• Title, Summary, Keyword: Index of edema

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Basic Research to Provide Severity Evaluation Criteria of Postpartum Edema (산호부종의 중증도 평가 기준 마련을 위한 기초 연구)

  • Choi, Min-Sun;Kim, Dong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To provide Diagnostic Criteria and Severity Evaluation Criteria of postpartum edema mainly complained by women directly after delivery. Methods: We analyzed Edema Index(ECF/TBW) analyzed by Body Composition Analyzer(InBody720) of 103 women directly after delivery who were delivered in Ob & Gy of Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital. Results: Mean value for Edema Index of 103 participants was 0.3527$\pm$0.0102, Minimum was 0.336, Maximum 0.388. From this Mean value and Edema Index distribution of participants, We suggest that we can diagnose more than 0.35 of Edema Index as Postpartum Edema, more than 0.35 and less than 0.36 as postpartum edema grade 1, more than 0.36 and less than 0.37 as grade 2, more than 0.37 as grade 3. Conclusion: This research is the first step for diagnostic criteria of postpartum edema, we suggest that diagnostic criteria of postpartum edema is more than 0.35 of Edema Index score. But this suggestion must be revaluated by additional research.

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Basic Studies on Correlations between Postpartum Edema and Heart Rate Variability (산후부종과 HRV의 연관성에 관한 기초연구)

  • Hwang, Jae-Ho;Yun, Young-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.186-193
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was performed to find correlations between Edema Index and Heart Rate Variability(HRV) conducted in early postpartum period. Methods: 17 postpartum women were participated in this study which was conducted with Inbody 720(Biospace Co. Ltd.) and SA-6000(Medicore Co. Ltd.). Edema Index(Extra Cellular Water/Total Body Water) was calculated after body composition analysis and HRV result(TP, VLF, LF, HF, HF norm, LF norm, LF/HF ratio) was analysed within a week after delivery. Results: There was no significant correlations between Edema Index and HRV results in time domain analysis. also Edema Index and TP, LF, HF, LF/HF ratio have no significant correlations in frequency domain analysis. but only VLF data has significance compared with Edema Index. Conclusions: It can be suggested that VLF results analysed by HRV can be useful reference estimating postpartum edema especially occurs in early postpartum period.

Peritumoral Brain Edema in Meningiomas: Correlation of Radiologic and Pathologic Features

  • Kim, Byung-Won;Kim, Min-Su;Kim, Sang-Woo;Chang, Chul-Hoon;Kim, Oh-Lyong
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.26-30
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    • 2011
  • Objective: The primary objective of this study was to perform a retrospective evaluation of the radiological and pathological features influencing the formation of peritumoral brain edema (PTBE) in meningiomas. Methods: The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and pathology data for 86 patients with meningiomas, who underwent surgery at our institution between September 2003 and March 2009, were examined. We evaluated predictive factors related to peritumoral edema including gender, tumor volume, shape of tumor margin, presence of arachnoid plane, the signal intensity (SI) of the tumor in T2-weighted image (T2WI), the WHO histological classification (GI, GII/GIII) and the Ki-67 antigen labeling index (LI). The edema-tumor volume ratio was calculated as the edema index (EI) and was used to evaluate peritumoral edema. Results: Gender (p=0.809) and pathological finding (p=0.084) were not statistically significantly associated with peritumoral edema by univariate analysis. Tumor volume was not correlated with the volume of peritumoral edema. By univariate analysis, three radiological features, and one pathological finding, were associated with PTBE of statistical significance: shape of tumor margin (p=0.001), presence of arachnoid plane (p=0.001), high SI of tumor in T2WI (p=0.001), and Ki-67 antigen LI (p=0.049). These results suggest that irregular tumor margins, hyperintensity in T2WI, absence of arachnoid plane on the MRI, and high Ki-67 LI can be important predictive factors that influence the formation of peritumoral edema in meningiomas. By multivariate analysis, only SI of the tumor in T2WI was statistically significantly associated with peritumoral edema. Conclusion: Results of this study indicate that irregular tumor margin, hyperintensity in T2WI, absence of arachnoid plane on the MRI, and high Ki-67 LI may be important predictive factors influencing the formation of peritumoral edema in meningiomas.

