• Title/Summary/Keyword: Hollow fiber membrane

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Development of Commercial-scaled Pervaporation Hollow Fiber Membrane System for High Pressure and High Temperature Applications (고온 고압용 상업적 규모의 중공사 투과증발 막시스템 개발)

  • Yeom, Choong Kyun;Kang, Kyeong Log;Kim, Joo Yeol;Ahn, Hyo Sung;Kwon, Konho
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.257-266
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    • 2013
  • The main purpose of this study is to develop a commercial scale of pervaporative process equipped with hollow fiber membrane modules, being able to effectually purify organic solvent at high temperature well over its boiling point under high vapor pressure. Three constituent technologies have been developed; 1) to fabricate braid-reinforced hollow fiber membrane stable in high pressure and high temperature application, 2) to design and fabricate a commercial scale of hollow fiber membrane module, and 3) to design and fabricate a pilot scale of pervaporation equipment system. The developed hollow fiber membrane possesses a membrane performance superior to the membrane of Sulzer (Germany) which is the most-well known for pervaporation process, and the membrane module equips hollow fiber membranes of $4.6m^2$ and the pervaporation system can treat organic liquid at 200 L/h, which is based on the dehydration of 95 wt% isopropyl alcohol (IPA). Since the membrane module is designed to flow in and pass through the inside of individual hollow fiber membrane, not to involve both the formation of feed's dead volume observed in flat-sheet membrane module and the channeling of feed occurring inside hollow fiber bundle which lower membrane performance seriously, it showed excellent separation efficiency. In particular, the module is inexpensive and has less heat loss into its surrounding, in compared with flat-sheet membrane module. In addition, permeant can be removed effectively from the outer surface of hollow fiber membrane because the applied vacuum is conveyed uniformly through space between fibers into respective fiber, even into one in the middle of the hollow fiber bundle in which the space between fibers is uniform in distance. Since the hollow fiber membrane pervaporation system is the first one ever developed in the world, our own unique proprietary technology can be secured, preoccupying technical superiority in export competitive challenges.

Membrane contactor and Carbon Dioxide Separation

  • 이규호
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.59-101
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    • 2002
  • PVDF is good material for a hollow fiber membrane with high porosity and excellent hydrophobicity. Asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes were prepared by the Loeb-Sourirajan phase inversion method. Asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes could be controlled in pore size and porosity using various additives(LiCl, ZnCl$_2$) and internal coagulants (water, EtOH/water, and DMAc/water mixture). $CO_2$removal efficiency of asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes was 1.2 times high than that of commercialized PP hollow fiber membranes at MEA 5wt% solution. $CO_2$flux of asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes was 2.5 times higher than that of commercialized PP hollow fiber membranes. $CO_2$removal efficiency and absorption rate of asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes were 30 times higher than those of packed column at absorbent $H_2O$. $CO_2$flux of asymmetric PVDF hollow fiber membranes at MEA 5wt% solution was 48 times higher than that of pure water. In the case of MEA 5wt% solution used as an absorbent, the $CO_2$absorption rate and removal efficiency of PVDF hollow fiber membrane were 2.3 times higher than that of a packed column.

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Effect of Adsorption on the Removal of Aromatic Pesticides by Hollow Fiber NF Membrane (중공사 나노여과막에 의한 방향족 농약의 제거에서 흡착의 영향)

  • Jung, Yong-Jun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.395-403
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    • 2016
  • This study examined the adsorption effect of aromatic pesticides by hollow fiber NF membrane on rejection and removal properties. Batch type adsorption test and hollow fiber NF membrane filtration were conducted with 5 different kinds of aromatic pesticides. 3 to 15 days were required to reach the equilibrium concentration and $0.3181{\sim}0.8094{\mu}g/cm^2$ were adsorbed to hollow fiber NF membrane. Since 5 hours of separation test were too short to keep steady state for permeate due to the repetition of sorption and desorption, longer times were required to evaluate the rejection performance of NF membrane. Sorption and desorption were confirmed by the separation test equipped with membrane and without membrane. Adsorption contribution of aromatic pesticides to hollow fiber membranes were shown to be ranged from 16.1% to 36.3% and indicated the difference considering sorption effect.

Preparation of PVDF/PEI double-layer composite hollow fiber membranes for enhancing tensile strength of PVDF membranes

  • Yuan, Jun-Gui;Shi, Bao-Li;Ji, Ling-Yun
    • Membrane and Water Treatment
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.109-122
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    • 2014
  • Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber membrane is widely used for water treatment. However, the weak mechanical strength of PVDF limits its application. To enhance its tensile strength, a double-layer composite hollow fiber membrane, with PVDF and polyetherimide as the external and inner layers, respectively, was successfully prepared through phase inversion technique. The effects of additive content, air gap distance, N,N-dimethyl-acetamide content in the inner core liquid, and the temperature of external coagulation bath on the membrane structure, permeation flux, rejection, tensile strength, and porosity were determined. Experimental results showed that the optimum preparation conditions for the double-layer composite hollow fiber membrane were as follows: PEG-400 and PEG-600, 5 wt%; air gap distance, 10 cm; inner core liquid and the external coagulation bath should be water; and temperature of the external coagulation bath, 40 C. A single layer PVDF hollow fiber membrane (without PEI layer) was also prepared under optimum conditions. The double-layer composite membrane remarkably improved the tensile strength compared with the single-layer PVDF hollow fiber membrane. The permeation flux, rejection, and porosity were also slightly enhanced. High-tensile strength hollow fiber PVDF ultrafiltration membrane can be fabricated using the proposed technique.

