• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low back pain

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A Study on the Pain, Depression, Life Satisfaction of the Chronic Low Back Pain Patients (만성요통환자의 통증, 우울, 생활만족도에 관한 연구)

  • Jin, Kwi-Ok;Lim, Nan-Young
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among pain, depression and life satisfaction of the chronic low back pain patients. Method: The subjects are 98 adults that visit hospital regularly or are hospitalized for back pain in a general hospital from June 1st to August 30th in 2007. The data were analyzed by SPSS WIN 12.0. Results: The mean score for chronic low back pain as measured by the VAS was 5.85(${\pm}2.22$). The mean score for depression as measured by BDI was 1.83(${\pm}\;.83$). The average score for life satisfaction was 2.89(${\pm}\;.93$). There was a significant positive correlation between pain and depression. But there were significant negative correlations between pain & life satisfaction, depression & life satisfaction respectively. Conclusion: Chronic low back pain can be occurred to all ages and there are significant relationships among the pain, depression and life satisfaction. Therefore, the nursing interventions to help for relieving the pain and depression for patients with chronic low back pain is required.

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The Treatment Effects of Back Flexion and Extension Exercises in Patients with Low Back Pain (요통환자에 있어서 요부굴곡운동과 요부신전 운동의 치료효과 비교연구)

  • Kwon, Hyeok-Su;Park, Ji-Whan
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 1996
  • To compare the treatment effects of back exercise on functional status, spinal mobility, SLR, pain severity, and treatment results satisfaction, and to determine whether spinal exercises during the low back pain reduces recurrent episodes of back pain. 1. Flexion and extension exercise groups did not differ in any outcome over 4weeks. After 1week, both exercise groups had reduced disability score, a higher proportion returning to work, and fewer subjects with a positive SLR compared with the control group. 2. There was no difference among groups regarding recurrence of low back pain after 6~12 months. 3. There was no difference for any outcomes between the flexion or extension groups. However, either exercise was slightly more effective than no exercise when patients with low back pain were treated.

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The Treatment Effects of Back Flexion and Extension Exercises in Patients with Low Back Pain (요통환자에 있어서 요부굴곡운동과 요부신전 운동의 치료효과 비교연구)

  • Kwon, Hyeok-Su;Park, Ji-Whan
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1996
  • To compare the treatment effects of back exercise on functional status, spinal mobility, SLR, pain severity, and treatment results satisfaction, and to determine whether spinal exercises during the low back pain reduces recurrent episodes of back pain. 1. Flexion and extension exercise groups did not differ in any outcome over 4weeks. After 1 week. both exercise groups had reduced disability score, a higher proportion returning to work, and fewer subjects with a positive SLR compared with the control group. 2. There was no difference among groups regarding recurrence of low back pain after $6{\sim}12$ months. 3. There was no difference for any outcomes between the flexion or extension groups. However, either exercise was slightly more effective than no exercise when patients with low back pain were treated.

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The study for the usage of cervical vertebral portion to treat low back pain (요통에서 경추와의 상관관계 연구)

  • Jeong, Jaehun;Jung, Daesung;Lee, Giseung
    • 대한의료기공학회지
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.46-55
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    • 2013
  • The aim of this study is to explain that we can use cervical vertebral portion to treat low back pain. In oriental medicine, there are many methods that use remote point to reduce low back pain. Anatomically, cervical vertebral portion relates to lumbar and sacral vertebral portion. As a result, in oriental medicine clinic, we can treat cervical vertebral portion to reduce low back pain.

