• Title, Summary, Keyword: Health promoting lifestyle Patterns

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An Analytical Study on Health-Promoting Lifestyle Patterns and Associated Variables of Korean Immigrant Elderly in Seattle

  • Sohng, Kyeong-Yae;Yeom, Hye-A
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.1058-1071
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    • 1999
  • Although healthy lifestyles have been proved as an effective way of improving higher well-beings for individuals. researches on health-promoting behaviors of minority elderly with a specific ethnic heritage have been sparsely tried. This study was designed to explore health-promoting lifestyle patterns of Korean immigrant elderly living in Seattle, USA and its relationships with two associated perceptual variables, self-esteem and perceived health status. One hundred ten Korean immigrant elderly were recruited from two senior centers and interviewed with a structured questionnaire. Data were collected from October 1998 to January 1999, and analyzed using SPSS program through which t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation Coefficients were tested. As the results, the mean HPLP score of the Korean immigrant elderly was 2.54 (SD = .36), showing significant differences by education (F = 3.61, P = .016), economic status (F = 3.01, P = .034), and current health status (F = 3.69, p = .008). In self-esteem, two socioeconomic variables showed statistical association with self-esteem : marital status (t = 2.47, P = .015) and living situation (F = 4.03, p = .021). The HPLP subscales that showed higher mean scores were nutrition (M = 3.01, SD = .52) and interpersonal support (M = 2.65, SD = .47) while lower mean scores were detected in the domain of exercise (M = 1.92, SD = .74) and stress management (M = 2.26, SD = .47). Perceived health status revealed significant positive correlation with health-promoting lifestyle patterns (r = .19, P = .043) and self-esteem (r = .32, P = .001) in the present study. It is concluded that engagement in health-promoting lifestyle patterns should be actively encouraged to enhance personal health of Korean immigrant elderly. Developing health promotion programs focused on exercise and stress management is also imperatively suggested not only for better health practices of Korean immigrant elderly population but also for enhancing their level of well-beings and life satisfaction.

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Health Behavior Patterns of Korean (한국인의 건강행태 유형에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Soon-Young;Kim, Seon-Woo;Park, Ju-Won
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.181-193
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to identify population subgroups with similar patterns of diet quality, physical activity, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking of Korean. The cluster analysis was conducted using the data from Korea National Health Survey(KNHS) in 1995, which consisted of 5,805 persons. We identified six health behavior typologies : 32.9% of the sample had a good diet but sedentary activity level(good diet lifestyle), 7.2% had high activity level but less diet quality(fitness lifestyle). Individuals in the passive lifestyle cluster(39.1%) had no active health promoting activities but tended to avoid risk taking health behavior such as cigarette smoking and alcohol drinking. 1.1% of the sample were in a drinking cluster, 17.2% in a smoking cluster and 2.5% had a hedonic lifestyle characterized by heavy drinking and smoking. The other characteristics of these lifestyle clusters could be presented by demographic and socioeconomic factors.

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A Survey on Perceived Health Status and Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns between Korean Elderly and Korean-American Elderly (한국노인과 미국이민 한국노인의 건강상태지각과 건강증진행위)

