• Title, Summary, Keyword: Irregular Jobs

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Different Types of Liberalization and Jobs in South Korean Firms

  • Kim, Hyuk-Hwang;Lee, Hongshik
    • East Asian Economic Review
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.71-97
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    • 2015
  • This study examines the effects of several factors indicating economic openness-imported intermediate goods, total imports, IFDI (inward foreign direct investment), and foreign ownership-on regular, irregular jobs and the ratio of irregular employment to regular employment. Findings revealed that imported intermediate inputs and IFDI affected neither regular nor irregular job figures. However, an increase in total imports led to a decrease in the number of irregular jobs without affecting regular full time jobs, leading to a decrease in the ratio of irregular jobs to regular jobs. On the other hand, changes in foreign ownership structure had a contrary effect, that is, a decrease in the number of regular jobs and an increase in irregular ones, and, thus, an increase in the ratio of irregular jobs to regular jobs. Overall results showed that a rise in imports results in depressed overall employment, irregular employment in particular, while more IFDI results in more irregular jobs replacing regular ones, effectively exacerbating job insecurity. The implication of this analysis is that greater economic openness may have a negative impact on the South Korean labor market overall.

An Ergonomic Intervention of Paper-making Process for Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorders (근골격계질환 예방을 위한 제지공정의 인간공학적 개선방안)

  • Kim, Sang-Ho
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2008
  • Work-related musculoskeletal hazards in a paper-making industry were examined to explore ergonomic interventions in a participatory approach for mitigating the hazards. Manual tasks occurred in this paper-making industry were quite different with ordinary assembly industry where individual workers perform certain specified tasks repetitively. Workers used to perform varieties of team-based irregular manual tasks to interact with the facilities. Among 96 manual jobs investigated, 44 potential hazardous jobs were screened during basic investigation phase and finally 16 hazardous jobs were identified by the detailed analysis phase. The major hazardous factors were awkward postures and excessive weights. Possible ways of intervention were developed, reviewed and proposed by an ergonomics team comprised of staffs and engineers from various departments and ergonomics specialist from outside the company. The proposed intervention ideas were evaluated and modified by the workers and union representatives in terms of usability and comfort. Implemented interventions including mechanization, automation, and improvement of tools and equipments provided fairly promising results.

A Study of Work Transition Form of Female Youth (여성 청년층 집단의 취업이행 형태 연구)

  • 김태홍;김종숙
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.41-68
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    • 2002
  • This study explores school to work transition of female youth. Particularly, the analyses focus on a transition to the first job from the graduation, and exits of irregular employees from their first occupational status. Data used for the analysis are “The 4th Survey on Women's Employment”, collected by KWDI in 2001. The results show that it takes 1.54 years on average for transition. Significant factors that influence the probability of transition to the first job include economic situation and satisfaction level of major at college education. The general high school educated are less likely to move into the labor market. Only a half percent of irregular employees at their first jobs exits to regular employees or non-economically active status, and education levels and age cohorts have clear impacts of those exits. Majors in college education and holding irregular jobs before the graduation significantly affect the probability of being regular employees, while industry influences the exits to be non-economically active status.

Employment Policy & Strategy of Irregular Workers in Hospital (병원의 비정규직 고용정책과 경영전략)

  • Moon, Young-Jeon;Ahn, In-Whan
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.119-145
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    • 2008
  • The objectives of this study were to inspect how the law effected on hospital employment system and which policy and strategy are needed to cope with the present situation as the law regarding irregular workers law has enacted for a year. To grasp the changes of employment style in hospital, 56 hospitals among 311 general hospitals were questioned in this study. And employment policy and strategy were developed by referencing examples of developed nations and other industries. The survey showed that the wage and welfare level of irregular workers in hospitals was improved compared to that in the other industries. But there were still much discrimination between regular and irregular workers. The policy direction of government is, first of all, to follow the principle of equal treatment to equal value of labour. The first feasible policy is to enforce social security. The second one is an employment promotion policy which reduces or exempts hospitals employing irregular workers from tax and insurance fee. The third one is to extend employment contract period to 3 years. and finally there are policies to permit more dispatched jobs and to expand the social insurance coverage. The strategies to solve the problem of irregular workers are as follows; 1) performance wage system, 2) guaranteeing employment by unlimited contract, 3) creating new category of workers, 4) the wage system of management by object, 5) the method of job classification. This study has a meaning in the point that it was studied on hospital which is special industrial part and analyzed the changes after enacting irregular workers law and presented management strategy for countermeaure program. In this study, it was expected to contribute to decisions-making in hospital management, especially when using human resources.

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A Study on Effectiveness of Working Condition's Improvement After Introducing the Countermeasure for Irregular Employee (비정규직 대책 시행에 따른 조리종사원 근무조건 개선 효과 검토)

  • Lee, Mee-Jung;Park, Sang-Hyun;Joo, Na-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.652-660
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    • 2005
  • This study is performed for the investigation of management of personnel, wages, welfare, communication, labor, safety, treatment improvement according to assigned working places(primary, middle and high school). This study is based on the final analysis summarized on the 285 questionnaire answered by employee for school foodservice in Buchon city after distributing total 500 questionnaire. The conclusion of this analysis of study is as following. This report says the reason of this mind is caused by hard work. This investigation says they feel to be compensated with low wages on the contrary their hard working and this caused them to demoralize and increase to give up their jobs. The long tenn vacation like childcare vacation is newly established by present improvement of working condition but this improvement action is ineffective. Many of them are feeling to a fatigue and ill health and the condition of occupational disease as hard work. The present improvement of irregular employee treatment like above cases is not effective. So the rewards and payment shall be considered according to their hard work and the working condition must be improved practically for the settlement of their job without leaving.

