• Title/Summary/Keyword: Klopfer

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An Analysis of 7th Middle School Science Curriculum by Klopfer’s Taxonomy of Education Objectives -Focusing on 7th grade- (Klopfer의 교육목표 분류에 따른 제7차 교육과정의 중학교 과학 교육목표 분석 -7학년을 중심으로-)

  • Kim Sang-Dal;Lee Yong-Seob;Choi Sung-Bong
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.640-651
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    • 2005
  • This study was to analyze the subject objectives of Middle school 7th grade Science textbooks based on the Korean 7th curriculum by using Klopfer’s taxonomic system and find out how much compatible they were with the requiring objectives of the curriculum. Particularly, this study makes educational objectives for textbooks coherent wit the requiring objectives of the curriculum, through the analysing the problems. The results are follows. The Middle school science educational objective of the 7th curriculum sets up almost of the objectives through all of the domains of the Klopfer’s taxonomy system, except the operational function (Category G.0), and emphasizes on emotionable domain (Category $H.0\~I.0$) more. However, comparing with an encouragement objective rate of NSTA, Middle school Science textbooks based on the 7th curriculum were published putting more importance in a cognitive domain, and the intention objective (Category I.0) was not mentioned.

Analysis of Instructional and Evaluational Objectives in Chemistry I Textbooks (화학 I 교과서의 학습 목표 및 평가 문항 분석)

  • Park, Hyun-Ju;Bea, Jeong-Ju;Jo, Kye-Seung
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.491-499
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    • 2012
  • This study was to analyze the educational objectives of evaluation of practice quizzes and learning objectives of chemistry I textbooks for the 2009 revised curriculum by Klopfer's taxonomy. The result revealed that the objectives of science education indicated in the 2009 revised curriculum were contained the educational meaning of all categories except 'manual skills' of Klopfer's taxonomy of educational objectives. The learning objectives of chemistry I textbooks laid mostly on 'the knowledge and comprehension' and 'the process of scientific inquiry'. It showed that 'the objectives of scientific knowledge and methods', 'manual skills' and 'scientific attitude and interest', 'orientation' seemed to be taken in a relatively careless way. The result on the practice quizzes in textbooks, they also laid stress on 'the knowledge and comprehension' were covered much, even though they were emphasized in the other objectives of the curriculum. It was concluded that the educational objectives of the science textbooks did not reflect much on educational objectives of the 2009 revised curriculum.

An Analysis of Elementary Schools' Science Test Items by Klopfer's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Focusing on the First Term of the 5th Grade (Klopfer의 교육 목표 분류 체계에 의한 초등학교 과학과 지필 평가 문항 분석: 5학년 1학기를 중심으로)

  • Yang, Il-Ho;Na, Jong-Cheol;Lim, Sung-Man;Lim, Jae-Keun;Choi, Hyun-Dong
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the written tests of the science lessons at elementary schools with the instructional objectives of the teachers' guide for the first term of the 5th grade by using Klopfer's taxonomic system. In the analysis of the instructional objectives in the teachers' guide, A.0(40.0%) and $B.0{\sim}E.0$(42.4%) showed high level but the proportion of processes of F.0(5.6%), G.0(4.0%), H.0(4.0%), and I.0(4.0%) showed low level, while in the written tests A.0 was 54.8%, $B.0{\sim}E.0$ was 36.1%, F.0 was 7.3%, and G.0 was 1.8% but H.0 and 1.0 was not taken at all. In the comparison with the instructional objectives in the teachers' guide about the domain of the knowledge and the comprehension showed hish and the processes of the scientific inquiry showed relatively low. The results of this study suggested that a desirable written test should be made to consider elementary science curriculum and instructional objectives and hold up rates of each behavior category between the instructional objectives of teachers guide and assessment objectives of written tests.

