• Title/Summary/Keyword: Imaging spectrometer

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A Method to Destripe Imaging Spectroradiometer Data of SZ-3

  • Xiaoxiang, Zhu;Tianxi, Fan;Qian, Huang
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2003.11a
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    • pp.1278-1280
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    • 2003
  • Striping is a main factor for imaging spectroradiometer data, which is obtained by multi-sensor scanning on spacecraft. The reason causing stripes and the development of striping removal methods are simply described in this paper, particularly, the principle of Matching Empirical Distribution Functions is introduced in detail. By using this method, some experiments are done to destripe imaging spectrometer data of SZ-3. The result shows that the method of Matching Empirical Distribution Functions is available for destirping Imaging spectroradiometer data of SZ-3, and the quality of image is improved obviously. This will help to process the future similar instruments data.

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Temporal and Spatial Distributions of the Surface Solar Radiation by Spatial Resolutions on Korea Peninsula (한반도에서 해상도 변화에 따른 지표면 일사량의 시공간 분포)

  • Lee, Kyu-Tae;Zo, Il-Sung;Jee, Joon-Bum;Choi, Young-Jean
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2011
  • The surface solar radiations were calculated and analyzed with spatial resolutions (4 km and 1 km) using by GWNU (Gangneung-Wonju National University) solar radiation model. The GWNU solar radiation model is used various data such as aerosol optical thickness, ozone amount, total precipitable water and cloud factor are retrieved from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS), Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), MTSAT-1R satellite data and output of the Regional Data Assimilation Prediction System(RDAPS) model by Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), respectively. The differences of spatial resolutions were analyzed with input data (especially, cloud factor from MTSAT-1R satellite). And the Maximum solar radiation by GWNU model were found in Andong, Daegu and Jinju regions and these results were corresponded with the MTSAT-1R cloud factor.

EVALUATION OF THE RADIOMETRIC AND SPECTRAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAISS

  • Lee, Kwang-Jae;Yong, Sang-Soon;Kim, Yong-Seung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2008.10a
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    • pp.243-246
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    • 2008
  • The Compact Airborne Imaging Spectrometer System (CAISS) was jointly designed and developed as the hyperspectral imaging system by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and ELOP inc., Israel. The primary mission of the CAISS is to acquire and provide full contiguous spectral information with high quality spectral and high spatial resolution for advanced applications in the field of remote sensing. The CAISS consists of six physical units; the camera system, the gyro-stabilized mount, the jig, the GPS/INS, the power inverter and distributor, and the operating system. These subsystems shall be tested and verified in the laboratory before the flight. Especially the camera system of the CAISS shall be calibrated and validated with the calibration equipments such as the integrated sphere and spectral lamps. To improve data quality and availability, it is the most important to understand the mechanism of hyperspectral imaging system and the radiometric and spectral characteristics. This paper presents the major characteristics of camera system on the CAISS and summarizes the results of radiometric and spectral experiment during preliminary system verification.

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Dynamic Response Assessment of Space Use Telescope (우주용 광학구조체의 진동응답 평가)

  • Cho, Hee Keun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.87-93
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    • 2015
  • The dynamic responses of a telescope loaded on an STSAT-3 satellite were analyzed, and environmental tests were conducted to verify the reliability of the design. The space use telescope COMIS (compact imaging spectrometer) is a major payload of the STSAT-3 launched on November 21, 2013. Vibration responses such as the acceleration, displacement, and velocity with respect to random vibration and shock impulse inputs were obtained based on theoretical fundamentals in conjunction with finite element analysis. The main focus of this study was on developing technology for accurate and/or favorable modeling and analysis of the structure and fitting the results to that of experiments. Cutting-edge technology for manipulating the vibrations of a space use telescope is suggested.

Tolerance Analysis of Compact Imaging Spectrometer (COMIS) for a microsatellite STSAT3

  • Kim, Eun-Sil;Lee, Jun-Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Space Science Society
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    • 2008.10a
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    • pp.27.2-27.2
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    • 2008
  • The STSAT-3 satellite was initiated in October 2006 and will be launched into a lower sun-synchronous earth orbit (~700km) in 2010. COMIS takes hyperspectral images of 30m/60m ground sampling distance over a 30km swath width. The payload will be used for environmental monitoring, such as in-land water quality monitoring of Paldang Lake located next to Seoul, the capital of South Korea. An extensive sensitivity and error budget analysis of COMIS optical system have been performed. As way of estimating aggregate effects of all tolerances, a Monte Carlo simulation is used.

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Optical System Design and Image Processing for Hyperspectral Imaging Systems (초분광 분해기의 광학계 설계 및 영상 처리)

  • Heo, A-Young;Choi, Seung-Won;Lee, Jae-Hoon;Kim, Tae-Hyeong;Park, Dong-Jo
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.328-335
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    • 2010
  • A hyperspectral imaging spectrometer has shown significant advantages in performance over other existing ones for remote sensing applications. It can collect hundreds of narrow, adjacent spectral bands for each image, which provides a wealth of information on unique spectral characteristics of objects. We have developed a compact hyperspectral imaging system that successively shows high spatial and spectral resolutions and fast data processing performance. In this paper, we present an overview of the hyperspectral imaging system including the strucure of geometrical optics and several image processing schemes such as wavelength calibration and noise reduction for image data on Visible and Near-Infrared(VNIR) and Shortwave-Infrared(SWIR) band.

