• Title, Summary, Keyword: IT Infrastructure

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The Impacts of IT Infrastructure Flexibility on New Product Competitive Advantages (정보기술 기반구조의 유연성이 신제품 경쟁우위에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Seung-Min;Kim, Joon-S.;Im, Kun-Shin
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.1-28
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    • 2007
  • The success of new product development is a key factor for getting competitive advantages. Marketing research has been investigating marketing capability, manufacturing technical capability, cross-functional integration, market knowledge competence, market orientation, and competitive environment as the key success factors of new product development. Recently, the role of IT infrastructure in enhancing new product advantage is assumed in the literature. However, the empirical studies on the role of IT infrastructure are lacking. The purpose of this study is to empirically exam the impacts of IT infrastructure on new product competitive advantage. In this study, IT infrastructure is conceptualized as the flexibility of IT infrastructure. Based on previous research, a conceptual model is established by incorporating the direct impact of IT infrastructure flexibility and its indirect impact through the key success factors on new product development. To empirically test the research model, data are surveyed from a pair of IS department and Marketing department of 92 consumer goods manufacturers. By employing PLS technique, the measurement reliability and reliability of research variables are tested and the path analysis is conducted to do the hypothesis testing. The path analysis shows that IT infrastructure flexibility has no direct effect on new product advantage, However, the indirect effect of IT infrastructure is found, which is mediated by marketing capability, manufacturing technical capability, cross-functional integration, and market orientation respectively. Hence, The flexible IT infrastructure increases cross-functional integration (H1), market orientation (H3), marketing capability (H5), and manufacturing technical capability (H6). All success factors of new product development excepts for competitive environment have a positive association with new product competitive advantages (from H10 to H14). Finally, the path from IT infrastructure flexibility to cross-functional integration, to market orientation, to market knowledge capability, and to new product advantage is found as the strongest path. These results indicate that the flexible IT infrastructure enhances information sharing with multiple departments and collaboration within a distributed innovation environment. The collaboration among departments positively affects the level of customer and competitor intelligence. The ability to obtain knowledge about customers and competitors makes firms to adapt to a changing environment quickly and to respond to customers' demands adequately. The flexible IT infrastructure also enhances the capability of organization to more rapidly respond to the changes in product design resulting in faster product development and reduced costs. In addition to, it enhances marketing capability by the two-way communications with customers and the analyses of various kinds of customer data. In brief, the finding of this study suggests that the flexible IT infrastructure allows many firms to pursue sustained new product competitive advantages. This study advances research on IT infrastructure in two important aspects. First, by Integrating marketing research and IS research, this study develops a conceptual model on the role of IT infrastructure in enhancing new product advantage. Second, it empirically finds the indirect impacts of IT infrastructure on new product advantage, which confirms the potential for the IS field to contribute to new product development research. The limitations of this study are also discussed to provide research directions for future research.

Development Strategy on the Risk Rating Method for Nationwide Emerging IT Infrastructure (국가단위 신규 IT인프라의 위험도 등급화 기법 개발 방향 연구)

  • Kim, Sangkyun
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.30 no.B
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2010
  • To provide a development strategy on the method which assesses a potential risk of nationwide emerging IT infrastructure in planning and design phase, and to classify the assessment result into 5 levels is the goal of this research. The development strategy provided in this paper could improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. With a premature assessment of the potential risks of a nationwide emerging IT infrastructure which needs astronomical amount of public funds, it could show a way of systematic investments on security systems and improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. Also, this approach might improve the safety of nationwide IT infrastructure. It could identify and provide an optimized solution for the potential risks of nationwide IT infrastructure.

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The Effects of Cultural Characteristics on IT Infrastructure and Knowledge Management Activities (조직 문화적 특성의 정보기술 하부구조와 지식경영 활동들에 대한 영향)

  • Choe, Jong-Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.149-179
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    • 2010
  • This study empirically investigated the effects of both organizational culture(i.e., innovative, supportive and bureaucratic) and information technology(IT) infrastructure(i.e., knowledge storage, transfer and search IT) on the knowledge management(KM) activities(i.e., knowledge creation, sharing and application) in Korean manufacturing firms. We also partially demonstrated the impact of KM activities on the KM performance(i.e., KM satisfaction) of a firm. Through multiple regression analyses, it was found that innovative and supportive culture, and IT infrastructure have a positive impact on the activation of KM activities. The results of this study also showed that the innovative and supportive culture positively influence the adoption of IT infrastructure, and through the construction of IT, they have an indirect effect on KM activities. With a structural equation modeling technique, the causal relationships among organizational culture, IT infrastructure, knowledge management activities, and KM performance were confirmed. Hence, it is concluded that culture and IT infrastructure have direct effects on KM activities, and culture also indirectly influences KM activities through the adoption of IT infrastructure.

A study on how to build an efficient information system according to changes in IT infrastructure paradigm (IT 인프라 패러다임 변화에 따른 효율적인 정보 시스템 구축 방안에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Sun
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2020
  • Recently, as the business using IT has increased rapidly, a lot of budget is required to operate and manage the complex IT infrastructure. There is a need for a new IT infrastructure technology that can effectively and reduce costs. In this paper, we introduce CI(Converge Infrastructure) and HCI(Hyper Converge Infrastructure) methods, which are IT infrastructure methods for simplifying information systems and reducing operational management efficiency and cost. In addition, it proposes an information system using the HCI method, a new IT infrastructure technology, and a plan to establish a disaster recovery system to provide continuity of service in the event of a disaster or failure. In addition to the introduction of major technologies for using the HCI method, the area, power consumption, and operational efficiency of the information system before and after the introduction of HCI are compared and analyzed.

