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THE EFFECT OF GUTTA-PERCHA REMOVAL USING NICKEL-TITANIUM ROTARY INSTRUMENTS (엔진 구동형 니켈 티타늄 파일을 이용한 거터퍼쳐의 제거 효과)

  • Jeon, Jeong-Hun;Min, Jeong-Beom;Hwang, Ho-Keel
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.212-218
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to quantify the amount of remaining gutta-percha/sealer on the walls of root canals when three types of nickel-titanium rotary instruments (Profile. ProTaper and $K^3$) and a hand instrument(Hedstrom file) used to remove these materials. The results of this study were as follows: 1. In the total time for gutta-percha removal. Profile group was the fastest and followed by $K^3$, Protaper, Hedstrom file group. 2. In case of the evaluation of the volume of remained gutta-percha from radiograph. $K^3$ group got the highest score and followed by Protaper. Hedstrom file. Profile group in the apical 1/3. 3. In case of the evaluation of the volume of gutta-percha remained from stereomicroscope, $K^3$ group got the highest score and followed by Protaper. Hedstrom file. Profile group in the apical 1/3. These results showed that instrumentation using nickel-titanium rotary instrument groups was faster than that using hand instrument group. The effect of gutta-percha removal using Profile group was better than that using Protaper and $K^3$ group in the nickel-titanium rotary instrument groups.

TNF-α Inhibitor Reduces Odontoclast Formation in Diabetes Rats with Ligature-Induced Periodontitis

  • Kim, Ji-Hye;Kim, Ae Ri;Choi, Yun Hui;Lee, Dong-Eun;Woo, Gye-Hyeong;Bak, Eun-Jung;Yoo, Yun-Jung
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2017
  • To determine the effect of the tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$ ($TNF-{\alpha}$) in odontoclast formation, we administrated a $TNF-{\alpha}$ inhibitor in rats with diabetes rats with periodontitis. The rats included in the study were divided into three groups: control rats without diabetes or periodontitis (the C group), rats with periodontitis and diabetes (the PD group), and rats with periodontitis and diabetes treated by infliximab, the TNF inhibitor (the PD+infliximab group). The PD and PD+infliximab groups received intravenous administrations of streptozotocin (STZ, 50 mg/kg) to induce diabetes. After 7 days of STZ injections, the mandibular first molars were ligatured to induce periodontitis. The PD+infliximab group was intrapenitoneally administrated by infliximab (5 mg/kg). On days 3 and 20 after the ligature administration, odontoclast formation along root surfaces was evaluated by tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and cathepsin K immunohistochemistry. On day 3, the number of TRAP- and cathepsin K-positive cells increased more so in the PD group than in the C group. The PD+infliximab group showed a lower number of positive cells than the PD group. There was no difference in all the groups on day 20. On day 3, the cathepsin-K positive multinucleated and mononucleated cells were higher in the PD group than in the C group. The number of cathepsin-K positive multinucleated cells was lower in the PD+infliximab group than in the PD group. The PD group showed more cathepsin K-positive cells in the furcation and distal surfaces than the c group. The Cathepsin K-positive cells of the PD+infliximab group were lower than that of the PD group in furcation. These results suggest that $TNF-{\alpha}$ stimulates odontoclast formation in diabetes with periodontitis.

Protective Effects of Water dropwort and Jin-do turmeric on the Irradiation in Mouse (마우스에서 미나리와 진도 울금의 방사선조사에 대한 방어효과)

  • Yu, Ji-In;Lee, Jun-Haeng
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.335-341
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    • 2011
  • This paper searched the affect of Water dropwort and Tumeric on radiation exposure. By experimenting 50 male mouse, ICR type 5 weeks old male 25~30g, 5 mouse was divided in to each group respectively. A : 3 Gy control group, B : 5 Gy control group, C : 3 Gy, FW, D : 5 Gy FW, E : 3 Gy LW, F : 5 Gy LW, G : 3 Gy FT, H : 5 Gy FT, I : 3 Gy LT, J : 5 Gy LT FW : Ate Water dropwort before the radiation exposure. FT : Ate Tumeric before the radiation exposure. LW : Ate Water dropwort after the radiation exposure. LT : Ate Tumeric after the radiation exposure. During the 7 day radiation, Control group (A, B) received physiological saline (500mg/kg/day) in oral administration, LW and LT group (E, F, I, J) respectively received Water dropwort or tumeric (500mg/kg/day) in oral administration after the radiation, FW and FT group (C, D, G, H) respectively received Water dropwort or tumeric (500mg/kg/day) in oral administration before the radiation. As a result, an average leukocyte rate on 5 mouse was 200K/${\mu}L$ on group A. 6.46K/${\mu}L$ on group C which was in normal rate range (1.8-10.7 K/${\mu}L$). An average leukocyte rate was 23.33K/${\mu}L$ on group G. which was not normal rate, but compare to 200K/${\mu}L$, it was closer to normal rate. An average lymphocyte rate was 118.87K/${\mu}L$ on Group A. 1.51K/${\mu}L$ on Group G. which was in normal lymphocyte rate range (0.9-9.3K/${\mu}L$). An average thrombocyte rate was 4000K/${\mu}L$ on Group A. 1107 K/${\mu}L$ on Group C. 2759.6 K/${\mu}L$ on Group G. which was in normal thrombocyte rate range (592-2972 K/${\mu}L$). From this result, it was found that when exposed to radiation, Water dropwort and Tumeric have defensive effect in a preventive level. Also from an animal experiment, it was found that blood corpuscle rate returns to a normal rate. Based on this experiment, diverse research on this field should be conducted.