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A survey on the Attitudes of the Middle School Students Toward Science Using Klopfers Classification of Science Education (Klopfer의 과학 교육 목표 분류 방법에 의한 중학교 학생들의 과학에 대한 태도 조사연구)

  • Ahn, Byung-Gyun;Kim, Ik-Gyun;Soe, Kwang-Rok
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 1985
  • The measurement tad of student's attitudes towards secondary school science had been developed according to the scheme of categories of science education object by Klopfer. Sixteen background factors of student had been chosen in order to find out a difference in student's attitudes towards secondary school science for each background factor. The twenty-eighth grade student's attitudes towards secondary school science in the Province of Chung Cheong Buk Do had been investigated by the developed tool. The findings were as follow: 1. On the whole the investigated students had favorable attitudes towards secondary school science. 2. The adoption of scientific attitudes and favorable attitudes towards science and scientists were the best affirmative attitudes. 3. The correlation between enjoyment of science learning experiences and development of interest in pursuing a career in science was the highest level. 4. The seven of sixteen background factors-sex, interest in science, science mark, location of residence, sat sifaction level at science learning, familiarity level with the name of scientific instruments and intended job-affected studentss attitudes towards secondary school science.

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Analysis of Summative Evaluation Objectives in Middle school Science Examination by Klopfer's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives (중학교 과학과 총괄 지필평가 문항의 목표 분석)

  • Park, HyunJu
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.293-302
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze of the science examination of middle school 7th grade by Klopfer's taxonomy of educational objectives. A total of 645 test items from 10 middle schools were analyzed for this study. The examination items were analyzed according to the objectives of science education, such as behavior and contents area, question types, and the degree of difficulty. It was shown that, when the distribution of behavioral objectives was considered, the items emphasized knowledge and comprehension, and were scientific knowledge oriented. The tests consisted of multiple choice questions at a relatively high rate, compared to short answer questions. Comparing the rate of teachers' expectations to the degree of difficulty, the ratio of "top" was low and that of "medium" was high. The results of this study suggested that using various types of question and multiple levels of content and behavior enabled more effective evaluation of the diverse thinking powers and learning of the students.

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Classification and Statement of Evaluating Objectives Using Three-Dimensional Assessment Framework of Science Inquiry (과학 탐구의 3차원 평가틀에 의한 평가 목표 분류 및 진술)

  • Woo, Jong-Ok;Cheong, Cheol
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.270-277
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study is to classify and state of evaluating objectives using three-dimensional assessment framework of science inquiry. The first, as an attempt to provide a theoretical base for developing an assessment framework taxonomies and classificatory schemes of educational objectives were analyzed Bloom's taxonomy, Klopfer's specification, NAEP(National Assessment of Educational Progress), and APU(Assessment of Performance Unit) framework. The second, three-dimensional assessment framework use in this study has formed a clear definition of three-dimensional matrix. These three dimensions consists of content, context and process. The third, the model of three-dimensional taxonomy of science inquiry developed in this study is presented. In addition, an example of classification and statement of evaluating objectives based on the model is presented.

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Elementary Science Instruction Analysis According to Teacher의s Understanding Toward Science (과학에 대한 초등 교사의 인식에 따른 자연과 수업 분석)

  • 김상각;김효남
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.91-101
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to find out how to be pursued elementary teachers' science instruction according to their understanding toward science. Sixty elementary teachers were involved in the questionnaire, investigating understanding on the nature of science and the science teaching. Two elementary teachers' science classes are observed. Their instructional objectives were analyzed. And their understanding toward science was measured. Teacher A had consistent modern philosophical views of science on the nature of science and science teaching, and teacher B had not consistency Klopfer's science educational objectives category was used to analyse instructional objective. The ideal proportions of the instructional objectives of the observed classes were established from science education specialist group. You ideality index was calculated. You ideality index indicate how far from the ideal proportions of the instructional objectives the observed instruction is. Relative proportions of instructional objectives appeared in science classes were compared with ideal instructional objectives. Instructional objectives containing the modem views appearing classes observed were compared according to teachers' understanding toward science. As results, teachers' understanding toward science showed lack of consistency, which is consisted of modern philosophical view of science on science teaching: modem and classical philosophical view of science on nature of science. Teacher A's instruction was approached more closely to the ideal proportions of the instructional objectives, showing fewer You ideality index. Instructional objectives containing the modern views are more appeared and closer to ideal proportions in teacher A's classes than in teacher B's. A teacher having modern understanding on nature of science would instruct science with modern scientific philosophical perspectives. Therefore teacher preparation programs should include more contents about modern philosophical understanding on the nature of science.

