• Title/Summary/Keyword: MUSCLE ACTIVITIES

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Assessment of Working Posture Using RULA and REBA in Small Plants with Agricultural Products (소규모 작업장 작업자들의 인간공학적 평가 및 정량적 부하 평가 -한과작업장을 중심으로-)

  • Koo, Hye Ran;Kim, Hyo Cher;Shin, Yong Seok;Lee, Kyung Suk
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.1021-1039
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    • 2012
  • Based on the ergonomic evaluation of workers in the domestic traditional Korean sweet manufacturer, one of the small scale agricultural product manufacturers, the purpose of this study is on estimating the specific works and muscles that have possibility of musculoskeletal disorder through an EMG experiment for quantitative evaluation. The method followed in an order: works that have musculoskeletal disorder risk were extracted through ergonomic assessment tools, RULA and REBA, and then EMG experiment on the postures was carried out with six healthy adult male patients. As an ergonomic evaluation result, work posture during the drying process had the greatest musculoskeletal disorder risk, and EMG activity in the cleansing work posture scored the highest among the drying, cleansing, and coating work postures. In particular in the drying work, relatively high EMG activities were shown in the two muscles in the lower body: biceps femoris muscle, and gastrocnemius, than any other muscles. Therefore, during the traditional Korean sweet workplace design in future, the workplace requires a posture that deeply bow wrist for a long time should be avoided.

Effect of Elastic Band Exercise Based of PNF L/E pattern on the Balance in the Elderly people (PNF 하지 패턴에 기초한 탄력밴드 훈련이 노인의 균형에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Hyoung-Soo;An Yun-Hee;Kang Hyun-Jin;Kim Ha-Lim;Kim Hyun-Jung;Lee Young-Min;Choi Jun-Hwa;Yang Hoi-song;Jeong Chan-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of study were to determine the effect of Elastic Band Exercise Based of PNF L/E pattern(EBEBP) on the balance in the elderly people. 24 health elderly women aged 65 to 85 years participated who live in Sun-cheon city Jeon-nam. Participants were divided into exercise(12) and control(12) group to randomized. Exercise participants received strengthening exercise for 30minutes in two times a week for 4weeks while control group continued their normal activities. Exercise used to yellow elastic band which 4 patterns of PNF by 1) hip extension - adduction - external rotation with knee extension, 2) hip extension-abduction-internal rotation with knee extension. 3) hip flexion - adduction - external rotation with knee flexion, 4) hip flexion - abduction - internal rotation with knee flexion. All subjects participated in 3 tests Berg Balance Test(BBT), One-Leg Standing Test(OLST), Functional Reaching Test(FRT). Exercise and control group were tested before and at the end of the test. This collected date were analysed by using paired t-test and independent t-test. The results of this study are as follows; 1. The experimental group was statistically significant difference in balance performance clinical test of BBT(p<0.01), OLST(p<0.01), FRT(p<0.001). 2. The control group was no significant difference in balance performance clinical test of BBT, OLST, FRT(p>0.05). 3. After the exercise, there was significant difference in the BBT(P<0.01), OLST(P<0.05), FRT(P<0.001) between the experimental group and control group in EBEBP. Thus, elastic band exercise based of PNF L/E pattern can result in improved muscle strength and balance in the elderly people. Further studies are required to show long-term effects of exercise training on the elderly people.

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Endothelin-l as a Regulator of Vascular Smooth Muscle Contraction-related Signal Transduction and Endothelin-l-induced Pain-related Nociception -The Approach of Basic Physical Therapy for the Study of Pain Specialized Physical Therapy- (혈관평활근 수축-연관 신호전달 체계에 대한 Endothelin-1의 역할과 Endothelin-1-유도통증-연관 유해감각 -통증전문물리치료 연구를 위한 기초물리치료학적 접근을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwan;Lee, Sook-Hee;Lee, Sang-Bin;Choi, Yoo-Rim;Kim, Bo-Kyung;Park, Ju-Hyun;Koo, Ja-Pung;Choi, Wan-Suk;An, Ho-Jung;Choi, Jeong-Hyun;Kim, Moo-Gi;Kim, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.99-119
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    • 2006
  • Endothelin (ET) is a 21 amino acid peptide with multifunctional effects on the vasculature as well as a variety of other cell types such as respiratory, gastrointestinal, urogenital, endocrine, central nervous systems, and others. Endothelin has emerged as a modulator by autocrine and paracrine actions for many cellular activities, including vasoconstriction, cell proliferation, hormone production, neurotransmitter and/or neuromodulator. The endothelin family consists of three closely related peptides, ET-1, ET-2, and ET-3 derived from separate genes, such as chromosome 6, 1, and 20, respectively. ET-1 is the predominant isoform produced in the cardiovascular system and about which most is known. Endothelin receptors are seven-transmembrane GTP-binding protein-coupled receptors, which are classified into endothelin-A (ETA) and endothelin-B (ETB) receptors. Interestingly, recent evidence is accumulating to suggest that ET -1 may contribute to a variety of pain states such as allodynia and hyperalgesia in animals and humans. Therefore, in this review the biological characteristics and contraction-related mechanism of endothelin-1 in mammalian cells will be summarized. Especially, we focus on multifunctional roles for ET-1 in noxious stimulation-induced pain for the study of pain specialized physical therapy.

