• Title, Summary, Keyword: Infrastructure

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Impact Analysis of Intellectual Property Infrastructure

  • Sohn, Soo Jeoung
    • STI Policy Review
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2013
  • As the value and role of intellectual property increases in our knowledge-based economy, countries around the world have exerted various efforts to secure, utilize, and protect their intellectual property. The present study diagnoses the level of IP infrastructure of major OECD countries and analyzes their characteristics and impact. According to the diagnosis, the US, Switzerland, and Germany form a leading group followed by the mid-level countries of Korea, Ireland, Australia, and France, with Spain and Italy in the bottom group. In contrast to Korea's competitiveness in S&T and R&D infrastructures, its competitiveness in IP infrastructure is lower than the OECD average. This is thought to be due to Korea's IP infrastructure being hastily formed under the influence of international pressures rather than having been gradually built up by internal needs. A TFP analysis of the impact of IP infrastructure on economic growth shows IP infrastructure positively influences economic growth. Though this analysis is limited due to inability to secure sufficient data and indicators, it is a useful guide for understanding the nature and key characteristics of IP infrastructure.

Infrastructure Asset Management System Methodologies for Infrastructure Asset Management System in U.S.

  • Lee Sang-Youb;Chung Seung-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2003
  • Infrastructure asset management is a methodology for programming infrastructure capital investments and adjusting infrastructure service provision to fulfil established performance, considering the life-cycle perspective of infrastructure. In this study, the methodologies for infrastructure asset management system implemented in sewer management system, bridge management system, pavement and highway management system, and embankment dam management system are described with focus on the system in U.S. As the major methodology to support the decision-making for asset mangers to better allocate the limited funds to the area needing it the most. various demand forecasting methodologies used in wastewater, water, transportation, electricity, and construction are also introduced for their applicability towards infrastructure asset management.

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The Impacts of IT Infrastructure Flexibility on New Product Competitive Advantages (정보기술 기반구조의 유연성이 신제품 경쟁우위에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Seung-Min;Kim, Joon-S.;Im, Kun-Shin
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.1-28
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    • 2007
  • The success of new product development is a key factor for getting competitive advantages. Marketing research has been investigating marketing capability, manufacturing technical capability, cross-functional integration, market knowledge competence, market orientation, and competitive environment as the key success factors of new product development. Recently, the role of IT infrastructure in enhancing new product advantage is assumed in the literature. However, the empirical studies on the role of IT infrastructure are lacking. The purpose of this study is to empirically exam the impacts of IT infrastructure on new product competitive advantage. In this study, IT infrastructure is conceptualized as the flexibility of IT infrastructure. Based on previous research, a conceptual model is established by incorporating the direct impact of IT infrastructure flexibility and its indirect impact through the key success factors on new product development. To empirically test the research model, data are surveyed from a pair of IS department and Marketing department of 92 consumer goods manufacturers. By employing PLS technique, the measurement reliability and reliability of research variables are tested and the path analysis is conducted to do the hypothesis testing. The path analysis shows that IT infrastructure flexibility has no direct effect on new product advantage, However, the indirect effect of IT infrastructure is found, which is mediated by marketing capability, manufacturing technical capability, cross-functional integration, and market orientation respectively. Hence, The flexible IT infrastructure increases cross-functional integration (H1), market orientation (H3), marketing capability (H5), and manufacturing technical capability (H6). All success factors of new product development excepts for competitive environment have a positive association with new product competitive advantages (from H10 to H14). Finally, the path from IT infrastructure flexibility to cross-functional integration, to market orientation, to market knowledge capability, and to new product advantage is found as the strongest path. These results indicate that the flexible IT infrastructure enhances information sharing with multiple departments and collaboration within a distributed innovation environment. The collaboration among departments positively affects the level of customer and competitor intelligence. The ability to obtain knowledge about customers and competitors makes firms to adapt to a changing environment quickly and to respond to customers' demands adequately. The flexible IT infrastructure also enhances the capability of organization to more rapidly respond to the changes in product design resulting in faster product development and reduced costs. In addition to, it enhances marketing capability by the two-way communications with customers and the analyses of various kinds of customer data. In brief, the finding of this study suggests that the flexible IT infrastructure allows many firms to pursue sustained new product competitive advantages. This study advances research on IT infrastructure in two important aspects. First, by Integrating marketing research and IS research, this study develops a conceptual model on the role of IT infrastructure in enhancing new product advantage. Second, it empirically finds the indirect impacts of IT infrastructure on new product advantage, which confirms the potential for the IS field to contribute to new product development research. The limitations of this study are also discussed to provide research directions for future research.

Development of Eco-Efficient Water Infrastructure Strategy in the Asia Pacific Region

  • Park, Ji-Seon;Jung, Hye-Yoon;Kang, Boo-Sik;Lee, Joo-Heon;Lee, Seung-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2010
  • This study suggests 'Eco-Efficient Water Infrastructure' as a breakthrough to the economically and ecologically challenged region; the Asia-Pacific. The study conceptualizes eco-efficient water infrastructure based on the understanding of eco-efficiency and variety of indicators for eco-efficient water infrastructure. Further, the guidelines for establishing national strategies for eco-efficient water infrastructure is introduced.

