• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hanwoo

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Change of performance, serum metabolite, and carcass characteristics on high energy diet of Hanwoo steers

  • Jang, Sun Sik;Yang, Seung Hak;Lee, Eun Mi;Kang, Dong Hun;Park, Bo Hye;Kim, Hye Jae;Kwon, Eung Gi;Chung, Ki Yong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.810-817
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    • 2016
  • The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of a high-energy diet on the level of serum metabolites and on carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. High energy diets have been used for enhancing intramuscular adipose tissue in high quality beef cattle. However, there is not much information about the physiological reactions to this diet. We hypothesized that a high energy diet would increase blood metabolites and the meat quality of Hanwoo steers during the early and final fattening periods. A $2{\times}2$ factorial arrangement (High, Control, and Early, Final) in a completely randomized design was used to feed 24 Hanwoo steers. Two steers were kept in the same pen and 12 pens were used for the experiment. Blood was drawn from each steer on the first week of every other month from 11 to 28 months. Overall Average Daily Gain (ADG) and feed efficiency were not different between high energy and control diets (p > 0.05). However, Dry Matter Intake (DMI greater with the control diet than DMI with the high energy diet during the final fattening period (p < 0.05). Serum non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) concentrations were greater in the control diet group than in the high energy diet group during the final fattening period (p < 0.05). However, serum albumin, glucose, total protein, triglyceride, and phosphorus were greater in the high energy group than those of the control group (p < 0.05). Carcass traits or physico-chemical characteristics were not different between high energy diet treatment and the control. These data indicated that a high energy diet (+ 3% TDN) increased serum triglyceride during early fattening periods and decreased non-esterified fatty acids during final fattening periods in Hanwoo steers.

Description of the External Genitalia and Uterus of a 24-month-old Freemartin Hanwoo

  • Kim, Ui-Hyung;Kang, Sung-Sik;Chung, Ki-Yong;Yang, Boh-Suk;Cho, Sang-Rae
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2018
  • We observed the external genitalia and uterus of a 24-month-old freemartin Hanwoo. The vulva was smaller than observed in a normal female Hanwoo, while the clitoris was larger in the freemartin. The angle between the external genitalia and the perineum also varied. Upon internal genital examination, the uterus of the freemartin was a thin tube approximately 18 cm in size and had not differentiated into a normal uterus and uterine horns.

Identification of Hanwoo Meat by DNA Analysis (DNA 분석법에 의한 한우고기 판별)

  • Oh, Hong-Rock;Lee, Chang-Soo;Sang, Byung-Chan;Song, Kwang-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2006
  • This study was deal with the development of breed-specific DNA marker which is able to identify Hanwoo and European cattle breeds(Non-Hanwoo) meat. Genetic differentiation between Korean cattle(Hanwoo) and European cattle breeds was examined by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA(RAPD) analysis. The RAPD patterns were identical among Non-Hanwoo, such as Holstein, Hereford, Aberdeen Angus, Brown Swiss, Limousin or Simmental, but the above pattern was different from that of Hanwoo. All bands detected in the Hanwoo samples were observed in Non-Hanwoo cattle samples, but one of the common bands found in samples was not detected in the Hanwoo samples. The band(1.4kb) may be useful as a marker for identifying a meat of Hanwoo from imported cattle meat. Actually, the detection of the DNA marker was tested by DNA analysis with 929 samples which were prepared from bloods of 673 Hanwoo cattles and 141 Holstein cattles, from 115 imported cattle meats. The DNA marker was absent in 644 of 673 Hanwoo cattles (96%) but present in 245 of 256 Non-Hanwoo cattles (95%). These results show that the DNA marker is effective to characterize Hanwoo and Non-Hanwoo meat by its detection. This DNA marker, however, was not useful in detecting unwanted crossbreeding between two cattle breeds, because the band pattern in hybrid cattle shows one of two band patterns in Hanwoo and Non-Hanwoo.

