• Title, Summary, Keyword: Hybrid Car

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A Study on the Solar Cell Charging Equipment for Hybrid Vehicle (Hybrid 자동차용 Solar Cell 충전장치에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, G.S.;Park, S.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Mechanical Technology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.157-164
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    • 2011
  • Hybrid car can improve fuel efficiency using a power of motor that is generated during constant-speed or deceleration driving. The motor is located between engine and transmission. But, when voltage of main battery is low, fuel efficiency is low because the voltage can't run the motor. In this situation, this study observed fuel efficiency when using solar cell for assistance power. In order to verify a fuel consumption of hybrid car equipped solar cell for assistance power, the car was tested downtown driving. As hybrid car was equipped solar cell for assistance, fuel consumption was reduced 8.35 % at running air conditioner. And, at air conditioner doesn't work, fuel consumption was reduced 6.88 %. This point of view, CO2 is expected to reduce in similar proportion.

A Patent Analysis on the Battery and Rechageable System of the Plug-in Hybrid Car (플러그인 하이브리드 자동차의 배터리와 충전시스템의 특허분석)

  • Chang, Jin-Geon;Lee, Young-Shin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.97-107
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    • 2009
  • Recent technologies of the car are focused on improving vehicle's fuel efficiency and developing alternative energy sources. These technologies bring on the development of hybrid car. On the other hand, because of short driving distance, low efficiency of charging and high price, energy storage system need to improve the storage capability. It is very important to understand the existing technologies, grasp the existing patent and establish the technical target to improve the energy storage system. In this paper, technology trends of energy storage system of the hybrid car are analyzed. This study was based on the applied and registered patent in Korea, Japan, U.S.A and Europe until December 2008. The analyses are divided into two categories: a battery system and charging system of the hybrid car. The facts of the level of technology, trends of the R&D of leading companies, key patents, blank of the technology were analyzed. Finally the future R&D strategy of hybrid car are established.

Static and Fatigue Fracture Assessment of Hybrid Composite Joint for the Tilting Car Body (틸팅차량용 차체의 Hybrid 복합재 접합체결부의 정적 및 피로 파괴 평가)

  • Jung, Dal-Woo;Kim, Jung-Seok;Seo, Sueng-Il;Jo, Se-Hyun;Choi, Nak-Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.166-173
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    • 2007
  • Fatigue fracture behavior of a hybrid bolted joint was evaluated in comparison to the case of static fracture. Two kinds of specimens were fabricated for the mechanical tests; a hybrid bolted joint specimen for the shear test and a hybrid joint part specimen applied in the real tilting car body for the bending test. Characteristic fracture behaviors of those specimens under cyclic toads were obviously different from the case under static loads. For the hybrid bolted joint specimen, static shear loading caused the fracture of the bolt body itself in a pure shear mode, whereas cyclic shear loading brought about the fracture at the site of local tensile stress concentration. For the hybrid joint part specimen, static bend loading caused the shear deformation and fracture in the honeycomb core region, while cyclic bend loading did the delamination along the interface between composite skin and honeycomb core layers as well as the fracture of welded joint part. Experimental results obtained by static and fatigue tests were reflected in modifications of design parameters of the hybrid joint structure in the real tilting car body.

Development of the hybrid algorithm for the car navigation system (자동차 항법용 혼합항법 알고리즘 개발)

  • 김상겸;양승규;김정하
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1403-1406
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    • 1997
  • Generally, G.P.S(Global Positioning System) is using for the car navigation system but it has some restrictions such as the discontinuity of earth satellites and SA (Selective Availability). Recently, the hybrid navigation system combining with G.P.S and Dead-reckoning are much attractuve for improving the accuracy of a vehicle positioning. G.P.S called satellite navigation system, can measure its position by using satellites. Dead-Reckoning is the self-contained navigatioin system using a wheel sensor for the vehicle velocity and a gyro sensor for the vehicle angular velocity. Some algorithm could be generated for finding the vehicle position and orientation. In this paper, we developed a hybrid algotithm wiht G.P.S DR and Map-Matching.

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A Study on the Design and Manufacture of 1KW Double Cylinder Motor for a Hybrid Car (Hybrid 자동차용 1KW Double Cylinder Motor 설계 및 제작에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyon-Jang;Song, Sen-Sen;Park, Chang-Soon
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.65-67
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    • 2008
  • Recently, we are concerned about car energy efficiency because of high Price of oil. Hybrid cars are manufactured and used. Now most cars use BLDC Motor, but these motors generate cogging phenomenon due to its frame. As a result, cars are low efficiency and occur noise and vibration. In this paper, 1KW Double Cylinder Motor which is high efficiency, low noise and vibration by its no slot structure was designed and manufactured for a Hybrid car.

