• Title/Summary/Keyword: Imaging spectrometer

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Preliminary Design of the NISS onboard NEXTSat-1

  • Jeong, Woong-Seob;Park, Sung-Joon;Moon, Bongkon;Lee, Dae-Hee;Park, Won-Kee;Lee, Duk-Hang;Ko, Kyeongyeon;Pyo, Jeonghyun;Kim, Il-Joong;Park, Youngsik;Nam, Ukwon;Park, Chan;Im, Myungshin;Lee, Hyung Mok;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Shin, Goo-Hwan;Chae, Jangsoo;Matsumoto, Toshio
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.102-102
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    • 2014
  • The NISS (Near-infrared Imaging Spectrometer for Star formation history) onboard NEXTSat-1 is the near-infrared instrument onboard NEXTSat-1 which is being developed by KASI. The main scientific targets are nearby galaxies, galaxy clusters, star-forming regions and low background regions in order to study the cosmic star formation history in local and distant universe. After the Preliminary Design Review, we have fixed major specifications of the NISS. The off-axis optical design with 15cm apertureis optimized to obtain a wide field of view ($2deg.{\times}2deg.$), while minimizing the sensitivity loss. The opto-mechanical structure of the NISS was designed to be safe enough to endure in the launching condition as well as the space environment. The tolerance analysis was performed to cover the wide wavelength range from 0.95 to $3.8{\mu}m$ and to reduce the degradation of optical performance due to thermal variation at the target temperature, 200K. The $1k{\times}1k$ infrared sensor is operated in the dewar at 80K stage. We confirmed that the NISS can be cooled down to below 200K in the nominal orbit through a radiative cooling. Here, we report the preliminary design of the NISS.

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The Flight Model of the NISS onboard NEXTSat-1

  • Jeong, Woong-Seob;Park, Sung-Joon;Moon, Bongkon;Lee, Dae-Hee;Pyo, Jeonghyun;Park, Won-Kee;Kim, Il-Joong;Park, Youngsik;Lee, Duk-Hang;Ko, Kyeongyeon;Kim, Mingyu;Nam, Ukwon;Kim, Minjin;Ko, Jongwan;Im, Myungshin;Lee, Hyung Mok;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Shin, Goo-Hwan;Chae, Jangsoo;Matsumoto, Toshio
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.64.3-65
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    • 2016
  • The NISS (Near-infrared Imaging Spectrometer for Star formation history) is the near-infrared instrument optimized to the Next Generation of small satellite series (NEXTSat). The capability of both imaging and low spectral resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared range is a unique function of the NISS. The major scientific mission is to study the cosmic star formation history in local and distant universe. For those purposes, the main observational targets are nearby galaxies, galaxy clusters, star-forming regions and low background regions. The off-axis optical design is optimized to have a wide field of view ($2deg.{\times}2deg.$) as well as the wide wavelength range from 0.95 to $3.8{\mu}m$. Two linear variable filters are used to realize the imaging spectroscopy with the spectral resolution of ~20. The mechanical structure is considered to endure the launching condition as well as the space environment. The compact dewar is confirmed to operate the infrared detector as well as filters at 80K stage. The electronics is tested to obtain and process the signal from infrared sensor and to communicate with the satellite. After the test and calibration of the engineering qualification model (EQM), the flight model of the NSS is assembled and integrated into the satellite. To verify operations of the satellite in space, the space environment tests such as the vibration, shock and thermal-vacuum test were performed. Here, we report the test results of the flight model of the NISS.

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Flight model development of the NISS structure for NEXTSat-1 payload

