• Title/Summary/Keyword: Imaging spectrometer

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THE SOLAR-B MISSION

  • ICHIMOTO KIYOSHI;TEAM THE SOLAR-B
    • Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.307-310
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    • 2005
  • The Solar-B is the third Japanese spacecraft dedicated for solar physics to be launched in summer of 2006. The spacecraft carries a coordinated set of optical, EUV and X-ray instruments that will allow a systematic study of the interaction between the Sun's magnetic field and its high temperature, ionized atmosphere. The Solar Optical Telescope (SOT) consists of a 50cm aperture diffraction limited Gregorian telescope and a focal plane package, and provides quantitative measurements of full vector magnetic fields at the photosphere with spatial resolution of 0.2-0.3 arcsec in a condition free from terrestrial atmospheric seeing. The X-ray telescope (XRT) images the high temperature (0.5 to 10 MK) corona with improved spatial resolution of approximately 1 arcsec. The Extreme Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) aims to determine velocity fields and other plasma parameters in the corona and the transition region. The Solar-B telescopes, as a whole, will enable us to explore the origins of the outer solar atmosphere, the corona, and the coupling between the fine magnetic structure at the photosphere and the dynamic processes occurring in the corona. The mission instruments (SOT/EIS/XRT) are joint effort of Japan (JAXA/NAO), the United States (NASA), and the United Kingdom (PPARC). An overview of the spacecraft and its mission instruments are presented.

SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF WATER-STRESSED FOREST CANOPY USING EO-l HYPERION DATA

  • Kook Min-Jung;Shin Jung-Il;Lee Kyu-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2005.10a
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    • pp.7-10
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    • 2005
  • Plant water deficiency during drought season causes physiological stress and can be a critical indicator of forest fire vulnerability. In this study, we attempt to analyze the spectral characteristics of water stressed vegetation by using the laboratory measurement on leaf samples and the canopy reflectance spectra extracted from satellite hyperspectral image data. Leaf-level reflectance spectra were measured by varying moisture content using a portable spectro-radiometer. Canopy reflectance spectra of sample forest stands of two primary species (pine and oak) located in central part of the Korean peninsula were extracted from EO-l Hyperion imaging spectrometer data obtained during the drought season in 2001 and the normal precipitation year in 2002. The preliminary analysis on the reflectance spectra shows that the spectral characteristics of leaf samples are not compatible with the ones obtained from canopy level. Although moisture content of vegetation can be influential to the radiant flux reflected from leaf-level, it may not be very straightforward to obtain the spectral characteristics that are directly related to the level of canopy moisture content. Canopy spectra form forest stands can be varied by structural variables (such as LAt, percent coverage, and biomass) other than canopy moisture content.

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CALIBRATION PROCESS OF THE COSMIC INFRARED BACKGROUND EXPERIMENT (적외선 우주배경복사 관측 실험 검교정)

  • Lee, D.H.;Nam, U.W.;Kim, G.H.;Pak, S.;Zemcov, M.;Bock, J.J.;Battle, J.;Sullivan, I.;Mason, P.;Tsumura, K.;Matsumoto, T.;Matsuura, S.;Renbarger, T.;Keating, B.
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2007
  • The international cooperation project CIBER (Cosmic Infrared Background ExpeRiment) is a rocket-borne instrument, of which the scientific goal is to measure the cosmic near-infrared extra-galactic background to search for signatures of primordial galaxy formation. CIBER consists of a wide-field two-color camera, a low-resolution absolute spectrometer, and a high-resolution narrow-band imaging spectrometer. Currently, all the subsystems have been built, and the integration, testing, and calibration of the CIBER system are on process for the scheduled launch in June 2008.

INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION OF THE COSMIC INFRARED BACKGROUND EXPERIMENT (적외선 우주배경복사 관측 실험 국제 공동 연구)

  • Lee, D.H.;Nam, U.W.;Lee, S.;Jin, H.;Yuk, I.S.;Kim, K.H.;Pak, S.
    • Publications of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.21-26
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    • 2006
  • A Korean team (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Korea Basic Science Institute, and Kyung Hee University) takes part in an international cooperation project called CIBER (Cosmic Infrared Background ExpeRiment), which has begun with Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in USA and Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) in Japan. CIBER is a rocket-borne instrument, of which the scientific goal is to measure the cosmic near-infrared extra-galactic background to search for signatures of primordial galaxy formation. CIBER consists of a wide-field two-color camera, a low-resolution absolute spectrometer, and a high-resolution narrow-band imaging spectrometer. The Korean team is in charge of the ground support electronics and manufacturing of optical parts of the narrow-band spectrometer, which will provide excellent opportunities for science and technology to Korean infrared groups.

과학기술위성3호 탑재체 자료배포를 위한 영상자료와 관제자료 결합방법

  • Lee, Seung-Heon;Son, Jun-Won;Park, Jong-O;Lee, Seung-U;Lee, Cheol
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.190.2-190.2
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    • 2012
  • 과학기술위성3호는 170kg의 소형위성으로 2006년 사업을 착수하였으며, 올 2012년 12월에 러시아에서 발사할 예정이다. 주탑재체는 다목적 적외선 영상시스템 (MIRIS, Multi-Purpose IR Imaging System)으로 천문연에서 개발을 담당하였으며 우주관측과 지구관측을 수행한다. 부탑재체는 소형영상분광기 (COMIS, Compact Imaging Spectrometer)로 공주대에서 개발을 하였으며 지표면의 분광영상을 획득한다. 관측영상을 지상에서 내려 받아 사용자에게 배포를 하기 전 Radiometric, Geometric 보정을 수행하기 위해서는 관측영상 외에 관측할 때의 위성체 자세제어 정보도 함께 필요하다. 과학기술위성3호의 경우 우주관측은 관측영상 정보에 위성본체의 자세제어 정보도 함께 저장하기 때문에 지상에서 영상자료와 관제자료의 결합을 위해 추가로 수행하는 작업이 필요하지 않다. 그러나 지구관측은 영상자료와 자세제어 정보를 따로 저장하여 지상국으로 전송한다. 한곳의 영역만 관측 후 지상국으로 전송받는다면 문제가 발생하지 않지만, 지상국과 교신할 수 있는 궤도의 수는 한정되기 때문에 위성체의 메모리에는 여러 영역의 관측영상이 저장되어 있으며, 위성은 지상국과의 교신시간이 허락하는 최대로 영상자료를 송신한다. 본 발표에서는 다양한 영상자료의 저장 포맷과 여러 영역을 관측했을 때 각 영역에 해당하는 영상자료 구분 방법, 그리고 각 영상자료와 관제자료의 결합방법에 대해 설명한다.

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Calibrating black hole mass estimators using high quality Keck spectra

  • Park, Da-Woo;Woo, Jong-Hak
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.52.1-52.1
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    • 2011
  • Black hole masses of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) are one of the most important parameters in AGN physics. Based on the virial assumption, black hole masses can be determined from the product of the width of the broad emission lines and the continuum/line luminosities. Using the Low Resolution Imaging Spectrometer(LRIS) at the Keck telescope, we obtained high quality spectra (S/N~100), covering 2300-5500A in the rest-frame, for a sample of 37 intermediate-luminosity AGN at z~0.4, in order to calibrate various black hole mass estimators based on the Mg II (2798A) and the Hbeta (4861A) emission lines. After subtracting continuum and complex FeII emission under Mg II and Hbeta, we fit the broad emission lines using high order Guass-Hermite models to best constrain the profile and the width of the emission lines. Combining the SDSS spectra covering Halpha emission line with the Keck spectra, we determine a set of 6 black hole masses for each object, based on the line width (MgII, Hbeta, and Halpha) and the luminosity (LMgII, LHbeta, LHalpha, L3000, L5100), and calibrate each black hole mass estimator. We will present uncertainties and limitations of each mass estimator.