Body Composition Analysis Study of Postpartum Women With Cold-Hypersensitivity (수부냉증이 있는 산모의 체성분학적 특성 분석)

  • Lee, Mi-Joo;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2011
  • Purpose :To analyze body composition in postpartum women with cold-hypersensitivity, their edema index, skelectal muscle's weight and body fat were measured and analyzed with cold hypersensitive postpartum women compared with those of non-cold hypersensitivity. Methods : We studied 38 postpartum women visiting Gangnam Kyung-Hee Korean Hospital from 1 st October 2010 to 30th september 2011. they were subjected to Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging and those with thermal difference greater than $0.3^{\circ}C$ between anterior forearm and center of hand were diagnosed with cold hypersensitivity. Cold hypersensitivity group were consisted of 11 women, the other were consisted of 26 women. All of them were measured Edema index, skelectal muscle's weight and body fat by Inbody720(body composition scanner). We studied the difference of Body composition factor between two groups and relationship between cold-hypersensitivity, Edema index, skelectal muscle's weight and body fat by Independent Samples T-test and Spearman Correlation. Results : No significant differences were observed in edema index, skelectal muscle's weight and body fat between two groups. Conclusion : There was no significant relationship among the Cold-hypersensitivity and Body composition factor(Edema index, skelectal muscle's weight. body fat). But furthemore large scale study is required.

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Experimental Study of Surface Activity in Acute Pulmonary Edema (급성 폐수종에서의 Pulmonary Surfactant 에 관한 연구)

  • 김진식;홍완일
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1974
  • Acute pulmonary edema was induced by intravenous injection of epinephrine, intravenous infusion of dextran and intratracheal instillation of acid solution index was determined from pressure volume curves in excised lungs. Surface activity was also investigated with measurements of maximum and minimum surface tension and stability index on saline extracts of same lungs. The results were as follows. 1. The expansion index of excised lung in which pulmonary edema was induced by intravenous injection of epinephrine, intravenous infusion of dextran and intratracheal instillation of acid solution was ignificantly decreased as compared with the normal control of $0.86{\pm}0.017$ to $0.74{\pm}0.03$, $0.71{\pm}0.081$and $0.76{\pm}0.02$, respectively. 2. The deflation curves of excised lungs in which pulmonary edema was induced were significantly decreased as compared with the normal controls. 3. The minimum surface tension of excised lung in which pulmonary edema was induced was significantly increased in each groups and stability index was significantly decreased as compared with the normal controls 0.78 to $0.35{\pm}0.039$, $0.29{\pm}0.02 $ and $0.31{\pm}0.083$, respectively. 4. The decrease of pulmonary surface activity in acute pulmonary edema was in proportion to the degree of pulmonary edema regardless of their etiology.

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A Study on the Relationships between Edema Index of Body Composition and Pathologic Patterns (체성분 분석의 부종지수와 변증설문과의 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Ju-Ho;Yoo, Seung-Yeon;Lee, Jin-Moo;Park, Young-Jae;Park, Young-Bae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2012
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to find out whether if there is correlation between the pattern differentiation questionnaire and edema index of body composition analysis. Methods The authors obtained results of pattern differentiation Questionnaires and body composition analysis tests from 195 female patients who visited the Oriental gynecology department in Kyung Hee university Oriental medicine hospital at Gang-dong. The authors conducted correlation analysis between indicators of Body composition analysis and each part of the pattern differentiation Questionnaire. Pearson correlation analysis was performed on SPSS version 13.0 for windows. Results There was negative correlation between the Phlegm Questionnaire and right arm ECF, left arm ECF, and left arm ECW of the Body composition index. There was no correlation between Yin-deficiency Questionnaire and Body composition index. There was no correlation between Heat pattern Questionnaire and Body composition index. There was positive correlation between the Cold pattern Questionnaire and right leg ECF, and right leg ECW of the body composition index. There was no correlation between degree of edema self-awareness and Body composition index. Conclusions The result showed that each Questionnaire score has different correlation or even no correlation with Body composition index and degree of edema self-awareness. Further studies are needed for a better understanding and interpretation of the relationship between edema index on Body composition analysis and Questionnaires.

