• Title, Summary, Keyword: Low back pain

Search Result 1,337, Processing Time 0.034 seconds

A Study on the Characteristics of Gait in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통환자의 보행특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyoung;Ko, Joo-Yeon;Lee, Sung-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.79-85
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study examined the characteristics of gait in patients with chronic low back pain. Methods: The subjects were out-patients suffering from chronic low back pain at the department of physical therapy, B hospital in Seoul. Gait analysis was performed by dividing the subjects into two groups. The study and control group comprised 15 chronic low back pain patients and 14 healthy people, respectively. Gait analysis was performed using a VICON 512 Motion Analysis System to obtain the spatio-temporal and kinematic parameters. Results: First, there was a significant difference in the spatio-temporal parameters between the two groups (p<0.05). Second, the study group showed significant differences in the kinematic parameters during the stance phase (p<0.05). Third, there were significant differences in kinematic parameters in the study group during the swing phase (p<0.05). Conclusion: The gait pattern of patients with chronic low back pain is characterized by more rigid patterns. Compared to the control group, there was a decrease in the spatio-temporal parameters and kinematic parameters in patients with chronic low back pain. These findings are expected to play a role as basic data and to form a rehabilitation program for low back pain patients.

  • PDF

The Comparison of Iliopsoas Tightness Between Low Back Pain Patients and Healthy Subjects (요통환자와 정상인의 장요근의 긴장 도 비교)

  • Lee, Jun-Yong;Yoon, Hong-Il
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.11-20
    • /
    • 2006
  • Low back pain is often experienced by many people who are in an activity flag. Their work and daily life are affected by low back pain. There are many causes of low back pain. Among those many causes, this study was focused on a relation between low back pain and the tightness of iliopsoas. The study was implemented by measuring the angles of the hip joints in subjects consisting of a 30 patients group, who had been selected from the outpatients at the Median Hospital, and a 30 people control group from the outpatients at the M Hospital and employee of M hospital. The patients group consists of the patients with low back pain who have intermittently or continuously experienced low back pain within the last 6 months. The group also had no symptom of spondylolysis or spondylolithesis and no muscular abnormality in terms of pathology without any experience of disc or spine fusion operation. The control group consisted out of persons who had never experienced lower back pain and had never been subjected to physical therapy due to lower back pain. The hip joint angles of the subjects of this study were measured by means of the modified Thomas test position. Data was analysed by independent sampling t-test using SPSS 11.0. The following results were obtained: 1. The measured angles of patient's both hip joints were significantly smaller than the control group's. 2. In the males group, The angles of patients' both hip joints were smaller than the controls'. In the females group, The angles of patients' both hip joints were smaller than the controls'. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that there is a significant difference in the tightness of the iliopsoas muscles when comparing the patient group with the control group. We should therefore pay more attention in releasing the muscle tightness of iliopsoas muscles when performing physical therapy with patients with lower back pain.

  • PDF

Pain, Disability, Emotional Status and Educational Needs between Acute and Chronic Low Back Pain Groups (급·만성 요통 환자군의 통증, 기능장애, 정서 상태 및 교육 요구)

  • Ahn, Ji-Hye;Kim, Hee-Seung;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-84
    • /
    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify pain, disability, anxiety, depression and educational needs between acute and chronic low back pain groups. Methods: A total of 153 patients aged 18 to 64, recruited from S-neurosurgical clinic for low back pain in Gyeonggi-do. Out of 153 subjects, 70 were Acute Low Back Pain (ALBP) group and 83 were Chronic Low Back Pain (CLBP) group. The collected data was analyzed using the SAS System V 9.4 program by chi-square test/Fisher's exact test and t-test. Results: The pain and disability scores were higher in ALBP group while the depression score was higher in CLBP group. The educational needs score in the area for the time for lumbar operation was higher in CLBP group. In the Low Back Pain (LBP) treatment management, ALBP group visited clinic (60.0%) most frequently and CLBP group visited both clinic & traditional medicine (66.3%) regularly. Conclusion: In order to minimize the progression from acute to chronic LBP, it is necessary for patients who visited the clinic to be accompanied with an education program that reflects educational needs of patients and with proven alternative therapy.