Effects of Health Shocks on Employment and Income (건강 충격의 고용과 소득 효과 분석)

  • Kwon, Junghyun
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.31-62
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    • 2018
  • Using matching and difference-in-differences estimation method, this study estimates causal effects of health shocks on employment and income of full-time workers aged 40-55. Acute hospital admissions lower significantly the employment probability and earnings. The changes in employment and earnings persist up to three years after the health shock. The economic impacts of health shocks vary by socioeconomic status and job characteristics among individuals. Irregular workers are more likely to leave their jobs after health shocks than regular workers. Among irregular workers, the probability of leaving labor market after health shock decreases with the size of the firm.

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Improvement Directions for the Welfare of Filmmakers 'Focusing on Filmmaker Certification and Implementation Methods for 「Artist Welfare Card」' (영화 창작인 복지 개선 방향 '영화인 자격 증명과 「예술인 복지카드」도입 방안을 중심으로')

  • Lee, Choong-Jik;Kim, Loyou
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.154-163
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    • 2014
  • This paper has examined the current status of Korea's welfare policy and asserts the necessity of artist classification by types of employment, dividing them into those who have irregular jobs and those who are in permanent positions, focusing on filmmakers. Furthermore, it has looked into the certification policy for artist welfare support that is currently in action. In conclusion, this paper discusses the certification and suggests implementation methods for "Artist Welfare Card" in expectation of future activation of Artist Welfare Support Project.

Job Assignment Simulation of Ship Hull Production Design in Consideration of Mid-Term Schedule (중일정계획을 고려한 선체 생산설계 작업할당 시뮬레이션)

  • Son, Myeong-Jo;Kim, Tae-Wan
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.334-342
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, we analyze the procedure of the design manager for the enhancement of the hull production design process by use of the simulation method. Normally, design manager assigns design jobs according to various methods and estimates the corresponding results. When the construction drawing which is the output of the detail design where a design is dealt by zones, the design manager identifies blocks and analyzes their work difficulties, and assigns jobs to design engineers who are different in capabilities. These processes including the design engineer who can be modeled with man-hours evaluation model are represented in detail as a simulation model. As the high-level modeling for the discrete-event system, we use Event Graph model. And we implemented the simulation using Simkit which is open simulation engine for the discrete-event system. We made the simulation scenario to be written by a user in the scenario generator which is separated from the simulation model, and made the simulation result to be visualized in the form of Gantt chart in a Web. In the scenario of the irregular issuance for various construction drawings which contain different numbers of blocks, we performed the Monte-Carlo simulation according to various assignment methods to find the assignment result that satisfies the mid-term schedule.

Simulation of Plate Deformation due to Triangle Heating Using Inherent Strain Method (고유변형도법을 이용한 삼각가열에 의한 판 변형의 시뮬레이션)

  • Jang, Chang-Doo;Ko, Dae-Eun;Ha, Yun-Sok
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.45 no.6
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    • pp.703-709
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    • 2008
  • In the shipyard, line heating and triangle heating are two major processes for forming curved plates in various shapes. While there have been many studies on line heating, triangle heating has been rarely studied due to its complicated heating process with irregular multi-heating paths and highly concentrated heat input. As the triangle heating process is one of the most labor-consuming jobs in shipyards, it is essential to study the automation as well as improvement of triangle heating process in order to increase hull forming productivity. In this study, a pioneering attempt to simulate triangle heating was made. A circular disk-spring model was proposed for elasto-plastic analysis procedure of triangle heating and the inherent strain method was also used to analyze the deformation of plates. Simulation results were compared with those of experiments and showed good agreement. It is shown that the present approach including analysis model used in this study is effective to simulate the triangle heating for plate forming process in shipbuilding.

The Change of Work Careers in Youth Cohort pre and post-the Economic Crisis- (외환위기 전후 청년 코호트의 노동경력 비교)

  • Moon, Hey Jin
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.65 no.1
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    • pp.201-226
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to identify changes in early work career of youth cohort entering the labor market pre and post-the economic crisis and compare career pathway types of different cohorts. Labor market experiences of youth cohort were constructed by sequencing the number of organizations, kinds of jobs, the scale of the business, and type of employment. In addition, a holistic sequence was created by including complementary factors. In this sense, the labor market experience in this study was conceptualized as a process involving continuous sequences and hierarchical and orderly changes which differs from a simple job mobility. Sequence analysis involving Optimal Matching method was conducted to examine whether such cohort-differences in labor market experiences were related to differences in distribution of career pathway types. The result showed that the post-economic crisis cohort had a relatively higher likelihood of falling into the non-employment type, unemployment type, non-corporate employment type, irregular employment type, and mobile employment type. These findings provide empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that the employment precariousness of cohort has exacerbated after the economic crisis.

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