• Title/Summary/Keyword: He mixing ratio

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A Study on the GMA Welding Characteristics of Al5083-O Aluminum Alloy According to the Shield Gas Mixing Ratio and Heat Input (Al5083-O 알루미늄합금의 보호가스 혼합비율 및 입열량에 따른 GMA용접 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 정재강;양훈승;이동길
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2002
  • This study was to evaluate GMA welding characteristics of the A15083-O aluminum alloy according to the shield gas mixing ratio and heat input change. The GMA welding of the base metal was carried out with flour different shield gas mixing ratios(Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%). Regarding the if1uence on the bead shape of the shield gas mixing ratio and heat input, the bead width was greatest in Ar100%+He0% mixture. But the penetration depth and area were greatest in Ar33%+He67% mixture considering that the lower Ax gas ratio, the higher bead depth and area. Also, dilution was also best in the shield gas mixing ratio. The size and number of deflects were least in Ar33%+He67% mixture. Higher He gas ratio resulted in less deflects detected by the radiographic inspection.

The Strength Evaluation of Al5083-O GMA Welding Zone According to the Heat Input and Mixing Shield Gas Ratio (Al5083-O GMA 용접부의 입열량과 보호가스 혼합비율에 따른 강도 평가)

  • 이동길;양훈승;정재강
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 2002
  • This study was to evaluate mechanical properties and toughness of the Al5083-O aluminum alloy welding zone according to the mixing shield gas ratio and heat input change. The GMA(Gas Metal Arc) welding of the base metal was carried out with four different mixing shield gas ratios(Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%) and three different heat inputs(low, medium, and high). To investigate the Charpy absorbed energy of the weld zone, the specimens were divided base metal, weld metal, fusion line, and HAZ notched specimen according to the worked notch position. The different gas ratio and heat input had little effect upon the tensile strength. But Ar33%+He67% mixture had the greatest mechanical properties considering that the more He gas ratio concentrations, the higher yield strength and elongation. The maximum load and displacement of the weld metal notche specimen was so much low more than that of the base metal, but fusion line and HAZ notched specimens showed almost same regardless of the mixing shield gas ratio and heat input. The Charpy absorbed energy was lowest in weld metal notched specimen, and increased in the fusion line, and HAZ notche specimen in order. Ar33%+He67% mixture had the greatest toughness considering that the more He gas ratio, the higher absorption energy.

The Low Temperature Toughness of A15083-O Welding Zone According to the Mixing Shield Gas Ratio (보호가스 혼합비율에 따른 Al5083-O 용접부의 저온 인성에 관한 연구)

  • 정재강;양훈승;이동길
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.762-768
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the low temperature toughness was evaluated by using the instrumented Charpy impact testing procedures for A15083-O aluminum alloy used in the LNG carrying and storage tank. The specimens were GMA(Gas Metal Arc) welded with four different mixing shield gas ratios (Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%, and Ar33%+He67%), and tested at four different temperatures(+25, -30, -85, and $-196^{\circ}C$) in order to investigate the influence of the mixing shielding gas ratio and the low temperature. The specimens were divided into base metal, weld metal, fusion line, and HAZ specimen according to the notch position. From experiment the maximum load and displacement were shown the highest and He lowest at $-196^{\circ}C$ than the other test temperatures. The absorption energy of weld metal notched specimens was not nearly depends on test temperature and mixing shield gas ratio because the casting structure was formed in weld metal zone by melting welding wire. On the other hand, the others specimens was shown that the lower temperature, the higher absorption energy slightly up to $-85^{\circ}C$ but the energy was decreased so mush at $-196^{\circ}C$.