Impact and Shock Attenuation of the Runners with and without Low Back Pain (요통 유무에 따른 달리기 시 충격과 충격 흡수율)

  • Lee, Young-Seong;Ryu, Sihyun;Gil, Ho Jong;Park, Sang-Kyoon
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.16-23
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    • 2021
  • Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the acceleration and shock attenuation (SA) of the runners with/without low back pain (LBG vs. NLBG) while running at 2.5 m/s, 3.0 m/s, 3.5 m/s and 4.0 m/s. Method: 15 adults without low back pain (age: 23.13±3.46 years, body weight: 70.13±8.94 kg, height: 176.79±3.68 cm, NLBG) and 7 adults with low back pain (age: 27.14±5.81 years, body weight: 73.10±10.74 kg, height: 176.41±3.13 cm, LBG) participated in this study. LBG was recruited through the VAS pain rating scale. All participants ran on an instrumented treadmill (Bertec, USA). Results: The LBG shows statistically greater vertical acceleration at the distal tibia during running at 3.5 m/s and 4.0 m/s and greater shock attenuation from the distal tibia to the head during running at 3.5 m/s compared with the NLBG during running (p<.05). As the speed increased, there was a statistically significant increase in vertical/resultant acceleration and shock attenuation for both groups. Conclusion: The findings indicated that the runners with low back pain (LBG) experience greater impact and shock attenuation compared with non-low back pain group (NLBG) during fast running. However, it is still inconclusive whether high impact on the lower extremity during running is the main cause of low back pain in the population. Thus, it is suggested that the study on low back pain should observe the characteristics of impact during running with individuals' low back pain experience and clinical symptoms.

The Effects of the Needle Electrode Electrical Stimulation in the Auricular Therapy on the smokers and non-smokers with Low Back Pain (외이에 적용한 침전극저주파치료가 흡연 및 비흡연 요통 환자에게 미치는 효과)

  • Min, Kyung-Ok;Kim, Soon-Hee;Park, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.45-52
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    • 2002
  • This study was intended to observe the relationship of pain alleviation between the group with needle electrode electrical stimulation applied on bach of head, lung, nasalis internae, shen-men, pharynx & larynx, and internal secretion which are the pants to regulate smoking and that, with no treatment of the kind among smokers and con-smokers with chronic low back pain. It also aimed to conduct a research of applying different treatment methods according to smoking, thus ultimately providing basic data needed by clinic therapists and to help achieve appropriate treatment effects considering the characteristics of each patient. The subject criteria were men who were in their 40's or 50's, smoking or non-smoking and came to the physical therapy of the hospital to cure the chronic low back pain which had lasted more than three months. The total 24 subjects were randomly divided into four groups according to smoking; the group of smokers with needle electrode electrical stimulation applied, that of smokers with no application of such treatment, that of non-smokers with the action of such treatment, and that of non-smokers with no application of such treatment Each group was measured in terms of four pain assessment methods of visual analogue scale(VAS), verbal rating scale(VRS), McGil pain questionnaire(MPQ), endorphin. And the results were as follows: 1. In terms of the effects of the needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular therapy on pain had by the smokers with low back pain, there was a statistical significance in VAS, VRS, and endorphin 1 between before and after the treatment. 2. In terms of the pain effects had by the smokers with low back pain when no needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular therapy was applied, there was a statistical significance in VRS and MPQ between before and after the treatment. 3. In terms of the effects of the needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular therapy on pain had by the non-smokers with low back pain, there was a statistical significance in VAS, VRS, and MPQ between before and after the treatment. In terms of the pain effects had by the non-smokers with low back pain when no needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular was applied, there was a statistical significance in VAS, VRS, and MPQ between before and after the treatment. 5. The smokers with low back pain were given the needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular therapy to see how it affected their pain. There was found pain reduction in number, but no statistical significance. 6. The subject suffering from low back pain were given the needle electrode electrical stimulation to see how it affected their pain according to smoking. There was found pain reduction in number, but no statistical significance. Based upon the results, it can be concluded that smokers with low back pain received the more effects of pain alleviation from the application of the needle electrode electrical stimulation in the auricular therapy compared to the rest of the groups who suffered from low back pain.

