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Preparation and Optical Properties of Polarizing Film Based on Poly(vinyl Alcohol) Dyed by Reactive Dichroic Dyes Using Organic Solvents (유기 용매를 사용한 반응성 이색성 염료의 염착에 의한 폴리비닐알코올계 편광필름의 제조 및 광학특성)

  • Choi, E-Joon;Choi, Seung Sock;Kim, Eun-Chol;Kim, Si Min;Back, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2012
  • In this study, commercial poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) film was dyed with reactive dichroic dyes under mild conditions using organic solvents in stead of strong basic aqueous solution. After drawing of 500% of this PVA film, the polarizing efficiency and the single piece transmittance were measured. The degree of saponification of the commercialized PVA film was determined by using NMR and FT-IR spectromety. The commercial PVA film, with ca. 100% of the degree of saponification determined by NMR spectrometry, was dyed with the reactive dichroic dyes, which have 3,5-dichloro-2,4,6-triazine moiety. As a result, we found that the PVA film dyed with the reactive congo red showed relatively good polarization efficiency, and the PVA film dyed with the reactive direct black 22 exhibited relatively good single piece transmittance.

A Study on Development of Voice and SMS Alarm System Based on MODBUS Protocol (MODBUS 프로토콜에서 작동되는 음성 및 SMS 경보 시스템 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Seol, Jun-Soo;Lee, Seung-Ho
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.311-318
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    • 2015
  • This dissertation proposes method for development technology of voice and SMS(Short Message Service) alarming system based on modbus protocol. The proposed technology is composed of the following 3 stages; hardware development based on microprocessor, development of input and output driver for modem, mp3 decoder, making modbus protocol stack. In the stage of hardware development based on microprocessor, we develop hardware which receives alarm from modbus master and transmit sms message, play mp3. In the stage of development of input / ouput device driver such as modem, mp3 decoder, we develop program which control each devices. In the stage of making modbus protocol stack, voice and sms alarm system is made for receiving alarm via modbus protocol. To evaluate performance of proposed technology, we issued alarm to voice and sms alarming system on purpose. As a result, response speed of detecting alarm was 10.7ms, communication distance was 1.2Km, operating temperature was from $-25^{\circ}C$ to $70^{\circ}C$, we confirmed supporting modbus protocol. And we verified that proposed voice and sms alarming system in the thesis has a performance to be used as an industrial building alarming system.

Block Adaptive Binarization of Business Card Images Acquired in PDA Using a Modified Quadratic filter (변형된 Quadratic 필터를 이용한 PDA로 획득한 명함 영상의 블록 적응 이진화)

  • 신기택;장익훈;김남철
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.29 no.6C
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    • pp.801-814
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we propose a block adaptive binarization (BAB) using a modified quadratic filter (MQF) to binarize business card images acquired by personal digital assistant (PDA) cameras effectively. In the proposed method, a business card image is first partitioned into blocks of 8${\times}$8 and the blocks are then classified into character Hocks (CBs) and background blocks (BBs). Each classified CB is windowed with a 24${\times}$24 rectangular window centering around the CB and the windowed blocks are improved by the pre-processing filter MQF, in which the scheme of threshold selection in QF is modified. The 8${\times}$8 center block of the improved block is barbarized with the threshold selected in the MQF. A binary image is obtained tiling each binarized block in its original position. Experimental results show that the MQF and the BAB have much better effects on the performance of binarization compared to the QF and the global binarization (GB), respectively, for the test business card images acquired in a PDA. Also the proposed BAB using MQF gives binary images of much better quality, in which the characters appear much better clearly, over the conventional GB using QF. In addition, the binary images by the proposed BAB using MQF yields about 87.7% of character recognition rate so that about 32.0% performance improvement over those by the GB using QF yielding about 55.7% of character recognition rate using a commercial character recognition software.

A Transmission Service Method for Processing Visual Recognition of Sender Information (발신자 정보에 대한 시각적 인식 처리를 위한 전송 서비스 기법)

  • 김기현
    • Journal of KIISE:Computing Practices and Letters
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.328-336
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    • 2004
  • Recently a mobile service is changing into a system environment that offers the customer various contents service. Representative example of service is a Calling Identity Del ivory Service(CID). Such service has the problem in the case which the receiver cannot remember the phone number of the sender; it has a difficult problem that cannot easily confirm whose the phone number it is. Therefore, it is desirable to design and implement visual services that can enhance the recognition of users. In this paper, we propose the architecture that is similar to a Calling Identity Delivery Service. We propose the architecture for communication service and system that is able to visually display the information of the sender using 2D image data in mobile environment. After that we set the image information to represent the user and this method is able to visually display the information of the sender by transmitting an image data through channels from switch station or base station using the server. When the receiver receives a phone call from the sender, this method provides an efficient service by transmitting visual data with bell sound. That is, the image information of sender is appeared on liquid crystal display(LCD) of the receiver at the same time. We investigate the concepts for processing real-time transmission of image data and describe an example of the implementation result that is based on system. This technology has a potential influence on the marketing and presents an efficiency of this method.

