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7Li MAS NMR studies of Li4P2O7 and LiFePO4 materials (LiFePO4와 Li4P2O77Li MAS NMR 특성 연구)

  • Han, Doug-Young;Park, Nam-Sin;Lee, Sang-Hyuk;Lee, Hak-Man;Kim, Chang-Sam
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2011
  • [ $^7Li$ ]Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy has been used to study the lithium local environments in $Li_4P_2O_7$ and$LiFePO_4$ materials. The purpose of this study was to know the structure of the solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) in lithium ion cells composed of $LiFePO_4$ as cathode material. $Li_4P_2O_7$ and $LiFePO_4$ were prepared by a solid-state reaction. The $^7Li$ MAS NMR experiments were carried out at variable temperatures in order to observe the local structure changes at the temperatures in $Li_4P_2O_7$ system. The $^7Li$ MAS NMR spectra of in $Li_4P_2O_7$ indicate that the lithium local environments in $Li_4P_2O_7$ were not changed in the temperature range between $27^{\circ}C$ and $97^{\circ}C$ Through this work, we confirmed that the small amount of $Li_4P_2O_7$ less than 5.0 wt% in $LiFePO_4$ could be clearly measured by the $^7Li$ MAS NMR spectroscopy at high spinning rate over than 11 kHz.

Charge/Discharge Properties of Camon Added $LiFeO_4$

  • Jin, En-Mei;Li, Hu;Jeon, Yeon-Su;Park, Kyung-Hee;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.361-362
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    • 2007
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FE-SEM. $LiFePO_4/SPE/Li$ and $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by charge/discharge experiments. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell was 103 mAh/g at the first cycle. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cells, 126 mAh/g at the first cycle and 123 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/SPE/Li cell.

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Electrochemical Characteristics of $LiFePO_4$ with Conductivity Materials for Lithium Polymer Batteries

  • Jin, En Mei;Wang, Jiao;Zhao, Xing Guan;Park, Kyung-Hee;Gu, Hal-Bon;Park, Bok-Kee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.132-132
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    • 2009
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. In this study, Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) and Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity of $LiFePO_4$. $LiFePO_4$, $LiFePO_4$-MWCNT and $LiFePO_4$-C particles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) transmission electron microscope (TEM). $LiFePO_4/SPE/Li$, $LiFePO_4$-MWCMT/SPE/Li and $LiFePO_4$-C/SPE/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by charge/discharge experiments at a constant current density of $0.1mA\;cm^{-2}$ in a range between 2.5 and 4.3 V vs. $Li/Li^+$ and cyclic voltammetry (CV).

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The relation of the crystal phase and the charge/discharge capacity of $Li[Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$ cathode materials substituted Li (Li 치환된 $Li[Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$ 정극 활물질의 결정 구조와 충방전 용량과의 관계)

  • Jeong, In-Seong;Gu, Hal-Bon;Park, Bok-Gi;Son, Myeng-Mo;Lee, Heon-Su
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.117-120
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    • 2000
  • The relation of crystal phase and charge/discharge capacity of $Li[Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$ were studied for different degrees of Li substitution (y). All cathode material showed spinel phase based on cubic phase in X-ray diffraction. Other peaks didn't show in spite of the increase of y value in $Li[Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$. Ununiform of $Li[Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$ which calcinated by (111) face and (222) face was more stable than that of pure $LiMn_2O_4$. In addition, At TG analysis, calcined $Li[Li_{0.1}Mn_{1.9}]O_4$ exhibited much mass loss at $800{\mu}m$. The cycle performance of the $Li(Li_yMn_{2-y}]O_4$ was improved by the substitution of $Li^{1+}$ for $Mn^{3+}$ in the octahedral sites. Specially, $Li[Li_{0.08}Mn_{1.92}]O_4$ and $Li[Li_{0.1}Mn_{1.9}]O_4$ cathode materials showed the charge and discharge capacity of about 125mAh/g at first cycle, and about 95mAh/g after 70th cycle. It is excellent than that of pure $LiMn_2O_4$, which 125mAh/g at first cycle, 65mAh/g at 70th.

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Synthesis LiFePO4- poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) composite cathode material for rechargeable lithium battery by hydrothermal method

  • Hiep, Nguyen Van;Wang, Wan Lin;Jin, En Mei;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.137.2-137.2
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    • 2011
  • Poly (sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) is ionomer based on polystyrene that is electrical conductivity and isoviscosity. LiFePO4 has been a promising electrode material however its poor conductivity limits practical application. To enhance the electronic conductivity of LiFePO4, in this study we prepared LiFePO4- PSS composite by the hydrothermal method. LiFePO4 was heated at $170^{\circ}C$ for 12h and then different wt% PSS (0%, 2.91%, 4.75%, 7.36%, 10%) are added to LiFePO4 and milled at 300rpm for 10h. And then the obtained powders were subsequently heated at $500^{\circ}C$ for 1h under argon flow. The cathode electrode were made from mixtures of LiFePO4-PSS: SP-270- PVDF in a weighting ratio 75%: 25%:5%. The electrochemical properties of LiFePO4- PSS/Li batteries were analyzed by cyclic voltammetry and charge/discharge tests. LiFePO4-C/Li battery with 4.75 wt% PSS displays discharge capacity of 128 mAh g-1 at room temperature that is considerably higher than pure LiFePO4/Li battery ( 113.48 mAhg-1).

