• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hanwoo

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Diversity of Calpain-Calpastatin gene frequencies in Brown, Brindle and Jeju Black Hanwoo (한우, 칡소 및 제주 흑우 Calpain-Calpastatin 유전자 다양성)

  • Lee, Seung-Hwan;Kim, Seung-Chang;Cho, Soo-Hyun;Choi, Bong-Hwan;Sharma, A.;Lim, Dajeong;Dang, Chang-Gwan;Chang, Sun-Sik;Kim, Jae-Hwan;Ko, Moon Suk;Yang, Boh-Suck;Kang, Hee-Sul
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2013
  • The aim of study was to investigate genetic diversity for the calpain/calpastatin gene in three Hanwoo breeds [(Brown (n=62), Brindle (n=81) and Jeju Black (n=30)]. Random samples from three breeds of Hanwoo were selected and genotyped for the 7 SNPs of calpain/calpastatin using TaqMan method. Allele frequencies were investigated for CAPN1/CAST gene. Allele frequency of CAST2 SNP was 0.75, 0.59 and 0.22 for Brown, Brindle and Jeju black, respectively. The CAST3 revealed allele frequency of 0.59 and 0.57 in Brown and Jeju Black, while it showed very low allele frequency (0.07) in Brindle. In particular, favorable allele (G allele) for the CAPN1-2 SNP which was shown a strong association with tenderness in Taurine and Indicine cattle revealed 16% and 17% higher allele frequency in Brown Hanwoo (0.82) comparing Brindle (0.66) and Jeju Black Hanwoo (0.65). AMOVA demonstrated that among population variance occupied only 10% of total variance and among individual variance was 0%, while within individual variance was 90% of total variance. This result showed that population effect contributed very small portion of genetic to these three Hanwoo breeds, while within individual variance contributed large portion of genetic diversity within these Hanwoo breeds. In conclusion, three Hanwoo breeds (Brown, Brindle and Jeju black) showed a genetically homogeneous based on the 7 SNPs of CAPN1/CAST gene and it came from same ancestor to form modern Hanwoo breed.

Comparison of the Microsatellite and Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Methods for Discriminating among Hanwoo (Korean Native Cattle), Imported, and Crossbred Beef in Korea

  • Heo, Eun-Jeong;Ko, Eun-Kyung;Seo, Kun-Ho;Chon, Jung-Whan;Kim, Young-Jo;Park, Hyun-Jung;Wee, Sung-Hwan;Moon, Jin-San
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.763-768
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    • 2014
  • The identity of 45 Hanwo and 47 imported beef (non-Hanwoo) samples from USA and Australia were verified using the microsatellite (MS) marker and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) methods. Samples were collected from 19 supermarkets located in the city of Seoul and Gyeonggi province, South Korea, from 2009 to 2011. As a result, we obtained a 100% concordance rate between the MS and SNP methods for identifying Hanwoo and non-Hanwoo beef. The MS method presented a 95% higher individual discriminating value for Hanwoo (97.8%) than for non-Hanwoo (61.7%) beef. For further comparison of the MS and SNP methods, blood samples were collected and tested from 54 Hanwoo ${\times}$ Holstein crossbred cattle (first, second, and third generations). By using the SNP and MS methods, we correctly identified all of the first-generation crossbred cattle as non-Hanwoo; in addition, among the second and third generation crossbreds, the ratio identified as Hanwoo was 20% and 10%, respectively. The MS method used in our study provides more information, but requires sophisticated techniques during each experimental process. By contrast, the SNP method is simple and has a lower error rate. Our results suggest that the MS and SNP methods are useful for discriminating Hanwoo from non-Hanwoo breeds.