A Study on Private Security Guards' Working Position - Focusing on the Prevention and Management of Low Back Pain Caused by Working in a Standing Position - (민간경호원의 근무 자세에 관한 연구 - 선자세로 인한 요통의 예방과 관리를 중심으로 -)

  • Song, Sang wook;Roh, Jung gu;Lee, Sang bin
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.142-158
    • /
    • 2009
  • The increasing number of crimes in rapidly changing modern society is enhancing people's desire for safety. As of 2008, 2,900 private security businesses with 133,000 employees operated in the private security industry which emerged in response to growing demands from society and people. Of the employees, bodyguards (hereinafter referred to as "private security guard") accounted for about 10% or 13,000. Most private security guards were suffering from various occupational diseases. Especially as they needed to guard their clients many hours a day and worked in a standing position for a long time, private security guards often complained of low back pain. Under the pain, they were hardly expected to perform their tasks efficiently. There are several causes of low back pain. The most prevalent cause is muscle weakness and imbalance around low back. Especially because private security work often requires security guards to maintain a standing position for a long time, many of them are suffering from low back pain. This study pursued the following purposes. First, it tried to identify the pathogenesis of low back pain caused by muscle weakness and imbalance around low back. Second, it tried to provide private security guards, who can hardly have personal time at work, with an easy method to prevent and manage low back pain any time by researching an effective therapy for low back pain caused by muscle weakness and imbalance around low back.

  • PDF

The Effects of Traditional Physical Therapy on Pain Reduction and Depression Level of Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통 환자의 우울수준과 통증감소에 미치는 전통적 물리치료의 효과)

  • You, Jae-Eung;Jung, Eun-Ha
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.677-683
    • /
    • 2001
  • The object of this study is in the comparison of level of depression between patients with chronic low back pain & normal adult, of the relation between reduction of pain & level of depression and in the examination of the influence of traditional physical therapy against the reduction of pain & level of depression of the patients with chronic low back pain for the new recognition of psychological factors to the physical therapists as well as patients. This study was targeted for 40 patients with chronic low back pain who were diagnosed as lumbar sprain & herniated intervertebral disk and compared & analyzed how traditional physical therapy has an influence to their reduction of pain and level of depression by questioning with visual an analog scale of Beck's depression inventory & pain inventory to them. The results are as follows. 1. Traditional physical therapy has an effect in the reduction of pain of the patients with chronic low back pain. 2. Although traditional physical therapy relieved a little the level of depression of patients with chronic low back pain. there was no evident effect statistically. 3. In the relation between the reduction of pain and level of depression, level of depression also showed somewhat relief according to the reduction of pain and appeared that they have some relationship. However, it's degree was not big. 4. In the comparison of the level of depression between the normal adult and the patient with chronic low back pain, the level of depression of the patient with low back pain are high rather than that of normal adult.

  • PDF

Effects of a Strengthening Program for Lower Back in Older Women with Chronic Low Back Pain (만성요통 여성노인에 대한 요부강화 프로그램의 효과)

  • Hyoung, Hee-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.38 no.6
    • /
    • pp.902-913
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of a strengthening program for the lower back in older women with chronic low back pain. Methods: The research design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest experiment. The experimental group consisted of 16 older women and the control group, 14, all of whom had experienced low back pain for at least 3 months. The strengthening program for the lower back included lumbar stabilization exercises and education on pain management in daily living. For an 8 week period, exercises were done 3 days a week and on one day education was also given. Results: Pain and disability scores decreased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. Flexibility, life satisfaction and lumbar muscle strength scores increased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: Low back pain and disability can be relieved, and flexibility, muscle strength, and life satisfaction increased through a program to strengthen the lower back. It is suggested that a program to strengthen the lower back would be an effective nursing intervention for older women with low back pain.

Change of Lumbar Lordotic angle by Taping Therapy on Low Back Pain Patient with Lumbar Hyperlordosis ; A Case Report (테이핑 요법으로 호전된 요통환자의 요추전만도 변화 1례)

  • Youn, Yu-Suck;Lee, Jong-Soo;Moon, Sang-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korea CHUNA Manual Medicine
    • /
    • v.4 no.1
    • /
    • pp.157-165
    • /
    • 2003
  • Low back pain (LBP) is a significant in today's society, with lifetime include factors associated with LBP ar reporter. Among the causes, aberration of posture may play a role in the development of LBP. Many investigators have assessed the curvature of spine in standing posture. But LBP is associated with Lumber Hyperlordosis of Hyperlordosis is controversial Subjects: In conservative treatment(acupuncture, herb med, manipulation & TENS. exercise, potural correction) for a 40 years old woman who had low back pain(V AS) be caused by decrease lumbar lordotic angie. Objectives: The object is change of lumbar lordotic angle of a 40 years old woman who had low back pain with Lumbar hyperlordosis, In conservative treatment. Method: In conservative treatment, We added taping therapy(mechanical correction taping of Kinesio Taping) about Lumbar Lordosis. Conclusion: We experienced a 40 years old woman who had love pack pain with Lumbar hyperlordosis. In conservative treatment, Her pain was Improved by additional taping therapy In company with decrease of Lumbar Lordosis. 1. abnormal spinal curvature, specially lumbar hyperlordosis act on induction & perpetuation agent for low back pain 2. In a patient had low back pain with lumbar hyperlordosis, change of lumbar lordotic angle is of utility value for the effect of treatment and assessment of prognosis. 3. pain control is more relative with change of lumbosacral angle than lumbar lordotic angle, in patient had low back pain with lumbar hyperlordosis. 4. mechanical taping therapy with elastic adhesive tape is effective for patient had low back pain with lumbar hyperlordosis