Efficient Local Decoding Using Bit Stream Map for High Resolution Video (비트 스트림 지도를 이용한 고해상도 영상의 효율적인 지역복호화)

  • Park Sungwon;Won Jongwoo;Lee Sunyoung;Kim Wookjoong;Kim Kyuheon;Jang Euee S
    • Journal of Broadcast Engineering
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.391-401
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we introduce a novel coding method to efficiently enable spatial random access for high resolution video. In terms of resolution and display size, standard display devices (such as cathode-ray tubes. monitors. PDAs, and LCDs) do not sufficiently support high resolution video such as digital cinema and panoramic video. Currently, users have no choice but to view video at lower resolution as a result of down-sampling, or only a partial region of the video due to display size limitations. Our proposed method. which we call the B-map, represents the set of starting locations of the coded segments in a picture frame. This information, or B-map, is first sent to the decoder prior to the coded data stream of the frame and is then used for fast local decoding. To test our method, we compare our B-map with JPEG tiling and the JPEG Resynchronization marker. Experimental results show that the proposed coding method requires less overhead than existing methods during the same decoding time. The results show promise for future panoramic or digital cinema applications.

Image Retrieval Using Multiresoluton Color and Texture Features in Wavelet Transform Domain (웨이브릿 변환 영역의 칼라 및 질감 특징을 이용한 영상검색)

  • Chun Young-Deok;Sung Joong-Ki;Kim Nam-Chul
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SP
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2006
  • We propose a progressive image retrieval method based on an efficient combination of multiresolution color and torture features in wavelet transform domain. As a color feature, color autocorrelogram of the hue and saturation components is chosen. As texture features, BDIP and BVLC moments of the value component are chosen. For the selected features, we obtain multiresolution feature vectors which are extracted from all decomposition levels in wavelet domain. The multiresolution feature vectors of the color and texture features are efficiently combined by the normalization depending on their dimensions and standard deviation vector, respectively, vector components of the features are efficiently quantized in consideration of their storage space, and computational complexity in similarity computation is reduced by using progressive retrieval strategy. Experimental results show that the proposed method yields average $15\%$ better performance in precision vs. recall and average 0.2 in ANMRR than the methods using color histogram color autocorrelogram SCD, CSD, wavelet moments, EHD, BDIP and BVLC moments, and combination of color histogram and wavelet moments, respectively. Specially, the proposed method shows an excellent performance over the other methods in image DBs contained images of various resolutions.

Using Google Earth for a Dynamic Display of Future Climate Change and Its Potential Impacts in the Korean Peninsula (한반도 기후변화의 시각적 표현을 위한 Google Earth 활용)

  • Yoon, Kyung-Dahm;Chung, U-Ran;Yun, Jin-I.
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.275-278
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    • 2006
  • Google Earth enables people to easily find information linked to geographical locations. Google Earth consists of a collection of zoomable satellite images laid over a 3-D Earth model and any geographically referenced information can be uploaded to the Web and then downloaded directly into Google Earth. This can be achieved by encoding in Google's open file format, KML (Keyhole Markup Language), where it is visible as a new layer superimposed on the satellite images. We used KML to create and share fine resolution gridded temperature data projected to 3 climatological normal years between 2011-2100 to visualize the site-specific warming and the resultant earlier blooming of spring flowers over the Korean Peninsula. Gridded temperature and phonology data were initially prepared in ArcGIS GRID format and converted to image files (.png), which can be loaded as new layers on Google Earth. We used a high resolution LCD monitor with a 2,560 by 1,600 resolution driven by a dual link DVI card to facilitate visual effects during the demonstration.