Effects of potato byproduct on growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers

  • Kang, Dong Hun;Ki, Kwang Seok;Jang, Sun Sik;Yang, Seung Hak;Lee, Eun Mi;Park, Bo Hye;Kwon, Eung Gi;Chung, Ki Yong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.574-585
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate effects of a potato byproduct on growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. The palm oil coated potato byproduct was supplemented to the diet of Hanwoo steers to estimate the effect on growth performance, blood metabolites, and carcass characteristics during the late fattening period. Thirteen steers with initial body weight of control ($676.8{\pm}31.7kg$), treatment 1 ($671.8{\pm}46.2kg$) and treatment 2 ($672.8{\pm}31.1kg$) were used for 60 days, respectively. Average daily gain of steers in treatment 2 and control was greater than that in treastment 1 (p > 0.05). All steers in treatment 2 had a grade quality grading system than B in meat quantity and had a meat quality higher than the $1^{st}$ grade. According to the physicochemical analysis of longissimus muscle, treatment 2 had high brightness resulting from high meat quality (p > 0.05), and a decrease in redness and yellowness is seen as a dilution effect due to muscle hypertrophy (p > 0.05). The fatty acid composition showed low levels of linoleic acid (p = 0.039) and arachidonic acid (p = 0.008) in treatment 2. This resulted in lower polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels (p = 0.034). On the other hand, high levels of oleic acid resulted in high levels of MUFA (p > 0.05). These results indicate that potato byproduct had similar effects with ${\beta}_2-adrenergic$ agonist (${\beta}_2-AA$). And there was no negative effect on the intramuscular fat. In conclusion, palm oil coated potato byproduct could be potentially used as an alternative growth enhancer.

Efficacy of a Cue-Mate Intravaginal Insert and Injection of Prostaglandin $F_{a{\alpha}}$ for Synchronizing Estrus in Hanwoo Cattle

  • Cho, Sang-Rae;Kumar, Kuldeep;Yeon, Seong-Heum;Lee, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Chung, Ki-Yong;Kim, Hyeon-Shup;Lee, Myeung Sik;Park, Chang-Seok;Yang, Byoung-Chul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 2014
  • The present study was performed on farm animals to test the effectiveness of progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (Cue-Mate$^{(R)}$ 1.56 g) and injection of prostaglandin $F_{2{\alpha}}$ ($PGF_{2{\alpha}}$) for synchronization estrus in Hanwoo cattle. The cattle were at random stage of the estrus cycle. The cows were artificially inseminated at day 7 after Cue-Mate withdrawal, using commercial semen from Korean native bulls. There was a season effect on the estrus synchronization rate. It was higher in spring (94.3%) followed by winter (93.3%), autumn (90.4%) and summer (67.2%). In summary, The results of this study revealed that season has influences on estrus behavior of cattle with no significant effect on pregnancy rate. In summary, we suggest summer reproductive management to alleviate the effects of heat stress. It should be based on intensive cooling combined with hormonal treatment. Given that different subgroups of cows benefit differently from the treatments, selective hormonal administration should be considered.

mRNA expression of myogenic-adipogenic makers and adipocyte in skeletal muscle of Hanwoo calves at newborn and 6 months of age

  • Ahn, Jun-Sang;Chung, Ki-Yong;Jang, Sun-Sick;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Hwang, So-Mi;Jin, Shil;Park, Bo-Hye;Kang, Dong-Hun;Kwon, Eung-Gi
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.62 no.6
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    • pp.893-902
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to compare the mRNA expression levels of myogenic-adipogenic makers in the skeletal muscle and adipocytes formation, body weight, rumen weight, and papilla length on Hanwoo calves at newborn and 6 months of age. Animals used three newborn Hanwoo calves (NC) and three Hanwoo calves 6 months of age (SC). Body weight and rumen weight were significantly increased in SC compared to NC (p < 0.01), and papilla length was longer about 10-fold in SC than NC. Adipocytes was possible to visually identify more adipocytes in SC compared to NC, and were mainly formed around the blood vessels. mRNA expression of myogenin, myosin heavy chain 1 and myosin heavy chain 2A in both longissimus dorsi (LD) and semimembranosus (SM) was found to increase with calves growth (p < 0.01), and it was confirmed that have higher levels of mRNA expression in SM than LD. In LD tissues, the mRNA expression of stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD, p < 0.03) and peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ, p < 0.04) was significantly higher in SC than NC. In SM tissues, mRNA expression levels of SCD (p < 0.02) and CCAAT/enhancer binding protein β (C/EBPβ, p < 0.01) were higher in SC than NC, and also mRNA expression levels of PPARγ increased, but there was no significant difference. Thus, the calves period suggests that it is an important step in the development of the rumen and the myogenesis and adipogenesis.

