• Title/Summary/Keyword: Laminated core

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Optimum Design of the Laminated Composite Sandwich Plate Structure of Truss Core considering Vibration Characteristics (복합적층 트러스 코어형 샌드위치 판구조물의 진동특성을 고려한 최적설계)

  • Jung, Suok-Mo;Hong, Do-Kwan;Ahn, Chan-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.703-709
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, we analyzed the laminated composite sandwich plate structure of truss core with changing values of the designing parameters. As a result, in designing parameters of that, the more height and thickness of the laminated composite plate's core, the more increase of natural frequency. In this type of structure, in the case of applying core of the laminated composite plate and antisymmetric stacking, natural frequency has high value and we calculated the optimum angle-ply making natural frequency maximum. Natural frequency of CFRP is higher than that of GFRP. Both are materials of the laminated composite plate. The mode shapes are various along with the angle-ply of the laminated composite plate.

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A Study on the Impact and Vibration acting on the Laminated Composite Honeycomb Core Type Sandwich Plate Structure (복합적층 하니콤 코어형 샌드위치 판구조물에 미치는 충격과 진동에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Do-Kwan;Seo, Jin;Ahn, Chan-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.616-622
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, we analyzed the laminated composite sandwich plate structure of honeycomb core with changing values of the designing parameters. As a result, in designing parameters of that, the more height and thickness of the laminated composite plate's core, the more increase of natural frequency. The laminated angle has the maximum value when the plate of honeycomb core is join to opposite direction. This paper shows that the natural frequency of CFRP is higher than that of GFRP, and also impact strength marks maximum value in case of antisymmetry than symmetry of core. Also it shows that the mode shapes are various along with the angle-ply of laminated composite plate.

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The effect of embedding a porous core on the free vibration behavior of laminated composite plates

  • Safaei, Babak
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.659-670
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    • 2020
  • This paper proposes the use of a porous core between layers of laminated composite plates to examine its effect on the natural frequencies of the resulted porous laminated composite sandwich plate (PLCSP) resting on a two-parameter elastic foundation. Moreover, it has been suggested that the dispersion of porosity has two different functionally graded (FG) patterns which are compared with a uniformly dispersed (UD) profile to find their best vibrational efficiency in the proposed PLCSPs. In FG patterns, two types of dispersions, including symmetric (FG-S) and asymmetric (FG-A) patterns have been considered. To derive the governing Eigen value equation of such structures, the first order shear deformation theory (FSDT) of plates has been employed. Accordingly, a finite element method (FEM) is developed to solve the derived Eigen value equation. Using the mentioned theory and method, the effects of porosity parameters, fiber orientation of laminated composite, geometrical dimensions, boundary conditions and elastic foundation on the natural frequencies of the proposed PLCSPs have been studied. It is observed that embedding porosity in core layer leads to a significant improvement in the natural frequencies of PLCSPs. Moreover, the natural frequencies of PLCSPs with FG porous core are higher than those with UD porous core.

Iron Loss Comparison between Soft Magnetic Composite Core and Laminated Steel Core in Axial Flux Machine (축방향 자속형 전동기에서 연자성복합체 코어와 적층 전기강판 코어의 철손 비교)

  • Lee, Minhyeok;Nam, Kwanghee
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.217-218
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    • 2015
  • Two axial flux permanent magnet (AFPM) machines using soft magnetic composite (SMC) and lamination steel are studied. Generally stator cores of AFPM machines are manufactured using SMC because AFPM machines need 3 dimensional core structures. However, SMC cores have very disadvantages in magnetic properties. Especially permeability value is much lower than that of lamination steel, so magnetic field density is also lower. In terms of core losses, SMC cores have much larger loss values than lamination steel cores because SMC core can't be laminated. In this study, AFPM machine was designed using laminated steel, and iron losses in two machines using SMC and laminated steel were studied. Simulations were carried out by a commercial 3-D FEM tool.

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Enhancing the static behavior of laminated composite plates using a porous layer

  • Yuan, Yuan;Zhao, Ke;Xu, Kuo
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.72 no.6
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    • pp.763-774
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    • 2019
  • The main aim of this paper is enhancing design of traditional laminated composite plates subjected to static loads. In this regard, this paper suggests embedding a lightweight porous layer in the middle of laminated composite as the core layer of the resulted sandwich plate. The static responses of the suggested structures with uniform, symmetric and non-symmetric porosity distributions are compared to optimize their design. Using the first order shear deformation theories, the static governing equations of the suggested laminated composite plates with a porous layer (LCPPL) rested on two-parameter foundation are obtained. A finite element method is also utilized to solve the governing equations of LCPPLs. Effects of laminated composite and porosity characteristics as well as geometry dimension, edges' boundary conditions and foundation coefficients on the static deflection and stress distribution of the suggested composite plates have been investigated. The results reveal that the use of core between the layers of laminated composites leads to a sharp reduction in the static deflections of LCPPLs. Furthermore, in compare with perfect cores, the use of porous core between the layers of laminated composite plates can offer a considerable reduction in structural weight without a significant difference in their static responses.

Loss Analysis and Validation of Laminated Core Joints

  • Du, Yong;Zhang, Xian;Zhang, Junjie;Liu, Lanrong;Jiao, Cuiping;Cheng, Zhiguang
    • Proceedings of the Korean Magnestics Society Conference
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    • pp.178-178
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    • 2008
  • This paper presents an efficient approach for simulating the loss of the laminated core joints in power transformers. Two laminated core models, with the same material and joint type but different leg length, are established for validating the specific total loss inside the joint region.

