• Title/Summary/Keyword: Iridology

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A Review of Iridology (국내외 홍채학 연구동향)

  • Lim, Young-Woo;Park, Seung-Il;Park, Young-Jae;Park, Young-Bae
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2013
  • Objectives Iridology is a field of study that diagnoses various systemic diseases through analysis of colors, structural characteristics and changes in iris. The purpose of this study was to review previously published study results of the iridology. Methods The studies were searched with the keyword "iridology" through search engines such as SCOPUS, Pub med, RISS, and NDSL. Total of 36 iridology-related studies published from 1980 to 2012 were analyzed. Results Most diagnoses of systemic disease through iris markings were insignificant. The studies on relevance of gene polymorphism and iris constitution were highly significant. The studies on relevance of Sasang constitution and iris constitution varied in results depending on diagnosis methods. The studies on relevance of iris constitution and diseases had significant results. The structural characteristics of iris were related to certain personality. Conclusions The studies on utility of iris diagnosis and diagnostic markings were negative, but the relevance of constitution, heredity, and iris diagnosis was positive. A persistent in-depth study on relevance of iris and constitution is needed in the future.

Sasang Constitutional Diagnosis by Iridology: Comparitive Study with QSCCII Questionnaire (홍채를 통한 사상체질진단: QSCCII 설문지조사와 비교연구)

  • Park, Hyung-Hoon;Chung, Chong-Un
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2008
  • This study aims at finding out the correlation between sasang constitution diagnosis using QSCCII which is self reporting questionnaire and sasang constitution diagnosis using iridology. In this study, 131 adult male and female participated as testees. The survey on questionnaires of QSCCII were carried out and then photos of irises of the participants were taken. The data from QSCCII was computed in WIN QSCCII version and they were translated into sasang constitution. For iris photos, the iris specialized camera with 1,300,000 picture elements was used, and then the iris photos were also read by computer. The correlation rate between QSCCII sasang constitution and iris sasang constitution was 52.4%, where kappa coefficient shows 0.323, which gives meaningful result statistically. And thus, the result can be used as a reference in sasang constitution diagnosis. For iridology to be served as a tool for sasang constitution diagnosis, criteria need to be developed for more concrete iris sasang constitution diagnosis in the future. And also comparative research is required among sasang constitution professionals and its iridological correlation of Sasang constitution carried out on more various group of people.

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Study on the clinical application of Iridological Constitution to the Gynecological disease diagnose (홍채(虹彩) 체질(體質)의 부인과(婦人科) 임상(臨床) 응용(應用)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) -불임, 자궁근종, 난소낭종 환자를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Bo-Ra;Lee, Jung-Eun;Jung, Jin-Hong;Yoo, Dong-Youl;Park, Kyung-Mi
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.136-148
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to investigate the relation between Iridological constitution and Gynecological disease. Iris is one of the most complicated part of our bodies. It reflects perfectly organ's status, toxic accumulation, person's characteristics and healing effects. Many signs of Iridology were closely researched to examine the relation between Iridology and disease. After studying these matters, we could find that lacuna and auto-nerve wreath are intimately related. Especially the portions of auto-nerve wreath loss are accorded with the organ's present illness. Most of patients have scurf ring and vessel congestion sign. Large Intestine's structure also shows us the meaningful result that ballooned is the most common, spasticity and stricture are next. Connective tissue weakness constitution is 39.22%, complex 35.29% and blood-originated 25.49%. According to the three-step constitution by the Genetic facter, average type is 52.94%, weak type 35.29% and strong type 11.76%. Above these results, we can reach a conclusion that Iridological constitution are intimately related with Gynecological disease. And further study are requested to get a objectivity in a Gynecological diagnose. Iridology is a bright prospective study and interesting diagnostic method. If we deeply investigate this science, before long we can have a great outcome and more objective diagnostic skill.

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A Comparative Study for World-wide Constitutional Theories including Sasang Constitutional Medicine (사상체질의학을 포함한 체질론적 의학이론의 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Cho, Jung-Hyo;Cheong, Kwang-Jo;Son, Chang-Gue
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 2008
  • Objectives: This study aimed at comparing Sasang constitutional medicine(SCM) with other constitutional theories of the world. Methods: From PubMed database, we first searched all papers using the term 'constitution', then filtered those having really constitution-focused papers. Then, they were analyzed to compare each constitutional theory and medicinal practice. Results: There were five constitution-related medicines which have been practiced in medical field: Sasang, iridology, somatotype, dermatoglyphics and Ayurveda. There was the largest number of scientific researches for dermatoglyphics while the smallest number of papers was for SCM. The other three constitutional theories were based on anatomic/histologic difference between types in contrast to SCM and Ayurveda, which relied on inherited functional differences of four or three internal organs. Conclusions: This study simultaneously compared five major constitutional theories currently practiced as medicines in the world. We found that even as SCM seems to have the most potential as therapeutic medicine it should be studied more using scientific methodologies to be a world-wide medicine.

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An Iris Diagnosis System using Color Iris Images (칼라 홍채영상을 이용한 홍채진단시스템)

  • Han, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2008
  • Iris diagnosis is an alternative medicine technique whose proponents believe that patterns, colors, and other characteristics of the iris can be examined to determine information about a patient's systemic health. However, because most of previous studies only find a sign pattern in a gray iris image, they are not enough to be used for a iris diagnosis system. In this paper, we developed an iris diagnosis system based on a color image processing and iris medical information stored in database. The system includes four modules : input module with an iris camera, iris signs extraction module, medical database, output module with printing. Based on a color image processing approach, this paper presents the extraction algorithms of 7 major iris signs and correction manually for improving the accuracy of analysis. We can use the iridology and patient's health DB in the stage of signs analysis. Compared with the existing system, the developed system can be applied to an iris diagnosis system since it provides various additional functions.