Application of the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene for discrimination of Hanwoo from Holstein beef using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

  • Ra, Do-Kyung;Lee, Sung-Mo;Park, Eun-Jeong;Lee, Jung-Goo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.557-562
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    • 2007
  • This study was carried out to discriminate Hanwoo from the milking and hybrid cattle by detection of MC1R gene related to bovine hair color. One hundred sixty six samples were collected from the abattoir (n = 106) and local market (n = 60). The beef from abattoir were originated from Hanwoo (n=27), Holstein (n=29), Hybrid (n=45) and imported cattle (n=5), respectively. The beef from market consisted of Hanwoo (n=36), Holstein (n=7) and imported ones (n=17). Commercialized screening kit (Kogenebiotec, Korea) was used for MC1R gene analysis. As a result, Hanwoo was discriminated from Holstein. However, 9 of 45 hybrid and 11 of 22 imported beef samples were indistinguishable from Hanwoo. It could be explained by second generation of crossing of Hanwoo with Holstein or the cattle with silver or yellow hair. This results suggest that additional tests as well as MC1R gene detection be needed to confirm Hanwoo beef among cattle beef.

Anti-Aging Effects of the Hanwoo Leg Bone, Foot and Tail Infusions (HLI, HFI and HTI) on Skin Fibroblast

  • Seol, Ja young;Yoon, Ji Young;Jeong, Hee Sun;Joo, Nami;Choi, Soon Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.237-243
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    • 2016
  • Many researchers revealed that collagen contribute to maintaining the skin’s elasticity and inhibit wrinkling of skin. Korean native cattle (Hanwoo) bone (leg bone, foot and tail) infusion contains the various inorganic materials, collagen and chondroitin sulfate. All of this, a large quantity of collagen is included in Hanwoo infusion. Therefore, this study emphasized on the effects of collagen in the Hanwoo bone infusion. For the first time, Hanwoo bone infusions were directly added to the media of Human Dermal Fibroblast (NHDF-c) to test anti-aging effects. First, it was identified that growth rate of skin fibroblast was increased. Furthermore, the Hanwoo bone infusion increased a 50% of fibroblast collagen synthesis. Also, suppression of skin fibroblast aging was confirmed by treatment Hanwoo bone infusion. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the effects of infusion made from Hanwoo leg bone, foot and tail on anti-aging, wrinkle inhibiting and skin fibroblast elasticity maintaining. Therefore, this study identified that traditional infusion has effects that are good for skin elasticity.

Identification of Genomic Differences between Hanwoo and Holstein Breeds Using the Illumina Bovine SNP50 BeadChip

  • Melka, Hailu Dadi;Jeon, Eun-Kyeong;Kim, Sang-Wook;Han, James-Bond;Yoon, Du-Hak;Kim, Kwan-Suk
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 2011
  • The use of genomic information in genomic selection programs for dairy and beef cattle breeds has become a reality in recent years. In this investigation, we analyzed single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for Hanwoo (n=50) and Holstein (n=50) breeds using the Illumina Bovine SNP50 BeadChip to facilitate genomic selection and utilization of the Hanwoo breed in Korea. Analysis of the entire genomes showed different spectra of SNP frequencies for Hanwoo and Holstein cattle. The study revealed a highly significant (p<0.001) difference between Hanwoo and Holstein cattle in minor allele frequency (MAF). The average MAFs were $0.19{\pm}0.16$ and $0.22{\pm}0.16$ for Hanwoo and Holstein, respectively. From the total of 52,337 SNPs that were successfully identified, about 72% and 79% were polymorphic in Hanwoos and Holsteins, respectively. Polymorphic and fixed SNPs were not distributed uniformly across the chromosomes within breeds or between the two breeds. The number of fixed SNPs on all chromosomes was higher in Hanwoo cattle, reflecting the genetic uniqueness of the Hanwoo breed. In general, the rate of polymorphisms detected in these two breeds suggests that the SNPs can be used for different applications, such as whole-genome association and comparative genetic studies, and are a helpful tool in developing breed identification genetic markers.