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The Effect of Epidural Steroid Injections for Low Back Pain (요통환자에 있어서 경막외 투여한 스테로이드의 효과)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Kweon, Jae-Young;Baik, Seong-Wan;Kim, Inn-Se;Chung, Kyoo-Sub
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1994
  • Epidural steroid injection is a treatment for low back pain which allows smaller doses with less risk of side effects and longer duration of relief than systemic administration. From 1 June 1992 to 31 January, 1994, 1 mg/kg of triamcinolone diacetate in 8 ml of lidocaine 1% was administered 56 times to 33 patients who complained of low back pain. Results of epidural steroid injection provided effectiveness in treating various low back pain diseases except postlaminectomy syndrome. However there are no gains about repeated epidural steroid injection.

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Effect of Work Environment and Low Back Pain on the Structural and Muscle Strength Changes in Lumbar Spine (작업환경과 요통이 요추의 구조 및 근력의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Na-Yeon;Kang, Jae-Hui;Lee, Hyun
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.93-104
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to observe the effects of work environment and low back pain on the structural and muscle strength changes in lumbar spine to helpful for preventation and cure of low back pain. Methods : Through measuring of lumbosacral angle, lumbar lordotic angle, lumbar gravity line ratio analyzed structure of lumbar spine and using Trunk Extension Flexion Program of CYBEX NORM System(cybex770+TMC, USA) analyzed Flex. PT, Ext. PT, E/F ratio of lumbar spine of company employees given a medical examination. Results : According to work environment, lumbar gravity line ratio is higher in white collar group than in blue collar group, Ext. PT is significantly lower in white collar group than in blue collar group. According to low back pain or not, lumbar gravity line ratio, Ext. PT is lower in low back pain group than in non-low back pain group. Conclusions : Work environment and low back pain effects on the structural and muscle strength changes in lumbar spine.

Low Back Pain Treatment Prescriptions of Jin Sa Tak (진사탁(陳士鐸)의 요통(腰痛) 처방연구(處方硏究))

  • Sung, See-Yeol;Kook, Yoon-Bum
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-21
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    • 2010
  • Low Back Pain Prescriptions of Jin, sa tak are peculiar to using Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma(AMR). All low back pain prescriptions which are enlisted in Byunjeunggimoon, Byunjeungrok and Byunjeungokham include AMR. Whereas low back pain prescriptions which is enlisted in Seoksilbirok are 7 of 10. Preexistence of low back pain prescriptions are not necessarily used AMR. But Jin, sa tak who lived at Ming and Ching era presented AMR in low back pain treatment. AMR is able to get rid of dampness between the kidney functional area and umbilicus. The results are as follows : It is made much of the malicious dampness which is in the kidney. There are not used cold but warm and eliminating dampness herbs to invigorate kidney. It shows that Jin, sa tak who was a Taoist used invigorating and warming kidney herbs. Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma is mainly used in treating low back pain from Jin, sa tak. Jin, sa tak shows concrete prognosis to treat a disease.

The Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Physical Fitness and Depression of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain

  • Lee, Juhwan;Park, Sieun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.275-280
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of cigarette smoking on physical fitness (dominant hand grip power, dominant isokinetic leg muscle strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiopulmonary endurance) and depression in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: This study was a cross sectional study and subjects consisted of 60 young males with chronic low back pain. The subjects were allocated to two groups following a self-report survey: cigarette smoking group (n=25) or non-smoking group (n=35). Physical fitness (dominant hand grip power, dominant isokinetic leg muscle strength, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, cardiopulmonary endurance) were measured using objective methods and depression in patients with chronic low back pain was measured using the Korean version of center for epidemiologic studies depression (CES-D) scale. Results: The results of this study were as follows: In physical fitness, the cigarette smoking group showed a significant decrease in abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance compared with the non-smoking group. Depression index (CES-D scale score) was significantly higher in the cigarette smoking group than in the non-smoking group. Conclusion: These results suggest that cigarette smoking had a negative effect on abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility, and cardiopulmonary endurance in patients with chronic low back pain. In addition, depression of patients with chronic low back pain was affected by cigarette smoking. Thus, we suggested that cigarette smoking may play a significant role in the deterioration of physical fitness and depression of chronic low back pain patients.