  • Sohng Kyeong-Yae;Lee So-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.401-414
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    • 2000
  • This study was designed to explore and compare health-promoting behaviors and perceived health status between Korean elderly and Korean-American elderly. One hundred fifty Korean elderly and one ten Korean-American elderly recruited from senior centers respectively. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS program through which with a structured questionnaire. T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were tested. The results were followings : 1. In religion, 32.7% of Korean elderly were protestant. while 61.8% of Korean-American elderly were protestant. 61.3% of Korean elderly were living with their children, and only 17.3% of Korean-American elderly were living with their children. 2. Perceived health status of Korean elderly was 3.08 and Korean-American elderly was 3.01, there was no significant difference in those two groups. 3. The mean HPLP score of Korean elderly was 2.63, showed significant relationships with age, economic status and education, while Korean-American elderly was 2.54, showed significant relationships with education and economic status. 4. There was no significant difference in the mean HPLP score in two groups, but Korean elderly showed higher practices in health responsibility, exercise, and stress management than that of Korean-American elderly. Both two groups showed highest practices in nutrition(3.14, 3.01). and the lowest practices in exercise(2.14, 1.92). 5. The HPLP score of Korean and Korean-American elderly showed(r=.24, r=.20) positive correlations with perceived health status. To draw concrete resolution for health promotion of Korean-American elderly, this study suggests followings for future research: 1. Developing health promotion programs focused on exercise and stress management is also imperatively suggested not only for better health practices of Korean immigrant elderly population but also for enhancing their level of well-beings and life satisfaction. 2. Identifying the influences of culture on their practices of health-promoting lifestyle patterns among Korean, Korean-American and other racial elderly groups.

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A Study on Health-Promoting Lifestyles and Their Affecting Factors in Elementary School Nurses (초등학교 양호교사의 건강증진 생활양식 실천정도와 영향 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Park, So Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.51-63
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    • 1997
  • Changes in disease patterns increase the importance of health-promoting lifestyles in a healthy society. Thus health education in elementary schools is very important because the knowledge of health and health habits in this period become a habitual part of life. The purpose of this study is to identify the performance in promoting healthy lifestyles of elementary school nurses. Such data helps to provide data to judge whether they are capable health educators or not. The subjects were 365 elementary school nurses selected by purposive sample. The data were collected by a self reporting questionnaire from August to October of 1996. The methods used in this study were the health-promoting lifestyle profile developed by Park In Sook (1995) and Licker's flour-point scale. A Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, percentage, mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coffcient and stepwise multiple regression in the SAS package were used to analyze the data. The results of this study were as follows: 1. 37.7% of the sample were aged between 30 and 39 and 33.7% were between 40 and 49. 44.9% of the sample had attended college. 87.7% of the sample were married. 42.5% of the sample were people with a career of 11~20 years, and 26.0% of it had 21 years or more of working experience as an elementary school nurses. 2. The average scores of the family function and the social support were 2.97 and 2.98 respectively. 3. 86.5% of the sample were satisfied with their job. 4. 85.8% of the sample answered that they were healthy and 14.2% answered that they were unhealthy. The average scores of the internal health locus of control and self-esteem were 3.35 and 3.15 respectively. 5. The average score of performance in health-promoting lifestyle variables was 3.16; the average scores for harmonious relationships, regular diet professional health maintenance, sanitary life, self-control, emotional support, diet, rest and sleep, exercise and activity. self-achievement, and diet control were 3.47, 3.30, 2.52. 3.60, 2.92, 3.18, 3.14, 3.11, 2.96, 3.26 and 3.12. The variable with the highest degree of correlation was a sanitary life, whereas the one with the lowest degree was professional health maintenance. 6. A significant difference was found in self-esteem according to age. There was a significant difference in the average score of internal health locus of control according to age and career. 7. There were significant differences in the health-promoting lifestyle performance depending on age, career and monthly household income. The longer the career, the higher the health-promoting lifestyle performance. 8. A weak positive correlation was found between self-esteem and health-promoting lifestyles performance(r=0.417, p<0.001) Also, a weak positive correlation was found between the internal health locus of control and health-promoting lifestyles performance (r=0.386, p<0.001). 9. Heath-promoting lifestyle performance showed significant correlations with family function, social support and job satisfaction. 10. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor was the variance of family function. Social support, age, self-esteem, internal health locus of control, perceived heath status and job satisfaction accounted for 55.9% of the variance in heath-promoting lifestyle performance.

