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Hip Protector Design Process for the Korean Elderly

  • Jeon, Eun-Jin;Kim, Hee-Eun
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.520-530
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    • 2016
  • This research aims to propose an ergonomic design process for hip protector based on previous studies, existing products, multidisciplinary experts opinion, and wearing test. The elderly are more likely to suffer a hip fracture when they fall due to their physical changes in skeletal form, muscle quantity, bone density, and joint movement. A hip protector is an effective product to prevent hip fractures in the elderly but it also has a problem in that it is uncomfortable. Therefore there is a high chance that it won't be able to prevent hip fractures properly. Since the comfort of a hip protector is one of the most critical elements in preventing a hip fracture, we need to keep improving the hip protector for mobility and usability. Based on the previous studies and limitations of current hip protector products, we need to come up with an optimal design for the Korean elderly. First, knowledge has to be built relating to the ergonomic design of the hip protector considering body shape and size analysis using 3D-scan data, and biomechanical analysis on hip fracture. Second, we need to develop a design process including hip protector pattern design, and wearing evaluation with virtual system. Third, we suggest to reevaluate and verify the design procedure from impact evaluation using testing simulator, virtual evaluation of impact, to wearing comfort and usability evaluation. This design process presented in this study would be expected to contribute to the development of ergonomic hip protector which is suitable for the Korean elderly.

A Study on the Features of Fashion Styles of Korean Hip Hop Musicians (국내 힙합뮤지션의 패션유형별 스타일링 분석)

  • Kang, Eun-Ji;Lee, Jeoung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.6
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this thesis is to make an effective Korean Hip Hop culture and suggest a new style direction in classifying the types of fashion styles of the Hip Hop musicians and studying their features. They are surveyed in stage costumes, hair styles, make-ups, accessaries, and total fashion styles, and then classified into Normal Hip Hop Style, Casual Hip Hop Style, Sporty Hip Hop Style, Mix & Match Hip Hop Style, and Classical Hip Hop Style. The results of the study are as follows: First, Normal Hip Hop Style is the most general and universal Hip Hop fashion type. They wear clothes in bigger sizes and exaggeratively. And also a cornrow hair style, a tattoo, and a piercing represent marked individualities. Second, Casual Hip Hop Style is more active and practical than Normal Hip Hop Style. Their blue jeans and T-shirts express more simple and polished style. And also they make variable fashion styles and hair styles such as a cornrow hair and a buzz cut. Third, Sporty Hip Hop Style is from B-boy's clothes when they do active and violent break dancing. As NBA basketball games are popular, they wear training clothes, breeches, big T-shirts, and jumpers & caps on embroidered sport team's names. Their hair style is short or natural and also they have caps or hoods to present active mood. Fourth, Mix & Match Hip Hop Style is existed variable elements in one style. The typical type of this style is jacket & blue jean. It is characterized by dress shirts, neck ties, blue jeans, sneakers, beards, and moustaches. Fifth, Classical Hip Hop Style is from African Americans. They try to express assimilated appearance of Anglo-Saxons. They wear black suits, shoes, hats, and sunglasses to represent formality and elegance. In the above results, there are variable fashion styles in one Hip Hop music genre and also fashion style is changed with musical inclination. This thesis is an important guide to produce variable and creative Hip Hop fashion styles in Korean Hip Hop culture.

A Study of Hip-hop Fashion Trends -Focusing on the Trends Since 2000- (힙합 패션 트렌드에 관한 연구 -2000년대 이후 트렌드를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this research is to examine the rise of hip-hop culture and its characteristics which have been established as a part of popular culture amid other subcultures and to examine the overall concept of hip-hop fashion which has been developing since its rise in the 1970s and particularly to examine the hip-hop after the turn of the new century when it has gone through several iterations and changes while simultaneously accommodating different trends and reflecting a highly diverse larger culture. The research methodology is a literature-based research that uses classification and analysis based on the preceding research including related books and dissertations and, considering that this research focuses on the characteristics of hip-hop from the 2000s to the present, mainstream news media such as newspapers and magazines around New York images of famous hip-hop culture & stores websites were used in this research. The most characteristic hip-hop fashions since the 2000s examined by this research comprise prep-hop, slim formal suits, skurban, hip-hop Goth, and hip-hop Tatto. First, prep-hop is a mixed match of a preppy look with latest hip-hop sentiments and hip-hop styles. Second, there are slim formal suits that reflect a change of trends that strongly show changes of hip-hop fashion consumers who have been following sports stars' fashions. Third, skurban is a hip-hop fashion combined with the look of skaters. Fourth, hip-hop Goth is what emphasizes strong Goth images such as grunge, skull, and devil in hip-hop fashions based on vintage fashion. Fifth, hip-hop Tatto style designs have appeared in diverse items such as trendy clothes and accessories that were most popular since the 2000s. Hip-hop fashion since the 2000s up to the present is beginning to be integrated with diverse other cultures and its most prominent characteristics is a change into slimmer silhouette.