Correlations between Postpartum Edema and Pulse Energy Measured by 3D Blood Pressure Pulse Analyzer (3D Blood Pressure Pulse Analyzer로 측정한 맥파 에너지와 산후 부종과의 상관성 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Yeon;Yun, Young-Jin
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was performed to find correlations between Edema Index and Pulse Energy in early postpartum period. Methods: Fiftynine postpartum women were participated in this study which was conducted with Inbody 720 (Biospace Co. Ltd) and 3D Blood Pressure Pulse Analyzer (3D-MAC). Edema Index (Extra Cellular Water/Total Body Water) calculated after body composition analysis and 3D-MAC result (Pulse Energy) were analysed within a week after delivery. Results: The results were as follows 1. Edema Indexes of the upper, lower limbs, trunk and whole body were associated with each other respectively. 2. Edema Indexes and Right Kwan pulse energy had significant positive correlation. 3. Right Kwan pulse energy showed positive correlations with Left Kwan, Right Chon, Right Cheok. Conclusions: Viscera associated with Postpartum Edema are Spleen, Lung, Liver and Vital Gate. The most important thing is thought to be Spleen.

The Effect of the Meridian Massage on the Hand Edema and Function of the Hemiplegic Patient (경락마사지가 편마비 환자의 손부종과 손기능에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Sang-Eun;Lee, Hyang-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.520-530
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: The objective of the study was to identify the effects of the meridian massage therapy on hand edema and hand functions in patients with hemiplegia. Method: The experiment was conducted in the Oriental Medical ward of "K" hospital during the period of 2000. 12. 15 - 2001. 03. 15. Fifty five subjects with hemiplegia following a stroke participated in the study. Volumetric size of the hand and the circumference of the index finger of each patient was measured and functional points were recorded for pre and post experiment. Result: 1. Apparent decrease in volumetric size of the hand and the circumference of the index finger(p=.022. p=.021), and higher functional points(p=.003) in the experimental group in comparison to the control group. 2.Volume of hands & their functions appeared to be irrelevant(r=-.195, p=.154). 3. Circumference of the index finger & their functions also turned out to be irrelevant (r=-.110, p=.424). Conclusion: Meridian massage is an effective nursing interventional therapy to relieve hand edema and improve hand functions in hemiplegic patients and has great potential for use in a wide range of medical fields as an efficient supplementary treatment for stroke rehabilitation.

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Effect of Rhei Rhizoma on Brain Edema Induced by MCAO in Rats (대황(大黃)이 뇌허혈 손상에 의한 뇌부종에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Kyung-Hwa;Sohn, Nak-Won;Kim, Bum-Hoi
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.866-871
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    • 2009
  • Brain edema is a major importance in the pathophysiology of CNS injuries including stroke. Ischemic brain edema results from both cytotoxic edema, which is severe in astrocytes at early stage, and vasogenic edema caused by excessive blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability. The present study was performed to determine the effect of Rhei Rhizoma on brain edema induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in the rats. The neurological symptom, total infarct volume and edema index caused by MCAO were measured. The changes of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) immunoreactivities were also observed. We found that Rhei Rhizoma extract improved the neurological symptom and attenuated the total infarct volume and brain edema caused by ischemic insult. Rhei Rhizoma extract also attenuated the expression of MMP-9 and iNOS. This results suggest that Rhei Rhizoma has a protective effect on the brain edema caused by ischemic insult.

A Study about Peritumoral Brain Edema in Meningiomas using Angiographic Pattern and MIB-1

  • Chung, Dai-Jin;Hwang, Hyung-Sik;Kim, Sung-Min;Choi, Sun-Kil
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2005
  • Objective: Peritumoral brain edema(PTBE) accounts for approximately 60% of meningiomas. It has not been identified why vasogenic edema, frequently shown in intra-axial tumors is also developed in extra-axial tumor such as meningiomas. Therefore, the authors assess the peritumoral brain edema of meningiomas with a focus on the angiographic pattern and expression of MIB-1 to clarify their correlation. Methods: A total 32 cases of meningioma was studied. The authors attempted to identify 1) the location of PTBE and the edema index (EI), 2) the location and dominancy of pial supply compared with meningeal supply, 3) the biological activity of meningiomas indicated by the MIB-1 LI (labeling index), 4) their interaction. Results: No PTBE was observed in the meningiomas without pial arterial supplement from internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA). The PTBE of meningiomas with pial supply was developed intensely along the pial arterial supplement, and increased statistically in proportion to the extent of pial supply from ICA or VA rather than meningeal supply. Also, the MIB-1 LI in meningiomas tended to be larger in the tumors of the larger EI and the dominancy of pial supply. Conclusion: A strong correlation is found between the extent of PTBE in meningiomas and the dominancy of pial supply. The MIB-1 LI also tend to be associated with the PTBE. Therefore, the MIB-1 LI in benign meningiomas may represent not only the proliferative potential of the tumor, but also the biological activity like angiogenesis.