• Title/Summary/Keyword: HPLC/UVD

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Quantitative Analysis for the Quality Evaluation of Scutellariae Radix by HPLC/UVD

  • Jeong, Su-Yang;Moon, Dong-Cheul;Son, Kun-Ho;Son, Jong-Keun;Min, Byung-Sun;Woo, Mi-Hee
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 2011
  • In this study, quantitative analysis was developed using HPLC/UVD for the quality evaluation of Scutellariae Radix. For quantitative analysis, six major bioactive compounds were assessed. The separation conditions employed for HPLC/UVD were optimized using Phenomenex $C_{18}$ column ($250{\times}4.6$ mm, 5 ${\mu}m$) with a gradient of solvent A (1% acetic acid of $H_2O$) and solvent B (acetonitrile : methanol : acetic acid = 70 : 30 : 1) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min and a detection wavelength of 275 nm. These methods were fully validated with respect to linearity, accuracy, precision and recovery. The HPLC/UVD method was applied successfully to the quantification of six major compounds in the extract of Scutellariae Radix. The results indicate that the established HPLC/UVD method is suitable for the quantitative analysis and quality control of multicomponents in Scutellariae Radix.

Determination of Methoxyfenozide, Chromafenozide and Tebufenozide Residues in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 작물 중 methoxyfenozide, chromafenozide 및 tebufenozide의 분석법 확립)

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Kim, Young-Hak;Hwang, Young-Sun;Kwon, Chan-Hyeok;Do, Jeong-A;Im, Moo-Hyeog;Lee, Young-Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 2010
  • The diacylhydrazine insecticides, methoxyfenozide, chromafenozide and tebufenozide are new-generation insecticides. These insecticides induce premature molting and cause the death of insects by mimicking their hormone. Also, these insecticides have already been widely used for vegetables planting in worldwide. Highperformance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is the most widely used procedure for determination of each compound residues in crops. However, simultaneous analysis method of these diacylhydrazine insecticides was not reported. The purpose of this study is to develop a simultaneous determination procedure of methoxyfenozide, chromafenozide and tebufenozide residue in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS method. These insecticide residues were extracted with acetone from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, apple, pepper, and Chinese cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline water, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover these insecticides from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final cleanup of the extracts. The analytes were quantitated by HPLCUVD/MS, using a $C_{18}$ column. The crops were fortified with each insecticide at two levels per crop. Mean recoveries ranged from 89.0 to 104.8% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were less than 3.9%. Quantitative limits of methoxyfenozide, chromafenozide and tebufenozide were 0.04 mg/kg in crop samples. A HPLC-UVD/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residues. The proposed simultaneous analysis method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residues of methoxyfenozide, chromafenozide and tebufenozide in agricultural commodities.

Determination of Amisulbrom Residues in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Amisulbrom의 잔류분석)

  • Ahn, Kyung-Geun;Kim, Gyeong-Ha;Kim, Gi-Ppeum;Kim, Min-Ji;Hwang, Young-Sun;Hong, Seung-Beom;Lee, Young Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.321-329
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    • 2014
  • This experiment was conducted to establish an analytical method for residues of amisulbrom, as recently developed an oomycete-specific fungicide showing inhibition of fungal respiration, in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS. Amisulbrom residue was extracted with acetonitrile from representative samples of five raw products which comprised apple, green pepper, kimchi cabbage, potato and hulled rice. The extract was diluted with 50 mL of saline water and directly partitioned into dichloromethane to remove polar co-extractives in the aqueous phase. For the hulled rice sample, n-hexane/acetonitrile partition was additionally employed to remove non-polar lipids. The extract was finally purified by optimized Florisil column chromatography. On an octadecylsilyl column in HPLC, amisulbrom was successfully separated from sample co-extractives and sensitively quantitated by ultraviolet absorption at 255 nm with no interference. Accuracy and precision of the proposed method was validated by the recovery test on every crop samples fortified with amisulbrom at 3 concentration levels per crop in each triplication. Mean recoveries ranged from 85.3% to 105.6% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were all less than 10%, irrespective of sample types and fortification levels. Limit of quantitation (LOQ) of amisulbrom was 0.04 mg/kg as verified by the recovery experiment. A confirmatory method using LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring technique was also provided to clearly identify the suspected residue. The proposed method was sensitive, reproducible and easy-to-operate enough to routinely determine the residue of amisulbrom in agricultural commodities.

Determination of Oxycarboxin Residues in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 Oxycarboxin의 분석)

  • Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: Oxycarboxin(5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-N-phenyl-1,4-oxathiin-3-carboxamide-4,4-dioxide) as oxanthiin is a systemic fungicide commonly used for control of various pathogens in agronomic and horticultural crops. In an effort to develop an analytical method to trace the fungicide, a method using HPLC equipped with UVD/MS was studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Oxycarboxin was extracted with acetone from hulled rice, soybean, Kimchi cabbage, green pepper, and apple samples. The extract was diluted with saline water, followed by liquid-liquid extraction with methylene chloride. Florisil column chromatography was employed for the purification of the extracts. Oxycarboxin was determined on a Zorbax SB-AQ $C_{18}$ column by HPLC with UVD. Accuracy of the proposed method was validated by the recovery tests from crop samples fortified with oxycarboxin at 3 levels per crop. CONCLUSION: Mean recoveries ranged from 78.3% to 96.1% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were less than 10%, and limit of quantitation of oxycarboxin was 0.04 mg/kg. A confirmatory technique using LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to clearly identify the suspected residue. The method was reproducible and sensitive to determine the residue of oxycarboxin in agricultural commodities.

