• Title/Summary/Keyword: Immunization

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The Relationship between Retention of the Maternal Child Health Handbook, Awareness of DPT Additional Immunization and DPT Additional Immunization (모자보건수첩보유, 디피티 추가 예방접종에 대한 인지와 디피티 추가 예방접종 실천간의 관계연구)

  • Jeong, Ihn-Soak
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was aimed at investigating the relationship between retention of the maternal child health handbook, awareness of DPT additional immunization and DPT additional immunization, and to provide basic information to enhance the DPT additional immunization rate. Method: The study subjects were 312 women whose children were between four and six years old, and residing in six provinces of Gyungsangnam do. Data was collected with a 10 item questionnaire by interviews from July 1st to 30th, 2003, and analyzed with descriptive statistics and X2 test at a significance level of 0.05, by two tailed test. Results: The awareness of DPT additional immunization was significantly higher in the women who retained the maternal child health handbook, than their counterparts. The rate of DPT additional immunization was significantly higher in the women who were aware of the DPT additional immunization or who retained the maternal child health handbook, than their counterpart. Conclusion: The DPT additional immunization rate was related to retention of the maternal child health handbook and awareness of DPT additional immunization. Therefore it is recommended that measures be developed and taken to increase the retention rate of the maternal child health handbook and awareness of DPT additional immunization, to enhance the rate of DPT additional immunization.

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Immunization Statuses of Children in Childcare Centers and Sociodemographic Factors Associated with Delayed DTaP4 Immunization

  • Kim, Hee-Soon;Lee, Hye-Jung;Ra, Jin-Suk;Choi, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: Immunization is one of the simplest and most effective approaches for protecting the health of children from preventable infectious disease. This study assessed the immunization statuses of children presenting to childcare centers in Korea and compared the sociodemographic factors of children with age-appropriate immunization for DTaP4 with those with delayed immunization for DTaP4. Method: A national mail survey was used to collect data on the children's immunization history and sociodemographic information. A total of 248 mothers returned completed questionnaires for their children. Results: The overall immunization coverage for HepB, a series of DTaP and polio and varicella was above 95%. However, the percentage of age-appropriate immunizations of vaccines ranged from 45.3% to 69.0% depending on the vaccines. Only the age of the child was a significant factor for delayed immunization for DTaP4. Conclusion: To fully protect children from vaccine-preventable disease, childcare providers can playa role in monitoring the immunization statuses of children in their care centers to ensure that they all receive all childhood immunizations on time.

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A Study on the Immunization information Mobile Services using the Smart-Phone (스마트폰을 이용한 예방접종 정보 모바일 서비스에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Su;Bae, Geun-Ryang;Lee, Yeon-Kyeng;Kim, Myong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.2521-2526
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    • 2010
  • Immunization information recorded on the Immunization rate in the community to identify the effects of Immunization can be monitored Immunization during an accident can be used as a basis for investigating the cause. Thus, Immunization records, and more efficient management in the private and public institutions have conducted Immunization information systems to manage the development of integrated system has to be. So, the government projects that promote Immunization records were computerized registration. And, in 2009 the development of Immunization registration system was completed. In this paper, we use the information to a variety of Immunization using smart phone design and implement mobile service.

Laboratory Confirmation of A Suspicious Meningococcal Meningitis Death Case

  • Zhang Tie-Gang;He Xiong;Chen Li-Juan;He Jing-Guo;Luo Ming;Yang Jie;Shao Zhu-Jun;Sun Mei-Ping
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.457-460
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    • 2006
  • A suspicious meningococcal meningitis death case was reported to the Beijing CDC. The blood specimen was analyzed via multi-PCR and MLST. 6 isolates from close contacts were analyzed via PFGE and MLST. According to the results of the above analyses, the cause of this case was identified as a serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis, which, in terms of sequence typing, belonged the ST7 group.

AN INVESTIGATION OF IMMUNIZATION AGAINST SOMATOSTATIN BY MEASURING ANTIBODY TITRES, SOMATOSTATIN AND SOMATOTROPIN PROFILES IN GILTS

  • Du, Z.L.;Hacker, R.R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 1993
  • The effect of active immunization against porcine somatostatin (SRIF-14) on somatostation and somatotropin secretion profile in 18 gilts was investigated. Gilts were assigned to the following treatments: control (sham injection, n = 6); bovine serum albumin (BSA) (injection of BSA with bacterial protein adjuvant, n = 6); SRIF (injection of BSA-SRIF-14 conjugate with bacterial protein adjuvant n = 6). Serum SRIF and pST were assayed from the blood samples taken on day 7 after the last immunization injection. Anti-SRIF antibody titres were assayed in weekly samples two weeks after the initial immunization to one week after the last immunization. Results revealed that the immunization protocol used in the present investigation failed to produce antibodies capable of neutralizing endogenous somatostatin. In addition, the porcine somatotropin assay revealed no significant differences in baseline pST concentration, mean peak amplitude and number of peaks during a 24 h secretory period among SRIF, BSA and control treatment. There were also no differences in SRIF baseline concentration, peak amplitude, and number of peaks during a 24 h secretory period among any of the three treatments. Circulating concentrations of pST and pSRIF were highly correlated (r = -0.09). Furthermore, anti-SRIF antibody titre was not detected in the serum of the gilts actively immunized against SRIF. These data, collectively, suggest that the protocol employed in the present investigation for active immunization against SRIF is not an effective method for changing SRIF and pST secretion profiles of the gilt and thus to enhance performance.