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Static Bending Strength Performances of Hybrid Laminated Woods Composed of Wood-Wood Based Boards (목재와 목질보드 복합적층재의 휨강도성능)

  • Park, Han-Min;Moon, Sung-Jae;Choi, Yoon-Eun;Park, Jung-Hwan;Byeon, Hee-Seop
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.546-555
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    • 2009
  • To study an effective use of woods, three-ply hybrid laminated woods instead of crosslaminated woods which are composed of spruce in the face and three kinds of wood-based boards (MDF, PB, OSB) in the core were manufactured, and the effect of constitution elements for the core laminae on bending strength performances was investigated. Bending modulus of elasticity (MOE) of hybrid laminated woods had the highest values for the hybrid laminated wood types arranging OSB laminae in the core, and had the lowest values for those arranging MDF laminae in the core. These values were higher than those of various cross-laminated woods. The estimated bending MOEs of the hybrid laminated woods which were composed of perpendicular-direction lamina of spruce in the faces were similar to their measured values, regardless of wood-based boards in the core. However, those of the hybrid laminated woods which were composed of parallel-direction lamina of spruce in the faces had much higher values than those of their measured values, and it was necessary to revise the measured values. Bending modulus of rupture (MOR) of the hybird laminated woods had the highest value for those arranging OSB laminae in the core, and had the lowest values for those arranging PB laminae in the core unlike the bending MOE. By hybrid laminating, the anisotropy of bending strength performances was markedly decreased, and the differences of strength performances among wood-based boards were also considerably decreased.

Characteristics of Core Sedimentary Facies at the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea of Korea (한국 동해 울릉분지 코어 퇴적상 특성)

  • Lee, Byoung-Kwan;Lee, Su-Woong;Kim, Hong-Tae;Kim, Seok-Yun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.829-837
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    • 2011
  • A study on the grain size change, sedimentary facies and age indicator of volcanic tephra was analysis through four cores (P1 ~ P4) at the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea of Korea. The two cores (P1 and P2) were collected in the northeastern side of the Ulleung Basin (about 2,000 m in water depth), while the other two cores (P3 and P4) with the water depth of about 1,500 m and 1,700 m, respectively, were collected from the continental slope of the southwestern and western side of the Ulleung Basin. Four sedimentary facies and eight sedimentary subfacies were identified. The four facies were massive sand, bioturbated mud, homogeneous mud, and laminated mud. The eight subfacies were further divided as pumiceous ash massive sand, scorieaous massive sand, plain bioturbated mud, pyrite filamented bioturbated mud, distinctly laminated mud, indistinctly laminated mud, thinly laminated mud and homogeneous mud. The homogeneous mud was not found in the core of P3 which is located in the western side of Ulleung Basin (close to the Korean coast). In the case of laminated mud facies, the thinly laminated mud facies was dominated in the lower part of core sequences of the Ulleung Basin (P1 and P2), while the indistinctly laminated mud were overally distributed in the core sequences from the continental slope of Ulleung Basin. The Tephra layers from the core sequences of central Ulleung Basin were more dominated and distinctive than those from the core sequences of continental slope. This is related to the distance from the volcanic source and the amount of sediment supply. The core locations of Ulleung-Oki Tephra layers in the central Ulleung Basin were in the upper part of core sequences, while those in the continental slope were in the lower part of core sequences. This is indicated that the amounts of sediment supply in the continental slope after the Ulleung-Oki eruption were very high and different sedimentary environment between upper and lower of Tephra layer.

Physical and Mechanical Properties of Cross Laminated Timber Using Plywood as Core Layer (합판을 코어로 사용한 교호 집성재의 물리·기계적 성질)

  • Choi, Chul;Yuk, Cho-Rong;Yoo, Ji-Chang;Park, Jae-Young;Lee, Chang-Goo;Kang, Seog-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.86-95
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to study physical and mechanical properties of hybrid cross laminated timber (HCLT) with plywood as core layer in order to improve its mechanical properties for wooden housing. MOE, MOR, and dimensional stability of the HCLT were determined, depending on plywood composition and lamination direction. MOR value of the HCLT was improved as much as that of the glued laminated timber, which was 59.6% stronger than that of the cross laminated timber (CLT) control group. All MOE values of the HCLT were similar to glued laminated timber structure control group regardless of plywood composition and lamination directions. The dimensional stability of the HCLT was better than those of the glued laminated timber and CLT control group, owing to the use of plywood in the core.

Stator Core with Slits in Transverse Flux Rotary Machine to Reduce Eddy Current Loss

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Koo, Dae-Hyun;Kang, Do-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Magnetics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents an eddy current loss analysis for a transverse flux rotary machine (TFRM) with laminated stator cores, which consist of inner and outer cores whose laminated directions are perpendicular to each other. Although the TFRM is laminated to reduce eddy current losses, it still exhibits rapidly increasing core losses as the frequency increases. To solve this problem, slits are introduced to the stator outer core. 3-dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA) based on the T-${\Omega}$ formulation is used to solve the eddy-current problem for a various numbers of slits in the nonlinear lamination core. The effects of the slits are confirmed using experiment data and 3D FEA results.