Development and validation of analytical methods for pyrifluquinazon residues determination on agricultural commodities by HPLC-UVD (HPLC-UVD를 이용한 농산물 중 pyrifluquinazon 잔류시험법 개발 및 검증)

  • Do, Jung-Ah;Kwon, Ji-Eun;Kim, Mi-Ra;Lee, Eun-Mi;Kuk, Ju-Hee;Cho, Yoon-Jae;Chang, Moon-Ik;Kwon, Kisung;Oh, Jae-Ho
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.174-181
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    • 2013
  • Pyrifluquinazon is classified with a quinazoline insecticide that regulates food intake by controling the feeding behavior acting on the endocrine or nervous system of pests such as aphids and white fly. To keep safety on pyrifluquinazon residues in agricultural commodities a simple, accurate and rapid analytical method was developed and validated using high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC-UVD). The pyrifluquinazon residues acidified with 1% formic acid in samples were extracted with acetonitrile and partitioned with hexane subsequently to dichloromethane then purified with silica solid phase extraction (SPE) cartridge. The purified samples were detected using HPLC-UVD. The method was validated using apple and pear spiked with pyrifluquinazon at 0.02, 0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg and hulled rice, pepper, soybean at 0.05 and 0.1 mg/kg. Average recoveries were 70.5~107.9% with relative standard deviation less than 10%. The result of recoveries and overall coefficient of variation of a laboratory results in Gwangju regional FDA and Daejeon regional FDA was followed with Codex guideline (CODEX CAC/GL 40). This method is appropriated at pyrifluquinazon residues determination and will be used as official method of analysis.

Analytical Method for Flusulfamide as Benzenesulfonamide Fungicide, Residues in Major Agricultural Commodities (주요 농산물 중 Bezenesulfonamide계 살균제 Flusulfamide의 잔류 분석법)

  • Ahn, Kyung-Geun;Kim, Gi-Ppeum;Hwang, Young-Sun;Kang, In-Kyu;Lee, Young Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: An analytical method was developed using HPLC-UVD/MS to precisely determine the residue of flusulfamide, a benzenesulfonamide fungicide used to inhibit spore germination. METHODS AND RESULTS: Flusulfamide residue was extracted with acetone from representative samples of five raw products which comprised apple, green pepper, Kimchi cabbage, hulled rice, and soybean. The extract was diluted with large volume of saline water and directly partitioned into dichloromethane to remove polar co-extractives in the aqueous phase. For the hulled rice and soybean samples, n-hexane/acetonitrile partition was additionally employed to remove non-polar lipids. The extract was finally purified by optimized Florisil column chromatography. On an octadecylsilyl column in HPLC, flusulfamide was successfully separated from co-extractives of sample, and sensitively quantitated by ultraviolet absorption at 280 nm with no interference. Accuracy and precision of the proposed method was validated by the recovery experiment on every crop sample fortified with flusulfamide at 3 concentration levels per crop in each triplication. CONCLUSION: Mean recoveries ranged from 82.3 to 98.2% in five representative agricultural commodities. The coefficients of variation were all less than 10%, irrespective of sample types and fortification levels. Limit of quantitation (LOQ) of flusulfamide was 0.02 mg/kg as verified by the recovery experiment. A confirmatory method using LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring technique was also provided to clearly identify the suspected residue.

Analytical method for analyzing formaldehyde using 2, 4-DNPH and gas chromatography/FID, NPD (2,4-DNPH와 가스크로마토그래프를 이용한 포름알데히드 분석방법)

  • Jeong, Jee Yeon;Park, Seung Hyun;Yi, Gwang Yong;Oh, Se Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.126-146
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    • 2000
  • To develop and evaluate formaldehyde measurement method using 2,4-dinitro-phenylhydrazine (2,4-DNPH) coated sampler and gas chromatography, laboratory test and field test were conducted. Results of this study are as follows. Limit of detection(LOD) of measurement methods, HPLC-UVD, GC-NPD and GC-FID, is $0.008{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ $0.060{\mu}g/m{\ell}$, $0.472{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ respectively. Coefficiency of measurement methods, HPLC-UVD, GC-NPD and GC-FID, is 0.008, 0.009, 0.020 respectively. Desorption efficiency of sep-pak xposure aldehyde sampler and sorbent sample tube is 1.05(range : 0.99 - 1.12), 1.02(range : 0.99 - 1.06) respectively. Samples of sorbent sample tube and sep-pak xposure aldehyde sampler turned out to be stored at refrigerator, according to storage test results. Measurement methods of HPLC-UVD, GC-NPD, GC-FID, according to results of precision for the combined sampling and analytical procedure, became acceptable to OSHA evaluation standard. Field test using exposure chamber met the NIOSH overall uncertainty recommendation(less than 25%). Overall uncertainty of Sepak-HPLC(UVD), Tube-GC(NPD), Tube-GC(FID) is 11.0% - 17.0%. Consequently gas chromatography(GC-NPD, GC-FID) and high performance liquid chromatography(EPA TO-11) using 2,4-DNPH coated sampler for formaldehyde measurement turned out to be suitable to measure personal formaldehyde exposure at workplaces.