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Decomposition of Interference Hyperspectral Images Based on Split Bregman Iteration

  • Wen, Jia;Geng, Lei;Wang, Cailing
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.7
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    • pp.3338-3355
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    • 2018
  • Images acquired by Large Aperture Static Imaging Spectrometer (LASIS) exhibit obvious interference stripes, which are vertical and stationary due to the special imaging principle of interference hyperspectral image (IHI) data. As the special characteristics above will seriously affect the intrinsic structure and sparsity of IHI, decomposition of IHI has drawn considerable attentions of many scientists and lots of efforts have been made. Although some decomposition methods for interference hyperspectral data have been proposed to solve the above problem of interference stripes, too many times of iteration are necessary to get an optimal solution, which will severely affect the efficiency of application. A novel algorithm for decomposition of interference hyperspectral images based on split Bregman iteration is proposed in this paper, compared with other decomposition methods, numerical experiments have proved that the proposed method will be much more efficient and can reduce the times of iteration significantly.

NDVI time series analysis over central China and Mongolia

  • Park, Youn-Young;Lee, Ga-Lam;Yeom, Jong-Min;Lee, Chang-Suk;Han, Kyung-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSRS Conference
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    • 2008.10a
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    • pp.224-227
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    • 2008
  • Land cover and its changes, affecting multiple aspects of the environmental system such as energy balance, biogeochemical cycles, hydrological cycles and the climate system, are regarded as critical elements in global change studies. Especially in arid and semiarid regions, the observation of ecosystem that is sensitive to climate change can improve an understanding of the relationships between climate and ecosystem dynamics. The purpose of this research is analyzing the ecosystem surrounding the Gobi desert in North Asia quantitatively as well as qualitatively more concretely. We used Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) derived from SPOT-VEGETATION (VGT) sensor during 1999${\sim}$2007. Ecosystem monitoring of this area is necessary because it is a hot spot in global environment change. This study will allow predicting areas, which are prone to the rapid environmental change. Eight classes were classified and compare with MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) global land cover. The time-series analysis was carried out for these 8 classes. Class-1 and -2 have least amplitude variation with low NDVI as barren areas, while other vegetated classes increase in May and decrease in October (maximum value occurs in July and August). Although the several classes have the similar features of NDVI time-series, we detected a slight difference of inter-annual variation among these classes.

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Engineering Qualification Model Design and Implementation of Mass Memory Unit for STSAT-3 (과학기술위성 3호 대용량 메모리 유닛의 인증모델 설계 및 구현)

  • Seo, In-Ho;Oh, Dae-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.37 no.12
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    • pp.1258-1263
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    • 2009
  • This paper describes the design and test results of engineering qualification model(EQM) of mass memory unit(MMU) for STSAT-3. The MMU for STSAT-3 having 32Gb mass memory capacity is capable of receiving and transmitting the mission data from MIRIS(Multi-purpose IR Imaging System) and COMIS(Compact Imaging Spectrometer) at 100Mbps and 10Mbps. The performance of EQM MMU was verified by the tests of data receiving from two payloads and data transmission to the data receiving system. Moreover, the vibration and thermal vacuum test was performed to verify the launch vehicle and space environments.

한반도 지표형태에 대한 MODIS TOA Radiance 분석

  • Lee, Sun-Gu;Kim, Yong-Seung
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.190-196
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    • 2003
  • The top-of-atmosphere(TOA) radiance and its seasonal variation for various surface types have been analyzed using the MODIS direct broadcasting data acquired from the KARI ground station for the period between July 2002 and November 2003. The selected study areas considering the MODIS spatial resolution and the characteristics of the Korean peninsular are as follows: agricultural land, forest land, inland water, sea water, urban land, wetland, and atmosphere(cloud). The results showed that TOA radiances depend on the surface characteristics for the selected sample areas. Furthermore, the MODIS observations appear to well depict the general features of earth radiation properties. The authors hope that this study may provide the basic information on the analysis of hyperspectral data.

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