Hip Arthroplasty Using the Bencox® Hip System: An Evaluation of a Consecutive Series of One Thousand Cases

  • Lee, Joong-Myung;Sim, Young-Suk;Choi, Dae-Sung
    • Hip & pelvis
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.210-218
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This is a report on the outcomes associated with a consecutive series of 1,000 cementless hip arthroplasties utilizing the $Bencox^{(R)}$ hip stem-the first Korean-developed hip prosthesis. Materials and Methods: A consecutive series of 1,000 hip arthroplasties using the $Bencox^{(R)}$ hip stem were analyzed, starting from its initial release (September 2006) until June 2014. Patients in this consecutive series underwent surgery for fractures (n=552), arthritis (n=155), avascular necrosis (n=209), and revisions (n=84). Of these 1,000 cases, patients with a minimum follow-up of at least 1 year (n=616) were retrospectively analyzed for radiographic and clinical outcomes (i.e., Harris hip score). The stability of the prosthesis was evaluated by examining subsidence. Results: During the follow-up period (mean follow-up period of 54.8 months), there were 2 cases requiring revision of the femoral stem-both were caused by periprosthetic fractures and neither involved stem loosening. The mean Harris hip score during follow-up was 95.5. Bone ongrowth occurred in 95% of patients; no cases of subsidence or aseptic loosening of the stem were detected, and no cases of postoperative complications such as ceramic breakage were observed. Conclusion: Clinical and radiographic evaluations of hip arthroplasty using the $Bencox^{(R)}$ hip stem revealed excellent outcomes with an average of 54.8 month follow-up in a consecutive series of 1,000 cases.

Effects of Different Types of Isometric Hip Contraction on Gluteus Medius and Tensor Fasciae Latae Activity During Squat Exercises

  • Han, Hae-rim;Kim, Jeong-ah;Lim, One-bin;Cynn, Heon-seock;Yi, Chung-hwi
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2015
  • Hip muscle activation and strengthening exercise programs are often used to prevent and treat various lower extremity injuries. Common exercise programs include squat exercises. The purposes of this study were to investigate gluteus medius (GMED) and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) muscle activity, and to assess the GMED/TFL ratio during squat exercises involving different isometric hip contraction conditions. Different types of isometric hip contraction were standard squat without hip contraction, squats with isometric hip adduction, and squats with isometric hip abduction. Twenty (10 males and 10 females) healthy subjects ($23.7{\pm}2.8$ years old) were recruited. Subjects performed the squat exercises with the back supported by a wall and knees flexed to $60^{\circ}$. Surface electromyography (EMG) was used to measure GMED and TFL activity. One-way repeated analysis of variance was used to compare GMED and TFL muscle activity and the GMED/TFL ratio. GMED and TFL EMG activity was significantly higher during squats with isometric hip adduction and abduction compared with the standard squat without hip contraction (p<.05). Between the isometric hip adduction and abduction contraction conditions, only the TFL EMG activity was significantly higher during squats with isometric hip adduction than isometric hip abduction (p<.05). The GMED/TFL ratio was significantly higher during squats with isometric hip adduction than isometric hip abduction (p<.05). Squats with isometric hip adduction and abduction improved GMED and TFL muscle activity. Furthermore, the GMED/TFL ratio was higher during isometric hip adduction than isometric hip abduction. Our data indicate that squat exercises involving isometric hip adduction enhance GMED muscle activity.

Kinematic analysis of professional golfers hip joint motion on the horizontal plane during driver swinging (골프 드라이브스윙 시 힙의 수평면상 움직임에 관한 운동학적 분석)

  • Park, Young-Hoon;Youm, Chang-Hong;Seo, Kook-Woong
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2005
  • Previous studies of kinematic analysis of golf swing usually dealt with variations vertically. The purpose of the study was to examine the horizontal hip joints motion of the fifteen male professional golfers during driver swinging. Kinematic variables were calculated by the Kwon3D motion analysis program. Paired t-tests and one-way ANOVA were used to compare the hip height, distance, displacement, and position differences. Results showed that there were no hip height changes and no hip height differences between left and right hip from address to impact. The axis of the backswing was braced right hip, the axis of the downswing was moving left hip. Hips position at the top of the backswing showed that hips move to target prior to hands, which means the sequential motion of the chain linked body segments. From address to impact, left hip moving distance was longer than right hip(p<.001), but during the whole swing, right hip moving distance was longer than left hip(p<.001). Hip rotation angle to target line was $-48.14{\pm}9.32^{\circ}$ at top of the backswing, $40.88{\pm}8.44^{\circ}$ at impact, and $104.70{\pm}8.14^{\circ}$ at finish.