Rheological Analysis in a Spinning Process of a hollow fiber membrane

  • Jang, Moon-Seog
    • Proceedings of the Membrane Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 1995
  • In the dry-jet-wet-spinning process of a hollow fiber membrane, the polymer solution is pumped into a coaxial tube, jet spinneret. The threadline emerging from the spinneret is stabilized by an internal coagulating medium(liquid or gas) as it emerges from the jet orifice. The nascent hollow thread is further stabilized in a quench bath as shown in Fig. 1. In this scheme, three mechanism of formatiota(temperature gradient, solvent evaporation, and solvent-nonsotvent exchange) can be combined. The changes which promote stabilization often play a dominant role in determining the ultimate fiber wall structure as well. Hence, in pratice, hollow fiber stabilization and development of membrane structure are commonly inseparable. However, fiber dimension(the inside diameter and wall thickness of the hollow fiber) is mainly a rheological problem and is determined by dope pumping rate, spinneret diatance from the coagulation bath, inner coagulant flow rate, and fiber draw-rate. Besides rheological phenomena play a prominent part in the final properties of the hollow fiber.

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Filtration Characteristics according to Hollow Fiber Dispersion in Submerged Membrane Module (침지형 막모듈에서 중공사 분산에 따른 여과특성)

  • 이재인;신춘환
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to investigate the filtration characteristics of membrane modules according to hollow fiber dispersion for direct solid-liquid separation of activated sludge. 2 bundle, 4 bundle, and 10 bundle, and 10 bundle module used in this experiment according to hollow fiber dispersion was manufactured at laboratory and permeate flux and transmembrane pressure(TMP) of each module were observed under a suction pressure of 0.5kgf/c$m^2$. As the hollow fibers were dispersed, permeate flux was increased and TMP was decreased. Permeate flux and TMP of each module was 15.0 $\ell$/$m^2$.h and 31.8 cmHg for 2 bundle, 16.0 $\ell$/$m^2$ .h and 17.4 cmHg for 4 bundle, and 20.4 $\ell$/m2 .h and 31.8 cmHg for 10 bundle. In conclusion, the membrane fouling is expected to be decrease by maintaining lower TMP with hollow fiber dispersion.

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Hollow Fiber Membrane Bioreactor (실관 막 생물 반응기)

  • Kim, In Ho
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.911-916
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    • 1994
  • Hollow fiber membrane has been successfully developed as an artificial kidney device in the 1970's. In the early 1970's animal cells were introduced into a hollow fiber membrane cartridge and well propagated in the cartridge. Since then, hollow fiber membrane was utilized as a bioreactor in order to immobilize enzymes as well as to culture microbial cells and plant cells. In this review, the present status and the prospect of hollow fiber membrane bioreactor are investigated in view of cell density and product productivity.

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Preparation and Characterization of α-alumina Hollow Fiber Membrane (알루미나 중공사막 제조 및 특성 분석)

  • Che, Jin Woong;Lee, Hong Joo;Park, Jung Hoon
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 2016
  • The alumina hollow fiber membranes were prepared by spinning and sintering a polymer solution containing suspended alumina powders. For determine pore structure of hollow fiber membranes formed by different solvent-nonsolvent interaction rate, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), dimethylacetamide (DMAc), triethylphosphite (TEP) were prepared in dope solution by solvent, polyethersulfone (PESf) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) were used as a polymer binder and additive. The pore structure of hollow fiber membranes was characterized using scanning electron microscope (SEM). The alumina hollow fiber membranes prepared by DMSO, DMAc were had the asymmetric structure mixed sponge-like and finger-like morphology, while TEP solvent were had single sponge-like structure. The prepared hollow fiber membranes were analyzed gas permeation and mechanical strength experiment also. The hollow fiber membrane having single sponge-like structure was had high gas permeation performance. On the contrary to this, more finger-like morphology was less gas permeation performance.

Moisture Permeation Characteristics of Hollow Fiber Membrane Tube for Humidification According to Input Conditions of Wet Steam (습증기 투입 조건에 따른 가습용 중공사막 튜브 수분 투과 특성)

  • CHAE, JONGMIN;YU, SANGSEOK
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.620-626
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    • 2018
  • Recently, fuel cell field is receiving much attention as an environmentally friendly energy in the world. Among the various types of fuel cells, in the case of PEMFC, ions move through the membrane in the middle of the unit cell. Therefore, proper moisture is required inside the PEMFC. In the case of membrane type humidifier, flat membrane or hollow fiber membrane is mainly used. Since various parameters can change the performance, the performance investigation has to be carried out with parameters. In this study, water transport of hollow fiber membrane was investigated in terms of principle operating conditions such as temperature and flow rate.