• Title, Summary, Keyword: Idiopathic scoliosis

Search Result 83, Processing Time 0.045 seconds

Comparisons of Postural Habits, Body Image, and Peer Attachment for Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis and Healthy Adolescents (특발성 척추측만증 청소년과 정상 청소년의 자세습관, 신체상 및 또래관계 비교)

  • Choi, Ji-Hea;Oh, Eui-Geum;Lee, Hye-Jung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.167-173
    • /
    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to compare the postural habits, body image, and peer attachment of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and healthy adolescents, and to examine the correlation between body image and peer attachment in each group. Methods: Eighty-three adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis and 83 healthy adolescents were recruited from 4 middle schools located in W city. Data were collected from November 22 to December 6 2010 using a structured questionnaire including items about postural habits, body image, and peer attachment. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, $X^2$-test, independent t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results: Compared to healthy adolescents, adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis were more likely to use one hand, to lean back while seated, and to put weight on one leg while standing. The score for body image was significantly lower for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis compared to healthy adolescents, but peer attachment was not significantly different between the two groups. Body image was significantly correlated with peer attachment only for the adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Conclusion: Interventions to promote balanced postural habits in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis are needed. Information on body image and peer attachment for these adolescents should also be considered when developing interventions.

The relation between idiopathic scoliosis and the frontal and lateral facial form

  • Kim, Tae-Hwan;Kim, Joo-Hwan;Kim, Yae-Jin;Cho, Il-Sik;Lim, Yong-Kyu;Lee, Dong-Yul
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.44 no.5
    • /
    • pp.254-262
    • /
    • 2014
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between idiopathic scoliosis and facial deformity in the horizontal, vertical, and anteroposterior planes. Methods: A total of 123 female patients aged 14 years or older, who visited the Spine Clinic at the Department of Orthopedics, Korea University Guro Hospital for treatment of idiopathic scoliosis, were enrolled. Whole-spine anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were taken with the patient in a naturally erect position, and frontal and lateral cephalograms were taken in an erect position with the Frankfort horizontal line parallel to the floor. Scoliosis was classified according to the Cobb angle and Lenke classification of six curve types. Cephalometric tracing in all cases was carried out with V-Ceph 5.5 by the same orthodontist. The Kruskal-Wallis test was performed to determine whether any relation existed between each group of the idiopathic scoliosis classification and the cephalometric measurements of frontal and lateral cephalograms. Results: The measurements did not reveal any significant association between the Cobb angle and cephalometric measurements and between the curve type based on the Lenke classification and cephalometric measurements. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, no apparent relation was observed between the severity of scoliosis and facial form variations in idiopathic scoliosis patients.

A Recent Study of Conservative Treatment of Idiopathic Scoliosis (특발성 척추 측만증(Idiopathic Scoliosis)의 보존적 치료에 대한 최근 임상 연구)

  • Lee, Kwang-Ho;Song, Yun-Kyung;Jun, Chan-Yong;Jung, Seung-Min
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.67-84
    • /
    • 2005
  • Idiopathic scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine. There is two ways in treatment of scoliosis, normally. In order to prevent a progressive course of the disorder, conservative treatment is started in selected patients. And sometimes, operation is performed to severe patients. But, application standard is vague. So We reviewed the latest medical theses. English language articles in Medline database between 2003 and 2005. 8. 31. were reviewed. The searching words was Idiopathic scoliosis, conservative treatment, brace. exercise. We classified 27 articles. The results of this research demonstrate that conservative treatment is more effective than observation until operation.

  • PDF

A Case Study of Familial Scoliosis (가족성 척추측만증(Familial Scoliosis)의 증례보고)

  • Park, Kyung-Moo;Soh, Mun-Gie;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.187-199
    • /
    • 2008
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the concept of familial scoliosis through eight cases. Methods : The family tree was constructed with eight cases which was diagnosed idiopathic scoliosis by physical examination and radiological study. Results : According to the family tree of this sibs, idiopathic scoliosis apparently behaves as an autosomal dominant inheritance. As to parents and grandparents, although they are not confirmed the appearance of idiopathic scoliosis, we know that they transmit trait to their descendants as a genotype. Conclusions : This study is shown that idiopathic scoliosis has a familial condition and provided useful information that can be used early diagnosis and treatment with screen tests based on the family tree.