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The Analysis of Educational Objectives by Observation in the 3rd and 5th Grade Science Instruction (관찰에 의한 국민학교 3, 5학년 자연과 수업의 목표 분석)

  • Ko, Se-Hwan;Kim, Hyo-Nam
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 1991
  • This study pursued to find out the degree to which educational objectives are pursued in the 3rd and 5th grade science instructional of an elementary school. Twenty science instruional hours are observed during two month from May to July, 1989. Klopfer's science educational objectives system is used as the tool of objective analysis. Questionnaires for the ideal proportions of the educational objectives are answered by the professors and elementary school teachers. The writers regarded those results as the ideal proportions of the educational objectives. Results from the analysis of the instruction are as follows : 1. Results from analysis of the instruction in the third grade are as follows : knowledge and comprehension (A. 0) objectives are found to be pursued. about 40%. scientific inquiry process(B. 0-E. 0) objectives, about 29%, application of scientific knowledge and methods(F. 0) objectives. about 10%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives, about 11%, scientific attitudes and interests(H. 0) objectives, about 10% and orientation(I. 0) objectives is not pursued. 2. Results from analysis of the instruction in the fifth grade are as follows: knowledge and comprehension(A. 0) objectives are found to be pursued. about 31%, scientific inquiry process (B. 0-E. 0) objectives. about 38%, application of scientific knowledge and methods (F. 0) objectives, about 13%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives, about 7%, scientific attitudes and interests(H. 0) objectives, about 10%. 3. Results from the ideal proportions are as follows : Knowledge and comprehension(A. 0) objectives, 20.5%, scientific inquiry process(B. 0-E. 0) objectives, 46.5%, application of scientific knowledge and methods(F. 0) objectives. 8%, manual skills(G. 0) objectives. 9.5%, scientific attitudes and interests (H. 0) objectives, 9% and orientation(I. 0) objectives, 6.5%. 4. "You ideality index" is 29 in the third grade and 23 in the fifth grade. Science instruction of the fifth grade can be interpreted to be nearer to the ideal instruction in terms of educational objectives.

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The Development of Teaching and Learning Strategy for Improving Science Process Skills with Science Writing (과학 탐구 능력 신장을 위한 과학 글쓰기 교수.학습 전략 개발)

  • Bae, Hee-Sook;Jhun, Young-Seok;Hong, Jun-Euy
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.178-186
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    • 2009
  • The science writing is recognized for useful learning method to boost up scientific thinking for all class course as well as traditional lecture and experiment. Many researches say that science writing is helpful to extend students' science knowledge and scientific attitude. By the way, the researchers thought that science writing can also improve the science process skill if students participate in delicately organized learning program. In this study, we had contrived the teaching & learning strategy of science writing to improve science process skills. The learning program covers all field of Klopfer's process skills with various forms of writing; explaining writing, logical writing, critical writing, and creative writing. The learning program has been developed for 5th grade students in the regular classes in order to enhance science process skills as well as knowledge and scientific attitude. Not to miss any process skill or various kinds of writing, we used 3 dimensional frame. The axes of the frames are science process skills, forms of writing, and science curriculum contents. The students are given the final writing theme at the beginning of each chapter. They drill science process skills step by step during the classes, and have a chance to talk each other before the final writing. They practice writing skills from one sentence to full article by degrees. The effect of the program was examined by students' work and TSPS (Test of Science Process Skill). The result showed that 5th grade students had a meaningful progress in science process skills as well as knowledge and scientific attitude. we could confirm it with examining students' work in the class.

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