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Analytical Method of Bentazone Residue in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 bentazone의 분석법 확립)

  • Kim, Young-Hak;Lee, Su-Jin;Song, Lee-Seul;Hwang, Young-Sun;Lee, Young-Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2011
  • Bentazone is benzothiadiazole group herbicide, and used to foliage treatment. This herbicide have already been widely used for cereals and vegetables planting in worldwide. This experiment was conducted to establish a determination method for bentazone residue in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS. Bentazone residue was extracted with acetone (adjusted pH 1 with phosphoric acid) from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, apple, green pepper, and Chinese cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline water, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover bentazone from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final clean up of the extract. The bentazone was quantitated by HPLC with UVD, using a YMC ODS AM 303 ($4.6{\times}250$ mm) column. The crops were fortified with bentazone at 3 levels per crop. Mean recovery ratio were ranged from 82.0% for a 0.2 mg/kg in apple to 97.9% for a 0.02 mg/kg in Chinese cabbage. The coefficients of variation were ranged from 0.5% for a 0.02 mg/kg in soybean to 9.7% for a 0.02 mg/kg in Chinese cabbage. Quantitative limit of bentazone was 0.02 mg/kg in representative five crop samples. A LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of bentazone in agricultural commodities.

Determination of Ametryn Residue in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 ametryn의 분석)

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Kim, Young-Hak;Song, Lee-Seul;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.125-133
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    • 2011
  • Ametryn is used in USA, China, and Japan, but not introduced in Korea yet. So, MRL (Maximum Residue Level), and analytical method of ametryn were not establishment in Korea. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to establish a determination method for ametryn residue in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS. Ametryn residue was extracted with acetone from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, apple, green pepper, and Chinese cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline water, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover ametryn from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final clean up of the extract. The ametryn was quantitated by HPLC with UVD, using a Tosoh ODS 120T ($4.6{\times}250$ mm) column. The crops were fortified with ametryn at 2 levels per crop. Mean recovery ratio were ranged from 83.7% for a 0.2 mg/kg in soybean to 91.1% for a 1.0 mg/kg in hulled rice. The coefficients of variation were ranged from 1.2% for a 1.0 mg/kg in hulled rice to 3.6% for a 1.0 mg/kg in soybean. Quantitative limit of amatryn was 0.02 mg/kg in representative 5 crop samples. A LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of ametryne in agricultural commodities.

Determination of Fomesafen Residue in Agricultural Commodities Using HPLC-UVD/MS (HPLC-UVD/MS를 이용한 농산물 중 fomesafen의 분석)

  • Lee, Su-Jin;Hwang, Young-Sun;Kim, Young-Hak;Nam, Mi-Young;Hong, Seung-Beom;Yun, Won-Kap;Kwon, Chan-Hyeok;Do, Jung-A;Im, Moo-Hyeog;Lee, Young-Deuk;Choung, Myoung-Gun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2010
  • Fomesafen is a selective herbicide, and used to control annual and perennial broad-leaf grass on soybean and fruit fields in USA and China, but not introduced in Korea yet. So, MRL (Maximum Residue Level), and analytical method of fomesafen were not establishment in Korea. Therefore, this experiment was conducted to establish a determination method for fomesafen residue in crops using HPLC-UVD/MS. Fomesafen residue was extracted with acetone from representative samples of five raw products which comprised hulled rice, soybean, apple, green pepper, and Chinese cabbage. The extract was diluted with saline water, and dichloromethane partition was followed to recover fomesafen from the aqueous phase. Florisil column chromatography was additionally employed for final clean up of the extract. The fomesafen was quantitated by HPLC with UVD, using a Shiseido CAPCELL-PAK UG C18 column. The crops were fortified with fomesafen at 3 levels per crop. Mean recovery ratio were ranged from 87.5% for a 0.4 ppm in hulled rice to 102.5% for a 0.4 ppm in apple. The coefficients of variation were ranged from 0.6% for a 2.0 ppm in hulled rice to 7.7% for a 0.04 ppm in green pepper. Quantitative limit of fomesafen was 0.04 mg/kg in representative 5 crop samples. A LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring was also provided to confirm the suspected residue. Therefore, this analytical method was reproducible and sensitive enough to determine the residue of fomesafen in agricultural commodities.