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Concentration Differences in LH, FSH and Progesterone Secretion among Seasonal Changes in Hanwoo and Holstein Heifers in Daegwallyeong

  • Chung, Hak-Jae;Yoon, Hyun-Il;Lee, Suk-Dong;Ko, Jin-Sung;Choy, Yun-Ho;Choi, Seong-Bok;Jeon, Gi-Jun;Ko, Yeoung-Gyu;Lee, Hwi-Cheul;Im, Seok-Ki;Lee, Myeung-Sik
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.257-261
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    • 2008
  • The objective of present study was to investigate the effect of seasons on reproductive performance of Hanwoo and Holstein heifers. Heat stress in summer or cold stress in winter stress to Hanwoo and Holstein heifers may bring reproduction failure, which would pose an important economic loss, even around Daegwallyeong region located in high mountainous area. Seasonal differences in the serum levels of LH, FSH and progesterone ($P_4$) in response to environmental factors (hot and cold) out of 20 pubertal Hanwoo heifers in Daegwallyeong, Gangwon Province and 20 non-lactating Holstein heifers in Chonan city of Republic of Korea at 2-3 years of age were compared. Blood samples for hormonal analysis were from jugular vein after detection of estrus repeatedly over four seasons within four-week intervals (Spring: May to June, Summer: July to August, Autumn: October to November and Winter: January to February). In Hanwoo heifer population, averages of LH and FSH concentration in spring and in summer were greater compared to those in winter (p<0.05). LH or FSH levels tended to be greater (p=0.06) in spring and less (p=0.09) in winter compared to the levels in autumn. Only in summer, cattle seemed to show lower LH or FSH secretion (p<0.05). Similar to the results in Hanwoo heifers, the serum concentrations of LH and FSH in Holstein heifers decreased further by heat stress in summer when P 4 levels were high during luteal phase. The results demonstrate significant effect of summer heat on reproduction of Hanwoo or Holstein heifers. Although parameters indicating the extent of heat stress were not measured in this study, we suggest that serum hormone levels could be considered as successful indicators of summer heat stress condition for Hanwoo and Holstein heifers even under rather cool summer climate.

Hanwoo Usage Survey and Menu Development using Lean Cut Hanwoo for Restaurants (외식업체 한우 이용 실태조사를 통한 저지방 부위 한우 이용 메뉴 개발)

  • Jeong, Hee-Sun;Joo, Nami;Yoon, Ji-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.650-659
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze Hanwoo usage in restaurants and to develop menus of lean cut Hanwoo. Restaurant served customers Hanwoo menus, with the exception of broiled or roasted meat, mainly to provide various menus to customers (4.14), due to customer needs (3.87) and utilizing stocks (3.59). On the other hand, the reason for not providing Hanwoo menus, with the exception of broiled or roasted meat was manpower shortage (3.63), lack of popularity (3.58), low profit (3.29), preservation of Hanwoos' original flavors (3.28) and complex cooking methods (3.22). Concomitantly, the restaurant owners' intentions to apply new menus with lean cut Hanwoo was 73.4%, showing an interest in developing new menus and recipes using lean cut Hanwoo suitable to the changing owner awareness of customer health and trends. This study has established a standard for developing cooking methods and developed menus according to classified recipes for lean cut Hanwoo, based on the survey of restaurants' current status of using Hanwoo and the owners' opinions. 20 menus using lean cut Hanwoo (rump or shank) were developed by $1^{st}$ and $2^{nd}$ cooking experiments, and in-depth interview of experts-groups. Of these, 12 menus suitable for the restaurant were finally selected based on the results of consumer's evaluation using JARS. Structured recipe flow diagram and recipe instructions were developed for future semi-processed or processing foods. Diverse recipe methods using lean cut Hanwoo were obtained from the study, however aggressive public relations work is required for promoting the developed menus.

