures entering and exiting the loop, water flow rate, and heat load, effective thermal conductivity values of the ground were determined. The effect of increasing thermal conductivity of grouting materials from 0.82 to 1.05 W/m$^{\circ}C$ resulted in overall increases in effective ground thermal conductivity by 25.8% to 69.5%.

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Evaluation of Ground Effective Thermal Conductivity and Borehole Effective Thermal Resistance from Simple Line-Source Model (단순 선형열원 모델을 이용한 지중 유효 열전도도와 보어홀 유효 열저항 산정)

  • Sohn, Byong-Hu
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.512-520
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    • 2007
  • The design of a ground-source heat pump system includes specifications for a ground loop heat exchanger where the heat transfer rate depends on the effective thermal conductivity of the ground and the effective thermal resistance of the borehole. To evaluate these heat transfer properties, in-situ thermal response tests on four vertical test boreholes with different grouting materials were conducted by adding a monitored amount of heat to circulating water. The line-source method is applied to the temperature rise in an in-situ test and extended to also give an estimate of borehole effective thermal resistance. The effect of increasing thermal conductivity of the grouting materials from 0.818 to $1.104W/m^{\circ}C$ resulted in overall increases in effective thermal conductivity by 15.8 to 56.3% and reductions in effective thermal resistance by 13.0 to 31.1%.

Performance Evaluation of Large Borehole Ground-Loop Heat Exchanger (저심도 대구경 지중열교환기의 설치조건에 따른 성능 연구)

  • Yoo, Gyu-Sang;Park, Il-Mun;Choi, Jae-Ho;Shin, Hyun-Joon
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2009.06a
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    • pp.58-63
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    • 2009
  • A ground-loop heat exchanger for the ground source heat pump system is the core equipment determining the thermal performance and initial cost of the system. The size and performance of the heat exchanger is highly dependent on the ground thermal properties - the ground effective thermal conductivity, the borehole thermal resistance and the undisturbed ground temperature. Nowadays, precast concrete piles using steel reinforced precast concrete piles - energy piles - are used to reduce the installing cost of the ground-loop heat exchanger. We were carried out some tests to investigate the effects of some parameters such as borehole length, grouting materials and U-tube configuration of the energy piles. 4 concrete piles, each measuring $250mm{\sim}400mm$ in diameter and approx. 10m in length, and rigged with single spiral and 3 U-tube loop of $16mm{\times}2.3mm$ PB piping. The thermal response tests were conducted using a testing device for 4-different ground-loop heat exchangers. During the heating period, the energy piles absorb the heat of 0.89kW to 1.37kW.

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A Study on Regional Distribution of the Ground Effective Thermal Conductivity (지중 유효 열전도도의 지역별 분포)

  • Kong, Hyoung Jin;Kwon, Soon-Ki;Ji, Seung Gyu
    • Transactions of the KSME C: Technology and Education
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2016
  • Ground source heat pump(GSHP) systems is known as environmental friendly and energy saving. Especially a ground heat exchanger is an important unit that determines the thermal performance of a system and initial cost. In design phase of vertical GSHP system, it is recommended that the effective borehole thermal resistance, be determined from in-situ thermal response test. In this study, ground effective thermal conductivity was categorized by a region. As a result of the study, the ground thermal conductivity of national average was analyzed as 2.56 W/mK. The highest regional average of thermal conductivity is 2.68 W/mK in Seoul, and the lowest is 2.28 W/mK in Busan. Also, the thermal conductivity on the coast has been analyzed approximately 30% lower than the average.