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Health-Promoting Lifestyle Patterns and Health Perception in Elders Using Welfare Service Centers (복지관 이용 노인의 건강증진생활양식과 건강지각)

  • Kim, Nam-Hee;Sohng, Kyeong-Yae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.481-489
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify health promoting lifestyle patterns (HPLP) and health perception (HP), and related factors, in elderly people using welfare service centers. Methods: Three hundred elders were interviewed using a structured questionnaire through convenience sampling at two welfare centers. Data were analyzed using the SPSS WIN 12.0 program. Results: Most of the elders had some kind of diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, or osteoarthritis. The mean HPLP score was 2.53, and significant differences were found according to the elders' general characteristics. The sub-domain nutrition had the highest mean score, and stress management and exercise, the lowest. The mean HP score was 3.38, and significant differences were found according to education level and number of underlying diseases. HPLP showed a correlation with HP. Conclusion: The results indicate that elders have poor practices in stress management and exercise reflecting need for community based stress management programs for welfare service centers elderly clients.

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A Survey on Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns and Self-Care Activities of Patients with Rheumatic Disease (류마티스 환자의 건강증진 생활양식과 자기간호행위)

  • Sohng Kyeong Yae;Moon Jung Soon;Park Ho Ran;Lee So Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.337-345
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    • 2002
  • This study was designed to explore health promoting lifestyle patterns (HPLP) and self-care activities and identify related variables of patients with rheumatic disease. One hundred fifty rheumatic patients were recruited from two university based rheumatic centers according to selection criteria. Collected data were analyzed using SAS program through which with a structured questionnaire. T-test. ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were tested. The results were as follows: 1. The mean HPLP score of the subjects was 2.71, showed significant differences with economic condition and educational level. The better economic condition and more educated, showed the higher HPLP score. 2. They showed the highest practices in nutrition(mean score=3.11), and the lowest practices in exercise(mean score = 1.99). 3. The mean self-care activity score of the subjects was 3.36, showed significant differences with economic condition and educational level. The better economic condition and more educated, showed the higher self-care activity score. 4. The HPLP score of the subjects showed positive correlations with self-care activity score(r= .66). Developing health promotion programs focused on exercise and stress management is recommended not only for better health practices of patients with rheumatic disease but also for enhancing their level of well-being and life satisfaction.

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Test of the Health Promotion Model (건강증진모델의 검증을 위한 일연구)

  • Lim Nam Young
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 1990
  • The Purpose of this study were 1) to find out the characteristics of health promoting Ii festyles of the study samples, 2) to determine the relationships of physical health and mental health, 3) to determine the relationships of health promoting lifestyles and health status. The health promotion model was tested with a volunteer sample of 141 female students in a university in Seoul. The health promoting lifestyle was measured by the scales developed by Walker and Pender(1987). Health status was measured by Cornell medical Index. Pearson's product moment correlations and stepwise multiple regression technique were used to analyze the data. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The items with the highest frequency of the subscales of health promoting lifestyle were 'look forward to the future' $(133,\;95.0\%)$ in self actualization, 'Enjoy being touched and touching people close to me' $(122,\; 87.14\%)$ in relationships with others. The strongest correlation was between general competence In self care and nutritional practice(r=5388, P<. 0001). 2. Fatigability, frequency of illness, miscellaneous diseases, habit, mood and feeling patterns were predictive of mental health. 3. Total health promoting lifestyles explained $14\%$ of the variance for health status. Relationships with others explained $20.9\%$ of the variance for health status. In conclusion, because the most variance explained was $420.9\%$, there must be other variables not accounted for by the model. that influence health promoting behaviors. Psychological factors accounted for more variance than other factors. Intervention studies focused on psychological factors as a means of altering behaviors have great potential for the design of interventions to increase health promoting behaviors. Further testing of the model with this population should be done.