Reassessment on SEBAL Algorithm and MODIS Products

  • Uranchimeg, Sumiya;Kwon, Hyun-Han;Kim, Hyun-Mook;Kim, Yun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • 2016.05a
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    • pp.230-230
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    • 2016
  • Hydrological modeling is a very complex task dealing with multi-source of data, but it can be potentially benefited from recent improvements and developments in remote sensing. The estimation of actual land surface evapotranspiration (ET), an important variable in water management, has become possible based entirely on satellite data. This study adopted a Surface Energy Balance Algorithm for Land (SEBAL) with the use of MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) satellite products. The SEBAL model is one of the commonly used approach for the ET estimation. A primary advantage of the SEBAL model is rather its minimum requirement for ground-based weather data. The MODIS provides ET (MOD16) product that is based on the Penman-Monteith equation. This study aims to further develop the SEBAL model by employing a more rigorous parameterization scheme including the estimation of uncertainty associated with parameter and model selection in regression model. Finally, the proposed model is compared with the existing approaches and comprehensive discussion is then provided.

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The Ship Detection Using Airborne and In-situ Measurements Based on Hyperspectral Remote Sensing (초분광 원격탐사 기반 항공관측 및 현장자료를 활용한 선박탐지)

  • Park, Jae-Jin;Oh, Sangwoo;Park, Kyung-Ae;Foucher, Pierre-Yves;Jang, Jae-Cheol;Lee, Moonjin;Kim, Tae-Sung;Kang, Won-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.38 no.7
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    • pp.535-545
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    • 2017
  • Maritime accidents around the Korean Peninsula are increasing, and the ship detection research using remote sensing data is consequently becoming increasingly important. This study presented a new ship detection algorithm using hyperspectral images that provide the spectral information of several hundred channels in the ship detection field, which depends on high resolution optical imagery. We applied a spectral matching algorithm between the reflection spectrum of the ship deck obtained from two field observations and the ship and seawater spectrum of the hyperspectral sensor of an airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer. A total of five detection algorithms were used, namely spectral distance similarity (SDS), spectral correlation similarity (SCS), spectral similarity value (SSV), spectral angle mapper (SAM), and spectral information divergence (SID). SDS showed an error in the detection of seawater inside the ship, and SAM showed a clear classification result with a difference between ship and seawater of approximately 1.8 times. Additionally, the present study classified the vessels included in hyperspectral images by presenting the adaptive thresholds of each technique. As a result, SAM and SID showed superior ship detection abilities compared to those of other detection algorithms.

Deep Learning-based Hyperspectral Image Classification with Application to Environmental Geographic Information Systems (딥러닝 기반의 초분광영상 분류를 사용한 환경공간정보시스템 활용)

  • Song, Ahram;Kim, Yongil
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.33 no.6_2
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    • pp.1061-1073
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    • 2017
  • In this study, images were classified using convolutional neural network (CNN) - a deep learning technique - to investigate the feasibility of information production through a combination of artificial intelligence and spatial data. CNN determines kernel attributes based on a classification criterion and extracts information from feature maps to classify each pixel. In this study, a CNN network was constructed to classify materials with similar spectral characteristics and attribute information; this is difficult to achieve by conventional image processing techniques. A Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager(CASI) and an Airborne Imaging Spectrometer for Application (AISA) were used on the following three study sites to test this method: Site 1, Site 2, and Site 3. Site 1 and Site 2 were agricultural lands covered in various crops,such as potato, onion, and rice. Site 3 included different buildings,such as single and joint residential facilities. Results indicated that the classification of crop species at Site 1 and Site 2 using this method yielded accuracies of 96% and 99%, respectively. At Site 3, the designation of buildings according to their purpose yielded an accuracy of 96%. Using a combination of existing land cover maps and spatial data, we propose a thematic environmental map that provides seasonal crop types and facilitates the creation of a land cover map.

MODIS-estimated Microphysical Properties of Clouds Developed in the Presence of Biomass Burning Aerosols (MODIS 관측자료를 이용한 러시아 산불 영향 하에 발달한 구름의 미세 물리적 특성 연구)

  • Kim, Shin-Young;Sohn, Byung-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.289-298
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    • 2008
  • An algorithm was developed to retrieve both cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius considered the aerosol effect on clouds. This study apply the algorithm of Nakajima and Nakajima (1995) that is used to retrieve cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius from visible, near infrared satellite spectral measurements. To retrieve cloud properties, Look-up table (LUT) was made under different atmospheric conditions by using a radiative transfer model. Especially the vertical distribution of aerosol is based on a tropospheric aerosol profile in radiative transfer model. In the case study, we selected the extensive forest fire occurred in Russia in May 2003. The aerosol released from this fire may be transported to Korea. Cloud properties obtained from these distinct atmospheric situations are analysed in terms of their possible changes due to the interactions of the clouds with the aerosol particle plumes. Cloud properties over the East sea at this time was retrieved using new algorithm. The algorithm is applied to measurements from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) onboard the Terra spacecrafts. As a result, cloud effective particle radius was decreased and cloud optical thickness was increased during aerosol event. Specially, cloud effective particle radius is hardly greater than $20{\mu}m$ when aerosol particles were present over the East Sea. Clouds developing in the aerosol event tend to have more numerous but smaller droplets.