Cu dry etching by the reaction of Cu oxide with H(hfac) (Cu oxide의 형성과 H(hfac) 반응을 이용한 Cu 박막의 건식식각)

  • Yang, Hui-Jeong;Hong, Seong-Jin;Jo, Beom-Seok;Lee, Won-Hui;Lee, Jae-Gap
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.527-532
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    • 2001
  • Dry etching of copper film using $O_2$ plasma and H(hfac) has been investigated. A one-step process consisting of copper film oxidation with an $O_2$ plasma and the removal of surface copper oxide by the reaction with H(hfac) to form volatile Cu(hfac)$_2$ and $H_2O$ was carried but. The etching rate of Cu in the range from 50 to 700 /min was obtained depending on the substrate temperature, the H(hfac)/O$_2$ flow rate ratio, and the plasma power. The copper film etch rate increased with increasing RF power at the temperatures higher than 215$^{\circ}C$. The optimum H(hfac)/O$_2$ flow rate ratio was 1:1, suggesting that the oxidation process and the reaction with H(hfac) should be in balance. Cu patterning using a Ti mask was performed at a flow rate ratio of 1:1 on 25$0^{\circ}C$\ulcorner and an isotropic etching profile with a taper slope of 30$^{\circ}$was obtained. Cu dry patterning with a tapered angle which is necessary for the advanced high resolution large area thin film transistor liquid-crystal displays was thus successfully obtained from one step process by manipulating the substrate temperature, RF power, and flow rate ratio.

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Synthesis and Anaiysis of Photohnninescence Properties of $^5D_1$$^7F_1$ Transition in $LaGaO_3$:$Eu^{3+}$ Red Phosphor ($LaGaO_3$:$Eu^{3+}$형광체의 합성 및 발광 특성)

  • Kim, Kyoung Hwa;Choi, Yoon Young;Sohn, Kee Sun;Kim, Chang Hae;Park, Hee Dong;Choe, Se Young
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.44 no.5
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    • pp.453-459
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    • 2000
  • FED has deserved an intensive attentioD as a new flat panel display. The present investigationaims at undemtanding the photoluminescence and cathodoluminescent properties of hGaO$_3$: $Eu^{3+}$ phosphor bytaking into account the possibility that this phosphor could be applied for FED. In onler to investigate on.sucha detailed behavior; 8everM experimental skil18 Je conducted to the LaGaO$_3$:$Eu^{3+}$ phosphoL The excimtion srectrum artd emission spectmn were rnezsured in the UV range and then decay curve of $^5D_0$+$^7F_j$transitions\vas examined. The decay behavior of $^5D_0$ emission was anMyzed by a newly Iuoposed cross-relaxation mech-ani8In in asswiation with inteFwnter di1ffision (or migration). The cross-mlaxation from $^5D_0$ to CTB (Cha'geTransfer Band) wuld be a quite retsonable by considering the excitation spectrum. It could be also found thatthe quenching type was changed from ditfrsion controlled process to the direct quenching process -s inJeasing $Eu^{3+}$ oncntration.

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Development of a Prototype Patient Monitoring System with Module-Based Bedside Units and Central Stations: Overall Architecture and Specifications (모듈형 환자감시기와 중앙 환자감시기로 구성되는 환자감시시스템 시제품의 개발: 전체구조 및 사양)

  • Woo, E.J.;Park, S.H.;Jun, B.M.;Moon, C.W.;Lee, H.C.;Kim, S.T.;Kim, H.J.;Seo, J.J.;Chae, K.M.;Park, J.C.;Choi, K.H.;Lee, W.J.;Kim, K.S.
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1996 no.05
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    • pp.315-319
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    • 1996
  • We have developed a prototype patient monitoring system including module-based bedside units, interbed network, and central stations. A bedside unit consists of a color monitor and a main CPU unit with peripherals including a module controller. It can also include up to 3 module cases and 21 different modules. In addition to the 3-channel recorder module, six different physiological parameters of ECG, respiration, invasive blood pressure, noninvasive blood pressure, body temperature, and arterial pulse oximetry with plethysmogaph are provided as parameter modules. Modules and a module controller communicate with up to 1Mbps data rate through an intrabed network based on RS-485 and HDLC protocol. Bedside units can display up to 12 channels of waveforms with any related numeric informations simultaneously. At the same time, it communicates with other bedside units and central stations through interbed network based on 10Mbps Ethernet and TCP/IP protocol. Software far bedside units and central stations fully utilizes gaphical user interface techniques and all functions are controlled by a rotate/push button on bedside unit and a mouse on central station. The entire system satisfies the requirements of AAMI and ANSI standards in terms of electrical safety and performances. In order to accommodate more advanced data management capabilities such as 24-hour full disclosure, we are developing a relational database server dedicated to the patient monitoring system. We are also developing a clinical workstation with which physicians can review and examine the data from patients through various kinds of computer networks far diagnosis and report generation. Portable bedside units with LCD display and wired or wireless data communication capability will be developed in the near future. New parameter modules including cardiac output, capnograph, and other gas analysis functions will be added.

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