• Title, Summary, Keyword: IT Infrastructure

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A Influence of Information Technology Infrastructure to Business Process and Organizational Performance (정보기술 인프라가 비즈니스 프로세스와 조직성과에 미치는 영향)

  • 이우형;이명호
    • Journal of the Korean Operations Research and Management Science Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 2003
  • This research shows that as the use of IT spreads, the Investments of IT must be accompanied by the innovation of the business process of an organization to increase productivity. It examines closely to the relations between these by presenting a theoretical formula, with related-theories at the basis, that shows the characteristics of IT Infrastructure and heightens the results of organization. In previous researches, various results co-exist in presenting the direct relativeness between IT Infrastructure and results of organization. But in this research, a parameter called business process has been included making it possible to analyze even the indirect effects to the results of organization. Also, the difference and relativity between the IT Infrastructure and business process groups according to the company environment factor has been proved.

Infrastructure and Leading Commodity Identification on Poverty Alleviation in Buru Regency, Indonesia

  • WAHYUNINGSIH, Tri;MATDOAN, Arsad;SAING, Zubair
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.1205-1214
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    • 2020
  • The poverty level in Buru Regency is still high, despite the relatively stable economic growth. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to (1) Identify the leading commodity in each district in Buru Regency; (2) Analyze the effect of road infrastructure and leading commodities on poverty. The findings show that the most sparsely populated district is Fena Leisela, with mangoes as the leading commodity. Pineapple, langsat, apple rose, cabbages, cashews, coffee, cashew, melon, and watermelon are the leading products in Air Buaya, Batabual, Waplau, Lolong Guba, Lilialy, Waelata, Namlea, Kaiely Bay, and Waeapo, respectively. Additionally, the results also indicate that road infrastructure and leading commodities have a significant effect on poverty alleviation in Buru Regency. It means that improving infrastructure and increasing leading commodities production reduce poverty in the region. Good road infrastructure can promote connectivity between regions so that it can accelerate and expand economic development. The provision of infrastructure that encourages connectivity will reduce transportation costs and logistics costs to increase product competitiveness and accelerate the economic movement. When the road infrastructure in Buru Regency improves and new roads are built, it can improve transportation access, it will reduce the living cost for the poor and increase income, and open up opportunities for the poor to benefit from economic growth.

The Adoption Degrees of Social Capital and IT Infrastructure, and Their Effects on Knowledge Management Processes (사회적 자본 및 정보기술 하부구조의 도입수준과 지식경영 과정들에 대한 영향)

  • Choe, Jong-Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.183-210
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the degrees of knowledge management processes according to the levels of social capital(i.e., inter-departmental communication, trust, cooperation and integration) as well as information technology(IT) infrastructure(i.e., knowledge storage and transfer IT, and knowledge search IT) in Korean manufacturing firms. We also demonstrated the differences in organizational performance under various degrees of knowledge management processes. Through cluster analysis with social capital variables, we classified sample firms into five groups; 'the highest firms', 'higher firms', 'middle firms', 'lower firms', and 'the lowest firms'. It was also observed that the degrees of knowledge management processes and organizational performance in 'the highest firms' is the highest. With a structural equation modeling technique, the causal relationships among social capital, IT infrastructure, knowledge management processes, and organizational performance were confirmed. Hence, it is concluded that social capital and IT infrastructure have direct effects on knowledge management processes, and indirectly influence organizational performance through the degrees of knowledge management processes.

A Study on the Security Framework Design for Stable Operation of Critical Infrastructure Service (주요기반시설 서비스의 안정적 운영을 위한 보안 프레임워크 설계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Suyeon;Yoo, Jiyeon;Lim, Jongin
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2016
  • Critical infrastructure has been operating in a closed environment with a completely separate information system and in the private area. However, with the current ICT environment changes due to convergence and open platforms it has increased the threats and risks to critical infrastructure. The importance of cyber security is increasing in the infrastructure control system, such as the outbreak of Ukraine blackout in 2015 by a malicious code called 'black energy'. This thesis aims to recognize the importance and necessity of protecting the critical infrastructure service, designing a security framework reflecting environmental and characteristic changes, and analyzing the management system suitable for a security framework. We also propose a theoretical basis for constructing a new security framework by comparing and analyzing seven international security management system standards, such as NIST 800-82 and IEC 62443-2-1, which are used in the control system. As a result, the environment surrounding critical infrastructure changes with the characteristics of connectivity, openness, and finality was studied, and as a response to this, many scholars and institutions present critical infrastructure security frameworks as cycle enhancement type structures, risk management structures, and management domain expansion structures. In response, the security framework encompassing these structures, CISF (Critical Infrastructure Security Framework), was designed. Additionally, through the security related international standard and criterion analysis, as a newly designed security standard suitable for CISF, IEC 62443-2-1 is reviewed and suggestions are made.