A study on the changes of carcass muscle distribution in the high quality meat production of Hanwoo steers in Kyungnam (경남지역 거세한우의 고급육 생산을 위한 도체 근육부위별 분포도 차이에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Cheol-Ho;Kim, Taeg-Seog;Kim, Chung-Hui
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2020
  • A grading system is implemented to evaluate the meat quality of Hanwoo. In the grading system, grade 1++A is the highest grade. Livestock farms breed Hanwoo with good quality feed in order to obtain the highest grade. In this process, the content ratios of muscles in individual regions can be changed. To find out the muscle distribution ratios of Hanwoo steers, grade 1A, 1+A, and 1++A Hanwoo steers were compared with grade 1+A Hanwoo female. Grade 1A Hanwoo steers had higher ratios of shank (SK), brisket and flank (BF), neck chain (NC), and inside skirt (IS) meats and a lower ratio of striploin (SL) meat compared to grade 1+A Hanwoo feamle. Grade 1++A Hanwoo steers had higher ratios of neck (NK) and loin (LN) meats and lower ratios of inside skirt (IS), tenderloin (TL), top round (TR), eye round (ER), bottom round (BR), bottom sirloin triangle (BST), and knuckle (K) meats compared to grade 1+A Hanwoo steers. In comparison between grade 1A and 1++A Hanwoo steers, the ratio of shank (SK) was significantly lower in higher quality meats. If the changes are continuously studied to improve the process so that the ratios of partial meats of the regions highly preferred by consumers can increase, it will contribute to increases in the incomes of livestock farms and enable Hanwoo to grow into a global brand.

Relationship between Genetic Variants of Mitochondrial DNA and Growth Traits in Hanwoo Cattle

  • Jeon, G.J.;Chung, H.Y.;Choi, J.G.;Lee, M.S.;Lee, C.W.;Park, J.J.;Ha, J.M.;Lee, H.K.;Sung, H.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.301-307
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    • 2005
  • Genetic variants of Hanwoo mtDNA in the region of cytochrome oxidase subunit I, II and III complex were detected using restriction enzymes. PCR primers were designed based on the bovine mtDNA sequence, and 6 primer sets (Mt4, Mt5, Mt6, Mt7, Mt8 and Mt9) were used. A total of 20 restriction enzymes were used, and 6 restriction enzymes, which were Hinf I, Pvu II, Rsa I, Eco RI, Bgl II, and Msp I, showed genetic polymorphisms. Significant associations between genetic variants and weight traits were observed at WT15 (p<0.05) and WT18 (p<0.01) with Pvu II for Mt9, Bgl II for Mt6 and Rsa I for Mt8 segments in the region of cytochrome oxidase subunit complex. Significant associations were also observed at Mt9-Pvu II and Mt6-Bgl II segments for WT9 (p=0.01), WT12 (p=0.02), respectively. These results suggest that genetic variants of mtDNA in the region of cytochrome oxidase subunit complex may be candidate segments for improvement of animal growth as weight traits.

Meat Quality of Loin and Top Round Muscles from the Hanwoo and Holstein Veal Calves

  • Yim, Dong-Gyun;Chung, Eui-Gang;Chung, Ku-Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.6
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    • pp.731-737
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    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to compare the meat qualities of loin (m. longissimus dorsi) and top round (m. semimembranosus) from Hanwoo and Holstein veal. Ten Hanwoo and Holstein calves were randomly selected from a local cattle farm and raised. They were slaughtered when they were 8 mon old and weighed. Weight and percentage in primal cuts and slaughter performance of Hanwoo and Holstein veal calves are obtained. Immediately after weighting, slices of loin and top round muscles were sampled. After vacuum packaging, the samples were subjected to proximate composition, physicochemical and microbiological analyses. Dressing weight and percentage were heavier and greater (p<0.05) in the Holstein than in the Hanwoo. Water contents of the top round muscle was higher in the Holstein than in the Hanwoo (p<0.05). Water-holding capacity, protein content and CIE L* (lightness) of both muscles were higher in the Holstein than in the Hanwoo veal, whereas fat content, pH, cooking loss, a* (redness), and b* (yellowness) were higher in the Hanwoo than in the Holstein veal (p<0.05). Thiobarbituric acid and volatile basic nitrogen values of both the muscles were lower in the Hanwoo than in the Holstein veal during the first 10 d of storage (p<0.05).