• Title, Summary, Keyword: Horse riding simulator exercise

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Effects of Horse Riding Simulator on Pain, Oswestry Disability Index and Balance in Adults with Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Chen, Shu-Yi;Kim, Seung-Kyu;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Lee, In-Sil;HwangBo, Gak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of Horse riding simulator exercise on pain, dysfunction and dynamic balance in adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain. METHODS: In this study, total 19 college students usually complain of low back pain who were randomly divided into the horse riding simulator exercise group (n=10), lumbar strengthening exercise group (n=9) were recruited. Each group carried out for 30 minutes exercise three times a week for 4 weeks. Horse riding simulator exercise group carried out 15 minutes horse riding simulator exercise and 15 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Lumbar strengthening exercise group carried out 30 minutes lumbar strengthening exercise. Visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured for evaluation back pain. Korean oswestry disability index (KODI) were measured for dysfunction. Limits of stability (LOS) were measured for dynamic balance. RESULTS: VAS, KODI, LOS results showed a significant change within both horse riding simulator exercise group, lumbar strengthening exercise group. CONCLUSION: Present study suggested that the horse riding simulator exercise can improve back pain, dysfunction, dynamic balance. Horse riding simulator exercise provides more convenience, interest and motivation than conversional therapy and it could be a possible approach to adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain.

Effect of Horse Riding Simulator Exercise on Thickness of Transverse Abdominis in Healthy Adults

  • Park, JaeHyo;Kim, YoungMi
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.111-116
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study examined the effects of horse riding simulator exercise on the thickness changes in the transverse abdominis in normal adults. Methods: Forty-five healthy adults were recruited and randomized to a horseback riding simulation exercise group (n=15), a sling exercise group (n=15), and a trunk stabilization exercise group (n=15). A horseback riding simulator offers the indoor experience of horseback riding and mimics the rhythmic movement of horseback riding, thereby provided a virtual environment, such as riding a real horse on the front screen. The velocity of the horse riding simulator exercise was regulated within the subject's ability to control the exercise on the horse riding simulator. A sling exercise group performed sling exercise under the inspection of the experimenter. In the trunk stabilization exercise group, the subjects were instructed to perform the exercise accurately and pause the session when pain occurred during the intervention. The subjects in each group carried out the interventions three times per week for six weeks. The thickness of the transverse abdominis was measured using a pressure biofeedback unit and the ultrasound. Results: Significant differences in the thickness of transverse abdominis within the groups were observed between before and after the interventions. On the other hand, there were no differences in the parameters among the groups. Conclusion: Horse riding simulator exercise can be an alternative to trunk stabilization exercise by increasing the thickness of the transverse abdominis in healthy adults.

Horse Riding Simulator Affect the Posture Alignment of Young Adults with Forward Head Posture

  • Hong, Chu-Yi;Jung, Nam-Jin;Na, Sang-Su;Hwangbo, Gak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2016
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of correction on posture parameters between a horse riding simulator exercise and a conventional exercise occurring in an open linear chain linking the head to the pelvis in the sagittal plane of young adults with a forward head posture. METHODS: In this study, 30 subjects were randomly divided into two groups of 15 subjects each, were assigned to the horse riding simulator exercise or the neck exercise group and they performed exercise 30 minutes per each round two times a week for six weeks. To determine the subjects' forward head posture, the three angles and three distances were measured. RESULTS: The forward head angle and head distance results showed a significant change between pre and post intervention in both group. The horizontal distance between acromion and tragus results showed a significant change between pre and post intervention in neck exercise group (CG), but no significant change in horse riding simulator exercise group (EG). The averages of each measured values of EG and CG before and after were compared, but there are no significant different between groups. CONCLUSION: Although the effects of the horse riding exercise were lower than those elicited by the neck exercise, the results demonstrated that the horse riding simulator exercise improved posture alignment for subjects with forward head posture. Therefore, the horse riding simulator exercise can constitute an appropriate alternative exercise for subjects with forward head posture.