  • PDF

A Qualitative Analysis on Paraspinal Muscles in Patients with Acute Low Back Pain and Chronic Low Back Pain (급성 요통환자와 만성 요통환자에서 척추주변근육의 정량적 분석)

  • Jeong, Dae-Keun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.11
    • /
    • pp.613-620
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to measure and analyze the changes in paraspinal muscles of acute and chronic low back pain patients using MRI, and to provide clinical basic data for diagnosis and treatment for low back pain. For this purpose, 20 patients with acute low back pain frome August 2012 to January 2013 which occurred within 12 weeks, and 20 patients with chronic low back pain that progressed over 12 weeks, were chosen as subjects, and their MRI measurements were compared with one another. As a result, in relation to in the fatty degeneration ratio of the left spine and right spine, there were significant differences in erector spinae and multifidus(p<.001), and in relation to the Fat Infiltration ratio between all the groups, there were significant differences in psoas major, erector spinae and multifidus between the acute low back pain patient group and the chronic low back pain patient group(p<.001). In the post-hoc test, multifidus and erector spinae in the acute low back pain group and chronic low back pain group showed the highest Fat Infiltration ratio. The serious Fat Infiltration of multifidus and erector spinae in the chronic low back pain group led to weakened strength of muscles that stabilize the spine. In conclusion, it is considered that this study would present important data and basis in making acute and chronic low back pain patients pay more attention to multifidus and psoas major during rehabilitation exercise, and selecting a rehabilitation exercise program.

A Survey of Low Back Pain for the Rural Woman and Home Extension Worker Related Education (농촌 부녀자와 농촌 생활지도사의 요통 교육에 관한 조사)

  • Kim, Soon-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.509-515
    • /
    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the rural women's general status in relation with low back pain. This survey was done after teaching them the prevention and treatment of low back pain with Meckenzie Method. 84 rural resident women including rural life guidance. The results were as follows. 1. The average age of rural were $35{\sim}50$ years old and the guidance's age were $21{\sim}25$ years old. The educational level of rural women were highest in primary school(46.67 %) and the home extension worker were college education(83.67 %). 2. 75 % of rural woman complained low back pain while 17.33 % of the home extension worker had back pain. 3. The home extension worker feel the necessity of the education in low back pain(100 %) while 88.89 % of the rural woman agreed. 4. All the rural women and the home extension worker had the concept of back pain and its prevention(100 %). 5. After this education, the confidence in prevention and treatment were each 78.79 % with rural women and 91.84 % with home extension worker. 6. The necessity for the treatment of low back pain were : first, the correction of posture, second, the activity posture correction, third, the supportive roll of back curve. 7. There were no statistical significant outcome specifically.

  • PDF

Influence of Constipation in Women in Their Twenties on Low Back Pain (20대 여성들의 변비가 허리통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Yu, Ha-young;Jeong, Yeon-woo
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.43-49
    • /
    • 2018
  • Background: In this study, the importance of constipation and back pain was assessed by regression analysis of the effects of stress, dietary habits, and water intake on constipation in women in their twenties and the influence of constipation and body mass index (BMI) To provide basic data. Methods: This study selected 109 having constipation of 120 students attending G University in Gwangju and eating habits, water intake level, stress and BMI. Trigger point at the tip of erector spina was palated with tenderness set in order to examine whether muscle tenderness and actual low back muscle tenderness level were same and left and right parts were measured three times and average of Max values was used. We examined the effect of constipation on low back pain and examined constipation and BMI to determine whether they affected low back pain. Results: There was no significant difference in eating habit although there was a significant difference in the effect of stress and water intake on constipation. Constipation had significant difference in back pain. However, there was no significant difference in BMI, normal weight, overweight, and obesity except for low body weight. Conclusions: This study found that constipation was associated with stress levels, water intake, and back pain. In conclusion, this study suggests basic data to prevent and treat constipation-related back pain, and recommends plenty of water intake, proper exercise and stress management to prevent constipation.