• Title/Summary/Keyword: Immigrants

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Economic Effects of Foreign Workers and Immigrants in Korea (외국인력 및 이민 유입의 경제적 영향)

  • Choi, Kyungsoo
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.95-137
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    • 2012
  • Inflow of foreign workers and immigrants increase the supply of unskilled labor in the economy. In measuring their impacts, an impact evaluation method produces unreliable estimates because a control group independent from their impacts is hardly found within the economy. This study adopts an aggregate factor proportions approach and measures the impacts by estimating the effects of skills proportion changes in labor supply on relative wages. The estimation uses two and three skills groups categorized by education levels. The study reveals that foreign workers and immigrants contribute to economic growth by a small margin while they significantly widen the wage gap between native skilled and unskilled workers. The result is based upon the fact that the existing foreign workers and immigrants are predominantly the least skilled groups. The estimates can be applied in predicting the impacts of labor inflow from North Korea which always remains as a possibility in Korea.

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Health Care Status of First Generation Korean Immigrants in New Zealand. (뉴질랜드 이민 일세대 한국인의 건강관리 실태에 관한 연구)

  • 이은숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.183-195
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to describe the health care status of Korean Immigrants in New Zealand. The sample consisted of 155 Koreans who were randomly selected from the Korean Immigrants telephone book in Auckland, N.Z. They had health problems that required health management both physically (50.3%) and psychologically(70.3%). During the previous year, the average rate of medical contact with a general practitioner was 1$\pm$1.29 times. Korean immigrants who had health problems first attempted to resolve the problem through self medication rather than utilize health care services. They would only visit a general practitioner if they had severe subjective symptoms or no relief from self medication. Even if they think they need to visit the health care service, 41.9% of the subjects did not go back for follow-up care. Generally, the person who demonstrated positive health care behaviors was male, a college level graduate or higher, lived in N.Z. longer than 2 years, had a high score on health status by self assessment, and he placed few demands on health care services. Barriers to a healthy lifestyle are communication difficulties in expressing subjective symptoms, understanding the physician's treatment and medication plans, difficulty in accessing the appointment system and the high cost of service.

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Effects of Multicultural Acceptance Attitude, Language Acceptance Attitude and Social Network on Married Female Immigrants and Korean Husbands' Life Satisfaction during the Adjustment Period (여성결혼이민자 부부의 문화 및 언어수용태도와 사회관계망이 생활만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Joowon;Cho, So Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.185-197
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to examine the factors affecting the life satisfaction of married female immigrants and Korean husbands. Data for this study were obtained from the National Survey of Multicultural Families conducted in 2012. The study sample consisted of 5,232 couples within the first five years of marriage. Data were evaluated using a paired t-test, K-mean cluster analysis, ANOVA, and ordered logistic regression analysis. The results were as follows: 1) life satisfaction was higher for married female immigrants than for Korean husbands. 2) The general characteristics, acceptance attitude, language acceptance, and social network differed significantly depending on life satisfaction levels. 3) The multicultural acceptance attitude of husbands, ability of married female immigrants to speak Korean, and ability of Korean husbands to speak wives' native languages improved life satisfaction levels. The results of this study can be used to improve the life satisfaction of married female immigrants and Korean husbands.

A Structural Equation Model on Mental Health of Korean Immigrants in Canada (캐나다 이민자의 정신건강 구조 모형)

  • Bae, Jeong-Yee;Park, Young-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to construct a structural equation model that would further explain the mental health status of Korean immigrants living in Canada. Methods: Survey using a structured questionnaire was conducted with 386 people in Canada (Vancouver and Toronto). Six instruments were used in this model. The analysis of data was done with both SPSS 14.0 for descriptive statistics and AMOS 5.0 for covariance structure analysis. Results: Based on the constructed model, physical health status, immigrant life stress, self esteem, and quality of life were found to have significant direct effect on mental health. In addition, factors such as physical health status, immigrant life stress, quality of life, English proficiency, family cohesion and social support were found to indirectly affect mental health. The final modified model yielded Chi-square=34.79 (p<.001), df=13, $x^2$/df=2.68, GFI=0.98, AGFI=0.94, NFI=0.95, PNFI=0.44, PGFI=0.35, RMSE=0.07 and exhibited good fit indices. Conclusion: This structural equation model is a comprehensive theoretical model that explains the related factors and their relationship with mental health in Korean immigrants. Findings of this study can contribute to the designing of an appropriate prevention strategy to further improve the mental health of immigrants in Canada.

A Case Study on the Housing Environment of Marriage Immigrants in Daegu City (결혼이민자의 주거환경에 관한 사례연구 -대구시 거주 결혼이민자를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;An, Ok-Hee;Jo, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2011
  • With the recent increase in the number of foreign settlers in our country, a societal system is needed which they can adapt to more easily. The results of the study were as follows. First, from the result of analyzing the 171 programs of the multi-cultural family support system, it could be seen that in order for the marriage immigrants to more successfully adapt, various programs are needed. Second, when the study had an interview with 13 marriage immigrants from China, Vietnam and Philippine about their adaptation to residential environment, they had a high satisfaction with their residential environment when their spouses' educational level was high. In, they appraised that South Korea was superior to their native land in scale and facilities of buildings and the buildings of their native land were superior to those in South Korea in terms of soundproof applications, natural lighting and ventilation, which were indoor environmental elements. Third, they were generally satisfied with their residential environment. However, they stated that it took 6 months~ two years to adapt to the Korean residential environment because of the differences in the residential environment compared to their homeland. A based on the research result, the housing adviser is necessary in the marriage immigrants.