The Effects of IS Strategic Alignment on the Development of IT Infrastructure: The Roles of Strategic Performance Measurement Systems (정보화 전략과 기업 전략의 연계가 정보기술 하부구조 구축에 미치는 영향: 전략적 성과평가시스템의 역할)

  • Choe, Jong-Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.89-116
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    • 2013
  • The influence factors on the development of information technology(IT) infrastructure for knowledge management(KM) were not empirically investigated and identified. This study empirically examines the relationships among strategic performance measurement systems(SPMS), organizational learning, the strategic alignment of business strategy with information systems(IS) strategy, which is the necessary condition to provide the kinds of knowledge required for the successful realization of business strategy, and the active construction of IT infrastructure for KM. This study demonstrates that SPMS directly affects the organizational learning, with which the members of an organization acquire the types of knowledge about strategic goals or objectives and the ways attaining these goals, and indirectly influences the IS strategic alignment through organizational learning. Thus, the alignment between business strategy and IS strategy can be facilitated and activated by the adoption and implementation of SPMS. According to the results of this study, it is observed that the IS strategic alignment and organizational learning positively affect the activation of the development of KM IT infrastructure in a firm. The results of this study also shows that the construction of KM IT infrastructure, which supports the realization of KM activities, such as knowledge creation, transfer and sharing, can enhance the strategic position of a firm, and the intensified competitiveness of a firm can lead to the improvement of performance.

A Study on Infrastructure Improvement Project of Eco and Green Tourism Villages -Focused on Arum Village Revitalization Project- (생태·녹색관광마을의 기반시설 정비사업 분석 연구 -아름마을 가꾸기 시범사업을 대상으로-)

  • Lee, Dong-Ju;Lee, Wang-Kee
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2006
  • As demands and interests in visiting rural village increases, government authorities are promoting eco and green tour village development project through plural functions of rural village. The purpose of this study is to understand infrastructure improvement direction by researching the case study of general rural villages' changing to eco and green tourism villages. As for the research method, the character of each village was verified, then the case studies of improvement by life infrastructure using the identity of villages were analyzed. Finally, it was found that infrastructure through public facilities improvement and environment improvement project was expanded and relaxative and experiential space was offered by creating tour infrastructure using the identity of villages. Also, it was shown that farming infrastructure creating project was executed to promote the income base of locals.

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Development of an Inspection Data Management System for Concrete Structures (콘크리트구조물의 외관손상정보관리 시스템 개발)

  • Oh, Kwang-Chin;Choi, Jae-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.562-565
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    • 2006
  • Recently, the public interest for infrastructure safety has been growing, but the process of data acquisition and management system for safety is being carried out in an inefficient manner. The data obtained during the inspection for the safety of infrastructure tends to be documented using papers, which is not efficient in the stage of post analyses. The information technology (IT), which is rapidly being developed, is applied to the new system as a solution. Information technology provides valuable tools for converting and generating digital data, handling the history of defects, and assessing the condition and estimating the service life of infrastructure. The purpose of this paper is to introduce Infrastructure Management System(IMS). It is expected that the IMS would minimize the manpower, time and maintenance cost, and improve the safety of infrastructure.

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Analysis and Evaluation of Life SOC in Boeun-gun According to Minimum Criterion of Basic Life Infrastructures (기초생활인프라 최저기준에 따른 보은군의 생활인프라 시설 충족도 분석 및 유형화)

  • Yang, Seunghwan;Lee, Byungjun;Yoon, Seongsoo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.62 no.3
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2020
  • Living infrastructure facilities are concentrated in cities with high population density, it is necessary to supply basic living infrastructure facilities to promote welfare in rural areas. The establishment of basic living infrastructure is the minimum right for daily living of local residents. It is supplied by considering national economic and social characteristics through national minimum standards, but it is limited to be practically applied to rural areas where many villages are dispersed in large areas. There is a situation. Therefore, it is necessary to supply systematic and quantitative facilities by analyzing villages that do not meet the minimum standards of basic living infrastructure in rural areas and by considering their characteristics. The purpose of this study is to identify the basic living infrastructure facilities of village units and analyze the characteristics of each village for Boeun-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do.

IT Infrastructure of North Korea and Cooperation to Introduce e-Trade between South and North Korea (북한의 IT인프라 현황과 남북한 전자무역의 도입을 위한 협력방안)

  • Choi, Seok-Beom
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.113-133
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    • 2005
  • North Korea has stressed Information Technology in policy fostering science as Kim Jong-il has been interested in IT industry. In view of development of e-business in Northeast Asia, South Korea is to cooperate with North Korea. It is the time to look into the current situation, strategy and issues of IT in North Korea. Although North Korea is forced to select the development of IT Industry as growth engine, the problems in the IT Infrastructure are as follows:lack in communication infrastructure, lack in diversity of software, low level of hardware, limited use of internet. This paper deals with the IT Infrastructure of North Korea and IT and e-Commerce Cooperation, introduction of e-Trade between South and North Korea.

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Impact Analysis of Intellectual Property Infrastructure

  • Sohn, Soo Jeoung
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2013
  • As the value and role of intellectual property increases in our knowledge-based economy, countries around the world have exerted various efforts to secure, utilize, and protect their intellectual property. The present study diagnoses the level of IP infrastructure of major OECD countries and analyzes their characteristics and impact. According to the diagnosis, the US, Switzerland, and Germany form a leading group followed by the mid-level countries of Korea, Ireland, Australia, and France, with Spain and Italy in the bottom group. In contrast to Korea's competitiveness in S&T and R&D infrastructures, its competitiveness in IP infrastructure is lower than the OECD average. This is thought to be due to Korea's IP infrastructure being hastily formed under the influence of international pressures rather than having been gradually built up by internal needs. A TFP analysis of the impact of IP infrastructure on economic growth shows IP infrastructure positively influences economic growth. Though this analysis is limited due to inability to secure sufficient data and indicators, it is a useful guide for understanding the nature and key characteristics of IP infrastructure.