A Study of Intervention for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (청소년기 특발성 척추측만증의 중재에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seung-Joon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.60-69
    • /
    • 2004
  • Many methods have been described for the early intervention of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is lateral and rotational spinal curvature in absence of associated congenital or neurologic abnormalities, the most common type of scoliosis observed in child and young adults, and refers to curves that develop after the age of $10{\sim}18$. The curves of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have the potential to progress rapidly during growth. Curves are currently universally measured by the Cobb's method and Ferguson method. Some curves do not remain small, these may be mildly or severely progressive and the ribs on the convex side of the curve separate, and those on the concave side ribs approximate so rib undergoes deformation with rib humping. The latter may make angles that can affect vestibular system, balance, sensory, especially cardipulmonary function. Intervention for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is based on the patient's age, the angular value of the curve, the maturity of their skeleton, and the topography. The purpose of intervention for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis consists of knowing how to go to the best approach the correction of the lateral curve and rotational deformity holding the achieved for the remainder of spinal growth, preventing significant cosmetic abnormality, pain and cardiopulmonary complication, control the muscle imbalance and proprioceptive postural disturbances, be less need for radical surgery to avoid early surgery.

  • PDF

Effect of Trunk Side Shift Exercise on the Trunk Muscle Activation of Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis (몸통 가쪽이동 운동이 척추옆굽음증 환자의 몸통근육의 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Woo jin
    • Archives of Orthopedic and Sports Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.99-107
    • /
    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study investigated scoliosis muscle activity after the trunk side shift exercise. Methods: Fifty-eight subjects (control group=30, scoliosis group=28) participated in this study. The patients with idiopathic scoliosis were randomly divided into two groups: the side shift exercise (SSE) group and the trunk stabilization exercise (TSE) group. The SSE group performed SSE with chair training for eight weeks. A one-way ANOVA test was carried out to compare the results within the idiopathic scoliosis patient group prior to and after different exercise methods. Result: The muscle activity differences of the TPS, LPS, and latissimus dorsi muscles significantly decreased in all idiopathic scoliosis exercises groups after training. According to the exercise method, the TPS differed between the control group (CG) and TSE group and between the SSC and TSE groups. The LPS and latissimus dorsi muscles showed differences between the CG and TSE groups. Conclusions: This study found that the side shift exercise effectively improve spine muscles. The side shift exercise was performed using chairs that were designed for this study. Thus, this method is easily accessible for busy students who are exposed to scoliosis or spinal disorders that are caused by a pattern of inactivity.

Two Cases of Idiopathic Scoliosis with Double Curved Thoracolumbar Spine using Muscle Energy Technique (근에너지기법을 이용한 흉요추부 이중만곡 형태의 특발성 척추 측만증 호전 2례)

  • Lee, Sung-Joon;Lee, Hyuk-Jae;Lee, Yu-Jin
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine for Spine and Nerves
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.63-71
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effect of muscle energy technique(MET) on idiopathic scoliosis with double curved thoracolumbar spine. Methods : Two patients with idiopathic scoliosis with double curved thoracolumbar spine were treated by MET. To investigate the outcome of the patients' improvement, we observed the standing X-ray of cervical, thoracic, lumbar spine. And Cobb's angle, correctability and visual analog scale(VAS) were used to measure changes during treatment. Results : After treatment, Cobb's angle, correctability and VAS were improved significantly. Conclusions : MET showed significant improvement to idiopathic scoliosis with double curved thoracolumbar spine. There is limitation on this study due to insufficient number of cases. Further research should be followed.