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A Study of the Relationships among Health Promoting Behaviors, Health Locus of Control(HLOC), and Response Patterns to HLOC in Korean Elderly (일지역 노인의 건강증진 행위, 건강통제위 및 건강통제위 반응유형)

  • Eun, Young;Gu, Mee-Ock
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.625-638
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships among health promoting behaviors, Health Locus of Control(HLOC), and response patterns to HLOC in Korean elderly. The sample was composed of 162 healthy elderly ranging in age from sixties to eighties. The instruments for this study were modified Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (45 items, 4 scales), and Multidimensional Health Locus of Control (18 items). For the in data analysis, SPSS PC$^{+}$ program was uilized for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, t-test, ANOVA and Stepwise multiple regression. The results of the study are as follows : 1. The total mean score for the HPLP was 2.411 (range 1-4), and the mean scores on the subscales were 3.324 for nutition, 2.709 for interpersonal support, 2.495 for exercise,2.225 for health responsibility, 2.205 for self actualization, 2.026 for stress management. 2. The mean scores for the HLOC in the elderly were HLOC-I : 23.531, HLOC-P : 21.914, HLOC-C : 18.667. 3. The response patterns of the HLOC identified eight types, pure internal, pure powerful others, pure chance, double external, believers in control, yea sayer, nay sayer and complex control. The “believers in control” was the largest group (22.8%), and “yea sayer” was the next largest group(17.9%). The “nay sayer”(5%) was the smallest group. 4. Demographic variables, such as education, economic status, religion and the perception of the health status showed strong connections to health promoting behaviors. 5. The HLOC-I and health promoting behavior were correlated positively(r=.165, P=.017), but the HLOC-P, the HLOC-C and the health promoting behavior were not correlated at the level of statistical significance. 6. There was not significant difference in health promoting behavior depending on the response patterns of the HLOC(F=1.171, P=.108). But, there were significant differences in two subscales of health promoting behavior exercise (F=3.279, P=.002), and stress management (F=3.165, P=.003). 7. Education, the perception of the health and economic status explained 21.0% of the variance for health promoting behaviors. These results suggest that several demographic factors are important factors in predicting the level of health promoting behaviors in elderly. So to enhance the health promoting behavior, nurses should use the different nursing strategies depending on the demographic characters of the elderly.

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A Study on Influencing Factors in Health Promoting Lifestyles of College Students (대학생의 건강증진 생활양식과 관련요인 연구)

  • Park, Mi-Yeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 1994
  • The primary purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting health promoting lifestyles of college students on the basis of Pender's Health Promotion Model. The subjects were 1,159 students of one university in Seoul. These data were collected by self reporting questionnaire from April 19 to May 3, 1993. This study examined health promoting lifestyles, cognitive-percep-tual factors: perceived health status, perceived importance of health, health locus of control, and health conception, and modifying factors: sex, grade, major, residence type, and attendance at a health care course. The instruments used in this study were Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile by Walker et al. (1987), Health Value Scale by Wallston et al. (1976), Health Locus of Control by Wallston et al. (1978), and Health Conception Scale by Laffrey(1986). The data were analyzed by Cronbach's $\alpha$, mean, standard deviation, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, and Stepwise Multiple Regression with SPSS PC+ Program. The results were as follows : 1. The means of health promoting lifestyles revealed total 3.33, self actualization 3.74, health responsibility 2.72, exercise 2.80, nutrition 3.55, interpersonal surpport 3.76, and stress management 2.96. Interpersonal support showed the highest score and health responsibility showed the lowest score. 2. No significant differences between sex, grade, major, and residence type, and health promoting lifestyles Were founded(p>.05). Attendants at a health care course showed a significant higher score than nonattendants (p<.001). Male showed a significant higher score in exercise subscale, female showed significant higher scores in health responsibility, nutrition, interpersonal support, stress management subscales(p<.001), residence type showed a significant difference in nutrition subscale(p<.001). 3. No significant differences between perceived health status and sex, grade, major, residence type, and attendance at a health care course were founded(p>.05). Perceived importance of health showed no differences among sex, grade, major, and residence type(p>.05), showed only in attendance at a health care course (p<.001). Attendants at a health care course showed a significant higher score than nonattendants(p<.001). No significant differences between health conception and sex, grade, major, and residence type were founded (p>.05), only significant difference between health conception and attendance at a health care course was founded(p<.05). Nonattendants showed a significant higher score in clinical health conception, attendants showed a significant higher score in wellbeing health conception(p<.05). 4. A significant positive correlation between health promoting lifestyles and perceived health status was founded(r=.2415, p<.001). A significant positive correlation between health promoting lifestyles and perceived importance of health was founded (r=.1475, p<.001). The health promoting lifestyles revealed significant positive correlations in internal and powerful others locus of control (r=.3187, p<.001: r=.1475, p<.001), but revealed a significant negative correlation in chance locus of control(r=-.997, p<.001). A significant positive correlation between health promoting lifestyles and clinical health conception and wellbeing health conception were founded (r=.1241, p<.001 : r=.3047, p<.001). 5. Perceived health status was the highest factor predicting health promoting lifestyles of college students(R=.3415, $R^2=11.62$). Perceived health' status, perceived improtance of health, internal locus of control, wellbeing health conception, powerful others locus of control accounted for 28.19% in health promoting lifestyle patterns. In conclusion, college students who reported more helath promoting lifestyles evaluated their health positively, perceived importance of health highly, perceived their health as affected by theirselves, powerful others but not by chance or luck, and accepted health as high level wellness rather than merely the absence of illness. Those who attending at a health care course had healthier lifestyle patterns. And attendance at a health care course had significant. correlations in these cognitive-perceptual factors. Further studies are required to identify reasons of attending a health care course, and to compare health promoting lifestyles pre-post attending a course related to health care.