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Development Strategy on the Risk Rating Method for Nationwide Emerging IT Infrastructure (국가단위 신규 IT인프라의 위험도 등급화 기법 개발 방향 연구)

  • Kim, Sangkyun
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.30 no.B
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2010
  • To provide a development strategy on the method which assesses a potential risk of nationwide emerging IT infrastructure in planning and design phase, and to classify the assessment result into 5 levels is the goal of this research. The development strategy provided in this paper could improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. With a premature assessment of the potential risks of a nationwide emerging IT infrastructure which needs astronomical amount of public funds, it could show a way of systematic investments on security systems and improve a benefit-cost-ratio of investments on emerging IT infrastructure. Also, this approach might improve the safety of nationwide IT infrastructure. It could identify and provide an optimized solution for the potential risks of nationwide IT infrastructure.

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Public Private Partnerships in Chinese Port as Infrastructure

  • Kim, Jin-Hwan
    • Journal of Distribution Science
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2016
  • Purpose - The purpose of the paper is to look into and review the management and operation of Chinese infrastructure process, especially focusing on port industry. Research design, data and methodology - The research methods to be applied is to examine PPPs that is a key way of cooperation in many infrastructure investment, financial matters, and then port industry as well. Results - It is well noticed that Chinese government has well managed with project, planning and investments in national infrastructure matters. Especially, this is clear message that government institutions for infrastructure planning has been well organized with systematic structure. However, even if it is involved with some risky business, PPPs should be asked for cooperation in the areas of financial, institutional and logistic part of infrastructure development in China. Conclusions - Every country has been in promoting its infrastructure development and it is not an exception in China. In order to get over inefficiency done by public sectors, Chinese government has invited a private sector in the form of PPPs, which gives more competitive opportunities, especially in port industry.

Technology Infrastructure : Its Importance and Policy Implications (기술하부구조 : 중요성과 정책적 함의)

  • 석영철;김윤경
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.9-22
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    • 1998
  • With the advent of new order of international competition, the technology Policy of Korea has been changed from vertical one which focuses on specific technologies or selective industries to a horizontal one which supports R&D activities on a neutral basis. TIP(Technology Infrastructure Policy) is WTO free in the sense that it is Indirect method of supporting technology development and properly defined as a part of government role by OECD. Technology infrastructure is embodied in human capital, and includes also elements of physical capital and knowledge. Hence it is more differentiated than, and distinguished from conventional infrastructure. It implies a need for carefully designed strategy with the recognition of those differences. As a fundamental element of innovation and technological development, technology infrastructure should become the main focus of industrial technology Policy.

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Spatial Analysis of Green Infrastructure for Urban Flood Mitigation (도시홍수 방재를 위한 그린 인프라스트럭처 공간분석)

  • Lee, Hye Kyung
    • Journal of KIBIM
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2020
  • Green Infrastructure has been considered as one of strategies for flood mitigation in cities. Although, the diverse benefits of green infrastructure implementation are studies, there is a lack of research on the relationship between spatial composition and configuration of green infrastructure and urban flood mitigation. To address this gap, this study 1) utilized high-resolution satellite imagery to analyze spatial composition and configuration of green infrastructure in highly developed seven cities in South Korea, and 2) conducted an empirical analysis to find the relationship between economic losses from flooding and spatial patterns of green infrastructure and development patterns. The results of this research will be helpful for urban planners to prepare green infrastructure implementation guidelines for effective urban flood mitigation.

Concept and Indicators of Eco-Efficient Water Infrastructure for Asia and the Pacific

  • Lee, Seung-Ho;Kang, Boo-Sik;Hong, Il-Pyo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.2169-2175
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    • 2009
  • This research aims to evaluate the concept of eco-efficient water infrastructure and provides a list of case studies in order to help understand the applicability of eco-efficient water infrastructure to Asia and the Pacific. A set of indicators have been explored to assess eco-efficiency in water infrastructure for the region on a micro and macro scale. The core idea of eco-efficiency, 'more value with less impact (on the environment)', has proven to be applicable in management of water infrastructure. The fundamental elements in eco-efficient water infrastructure should encompass physical infrastructure and non-physical infrastructure, which is more needed particularly in Asian countries. The case studies have demonstrated the applicability of the concept of eco-efficient water infrastructure. The Republic of Korea has provided the case of the eco-friendly approaches to enhance dam management and its innovative solutions how to use water more efficiently through state-of-art technologies. The experiences of Singapore are some of the best evidence to establish eco-efficient water infrastructure, for instance, the NEWater project via application of cutting edge technologies (recycled water) and institutional reform in water tariff systems to conserve water as well as enhance water quality. A list of indicators to assess eco-efficiency in water infrastructure have been discussed, and the research presents a myriad of project cases which are good to represent eco-efficiency in water infrastructure, including multipurpose small dams, customized flood defense systems, eco-efficient ground water use, and eco-efficient desalination plants. The study has presented numerous indicators in five different categories: 1) the status of water availability and infrastructure; 2) production and consumption patterns of freshwater; 3) agricultural products and sources of environmental loads; 4) damages from water-caused natural disaster; and 5) urban water supply and sanitation. There are challenges as well as benefits in such indicators, since the indicators should be applied very carefully in accordance with specific socio-economic, political and policy contexts in different countries in Asia and the Pacific Region. The key to success of establishment of eco-efficient water infrastructure in Asia primarily depends on the extent to which each country is committed to balancing its development of physical as well as non-physical water infrastructure. Particularly, it is imperative for Asian countries to transform its policy focus from physical infrastructure to non-physical infrastructure. Such shift will help lead to implementation of sustainable in Asian countries.

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