Analysis of Switching Surge in Overhead Transmission Line with Underground Cable Line (가공 및 케이블로 구성된 선로의 개폐서지 해석)

  • Kang, Y.W.;Shim, E.B.;Joo, B.S.;Kim, M.D.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1938-1940
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    • 1996
  • As transmission systems has been complicated and various, cases of transmission systems which is made up with underground cable line only or overhead transmission line with underground cable line have been increased. When transmission lines with different types of cable, it is more likely to be vulnerable to the surges. This paper analyzed these surge in 154kV transmission line by means of EMTP (Electro Magnetic Transient program).

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The Optimal Combination and Amount of Major Nutrients Computed by the Homes Systematic Variation Technique for the Hilly Pasture Development I. Determination of the optimal combinations of anions N:S:P and cations K:Ca:Mg in fertilation on a grass-clover mixed sward (산지초지개발을 위한 다량요소의 적정 시비비율 및 시비량 결정에 관한 연구 I. 혼파초지에서 음이온 N:S:P 및 양이온 K:Ca:Mg 적정시비비율)

  • 정연규;김성채
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.26-33
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    • 1989
  • This pot experiments were conducted to find out the optimal fertilization ratios of the N:S:P anions and K:Ca:Mg cations of major nutrients in an orchardgrass/ladino clover mixed sward. The optimum ratios in equivalent basis were computed by the Homes systematic variations technique. The soil samples were collected from the newly reclaimed soils, which are located on colluvial hilly area with a good consideration for the hilly pasture development. The results were summarized as follows; 1, the optimum fertilization ratios of major nutrients for the high yields by the forage species in a mixed sward were obtained (Table 4 in detail); N:S:P = 3:l: 1 and K:Ca:Mg = 1:l: 1 for grass and grass plus legume, and N:S:P = 1:6:43 and K:Ca:Mg = 1: 3: 1 for legume in general. 2. The yield increases from the systematic variations in this mixed sward were laid in following order; N > P >S-group and K >Mg >Ca-group for grass and grass plus legume, and P >S >N-group and Ca >Mg > K-group for legume. Especially, the yields were greatly increased at the N-group for grass, and at the Pand Ca-groups for legume. 3. Soil pH-value was descreased at the Sgroup, and somewhat increased at the Ca- and Mg-groups. The content of available $P_2O_5$, CEC and base saturation were greatest with the Ca-group. 4. At the N-group, the N-contents were highest and the P-contents were lowest in grass and grass plus legume, which resulted in the highest Ca/P ratio of 2.15 among the anion groups. Whereas the highest Ca/P ratio of 9.20 in legume was obtained at the Ca-group. Legume showed in general higher Ca/P ratio and lower K/(Ca+Mg) ratio than these in grass. 5 . There were differences in the effects of systematic variations of major nutrients on the dry matter yields and the mineral yields. The optimum fertilization ratios of anions and cations for the high mineral yields were obtained (Table E), which showed differences comparing with the ratios for the high dry matter yields. The antagonis between the cations K and Mg was known from the point of mineral yields of mixed forages.