  • PDF

A Comparative Analysis of the Metabolic and Coagulative Profiles in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis, Congenital Scoliosis and Healthy Controls: A Case-Control Study

  • Ahuja, Kaustubh;Garg, Bhavuk;Chowdhuri, Buddhadev;Yadav, Raj Kumar;Chaturvedi, Pradeep Kumar
    • Asian Spine Journal
    • /
    • v.12 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1028-1036
    • /
    • 2018
  • Study Design: Single-center, observational, case-control study. Purpose: Comparison and analysis of the metabolic and coagulative profiles in patients with idiopathic scoliosis, patients with congenital scoliosis, and healthy controls. Overview of Literature: Serum melatonin deficiency has been a controversial topic in the etiopathogenesis of scoliosis. Low bone mineral density, low vitamin D3 levels, and high parathyroid hormone levels are common metabolic abnormalities associated with scoliosis that may be responsible for its pathogenesis. In addition to metabolic defects, several studies have shown coagulation defects that either persist from the preoperative period or occur during surgery and usually lead to more than the expected amount of blood loss in patients undergoing deformity correction for scoliosis. Methods: The study population (n=73) was classified into those having congenital scoliosis (n=31), those with idiopathic scoliosis (n=30), and healthy controls (n=12). After detailed clinicoradiological evaluation of all the subjects, 10-mL blood samples were collected, measured, and analyzed for various metabolic and coagulation parameters. Results: The mean serum melatonin levels in patients with idiopathic scoliosis were significantly lower than those in the healthy controls. Although the mean serum melatonin level in the congenital group was also low, the difference was not statistically significant. Serum alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone levels were higher in the scoliosis groups, whereas the vitamin D level was lower. No differences were observed in the coagulation profiles of the different groups. Conclusions: Low serum melatonin levels associated with scoliosis can be a cause or an effect of scoliosis. Moreover, low bone mineral density, high bone turn over, and negative calcium balance appear to play an important role in the progression, if not the onset, of the deformity.

The Correlation between Walter Reed Visual Analogue Scale(WRVAS) and Scoliosis Research Society-22(SRS-22) Questionnaire for Idiopathic Scoliosis (특발성 측만증의 진단에 사용되는 WRVAS와 SRS-22의 상관관계)

  • Jung, Jong-Chul;Park, Min-Chull;Lee, Keun-Heui;Kim, Hyoung-Su;Lee, Su-Kyung;Goo, Bong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.31-41
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose : Purpose of this study was to determine correlation between Walter Reed Visual Analogue Scale (WRVAS) and Scoliosis Research Society-22(SRS-22) questionnaire for idiopathic scoliosis. Methods : For this study, to assess reliability, 224 middle school female students were applied the WRVAS & SRS-22 questionnaire. Pearson correlation analysis was used to know correlationship between WRVAS and SRS-22 questionnaire. Regression analysis was used to know causation between WRVAS and SRS-22 questionnaire. Results Positive correlation(.248) was found between WRVAS score and SRS-22 score. And SRS-22 was shown positive correlation compared with WRVAS as a result slope of .078 Conclusion : The WRVAS questionnaire is reliable positive correlation with SRS-22 questionnaire. It is valid and may be useful for clinical evaluation of idiopathic scoliosis patients.

  • PDF

Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

  • Lee, Choon Sung;Hwang, Chang Ju;Kim, Nam Heun;Noh, Hyun Min;Lee, Mi Young;Yoon, So Jung;Lee, Dong-Ho
    • Asian Spine Journal
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-43
    • /
    • 2017
  • Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of neural axis abnormalities and the relevant risk factors in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Overview of Literature: The use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the whole spine in patients with idiopathic scoliosis is controversial, and indications for such MRI evaluations have not been definitively established. However, we routinely use whole-spine MRI in patients with scoliosis who are scheduled to undergo surgical correction. Methods: A total of 378 consecutive patients with presumed AIS who were admitted for spinal surgery were examined for neural axis abnormalities using MRI. To differentiate patients with normal and abnormal MRI findings, the following clinical parameters were evaluated: age, sex, menarcheal status, rotation angle (using a scoliometer), coronal balance, shoulder height difference, and low back pain. We radiographically evaluated curve type, thoracic or thoracolumbar curve direction, curve magnitude and flexibility, apical vertebral rotation, curve length, coronal balance, sagittal balance, shoulder height difference, thoracic kyphosis, and the Risser sign. Results: Neural axis abnormalities were detected in 24 patients (6.3%). Abnormal MRI findings were significantly more common in males than in females and were associated with increased thoracic kyphosis. However, there were no significant differences in terms of the other measured parameters. Conclusions: Among the patients with presumed AIS who received preoperative whole-spine MRI, 6.3% had neural axis abnormalities. Males and patients with increased thoracic kyphosis were at a higher risk.