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Design of an Optical System for Iris Photographing (홍채 촬영용 광학계 설계)

  • Park, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Dong-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: To design a mini optical system photographing the iris, which is used in the iridology. Methods: We designed a mini optical system photographing the iris by using the Sigma 2000 design program. Results: We designed a mini optical system photographing the iris, which is suitable in the CCD using a micro actuator for auto-focusing, of which characteristics have the TCL of 30 mm, a magnification of -0.65, about 8.0 mm distance from the 1st lens to the last lens, the max barrel diameter of 11 mm, and about 1 mm of the effective stop diameter. Also the resolution line width of this system is characterised by 92 lps/mm at the 30% MTF value criterion. Conclusions: By designing an optical system of which characteristics have the TCL of 30 mm, about 8.0 mm distance from the 1st lens to the last lens, the max barrel diameter of 11 mm, and the resolution line width of $5.4{\mu}m$ at the 30% MTF value criterion, we could miniaturize the iris photographing optical system.

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An Iris Detection Algorithm for Disease Prediction based Iridology (홍채학기반이 질병예측을 위한 홍채인식 알고리즘)

  • Cho, Young-bok;Woo, Sung-Hee;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2017
  • Iris diagnosis is an alternative medicine to diagnose the disease of the patient by using different of the iris pattern, color and other characteristics. This paper proposed a disease prediction algorithm that using the iris regions that analyze iris change to using differential image of iris image. this method utilize as patient's health examination according to iris change. Because most of previous studies only find a sign pattern in a iris image, it's not enough to be used for a iris diagnosis system. We're developed an iris diagnosis system based on a iris images processing approach, It's presents the extraction algorithms of 8 major iris signs and correction manually for improving the accuracy of analysis. As a result, PNSR of applied edge detection image is about 132, and pattern matching area recognition presented practical use possibility by automatic diagnostic that presume situation of human body by iris about 91%.

Investigations about 5 Clinical Cases with Bexel-IRINA Iridoscopy (자동홍체진단기에 의한 임상 진단 사례 5건 고찰)

  • Chi, Gyoo-Yong;Kim, Dae-Hoon;Park, Seong-Il;Lee, Young-Bin
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1997 no.11
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    • pp.305-314
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    • 1997
  • This study was purposed to observe the advantages obtained from iridodiagnostics and automatic iridoscope or oriental medical doctors. In order to study the iridodiagnostics, 5 case-researches were made as the first step. The results were obtained as follows. 1. First of all, the formation of darkening area must be paid attentionally with toxic spot and lacunain relation to the interpretation of present illness. 2. The theoretical concepts about structure in iridodiagnostics and oriental medicine were same. 3. The constitutional type of iridodiagnostics played a important role in concluding the nature and background of symptoms. 4. Most of iris signs reflected the histological changes of body structure equally, and successive study about the difference of visceral scheme between iridology and Oriental Medicine would be needed in the future.

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THE EFFECT OF SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT WITH ACUPUNCTURE, HERB MEDICATION AND NON-INVASIVE LASER IRRADIATION OF BLOOD VESSEL ON HEADACHE (침(鍼)과 한약(韓藥) 그리고 비침습 혈관 레이저를 이용한 두통(頭痛) 치료 효과)

  • Hwang Seon-Mi;Lee Seung-Jin;Chung Dae-Kyoo
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.95-102
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    • 2001
  • 1. Purpose : The present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of simultaneous treatment with acupuncture, herb medication and non-invasive laser irradiation of blood vessel on the pain control of primary headache. 2. Methods : 30 outpatients who visited in the oriental medical hospital of Kyungsan University from April 10, 2001 to Oct. 10, 2001, based on symptoms and the results of pulse diagnosis, stress test(ABR-2000) and iridology test, were observed on the pain control of primary headache like tension or stress-induced headache. 1)Acupuncture and herbal medicine : Acupuncture treatment and herb medication widely used for headache were carried out simultaneously. 2)Non-invasive laser irradiation : Laser irradiation was undertaken on brachial vein with Lapex-2000 for 30minutes a day for 5 to 15days. 3. Result and Conclusion: In patients with headache, triglyceride mean values decreased from $168.57{\pm}26.90mg/dL$ to $154.23{\pm}28.66mg/dL$ and total cholesterol mean values decreased from $202.23{\pm}22.17mg/dL$ to $194.57{\pm}19.32mg/dL$, after simultaneous treatment with acupuncture, herb medication and non-invasive laser irradiation of blood vessel. And these results suggest that these simultaneous treatment has significant effects in tension and stress-induced headache.: Experiment subjects considered as shown the validity in the headache estimated 80%.

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Development of High Resolution Iris Camera Module using IoT Device (IoT 디바이스를 활용한 고해상도 홍채 카메라 모듈 개발)

  • Seo, Jin-beom;Cho, Young-bok
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.371-377
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    • 2020
  • Currently used iris cameras are expensive and have many limitations in their use. Existing iris cameras are inconvenient in interworking with newly developed software, and light reflections generated during iris photography are inadequate for medical use. Therefore, it is impossible to utilize the existing camera to take an image by yourself. In this paper, the iris camera is newly constructed so that the iris can be photographed by ourselves and the area of interest can be seen well. Anyone can easily wear glasses-type iris cameras to acquire images using IoT devices, and the acquired images are linked to the iris analysis program and used to read genetic weak parts. The proposed iris camera module automatically provides light reflection, shake, and accurate focus when capturing images, increasing the accuracy of image analysis to 91.49%. In addition, we have proved through experiments that one image processing time is fast as 0.007ms due to accurate image input.