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The Relationship of Body Dissatisfaction, Personality Characteristic, and Stress in Young Adults (젊은 성인에서 신체 불만족과 성격 특성 및 스트레스와의 관계)

  • Kim, Jae-Heon;Kim, Jeong-Lan;Wang, Seong-Keun;Chee, Ik-Seung
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2014
  • Objective : The aims of this study was to evaluate relationship between body dissatisfaction, personality characteristic, and stress in young adults. Methods : One hundred and ninety five young, healthy, and normal participants filled out all 3 types of self-reported questionnaire, the Body Dysmorphic Disorder Examination-Self Report (Korean version of BDDE-SR ; K-BDDE-SR), Neuroticism, Extraversion, Openness-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and Stress Scale of Korean version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (K-DASS-21). Results : Out of the 195 participants, 30% (n=59) was male and 70% (n=136) was female. There was no statistical difference between high K-BDDE-SR group (K-BDDE-SR score 75 percentile or higher, n=50) and low K-BDDE-SR group (K-BDDE-SR score below than 75 percentile, n=145) in terms of weight, height, and BMI. In high K-BDDE-SR group, neuroticism was significantly higher than low K-BDDE-SR group, and extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness were significantly lower than low K-BDDE-SR group. Also, level of stress in high K-BDDE-SR group was significantly higher than low K-BDDE-SR group. Conclusion : Our study revealed that individual's with more body dissatisfaction were more neurotic and stressful. Thus, body dissatisfaction and diverse psychiatric diseases should be considered in treating neurotic and stressful young adults.

Protective Effect of Korean Panax ginseng against Chromium Ⅵ Toxicity and Free Radicals Generation in Rats

  • Abdel-Wahhab, Mosaad A.;Ahmed, Hanaa H.
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2004
  • Earlier studies have demonstrated that chromium (Cr) Ⅵ compounds have been shown to be more toxic and carcinogenic than other chromium compounds. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the antioxidant effects of red ginseng against chromium Ⅵ-induced toxicity and free radical generation. Sixty adult male rats were divided into six equal groups include: control group, group received Cr Ⅵ alone (50 mg/kg b.w.), group treated with Korean ginseng (K. ginseng) alone (20 mg/kg b.w), group treated with Cr Ⅵ for 15 days then received K. ginseng for other 15 days, group treated with Cr Ⅵ and K. ginseng at the same time for 15 days, and group treated with K. ginseng for 15 days then Cr Ⅵ for other 15 days. The results revealed that Cr Ⅵ caused significant increase in ALT, AST, ALP, G-GT, urea, creatinine, and acid phosphatase. Whereas, it caused significant decrease in TP, albumin, testosterone, GPX, and SOD indicating a stress for liver, kidney and testes. K. ginseng alone caused significant increase in GPX and SOD activities in healthy animals and this result suggests a prophylactic role for this herb in protection against the damaging impact induced by free radical species. Furthermore, the other biochemical parameters measured after K. ginseng administration were comparable to the control values. Treatment with Cr Ⅵ followed by K. ginseng, Cr Ⅵ and K. ginseng or K. ginseng followed by Cr Ⅵ resulted in significant improvement in all tested parameters towards the normal values of the controls. However, this improvement was pronounced in the group pre-treated with K. ginseng for 15 days before Cr Ⅵ administration. It could be concluded that K. ginseng exhibited a protective action against the toxic effects of Cr Ⅵ and it had the ability to scavenge free radicals resulted from Cr Ⅵ intoxication.

The Effect of clinical Experience for Psychiatric Nursing on Urinary $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, $K^+$, $Ca^{++}$ of the Student (간호대학생의 정신간호학 실습이 요중 $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, $K^+$, $Ca^{++}$에 미치는 영향)

  • Na, Hyun-Ju;Han, You-Jeong
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.51-61
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    • 2001
  • This study was done to investigate the effect of the first experience of the clinical experience for psychiatric nursing on urinary $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, $K^+$, $Ca^{++}$ of the nursing students. We analyzed the urine of 36 students on curriculum who were students of D college in K city. The data were analyzed with SAS Statistical analysis was performed by using paired t-test, GLM. The second day group increased 18.56 at 8AM, 31.90 at 4PM in case of $Na^+$(p=0.004). The second day group increased 27.61 at 8AM, 45.53 at 4PM in a case of $Cl^-$(p=0.009). The first day group increased 2.62 at 8AM, 7.09 at 4PM in case of $K^+$(p=0.018). The second day group increased 3.69 at 8AM, 5.19 at 4PM in a case of $K^+$(p=0.013). The second day group increased 20.65 at 8AM, 14.07 at 4PM in a case of $Ca^{++}$(p=0.033). There was a significant difference in $Na^+$ according to group at 8AM(F=4.17, p=0.024) and 4PM(F=3.58, p=0.040). There was a significant difference in $Cl^-$ according to group at 8AM(F=4.38, p=0.020) and 4PM(F=6.29, p=0.003). There was a significant difference in $K^+$ according to group at 8AM(F=5.03, p=0.012). In conclusion, $Na^+$, $Cl^-$, $K^+$, $Ca^{++}$ may be used as a indicator of the amount of stress to improve the educational environment for the students.

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