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System Dynamics Approaches on Green Car Diffusion Strategies and the Causal Diagram Analysis (친환경차 확산전략에 대한 시스템다이내믹스 접근과 인과지도 분석)

  • Park, Kyungbae
    • Korean System Dynamics Review
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.33-55
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    • 2012
  • The research is to identify important diffusion factors and their effects on green car diffusion process using system dynamics perspectives and a causal-loop analysis. Through a deep review on previous research, we have found the important factors of green car diffusion process. Price, driving range, network effect, recharge system, fuel cost had important facilitation on consumer attraction and green car diffusion. Based on the review, we have constructed a causal loop diagram explaining hybrid car diffusion process. We have found 3 important reinforcing loops in the causal loop diagram. Loop for learning & economies of scale(supply side), loop for network effect(consumer side), and loop for battery development(technology side) had most significant roles in the whole diffusion process. Through a deliberate analysis on the 3 causal loops, we have found meaningful results. First, there seems to exist a critical mass in the diffusion. Second, of the 3 loops, the battery technology had most significant role. Third, not consumer installed base but sales must be a standard to decide whether the critical mass is achieved or not. Based on these findings, several meaningful implications are suggested for the government and corporations related to the green car industries.

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Prediction of Interior Noise by Excitation Force of Powertrain Based on Hybrid Transfer Path Analysis (Hybrid TPA를 이용한 파워트레인 구조기인 실내소음 예측)

  • Kim, Sung-Jong;Lee, Sang-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.25 no.12
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2008
  • In early design stage, the simulation of interior noise is useful for the enhancement of the noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) performance in a vehicle. The traditional transfer path analysis (TPA) technology cannot simulate the interior noise since it uses the experimental method. In order to solve this problem, in this paper, the hybrid TPA is developed as the novel approach. The hybrid TPA uses the simulated excitation force as the input force, which excites the flexible body of a car at the mount point, while the traditional TPA uses the measured force. This simulated force is obtained by numerical analysis for the FE (finite element) model of a powertrain. The interior noise is predicted by multiplying the simulated force by the vibro-acoustic transfer function (VATF) of the vehicle. The VATF is the acoustic response in the compartment of a car to the input force at the mount point of the powertrain in the flexible car body. The trend of the predicted interior noise based on the hybrid TPA very well corresponds to the measured interior noise, although there is some difference due to not only the experimental error and the simulation error but also the effect of the air-borne path.

Noise Analysis of Intake System by Hybrid Method (하이브리드 방법을 이용한 배기계 소음 해석)

  • 이장명;한성수;임학종
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.310-316
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    • 1999
  • 4-Pole parameter method based on an acoustic theory is very popular for the analysis of the acoustic behavior of the car exhaust system. However, this method is applicable only for the simple shape of acoustic elements of the muffler. Numerical methods such as FEM(Finite Element Method) or BEM(Boundary Element Method) can also provide acceptable results for the acoustic analysis of the car exhaust system. Even though these numerical methods have benefits for the analysis of complicated shape of acoustic elements of the muffler, time consuming is another problem during modeling and numerical calculation. Combining benefits of both methods, the new code called the hybrid method for car exhaust system is introduced. And the developed code is utilized for calculation of the transmission loss of a main muffler of an automobile comparing with the experimental results.

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Fatigue Assessment of Hybrid Composite Joint for the Tilting Car Body (틸팅차량용 Hybrid차체 접합체결부의 피로 특성 평가)

  • Jung, Dal-Woo;Kim, Duck-Jae;Choi, Se-Hyun;Seo, Sueng-Il;Choi, Nak-Sam
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.260-263
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    • 2005
  • Fatigue fracture behavior of a hybrid joint between side-panel and under-frame by riveting and adhesive bonding has been evaluated. Two kinds of joint specimens based on real geometry were fabricated for shearing test as well as bending test. Static and cyclic loadings were used for fatigue assessment. Fatigue fracture results obtained by such experiments were reflected in modifications of design parameters of the hybrid joint.

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Hybrid Control of an Active Suspension System with Full-Car Model Using H$_{}$$\infty$/ and Nonlinear Adaptive Control Methods

  • Bui, Trong-Hieu;Suh, Jin-Ho;Kim, Sang-Bong;Nguyen, Tan-Tien
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.1613-1626
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents hybrid control of an active suspension system with a full-car model by using H$\sub$$\infty$/ and nonlinear adaptive control methods. The full-car model has seven degrees of freedom including heaving, pitching and rolling motions. In the active suspension system, the controller shows good performance: small gains from the road disturbances to the heaving, pitching and rolling accelerations of the car body. Also the controlled system must be robust to system parameter variations. As the control method, H$\sub$$\infty$/ controller is designed so as to guarantee the robustness of a closed-loop system in the presence of uncertainties and disturbances. The system parameter variations are taken into account by multiplicative uncertainty model and the system robustness is guaranteed by small gain theorem. The active system with H$\sub$$\infty$/ controller can reduce the accelerations of the car body in the heaving, pitching and rolling directions. The nonlinearity of a hydraulic actuator is handled by nonlinear adaptive control based on the back-stepping method. The effectiveness of the controllers is verified through simulation results in both frequency and time domains.