Effect of Be Mixing Ratio on the Characteristics of TIG Welding with High Current and High Speed (대전류 고속 TIG 용접 특성에 미치는 He 혼합비의 영향)

  • Oh Dong-Soo;Kim Yeong-Sik;Cho Sang-Myung
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.54-60
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    • 2005
  • Tungsten Inert Gas(TIG) welding is today one of the most popular arc welding process because of its high quality welds and low equipment costs. Even if welding productivity increases with welding speed and current, this strategy is limited by the appearance of defects such as undercut and humping bead due to the depressed molten metal. The purpose of this study investigates the effect of He mixing ratio on the characteristics with high current and speed in TIG welding. The conclusions obtained permit to explain the arc start characteristics quantitatively and the maximum welding speed on stable bead formation with He mixing ratio for high current and speed TIG welding observed in experiments. Also through the relation of the maximum arc pressure and surface depression depth at high current and speed TIG welding, it made clear the mechanism of unstable bead formation.

The Influence of Shield Gas Ratio on the Toughness of A15083-0 GMAW Weld Zone (A15083-O GMAW 용접시 불활성가스 혼합비가 용접부의 인성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이동길;김건호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Marine Engineers Conference
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    • pp.113-199
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the toughness was evaluated by using the instrumented Charpy impact testing procedures for A15083-O aluminum alloy used in the LNG carrying and storing tank. The specimens were GMAW welded with four different mixing shield gas ratios (Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%), and tested at four different temperatures(+25, -30, -85, and -196$^{\circ}C$ ) in order to investigate the influence of the mixing shield gas ratio and the low temperature. The specimens were divided into base metal, weld metal, fusion line, and HAZ specimen according to the worked notch position. From experiment, the maximum load increased a little up to -85$^{\circ}C$, and the maximum load and maximum displacement were shown the highest and the lowest at -196$^{\circ}C$ than the other test temperatures. The absorption energy of weld metal notched specimens was not nearly depends on test temperature and mixing shield gas ratio because the casting structure was formed in weld metal zone. In the other hand, the others specimens was shown that the lower temperature, the higher absorption energy slightly up to -85$^{\circ}C$ but the energy was decreased so mush at -196$^{\circ}C$

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The Luminous Efficiency Improvement of Color AC Plasma Display Panel by adding Ar Gas (Ar Gas 첨가에 따른 칼라 플라즈마 디스플레이 패널의 효율 향상)

  • Shin, Jae-Hwa;Choi, Hoon-Young;Lee, Seok-Hyun
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.132-136
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we analyzed the luminous efficiencies of Ne-Xe-Ar and He-Ne-Xe-Ar mixing gas in compared with those of Ne-Xe and He-Ne-Xe mixing gas to improve luminous efficiency by adding a small amount of Ar gas. At the Xe 4%, the brightness of Ne-Xe and He-Ne-Xe mixing gas is higher than others. As the Xe % increases, power consumption decreases. Thus, in the Ne-Xe and He-Ne-Xe mixing gas of Xe 4%, we obtained maxium luminous efficiency. The Ar concentration is varied from 0.1% to 0.7% in this study. The luminous efficiency of the Ne-Xe(4%) mixing gas is improved to 1.16 and 1.13 lm/W by adding an Ar concentration of 0.4% and 0.5%, respectively. The luminous efficiency of the He-Ne-Xe(4%) (He : Ne = 7 : 3) mixing gas is considerably improved by adding an Ar concentration of above 0.3%. The maximum luminous efficiency of this mixing gas is 1.38 lm/W at the condition of adding an Ar concentration of 0.5%.

Color AC Plasma Display Panel of Luminous Efficiency Improvement by adding Ar Gas (Ar Gas 첨가에 따른 칼라 플라즈마 디스플레이 패널의 효율 향상)

  • Choi, Hoon-Young;Min, Byoung-Kuk;Lee, Seok-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.919-921
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    • 1998
  • In Color AC Plasma Display Panel(PDP). Low luminous efficiency is a major problem. We measured luminous efficiency of PDP as a function of the Ar mixing ratio. Our results show that efficiency has improved by $5{\sim}10%$ at the condition of 0.5% Ar mixing ratio, compared with Ne-Xe(4%) or He-Ne-Xe(4%) (He:Ne = 7:3) gas.

