• Title, Summary, Keyword: K-group

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THE STRUCTURE OF THE RADICAL OF THE NON SEMISIMPLE GROUP RINGS

  • Yoo, Won Sok
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.97-103
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    • 2010
  • It is well known that the group ring K[G] has the nontrivial Jacobson radical if K is a field of characteristic p and G is a finite group of which order is divided by a prime p. This paper is concerned with the structure of the Jacobson radical of such a group ring.

Action of Anthraquinone on Sodium-Potassium activated -ATPase in Rabbit Red Cell Membrane- (Anthraquinone이 토끼 적혈주막의 NaK ATPase웨 활성도에 대한 작용)

  • Koh, Il-Sup
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1977
  • Action of anthraquinone on the sodium plus potassium activated ATPase activity in the rabbit red cell membrane has been investigated and the experiments were also designed to determine the mechanism of action of anthraquinone on the ATPase activity. The following results were obtained 1. The activity of the NaK ATPase from red cell membrane is inhibited by anthraquinone and the concentration of anthraquinone for maximal inhibition is about 5mM. 2. The ratio of inhibition of NaK ATPase by anthraquinone, with a giving concentration of sodium in the medium, is increased by raising the potassium concentration. 3. The ratio of inhibition of NaK ATPase by anthraquinone, with a given concentration of potassium in the medium, is increased by raising the sodium concentration. 4. The action of anthraquinone on the NaK ATPase activity is inhibited by calcium ions and the ratio of inhibition is increased by small amounts of calcium but almost constant by larger amounts. 5. The inhibitory action of anthraquinone on the NaK ATPase activity was not related to the amino group of lysine, the hydroxyl group of threonine or the imidazole group of histidine. 6. The inhibitory action of anthraquinone on the ATPase activity is due to sulfhydryl group or the carboxyl group of the enzyme of NaK ATPase.

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Effect of Calcium Intake on Calcium, Sodium and Potassium Metabolism in Young and Adult Female Rats (칼슘의 섭취수준이 연령이 다른 암쥐의 칼슘, 나트륨 및 칼륨대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 승정자
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.309-320
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of calcium levels(50, 100 and 200% of requirement) on metabolism of Ca, Na and K in Young and adult female rats for 3 weeks. There was no significant difference in feed intake, body weight gain and feed efficiency ratio among the groups of different Ca intake level. Serum Na level of high-Ca group was significantly lower than that of low-Ca or normal-Ca group in Young rats. There was no significant difference in liver Ca and K contents among the groups of different Ca intake levels. But, Na content in liver was decreased by the increase of dietary Ca intake. Ca content in kidney of high-Ca group in young rats and normal-Ca group in adult rats were significantly higher than those of other groups. Na content in kidney of low-Ca group was lower than those of normal-Ca and high-Ca groups. Urinary excretions of Na and K and fecal excretion of Ca were increased by the increase of dietary Ca intake. But, fecal excretions of Na and K were not affected by dietary Ca intake. According to this study, it was found that the high Ca consumption promotes excretions of fecal Ca and urinary Na and K in rats. The study verifies the need for more study on the interrelationship among Ca, Na and K metabolism and bood pressure.

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Analysis of Sheath Induction Voltage for 154kV OF Underground Cable (154kV OF 지중케이블의 씨스 유도전압 해석)

  • Lee, H.G.;Kim, D.K.;Bae, J.H.;Ha, T.H.;Choi, S.B.;Jeong, S.H.
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.156-158
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    • 2000
  • As we are industrialized lately, power capacity is increased in the city urban areas. So the application of underground transmission line is largely expended. In this paper, we analysis the induction voltage on the sheath of 1,200[$mm^2$] OF underground cable being used 154kV underground transmission line. If the current on the cable conductor is 300[A], circulation current is induced the maximum 100[A] on the cable sheath.

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Effects of EA Application to GV20 and LI4 on BAX and NF-kB Expression of the SD-Rat's Hippocampus with Global Ischemia

  • Choi, Jung-Hyun;Kim, Sung-Won;Lee, Jae-Gap;Kim, Min-Hee;Kim, Ji-Sung;Choi, Yoo-Rim;Yun, Young-Dae;Kim, Chi-Hyok;Kim, Yong-Seong;Kim, Nyeon-Jun;Lee, Ju-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Bin
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.136-142
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to reveal how EA affects BAX and NF-kB involved in cell deaths from global ischemia, and to do this, observes the changes of BAX and NF-kB caused by EA application after transient global ischemia. The experimental method is to give rise to global ischemia and apply EA to 27 SD rats with the particulars of being six-week-old, male, around-300 gram-weighing, and adapted to laboratory environment for more than a week, and divide them into three groups, that is, GV20 EA group(n=9), L14 EA group(n=9), no-treatment GI group(n=9), and then observe their changes of BAX and NF-kB at the time lapse of 6 hours, 9 hours and 12 hours after ischemia, using western blotting. The numerical decrease of BAX expression at the time lapse of 9 hours after EA application, though not statistically significant, was observed in GV20 EA group and L14 EA group, and the NF-kB expression appeared statistically significant decrease in GV20 EA group and L14 EA group, but the expression was higher in the group with EA application. Therefore, EA application at the early phase of global ischemia is considered to affect BAX and NF-kB and play a positive role in decreasing apoptosis and cell deaths by inflammation.