Effects of the Musical Characteristic Change of 'Hip-hop' Culture on Popular Fashion (힙합문화의 음악적 특성 변화가 대중 패션에 미친 영향)

  • Park, Han-Him
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.416-429
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    • 2011
  • Most of precedent studies related to hip hop culture and fashion, which have been conducted till now were progressed under only theoretical background of hiphop, not the changed status of hiphop currently. Practical studies explaining the status of hip hop in popular culture, especially, the area of popular fashion are insufficient. Therefore, this study was conducted by focusing on cultural characteristics and musical characteristics by the stream of period, for which concept hip hop is accepted to people currently and which effect it makes on the area of fashion. Especially, the study was progressed by dividing periodical background into before and after the 2000s because there was the most noticeable change for the genre of hip hop in that period. Because of the appearance of 'Alternative hip hop' which is a sub-genre of hip hop music, hip hop music was changed to be more popular. Also, hip hop fashion also showed big changes. Hip hop fashion before 2000s had showed poor conditions, resistance, complex and alienation of them by their fashion. On the other hand, hip hop fashion after 2000s also showed popular characteristics because of high-level environment and social status. This study intended to understand and grasp hip hop as a kind of cultural situation coexisted by many-sided characteristics as well as redefine the changed concept and contents of new hip hop currently.

Comparison of Hip and Lumbopelvic Movement while Hip Lateral Rotating in Individual with Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Kim, Chi-Hwan;Han, Jin-Tae
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.241-245
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study examined the hip and lumbopelvic movement while the hip was rotating laterally in individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Methods: Sixty healthy subjects and sixty subjects with CLBP were enrolled in this study. Myomotion (Myomotion research pro, Noraxon Inc., German) was used to measure the hip lateral rotation and the lumbopelvic movement. An independent t-test was used to compare the hip lateral rotation and lumbopelvic rotation between the groups. Results: Between healthy males and females, healthy females showed a smaller hip lateral rotation angle (HLRA) than healthy males in the hip lateral rotation test (HLRT). Between the healthy females and females with CLBP, the females with CLBP showed a smaller HLRA and greater lumbopelvic motion than the healthy females in the HLRT, and their lumbopelvic motions occurred earlier during lateral rotation of the hip. Finally, between the males and females with CLBP, the females with CLBP showed a smaller HLRA and greater lumbopelvic motion in the HLRT, and their lumbopelvic motions occurred earlier during lateral rotation of the hip. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that the CLBP affected the hip lateral rotation, and the lumbopelvic movement depended on gender. In particular, compared to the other groups, the females with CLBP showed a larger lumbopelvic rotation angle and smaller hip lateral rotation angle and lumbopelvic motion occurred early during lateral rotation of the hip.

The Stress analysis for a sectional stem shape of cement type hip implant using the finite element method (FEM을 이용한 cement type hip implant의 Stem 단면형상에 따른 응력분석)

  • Park H.S.;Lee M.K.;Chun H.J.;Choi K.W.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.651-652
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    • 2006
  • The choice of suitable hip implant is one of important factors in total hip replacement (THR). In clinical view points, improper adaptation of hip implant might cause abnormal stress distribution to the bone, which can shorten the lifespan of replaced hip implant. Currently, interest in custom-designed hip implants has increased as studies reveals the importance of geometric shape of patient's femur in modeling and designing custom hip implants. In this study, we have developed the custom-designed hip implant models with various sizes in hip implant, and the stress distribution in the bone was analyzed using Finite Elements methods. It was found that minimizing the gap between implant stem and femoral cavity is crucial to minimize stress concentration in the bone.

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Evaluation for canine hip dysplasia in Golden and Labrador retrievers using PennHIP method in Korea

  • Choi, Jihye;Kim, Hyunwook;Kim, Hyejin;Jang, Jaeyoung;Kim, Mieun;Yoon, Junghee
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.375-379
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    • 2008
  • Hips of the Golden and Labrador retrievers in Korea were evaluated with the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHIP) and the severity of joint laxity and degenerative joint disease (DJD) were compared to the PennHIP database. The distraction index (DI) of domestic Golden and Labrador retrievers was significantly higher than the DI of the PennHIP database. In the two breeds, the prevalence of DJD increased according to the DI. However, the severity of DJD did not show a positive correlation with the DI. Overweight dogs and dogs kept indoors showed more severe DJD and more prevalence of clinical signs. This report is thought to be the first case presentation of a large population of Golden and Labrador retrievers in Korea and the findings are representing the overall level of canine hip dysplasia (CHD) of domestic Retrievers, as the PennHIP method was not available in Korea until 2001. We can respect that the stock of retrievers can have a tighter hip joint through control of CHD using an accurate diagnostic method keyed to a phenotype especially concern for joint laxity using PennHIP method and an organized screening program. The clinical manifestation of dysplastic dog can be reduced through control of bodyweight and the environment with regular monitoring the hips with concern for joint laxity using PennHIP method.