Implementation of Horse Gait and Riding Aids for Horseback Riding Robot Simulator HRB-1 (승마 로봇 시뮬레이터 HRB-1을 위한 말의 보행 및 부조의 구현)

  • Park, Yong-Sik;Seo, Kap-Ho;Oh, Seung-Sub;Park, Sung-Ho;Suh, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.181-187
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    • 2012
  • Horse riding is widely recognized as a valuable form of education, exercise and therapy. But, the injuries observed in horse riding range from very minor injuries to fatalities. In order to reduce these injuries, the effective horseback riding simulator is required. In this paper, we proposed the implementation method of horse gait and riding aids for horseback riding robot simulator HRB-1. For implementation of horse gait to robot simulator, we gathered and modified real motion data of horse. We obtained two main frequencies of each gait by frequency analysis, and then simple sinusoidal functions are acquired by genetic algorithm. In addition, we developed riding aids system including hands, leg, and seat aids. With the help of a developed robotic system, beginners can learn the skill of real horse riding without the risk of injury.

Effects of Mechanical Horseback Riding Exercise on Static Balance of Patient with Chronic Stroke (승마기구 운동이 만성 뇌졸중 환자의 정적 균형능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Woon-Soo;Cho, Sung-Hyoun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.1981-1988
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of horse-riding simulator exercise on the static balance of chronic stroke patients. The study's sample included 30 stroke patients who were randomly classified into an experiment group and a control group. Both the experiment and control groups received therapeutic exercise one time per day, but the experiment group also received twenty minutes of horse-riding simulator exercise three times per week for six weeks. To compare the groups, an independent t-test was performed, and to compare each period, a paired t-test was conducted and its result was analyzed. The result of this study, moving distance under standing position with eyes closed, showed significant difference in horse-riding simulator exercise group after exercise. But, there was no significant difference between horse-riding simulator exercise group and control group. Further, various clinical studies focusing on effects of horseback riding exercise on function of stroke patients are needed.

Effects of a Horse Riding Simulator, Gym-ball and McKenzie Exercises on Back Pain and Balance in Patients with Chronic Back Pain in Their 20s (승마기구운동과 짐볼 운동 그리고 멕켄지 운동이 20대 만성허리통증환자의 허리통증과 정적균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Jong-Won;Kim, Min-Young;Kim, Sung-Hwa;Son, Bo-Hyun;Lee, Su-Min;Lee, Yu-Jeong;Jang, Da-Vin;Je, Hyo-Min;Kim, Ki-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.117-126
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a horse riding simulator, gym ball, and McKenzie exercises on back pain and static balance. METHODS: Among 30 participants with chronic back pain and more than 5 points of ODI, 28 participants were selected. Groups of performing either horse riding, gym ball, or McKenzie were chosen randomly to work out two times a week for six weeks. The static balance was measured using a gym plate and the degree of pain was measured by the VAS and K-ODI. RESULTS: When each exercise was applied to back pain patients, the VAS was changed in all three groups but only in the gym-ball exercise group. The K-ODI varied in all three groups but not in the gym-ball exercise group, In the anterior - posterior static balance, all three groups showed changes, but only the riding exercise group was not significant. In the left-right static balance, all three groups were significant. CONCLUSION: This study showed that six-week exercise for back pain patients was effective in improving back pain and balance ability. Continuous exercise minimizes the risk of recurrence and is effective in preventing and treating back pain.