  • Moon, Bongkon;Ko, Kyeongyeon;Lee, Duk-Hang;Jeong, Woong-seob;Park, Sung-Joon;Lee, Dae-Hee;Pyo, Jeonghyun;Park, Won-Kee;Kim, Il-Joong;Park, Youngsik;Kim, Mingyu;Nam, Ukwon;Kim, Minjin;Ko, Jongwan;Im, Myungshin;Lee, Hyung Mok;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Shin, Goo-Hwan;Chae, Jangsoo;Matsumoto, Toshio
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.87.3-88
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    • 2017
  • 한국천문연구원은 차세대소형위성 1호의 근적외선 영상분광기 NISS (Near-infrared Imaging Spectrometer for Star formation history) 탑재체를 개발하여 2017년 6월 30일에 최종 비행모델을 납품하였고, 이 발표는 탑재체 NISS 구조체의 비행모델 개발 결과를 보고한다. NISS는 0.9 - 2.5um (R~20) 근적외선 파장에서 관측을 해야 하기 때문에, 구조체의 배경잡음을 없애기 위해서 200K까지 passive cooling으로 냉각되며, H2RG 검출기는 소형 냉동기에 의해 약 88K에서 운영된다. NISS 구조체의 passive cooling을 효율적으로 수행하기 위해서 방열판, Kevlar 지지대, MLI, 표면제어용 필름 등을 조립하였고, 실제 지상 시험을 통해서 그 성능을 확인하였다. NISS 구조체는 최종 시스템 조립 과정에서 전자부 하네스 조립을 함께 수행했으며, 온도 모니터링 센서를 부착하고 소형 냉동기 피드백 온도를 반복 시험을 통해서 결정하였다. NISS 구조체는 미러 및 렌즈를 지지하는 광기계부를 함께 포함하기 때문에 발사 및 우주환경에서 광학 성능을 유지하기 위한 설계를 거쳐서 제작 되었으며, 최종 시스템 검교정 시험, 진동 및 열진공 시험을 통해서 그 성능을 확인하였다. NISS를 탑재한 차세대소형위성 1호는 2018년 상반기에 미국의 Falcon 9 발사체에 실려서 발사될 예정이다.

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Distribution of Surface Solar Radiation by Radiative Model in South Korea (복사 모델에 의한 남한의 지표면 태양광 분포)

  • Zo, Il-Sung;Jee, Joon-Bum;Lee, Won-Hak;Lee, Kyu-Tae;Choi, Young-Jean
    • Journal of Climate Change Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.147-161
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    • 2010
  • The temporal and spatial distributions of surface solar radiation were calculated by the one layer solar radiative transfer model(GWNU) which was corrected by multi layer Line-by-Line(LBL) model during 2009 in South Korea. The aerosol optical thickness, ozone amount, cloud fraction and total precipitable water were used as the input data for GWNU model run and they were retrieved from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer(MODIS), Ozone Monitoring Instrument(OMI), MTSAT-1R satellite data and the Regional Data Assimilation Prediction System(RDAPS) model result, respectively. The surface solar radiation was calculated with 4 km spatial resolution in South Korea region using the GWNU model and the results were compared with surface measurement(by pyranometer) data of 22 KMA solar sites. The maximum values(more than $5,400MJ/m^2$) of model calculated annual solar radiation were found in Andong, Daegu and Jinju regions and these results were corresponded with the MTSAT-1R cloud amount data. However, the spatial distribution of surface measurement data was comparatively different from the model calculation because of the insufficient correction and management problems for the sites instruments(pyranometer).

Infrared Spectro-Photomeric Survey Missions: NISS & SPHEREx

  • Jeong, Woong-Seob;Yang, Yujin;Park, Sung-Joon;Pyo, Jeonghyun;Kim, Minjin;Moon, Bongkon;Lee, Dae-Hee;Park, Won-Kee;Park, Young-Sik;Jo, Youngsoo;Kim, Il-Joong;Ko, Jongwan;Seo, Hyun Jong;Ko, Kyeongyeon;Kim, Seongjae;Hwang, Hoseong;Song, Yong-Seon;Lee, Jeong-Eun;Im, Myungshin;Matsumoto, Toshio
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.57.2-57.2
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    • 2019
  • The NISS (Near-infrared Imaging Spectrometer for Star formation history) onboard NEXTSat-1 was successfully launched on last December and is now under the operation phase. The capability of both imaging and spectroscopy is a unique function of the NISS. It has realized the imaging spectroscopy (R~20) with a wide field of view of $2{\times}2deg$. in a wide near-infrared range from 0.95 to $2.5{\mu}m$. The major scientific mission is to study the cosmic star formation history in the local and distant universe. It also demonstrated the space technologies related to the infrared spectro-photometry in space. The NISS is performing the imaging spectroscopic survey for local star-forming galaxies, clusters of galaxies, star-forming regions, ecliptic deep fields and so on. As an extension of the NISS, the SPEHREx (Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe Epoch of Reionization, and Ices Explorer) was selected as the NASA MIDEX (Medium-class Explorer) mission (PI Institute: Caltech). As an international partner, KASI will participate in the development and the science for SPHEREx. It will perform the first all-sky infrared spectro-photometric survey to probe the origin of our Universe, to explore the origin and evolution of galaxies, and to explore whether planets around other stars could harbor life. Compared to the NISS, the SPHEREx is designed to have a much wider FoV of $3.5{\times}11.3deg$. as well as wider spectral range from 0.75 to $5.0{\mu}m$. Here, we introduce the status of the two space missions.

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