Factors Influencing Children's Immunization (아동의 예방접종에 미치는 영향 요인 - Pender의 건강증진모형 적용 -)

  • Yim, Eun-Shil;Cheon, Eui-Young;Lim, Mi-Ran;Lee, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.283-294
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing childhood immunization. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 251 Parents who have 6 months to 7 years old children at public health centers in Seoul and Kyunggi Province. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression. Result: According to general characteristics of the parents and children, there were statistically significant differences in education level of parents, child immunization card, gender, age, and birth order of children. The main factors that affected children's immunization were perceived barriers of action, perceived control, birth order of children, child immunization card, and education level of parents, and these factors explained 49.4%(explanatory power of this model was 49.4%). Conclusion: The results of this study showed strategies for compliance of children immunization. Therefore, when the program are developed for public immunization, these factors need to be considered.

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A Study on the Immunization Information Mobile Services using the Smart-Phone (스마트폰을 이용한 예방접종 정보 모바일 서비스에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Su;Bae, Geun-Ryang;Lee, Yeon-Kyung;Kim, Myeong-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.681-684
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    • 2010
  • Immunization information recorded on the Immunization rate in the community to identify the effects of immunization can be monitored. Immunization during an accident can be used as a basis for investigating the cause. Thus, immunization records, and more efficient management in the private and public institutions have conducted immunization information systems to manage the development of integrated system has to be. So, the government projects that promote immunization records were computerized registration. And, in 2009 the development of immunization registration system was completed. In this paper, we use the information to a variety of immunization using smart phone design and implement mobile service.

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Recommended immunization schedule for children and adolescents: Immunization Guideline (8th edition) released by the Korean Pediatric Society in 2015

  • Kim, Jong-Hyun;Choi, Eun Hwa;Park, Su Eun;Kim, Yae-Jean;Jo, Dae Sun;Kim, Yun-Kyung;Eun, ByungWook;Lee, Jina;Lee, Soo-Young;Lee, Hyunju;Kim, Ki Hwan;Kim, Kyung-Hyo
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.59 no.12
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    • pp.461-465
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    • 2016
  • This report includes the recommended immunization schedule table for children and adolescents based on the 8th (2015) and revised 7th (2012) Immunization Guidelines released by the Committee on Infectious Diseases of the Korean Pediatric Society (KPS). Notable revised recommendations include: reorganization of the immunization table with a list of vaccines on the vertical axis and the corresponding age on the horizontal axis; reflecting the inclusion of Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, and hepatitis A vaccine into the National Immunization Program since 2012; addition of general recommendations for 2 new Japanese encephalitis (JE) vaccines and their interchangeability with existing JE vaccines; addition of general recommendations for quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccines and scope of the recommended targets for vaccination; and emphasizing catch-up immunization of Tdap vaccine. Detailed recommendations for each vaccine may be obtained from the full KPS 8th Immunization Guidelines.

Virus-like Particle Vaccine Containing Toxoplasma gondii Rhoptry Protein 13 Induces Protection against T. gondii ME49 Infection in Mice

  • Kang, Hae-Ji;Chu, Ki-Back;Lee, Su-Hwa;Kim, Min-Ju;Park, Hyunwoo;Jin, Hui;Quan, Fu-Shi
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.57 no.5
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    • pp.543-547
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    • 2019
  • Toxoplasma gondii can infect humans worldwide, causing serious diseases in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. T. gondii rhoptry protein 13 (ROP13) is known as one of the key proteins involved in host cell invasion. In this study, we generated virus-like particles (VLPs) vaccine expressing T. gondii rhoptry ROP13 and investigated VLPs vaccine efficacy in mice. Mice immunized with ROP13 VLPs vaccine elicited significantly higher levels of T. gondii-specific IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and IgA antibody responses following boost immunization and challenge infection, whereas antibody inductions were insignificant upon prime immunization. Differing immunization routes resulted in differing antibody induction, as intranasal immunization (IN) induced greater antibody responses than intramuscular immunization (IM) after boost and challenge infection. IN immunization induced significantly higher levels of IgG and IgA antibody responses from feces, antibody-secreting cells (ASCs), $CD4^+$ T, $CD8^+$ T cells and germinal center B cell responses in the spleen compared to IM immunization. Compared to IM immunization, IN immunization resulted in significantly reduced cyst counts in the brain as well as lesser body weight loss, which contributed to better protection. All of the mice immunized through either route survived, whereas all na?ve control mice perished. These results indicate that the ROP13 VLPs vaccine could be a potential vaccine candidate against T. gondii infection.

An overview of the national immunization policy making process: the role of the Korea expert committee on immunization practices

  • Cho, Hee-Yeon
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2012
  • The need for evidence-based decision making in immunization programs has increased due to the presence of multiple health priorities, limited human resources, expensive vaccines, and limited funds. Countries should establish a group of national experts to advise their Ministries of Health. So far, many nations have formed their own National Immunization Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs). In the Republic of Korea, the Korea Expert Committee on Immunization Practices (KECIP), established by law in the early 1990s, has made many important technical recommendations to contribute to the decline in vaccine preventable diseases and currently functions as a NITAG. It includes 13 core members and 2 non-core members, including a chairperson. Core members usually come from affiliated organizations in internal medicine, pediatrics, obstetrics, microbiology, preventive medicine, nursing and a representative from a consumer group, all of whom serve two year terms. Non-core members comprise two government officials belonging to the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC) and the Korea Food and Drug Administration. Meetings are held as needed, but at least twice a year, and sub-committees are formed as a resource for gathering, analyzing, and preparing information for the KECIP meetings. Once the sub-committees or the KCDC review the available data, the KECIP members discuss each issue in depth and develop recommendations, usually by a consensus in the meeting. The KECIP publishes national guidelines and immunization schedules that are updated regularly. KECIP's role is essentially consultative and the implementation of their recommendations may depend on the budget or current laws.