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Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of $LiFePO_4$ Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

  • Jeon, Yeon-Su;Jin, En-Mei;Jin, Bo;Jun, Dae-Kyoo;Han, Zhen Ji;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.48-52
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    • 2006
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity' of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). $LiFePO_4$/Li and $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by cyclic voltammogram (CV), charge/discharge experiments and ac impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell was 147 mAh/g at the first cycle and 118 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cell with 5wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cells, 133 mAh/g at the first cycle and 128 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4-C$/Li cell with 5wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell.

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Structural and Electrochemical Characterization of LiFePO4 Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

  • Jeon, Yeon-Su;Jin, En-Mei;Jin, Bo;Jun, Dae-Kyoo;Han, Zhen-Ji;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 2007
  • Phospho-olivine $LiFePO_4$ cathode materials were prepared by hydrothermal reaction. Carbon black was added to enhance the electrical conductivity of $LiFePO_4$. The structural and morphological performance of $LiFePO_4$ and $LiFePO_4$-C powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). $LiFePO_4$/Li and $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cells were characterized electrochemically by cyclic voltammogram (CV), charge/discharge experiments and ac impedance spectroscopy. The results showed that the discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell was 147 mAh/g at the first cycle and 118 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. The discharge capacity of $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was the largest among $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cells, 133 mAh/g at the first cycle and 128 mAh/g after 30 cycles, respectively. It was demonstrated that cycling performance of $LiFePO_4$-C/Li cell with 5 wt% carbon black was better than that of $LiFePO_4$/Li cell.

Preparation and Electrochemical Properties of LiFePO4-PSS Composite Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries

  • Nguyen, Hiep Van;Jin, En Mei;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.177-180
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we prepared $LiFePO_4$- poly (sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) composite by the hydrothermal method and ball-milling process. Different wt% PSS were added to $LiFePO_4$. The cathode electrodes were made from mixtures of $LiFePO_4$-PSS: SP-270: PVDF in a weighting ratio of 70%: 25%: 5%. $LiFePO_4$-PSS powders were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrochemical properties of $LiFePO_4$-PSS/Li batteries were analyzed by cyclic voltammetry, charge/discharge tests, and AC impedance spectroscopy. A Li/$LiFePO_4$-PSS battery with 4.75 wt% PSS shows the best electrochemical properties, with a discharge capacity of 128 mAh/g.

The Root Cause of the Rate Performance Improvement After Metal Doping: A Case Study of LiFePO4

  • Park, Chang-Kyoo;Park, Sung-Bin;Park, Ji-Hun;Shin, Ho-Chul;Cho, Won-Il;Jang, Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.921-926
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    • 2011
  • This study investigates a root cause of the improved rate performance of $LiFePO_4$ after metal doping to Fesites. This is because the metal doped $LiFePO_4$/C maintains its initial capacity at higher C-rates than undoped one. Using $LiFePO_4$/C and doped $LiFe_{0.97}M_{0.03}PO_4$/C (M=$Al^{3+}$, $Cr^{3+}$, $Zr^{4+}$), which are synthesized by a mechanochemical process followed by one-step heat treatment, the Li content before and after chemical delithiation in the $LiFePO_4$/C and the binding energy are compared using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results from AAS and XPS indicate that the low Li content of the metal doped $LiFePO_4$/C after chemical delithiation is attributed to the low binding energy induced by weak Li-O interactions. The improved capacity retention of the doped $LiFePO_4$/C at high discharge rates is, therefore, achieved by relatively low binding energy between Li and O ions, which leads to fast Li diffusivity.

Electrochamical Properties of $LiFePO_4$ Electrodes for Lithium Polymer Battery (리튬 폴리머 전지 $LiFePO_4$의 전기화학적 특성)

  • Kong, Ming-Zhe;Gu, Hal-Bon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2005
  • $LiFePO_4$ is a potential candidate for the cathode material of the lithium polymer batteries. $LiFePO_4$ cathode active materials were synthesized by coating on the $LiFePO_4$ was tried using $TiO_2$ and corbon in oreder to increase cyclic performance and electronic conductivity. Highly dispersed on the particles enhances the electronic conductivity and increases the capacity. For lithium polymer battery applications, $LiFePO_4$/SPE/Li and $LiFePO_4$-$TiO_2$/SPE/Li 'cells were characterized electrochemically by cyclic volatammetry and charge/discharge cycling. The $LiFePO_4$-carbon-$TiO_2$ cathode in PVDF-PC-EC-$LiCIO_4$ electrolyte showed high capacity at high current density.

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