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Urtica Dioica and Lamium Album Decrease Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 beta and Increase K-Ras in Diabetic Rats

  • Abedinzade, Mahmood;Rostampour, Mohammad;Mirzajani, Ebrahim;Khalesi, Zahra Bostani;Pourmirzaee, Tahere;Khanaki, Korosh
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.248-252
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The aim of the present work is evaluating the special effects of Urtica Dioica and Lamium Album on the serum level of K-Ras and GSK-3 beta in diabetic rats. Methods: In the present experimental study, 32 male Wistar rats randomly divided into 4 groups (Group I: normal control rats; receiving daily PBS, Group 2: diabetic control rats; receiving single dose of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) and daily PBS, Group 3: Diabetic rats treated with 100 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract of the U. dioica, Group 4: Diabetic rats treated with 100 mg/kg of hydroalcoholic extract of L. Album. Diabetes-induced by an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/ kg). On the 14 th day of treatment, the weight, fasting blood sugar (FBS) and on 28 th day blood glucose, K-Ras and GSK3 beta was measured. Results: In diabetic group blood GSK- 3 beta increase in comparison to control group (P < 0.05), also blood K-Ras decrease in the diabetic group (P < 0.05). Both extracts reduced GSK-3 beta level, however, this reduction was only statistically significant by U.dioica (P < 0.05). Compared to diabetic group, blood K-Ras level increased by both extract (P < 0.05). Also diabetes induction increase blood glucose levels and both extracts decrease its level significantly (P < 0.05).there is no significant differences among both extract effects on blood glucose, and K-Ras. Conclusion: For the first time shown that both extracts by regulating GSK-3 beta and K-Ras improve blood glucose level. More studies are needed to determine all the effects of these herbs.

Effect of Dietary Vitamin $K_2$ Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density in Ovariectomized Rats (비타민 $K_2$ 첨가 식이가 난소절제쥐의 골밀도에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Mi-Ja;Kim, Mi-Seong
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2011
  • Vitamin K has been suggested to plays a role in bone metabolism. The objective of this study was to determine whether vitamin K2 supplementation is related to bone mineral density, bone formation markers, and bone resorption in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Forty Sprague-Dawley female rats (body weight, $200{\pm}10$ g) were divided into four groups: a sham group fed a control diet, a sham group fed a vitamin K2 supplemented diet, OVX fed a control diet, and OVX fed a vitamin $K_2$ supplemented diet (3.5 mg vitamin $K_2$/kg diet). All rats were fed the experimental diets for 6 weeks, and deionized water was provided ad libitum. Serum alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP), osteocalcin, and urinary deoxypyridinoline crosslink values were measured as markers of bone formation and resorption. Bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content were measured in the spine and femur using PIXImus (GE Lunar Co., Madison, WI, USA). No significant differences in body weight gain, food intake, or food efficiency ratio were observed between the control and experimental groups. Serum ALP, osteocalcin, and urinary crosslink values were not significantly different between the vitamin $K_2$ supplemented groups. No significant differences were observed for any of the variables in the sham group. Spine BMD values were significantly lower in the OVX than those in the sham groups. Spine and femur BMD per weight of vitamin $K_2$ tended to be higher than the control diet group within the OVX group, but no significant differences were observed. In conclusion, dietary vitamin $K_2$ supplementation may have a beneficial effect on spine and femur BMD in OVX rats. Further research is needed to understand the potential benefits of vitamin $K_2$ on bone loss in OVX rats.

SOME REMARKS ON BOUNDED COHOMOLOGY GROUP OF PRODUCT OF GROUPS

  • Park, HeeSook
    • Honam Mathematical Journal
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.631-650
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, for discrete groups G and K, we show that the bounded cohomology group of $G{\times}K$ is isomorphic to the cohomology group of the complex of the projective tensor product $B^*(G){\hat{\otimes}}B^*(K)$, where $B^*(G)$ and $B^*(G)$ are the complexes of bounded cochains with real coefficients ${\mathbb{R}}$ of G and K, respectively.

PRODUCTS OF MANIFOLDS AS CONDIMENSION k FINBRATORS

  • Im, Young-Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 1999
  • In this paper, we show that any product of a closed orientable n-manifold $N_1$ with finite fundamental group and a closed orientable asgerical m-mainfold $N_2$ with hopfian fundamental group, where X($N_1$) and X($N_2$) are nonzero, is a condimension 2 fibrator. Moreover, if <$\pi_i(N_1)$=0 for 1$N_1\timesN_2$ is a codimension k PL fibrator.

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