The Effect of Horseback Riding Simulator on Static Balance of Cerebral Palsy (승마운동이 뇌성마비 아동의 정적 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyun-Jin;Nam, Ki-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.269-273
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of using a horseback riding simulation on static balance in children with cerebral palsy. Methods: This study was conducted with 30 children with cerebral palsy at levels I~IV in the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), who were randomly divided into a control group and a hippotherapy group. Both the control group and the experimental group received NDT for 30 minutes per session, four times per week, for ten weeks, while the experimental group also received hippotherapy, 15 minutes per session, four times per week, for ten weeks, after the neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT). The horseback riding simulators JOBA (JEU7805, Panasonic, 일본) used in this study simulated actual horse movements; static balance was measured in each group before the exercise and five weeks and ten weeks after the beginning of the exercise using a pedoscan system (Diers Pedo, Germany). Results: The intergroup effects on static balance were tested, and the results showed no significant differences (p<0.05). Conclusion: The horseback riding simulation exercise was shown to be effective for the static balance of children with cerebral palsy. Therefore, additional studies should be conducted with more children with CP divided according to type.

A study on Estimation of Energy Expenditure using Horseback Riding Simulator (승마 시뮬레이터를 이용한 운동 시 에너지 소모량 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Seongbin;Hyeong, Chun-Ho;Kim, Sayup;Chung, Kyung-Ryul
    • Transactions of the KSME C: Technology and Education
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2013
  • The horseback riding simulator, an exercise training machine providing a simplified horse riding motion has been developed for aiming at healthcare. The purpose of this study was to estimate the energy expenditure without measuring bio-signals using the simulator. The test protocol was consisted of increase up to maximal intensity(Motion 9) and decrease down to minimal intensity(Motion 4) during 25 minutes, and energy expenditure was measured by portable cardiopulmonary exercise testing analyzer. There were significant differences in energy expenditure according to each riding motion. The result will be able to estimate energy expenditure using motion level, exercise time, age and gender during the riding.

The Effects of a Horseback Riding Simulation Exercise on the Spinal Alignment of Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • Choi, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Ki-Jong;Nam, Ki-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.209-215
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of postural control training using a horseback riding simulation on the spinal alignment of children with cerebral palsy. Methods: This study was conducted with 30 children with cerebral palsy at levels I~IV in the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), and they were randomly divided into a control group and a hippotherapy group. Both the control group and the experimental group received NDT for 30 minutes per session, four times per week for ten weeks, while the experimental group also received hippotherapy 15 minutes per session, four times per week for ten weeks, after the neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT). The horseback riding simulators (JOBA, EU7805, Panasonic) used in this study simulated actual horse movements. Trunk imbalance, pelvic torsion, and pelvic tilt were measured in each group before the exercise and five weeks and ten weeks after the beginning of the exercise using a spinal structure analysis system (ABW Mapper). Results: The Intra-group effects on trunk imbalance, pelvic torsion, and pelvic tilt according to the exercise periods after the hippotherapy were tested, and the results showed significant interaction effects between the groups and the periods (p<0.05). Conclusion: The horseback riding simulation exercise was shown to be effective for the spinal alignment of children with cerebral palsy. Therefore, additional studies should be conducted with more children with CP divided by type.

The effect of Horse riding exercise, McKenzie Exercise on back pain and muscle activity in patients with low back pain (승마 운동과 McKenzie 운동이 만성허리통증환자의 허리통증과 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Nam-Jin;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.12
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    • pp.502-509
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a horseback riding simulator, McKenzie, and gym ball exercises on the Korean-Oswestry Disability Index (K-ODI) and muscle activation in people suffering from chronic low back pain. The study was conducted on 30 adults with a K-ODI of 5 or more and chronic low back pain. This experiment was conducted from May to June 2020. They were randomly divided into the horse-riding exercise group (HEG), McKenzie exercise group (MEG), and the gym ball exercise group (GEG). Each group performed the relevant exercises for six weeks, three times a week. The low back pain was measured with K-ODI, and muscle activation was measured with surface electromyography (SEMG). A paired t-test was conducted to verify the change before and after the experiment in the groups, and a one-way ANOVA was conducted to verify the difference between the three groups. The results of the study showed significant differences before and after the experiment. K-ODI and muscle activity improved (p>.05), and significant differences were also found between the groups (p<.05). This study concluded that horse riding and McKenzie exercises could be effective methods for the treatment of pain and to stabilize the lumbar region in patients with chronic low back pain.