• Title, Summary, Keyword: Half sine-wave pulsed electromagnetic field (HSPEMF)

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An Experimental Study on the Effect of Half Sine-Wave Pulsed Electromagnetic Field in Orthodontic Tooth Movement (Half-sine Wave Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields가 교정적 치아 이동에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Joon
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of electromagnetic field in orthodontic tooth movement, and the optimal application period of electromagnetic field to initiate tooth movement. Eighty male Hartley guinea pigs were utilized in this study. Laterally directed orthodontic force was applied to the maxillary central incisors. Half sine-wave pulsed electromagnetic field(HSPEMP) was applied to experimental group during 10 days. According to the period of application of HSPEMP(4 hours, 8 hours, 12 hours a day), they were divided into the three sub-groups The obtained results were as follows; 1. In case of application of HSPEMF during 4 hours a day, there was no significant difference in the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement between the experimental and the control group. 2. In case of application of HSPEMF during 8 and 12 hours a day, there was a significant increase in the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement since the eighth day, the sixth day respectively. 3. In comparison with the case of application of HSPEMF during 8 hours a day, there was a significant increase in the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement at the seventh day and the eighth day in case of application of HSPEMF during 12 hours a day.

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A STUDY ON THE ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT UNDER HALF SINE-WAVE PULSED ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS (Half sine-wave pulsed electromagnetic fields 내에서 교정력에 의한 치아 이동에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Joon;Ryu, Young-Kyu
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.897-916
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    • 1994
  • The biologic potential, which is different from the piezoelectric signals, relates tooth movement at least in part to changes in bone metaboliosm in bioelectric theory. The purpose of this experiment was to determine wheather the application of half sine-wave pulsed electromagnetic fields (HSPEMF) could increase both the rate and amount of orthodontic tooth movement. Forty-three male Hartley guinea pigs, weighting approximately 255g, were utilized in this study. The animals were 35 days old at the start of the study. Laterally directed orthodontic force was applied to the maxillary central incisors of 40 Hartley guinea pigs (20 experimental, 20 control). According to the amount of orthodontic force (6g, 12g), they were divided into two sub-groups (10 experimental I, 10 experimental II, 10 control I, 10 control II). During the experimental period, experimental animals were placed in plastic animal holders with their heads positioned in an area of uniform electromagnetic field. Control animals were placed in similar plastic holders that did not carry the electric apparatus. The results were as follows : 1. The application of a HSPEMF to the experimental groups significantly increase the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement observed over a 10-day experimental period. 2. The application of a HSPEMF to the experimental groups significantly increase the velocity of orthodontic tooth movement observed over a 10-day experimental period. 3. There was no significant difference in the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement at the fourth day to the eighth day, but there was significant difference in the final amount of orthodontic tooth movement at the nineth, tenth day during a 10-day experimental period. 4. After 10 days of HSPEMF exposure & orthodontic force, the experimental groups demonstrated more osteodasts in the pressure side than control groups.

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