Study on Estimation of Relative Conception Rate in Hanwoo Bull (한우 씨수소의 상대적 수정능 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Seoung-Soo;Noh, Seung-Hee;Park, No-Hyung;Won, You-Seog
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2010
  • The conception rate of cow is a major factor in farm management. The environment of farm and management of cow are the best influencing factors on conception rate, and the fertility of bull is the second influencing factor. In Hanwoo bull, however, the informations limited to performance and carcass traits have been offered to Hanwoo farmer. Therefore, this study analysed the estimated relative conception rates (ERCR) for estimation of fertility of bulls, using the 8,892 mating data with 116 heads of prove bull to produce progeny. Mean of least square means of conception rate after first insemination was 50.95% in bull herds. On the standard of this mean, ERCRs after first insemination of each bull were analysed. Values ranged from -26.1% to +21.0%, the difference was 47.1%. Among 116 heads of bull analysed, KPN582 showed the highest ERCR as 21.0%, KPN550 (18.3%), KPN656 (16.7%), KPN632 (15.8%), KPN690 (14.9%) were gone behind, but KPN621 was the lowest as -26.1%, KPN680 (-21.3%), KPN674 (-16.2%), KPN569 (-15.9%), KPN699 (-14.9%) were succeeded. If ERCRs of Hanwoo bull will be offered to Hanwoo farmer, it will be worthwhile.

Analysis of epididymal sperm from Korean native bull (Hanwoo) aged at 8 and 15 months before freezing and after thawing

  • Kang, Sung-Sik;Cho, Sang-Rae;Kim, Ui-Hyung;Park, Chang-Seok;Kim, Hyeong-Cheol;Chung, Ki-Yong;Lee, Seok-Dong;Jang, Sun-Sik;Jeon, Gi-jun;Kim, Sidong;Lee, Myeong-Suk;Yang, Byoung-Chul
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.109-116
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    • 2016
  • The recovery of epididymal sperm in animals is considered as one of the important tools to preserve high value or endangered species. However, there are no appropriate castrating indicators such as months of age in bull, sperm morphology, and motility, particularly in young Korean native bull (Hanwoo). Therefore, this study aimed to investigate sperm number, morphology, and motility of sperm in the epididymis tail of young Hanwoo bulls at 8 and 15 months of age. After castration, epididymal tails were collected and minced with blades to recover sperm. In experiments 1 and 2, sperm number, morphology, and motility were examined. Total number of sperm and percentage of normal sperm from bulls at 8 months of age was lower than that of bulls at 15 months of age after collection (P<0.05). Percentage of abnormal head, tail, proximal cytoplasmic droplet, dead and damaged acrosome of sperm from bulls at 8 months of age were higher than those of bulls at 15 months of age (P<0.05). In experiment 3, sperm motility from bulls at 8 and 15 months of age were examined before freezing and after thawing. Frozen-thawed sperm at 8 months of age showed low total motility and motile sperm with ${\geq}25{\mu}m/sec$ compared to those at 15 months of age and commercially-used sperm (P<0.05). In conclusion, sperm derived from the epididymal tail of bulls at 8 months of age showed high abnormal morphology and poor motility, which are not adequate for AI and IVF. On the other hand, sperm derived from the epididymal tail of bulls at 15 months of age showed high normal morphology and motility.