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A Comparative study on Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy between Korean Elderly and Korean-American Elderly (한국노인과 미국이민 한국노인의 건강증진 생활양식, 자아존중감 및 자기효능감에 관한 연구)

  • Sohng Kyeong-Yae;Cho Ok-Hee;Moon Jung-Sun;Chaung Seung-Kyo
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.355-371
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to explore and compare health-promoting behaviors and its relationships with associated variables between Korean elderly and Korean-American elderly. Study instruments were questionnaire that consisted of socioeconomic characteristics, health-promoting lifestyle patterns. self-esteem and self-efficacy. Data were collected from convenient sample of 150 Korean elderly and 110 Korean-American elderly recruited from senior centers. Collected data were analyzed by t-test. ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results are followings : 1. In religion, $32.7\%$ of Korean elderly were protestant. while $32.7\%$ of Korean-American. elderly were protestant. $61.3\%$ of Korean elderly were living with their children, and only $17.3\%$ of Korean-American elderly were living with their children. 2. There was no significant difference in the mean HPLP score in two groups. but Korean elderly showed higher practices in health responsibility. exercise. and stress management than that of Korean-American elderly. The subjects showed the highest practices in nutrition(3.14. 3.01), and the lowest practices in exercise (2.14, 1.92). 3. The mean HPLP score of Korean elderly was 2.63, showing significant relationships with age. education and economic status. the score of Korean-American elderly was 2.54, showing significant relationships with education. 4. Self-esteem score of Korean elderly was 2.72 and Korean-American elderly was 2.73. there was no significant difference in two groups. The score of self-esteem of Korean-American elderly was showing significant relationships with presence of spouse. 5. Self-efficacy score of Korean elderly was 3.27 and Korean-American elderly was 3.21. there was no significant difference in two groups. The score of self-efficacy of both groups were showed significant relationships with education. 6. The HPLP of Korean and Korean-American elderly showed(r=.24. r= .49) positive correlations with self-esteem had positive correlations with self-efficacy(r=.42. r=.28). To draw concrete resolution for health promotion of Korean and Korean-American elderly. this study suggests followings for future research : 1. Nursing interventions enhancing exercise and stress management of the elderly must be provided. Especially developing and adopting feasible exercise programs for Korean-American elderly is highly needed. 2. Identifying the influences of culture on their practices of health-promoting lifestyle patterns among Korean. Korean-American and other racial elderly groups.

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