• Title/Summary/Keyword: MBR market

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Trends in the Technology and Market of Membrane Bioreactors (MBR) for Wastewater Treatment and Reuse and Development Directions (하.폐수 처리용 MBR 분리막 기술 및 산업동향과 발전방향)

  • Cho, Il Hyoung;Kim, Ji Tae
    • Membrane Journal
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.24-44
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    • 2013
  • The MBR technology has evolved rapidly over the past two decades with significant gains in performance and reliability, and reductions in costs. Membrane bioreactors (MBR) technology is widely recognised as offering a key option for enhanced wastewater treatment or reuse. The objective of this paper is then to critically review the remarkable achievement on the research and commercial applications of membrane bioreactor (MBR) technology and to present current and potential MBR markets on a global scope. This brief review of the technology incorporates five key aspects : 1) evolution of MBR practice, 2) the commercial technologies of MBRs, 3) the largest MBR installations globally (e.g. > $10,000m^3/day$), 4) MBR market growth, and 5) directions for future research. Finally, the development directions of economical, environmental and technical aspects in MBRs; 1) investment costs; 2) effluent water quality; 3) membrane materials and modules; 4) MBR equipment and treatment process; 5) operating costs (higher energy & chemical consumption); and 6) sustainability such as anaerobic MBRs in the coming years were addressed.