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The Characteristics on Arc Pressure Distribution of TIG Welding with Shield Gas Mixing Ratio (TIG 용접에서의 실드 가스 혼합비에 따른 아크 압력분포 특성)

  • Oh Dong-Soo;Kim Yeong-Sik;Cho Sang-Myung
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2005
  • Arc pressure is one of important factors in understanding physical arc phenomena. Especially it affects on the penetration, size and shape of TIG welding. Some researches were reported on the effect of arc pressure in low and middle current region. But there are not any research in high current region. The purpose of this study is to investigate the arc pressure distribution with mixing ratio of shield gas such as Ar and He gases. A Cu block with water cooling was specifically designed and used as an anode electrode in order to measure the arc pressure in high current region. Then, the arc pressure distribution was measured with change in welding current and mixing ratio of shield gases. The arc force was obtained by numerically integrating the measured results. As the results, it was shown that the arc pressure was concentrated at the central part of the arc in middle and high current regions when a pure Ar gas was used. In case of Ar + He mixing gas, the arc pressure was much lower than that of pure Ar gas. In addition, it was widely distributed to radial direction.

The Influence of Shield Gas Ratio on the Toughness of Al5083-O GMA Welding Zone (Al5083-O GMA 용접시 불활성가스 혼합비가 용접부의 인성에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • 이동길;조상곤;김건호
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.653-660
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    • 2002
  • In this study, the toughness was evaluated by using the instrumented Charpy impact testing procedures for A15083-O aluminum alloy used in the LNG carrying and storing tank. The specimens were GMAW welded with four different mixing shield gas ratios (Ar100%+He0%, Ar67%+He33%, Ar50%+He50%, and Ar33%+He67%), and tested at four different temperatures(+25, -30, -85, and $-196^{\circ}C$) in order to investigate the influence of the mixing shield gas ratio and the low temperature. The specimens were divided into base metal, weld metal, fusion line, and HAZ specimen according to the worked notch position. From experiment, the maximum load increased a little up to -$85^{\circ}C$ , and the maximum load and maximum displacement were shown the highest and the lowest at -$196^{\circ}C$ than the other test temperatures. The absorption energy of weld metal notched specimens was not nearly depends on test temperature and mixing shield gas ratio because the casting structure was formed in weld metal zone. In the other hand, the other specimens were shown that the lower temperature, the higher absorption energy slightly up to $-85^{\circ}C$ but the energy was decreased so mush at $-196^{\circ}C$.

Color Changes in Clarified Fruit and Vegetable Juices by Mixing Ratios

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Park, Yong-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.197-199
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    • 2000
  • Clarified fruit and vegetable juices (apple, carrot and tangerine) were produced using ultrafiltration and their color change due to the mixing ratio were evaluated. clarification was carried out by passing he supernatant of extracted juice through a filter and also by using a membrane of molecular weight cut-off 10,000 Daltons to obtain the juice ultrafiltrates. The mixing ratio between apple and carrot juices was kept constant at 1:1 while increasing the amount of tangerine juice according to 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50% an stored at 4$^{\circ}C$ prior to the color measurement. Hue angle ({TEX}$h_{ab}${/TEX}) and {TEX}$L^{*}${/TEX}-value increased as the tangerine mixing ratio increased. The color difference indicated by ΔE-value also increased as the amount of tangerine increased indicating that the color of the mixed juice became pale and the changes were slight but distinctive. On the other hand, chroma ({TEX}$C^{*}${/TEX}), {TEX}$La{*}${/TEX}- and {TEX}$b^{*}${/TEX}-values decreased as the tangerine mixing ratio increased indicating that the color of the mixed juice became slightly more grayish and the samples were becoming les yellow. A simple mathematical model to predict each color characteristic is proposed.

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