The Effects of Social Capital, Target Costing and IT Infrastructure on Knowledge Management Processes (지식경영 과정들에 대한 사회적 자본, 원가기획시스템과 정보기술 하부구조의 영향)

  • Choi, Jong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.89-114
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    • 2010
  • This study empirically investigated the effects of the target costing system as well as information technology(IT) infrastructure on the knowledge management processes(i.e., socialization, externalization, combination and internalization) and the performance of a firm. This study also examined an impact of the social capital(i.e., inter-departmental communication, trust, cooperation and integration) on the adoption and development of the target costing and the IT infrastructure. The results of this study showed that inter-departmental communication, trust and integration have a significant positive impact on the adoption of the target costing. It was also found that the effects of inter-departmental communication and integration on the development of storage and transfer infrastructure are significant and positive. However, in the adoption of search infrastructure, only the impact of inter-departmental integration was significant. The results of regression analyses presented that the target costing has significant influence on the four processes of knowledge management. It was also observed that the effects of storage and transfer infrastructure on combination are significant and positive. In search infrastructure, the impact on combination and internalization was significant. According to the results of this study, it was found that when the adoption level of the target costing is high, search infrastructure mainly affects the three processes(i.e., socialization, combination and internalization). However, under a low adoption level of the target costing, the impact of storage and transfer infrastructure on the whole processes was significant and positive. Thus, it is assumed that storage and transfer infrastructure complements a low level of the target costing adoption through the active transfer and sharing of explicit and tacit knowledge.

Public Private Partnerships in Chinese Port as Infrastructure

  • Kim, Jin-Hwan
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of the paper is to look into and review the management and operation of Chinese infrastructure process, especially focusing on port industry. Research design, data and methodology - The research methods to be applied is to examine PPPs that is a key way of cooperation in many infrastructure investment, financial matters, and then port industry as well. Results - It is well noticed that Chinese government has well managed with project, planning and investments in national infrastructure matters. Especially, this is clear message that government institutions for infrastructure planning has been well organized with systematic structure. However, even if it is involved with some risky business, PPPs should be asked for cooperation in the areas of financial, institutional and logistic part of infrastructure development in China. Conclusions - Every country has been in promoting its infrastructure development and it is not an exception in China. In order to get over inefficiency done by public sectors, Chinese government has invited a private sector in the form of PPPs, which gives more competitive opportunities, especially in port industry.

Technology Infrastructure : Its Importance and Policy Implications (기술하부구조 : 중요성과 정책적 함의)

  • 석영철;김윤경
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.9-22
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    • 1998
  • With the advent of new order of international competition, the technology Policy of Korea has been changed from vertical one which focuses on specific technologies or selective industries to a horizontal one which supports R&D activities on a neutral basis. TIP(Technology Infrastructure Policy) is WTO free in the sense that it is Indirect method of supporting technology development and properly defined as a part of government role by OECD. Technology infrastructure is embodied in human capital, and includes also elements of physical capital and knowledge. Hence it is more differentiated than, and distinguished from conventional infrastructure. It implies a need for carefully designed strategy with the recognition of those differences. As a fundamental element of innovation and technological development, technology infrastructure should become the main focus of industrial technology Policy.

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The Effect of IT in Buyer-Supplier Linkage: IT Performance, IT Infrastructure and Firm Performance (구매자-공급자 연계 IT 성과와 IT 인프라가 기업 성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee Yoonseok;Kim Sung-Hong;Kim Jinhan
    • Korean Management Science Review
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.167-189
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    • 2004
  • Cooperative and integrative partnerships between buyers and suppliers are very important for effective operations. Such partnerships should be based on various information technologies developed in recent years. Therefore, we investigated the relationship among IT performance, IT infrastructure and supply chain performance in buyer-supplier linkage using exploratory examination. This analysis is based on survey results of buyer-supplier practitioners in Korean electronics industry. Specifically, we used factor analysis, correlation analysis, and regression analysis. Major findings are as follows. First. buyers' IT performance contributed to enhance their operational & financial performance, and satisfaction. Second, buyers' IT infrastructure improved their financial performance and satisfaction but showed mixed effects on operational performance. Third, suppliers' operational performance enhanced buyers' operational & financial performance, and satisfaction. Fourth, suppliers' IT performance strengthened their operational & financial performance, and satisfaction. Fifth, suppliers' IT infrastructure showed positive relationships with operational performance and satisfaction.

A Study on the Effect of Industrial Category and Organizational Characterisitics on the Use of IT Infrastructure Services (산업유형과 조직특성 요인이 정보기술 인프라스트럭처 서비스 이용에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jae Young;Kim, Hyeon Seop
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.71-87
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    • 2008
  • In order to survive in a competitive environment, many companies are taking much interest in building IT infrastructure and are investing in that area. But, despite of all the interest and investments, many companies are unsatisfied and confused because of the lack of guidance and understandings of IT infrastructure. Therefore the purpose of this study is to prove that the level of IT usage is different according to organizational characteristics and industrial categories, and to give a guideline to companies' planning on newly building IT infrastructure. In conclusion, companies newly planning on building IT infrastructure should consider the amount of information technology functional uses according to the organizational characteristics and industrial category and they follow the below guidelines. On building the IT infrastructure the organization having the characteristics of formalization should consider and provide the standardization function first. The companies having the characteristics of decentralization should consider and provider firstly the application and communication function. And the companies having the characteristics of specialization should consider and provider the security function.