Trends and Level in Health Literacy Research on Immigrants in Korea: A Literature Review (국내 이주민 대상의 헬스 리터러시 수준과 연구 동향 고찰)

  • Kang, Soo Jin;Hyung, Na Kyum
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.322-336
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the current state and trends of health literacy research considering migrants living in South Korea. Methods: A review of the literature was conducted using electronic data base and citation tracking. A total of 82 articles were identified, of which 16 articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected for review. Two authors reviewed the articles independently using a matrix table and then examined four aspects of the studies jointly: research method, immigrant characteristics, health literacy assessment, and main findings. Results: Most of the articles (n=13) were descriptive studies and three were methodology studies for instrument development. Of the 13 studies, eight involved female immigrants, four of health literacy involved migrant workers, and four concerned North Korean Refugees. A total of eight types of health literacy assessment tools were used. Sufficient samples and sampling methods were lacking at the population level. Conclusion: The results of the review generally showed that the health literacy of immigrants was lower than that of native South Koreans, and that there was a difference between nationality and gender among immigrants; however, further research is needed to review a larger sample with a validated instrument.

A Study on Married Female Immigrants' Life Style and Marriage Satisfaction in Terms of Preparing Their Old Age in Chungcheongnam-do (여성결혼이민자의 라이프스타일, 부부관계 만족도, 노후준비의식에 관한 연구: 충청남도지역 여성결혼이민자를 중심으로)

  • Son, Hi-Ran;Song, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.49 no.10
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of the present study was to examine married female immigrants' life style and marriage satisfaction on the perception of preparing their old age. We also investigated how socio-demographic factors influence their Preparation for old age. For the study, -data were collected from 350 questionnaires obtained from female immigrants living in Chungcheongnam-do. Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ tests were conducted for reliability, and regressional analysis was conducted to test our hypotheses. The results of this study shows that there is evidence of relations among the sub-variables. However, we found attitudes to safety and material pursuit are not related to married female immigrants' preparations for their old age. On the other hand, the results indicate that their life style and marriage satisfaction influences their perception of preparing their old age in a positive way. Finally, sociodemographic factors such as gender, age, education, marriage status, occupation and income are shown to affect the women's perception of preparing their old age positively.

Child raising and education of marriage-based immigrants in Korea: On the focus of infants (국내 결혼이민자의 자녀 양육과 교육 - 소아를 중심으로 -)

  • Seol, Dong-Hoon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.403-409
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    • 2009
  • Due to recent upsurge in international marriages, the socio-cultural adaptation, the reinforcement of family stability, and the social integration support of marriage-based immigrant family have been the major social issues. This paper tries to show the current status of marriage-based immigrants and their children nation-wide. Specifically, it analyzes the statistical trends in international marriages, traits of marriage-based immigrants and their children, their attitudes towards child raising and education, and presents policy measures to enhance their life quality.

Couple Relationship and Related Variables of Women Immigrants (여성 결혼이민자의 부부관계와 관련 변인)

  • Park, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.305-326
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    • 2010
  • This study aimed to investigate couple relationship and related variables of women immigrants. Especially, the study focused on curve term between couple relationship and related variables. The data were collected from a sample of 346 women immigrants living in S city, Chungnam province. First, the study indicated that there was some curve relationship between couple satisfaction and period of residence in Korea. Namely, the couple satisfaction of women immigrants was likely to decrease at the early period of residence, but the longer the period of residence was, the higher the couple satisfaction was. Second, the result revealed that there was no significant relationship between couple satisfaction and level of Korean proficiency. Third, there was some curve relationship between couple satisfaction and satisfaction of life. The couple satisfaction was likely to increase in a shape of curve according to the increase of life satisfaction.

Female International Marriage Immigrants' Parenting Self-Efficacy: Focusing on Chinese, Filipinas, and Vietnamese (여성결혼이민자의 양육효능감에 관한 연구: 중국, 필리핀, 베트남 출신 여성결혼이민자를 중심으로)

  • Choe, Hyung-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.48 no.7
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated how the characteristics of female international marriage immigrants, their husbands, their children, and their families affected their parenting self-efficacy, using a sample of 187 female international marriage immigrants, from China, the Philippines, or Vietnam, now living in Pusan and Gyungnam, Korea. We used questionnaires were based on the studies by Choe & Chung (2001), Shin (1997), Lee (1996), and Lee & Song (1991), and with the addition of demographic characteristics. Analysis results showed that the mother's parenting self-efficacy subscales correlated positively with mother's educational level, social support, and Korean language level; husband's educational level; and family income, and negatively with mother's depression, husband's age, and mother's acculturative stress. Multiple regressions indicated that husband's support was the strongest predictor of female international marriage immigrants' parenting self-efficacy.