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Bilolgical Activities of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) and Animal Products (Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)의 생리활성과 축산식품)

  • Hur, S.J.;Lee, J.I.;Ha, Y.L.;Park, G.B.;Joo, S.T.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.427-442
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    • 2002
  • Conjugated linoleic acid(CLA) is a collective term for a group of positional (c8, c10; c9, c11; c10, c12, and c11, c13) and geometric(cis,cis; cis,trans; trans,cis; and trans,trans) isomers of octadecadienoic acid (linoleic acid) with conjugated double bond system. CLA has been shown to have a variety of biological effects. Major effects of CLA on health, such as anti-cancer, anti-oxidation, anti-atherosclerosis and improving immuno-responses, might be derived or partially derived from the alternated lipid metabolism after CLA feeding. Most of studies on the effect of CLA on fat metabolism are concentrated on rats, mice, pigs and other mammals. The CLA inhibited carcinogen-induced neoplasia in several animal models and inhibited the proliferation of human malignant melanoma, colorectal and breast cancer cells and CLA reduced the atherosclerosis. Several studies have determined the antioxidant property of CLA; however, the property still remains controversial. Some of the studies have shown that CLA acted as an antioxidant, whereas some other studies have demonstrated that CLA might be a prooxidant. Several studies suggested that CLA could reduce fat accumulation in mammals. CLA was suggested to promote muscle growth and reduce fat deposition in mouse, and improve feed efficiency in rats. CLA has been shown to inhibit the activity of stearoyl-CoA reductase. CLA also reduced the content of arachidonic acid. Since arachidonic acid, and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexenoic acid (DHA) are synthesized by different pathways, reducing the synthesis of arachidonic acid may not mean reducing that of EPA and DHA. Many sutdies have been shown biological effects of CLA. Therefore, further research is needed to answer the following questions: 1) how to synthesize the new CLA by new methods, 2) why CLA has shown biological effects, 3) how to increase CLA effects in animal products.

Effects of Neonatal Exposure of Di (n-butyl) Phthalate and Flutamide on Male Reproduction in Rats

  • Kim, Tae-Sung;Kim, Hyung-Sik;Shin, Jae-Ho;Lee, Su-Jung;Moon, Hyun-Ju;Kang, Il-Hyun;Kim, In-Young;Seok, Ji-Hyun;Oh, Ji-Young;Han, Soon-Young
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Embryo Transfer Conference
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    • pp.109-109
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    • 2002
  • In recent reports, the multiple reproductive defects such as cryptorchidism, hypospadias, epididymal cysts, low sperm counts, and testicular cancers are increased in humans, and these changes were doubted by the chemicals with estrogenic or antiandrogenic activities in our environment. To compare the effects of neonatal exposure of di (n-butyl) phthalate and flutamide on the development of reproductive organs and to identify the specific mechanisms of these abnormalities related to the male reproducton, Sprague-Dawley neonate male rats were injected subcutaneously during 5-14 days after birth with corn oil (control), flutamide (0.05, 0.1, and 0.5 mg/animal) and DBP (5, 10, and 20 mg/animal). Animals were killed at 31 (immature) and 42 (pubertal) days of age respectively and blood was collected from abdominal aorta for serum testosterone analysis. Testes, epididymides, seminal vesicles, ventral prostate, levator ani plus bulbocavernosus muscle (LABC), cowpers glands and glans penis were weighed. Expression of steroid hormone receptors (AR and ER) was examined in the testes and ventral prostate. At 31 days of age, ventral prostate, seminal vesicles, LABC, and cowpers glands significantly decreased in the flutamide (0.5 mg/animal) and DBP (20 mg/animal), but serum testosterone levels were not changed. Flutamide slightly delayed the testes descent at the high dose (0.5 mg/animal), but DBP did not show any significant effect on the testes descent at all doses. DBP and flutamide decreased the expression of AR protein in the testes but did not affect the expression of ERa and ER protein in the testes. At 42 days of age, ventral prostate, seminal vesicles, and cowpers glands weights were still significantly decreased at the high dose of flutamide (0.5 mg/animal) and DBP (20 mg/animal), but the weights of testes and epididymides were not different. Serum testosterone decreased significantly in DBP treated animals and slightly, not significantly, in flutamide group. While DBP still significantly decreased the expression of AR protein in testis, flutamide recovered from downregulation of AR protein and did not affect the expression of ERa and ER protein in the testes. Based on these results, flutamide and DBP have shown several similar patterns in reproductive abnormalitis, but some marked differences which may be caused by different acting mechanism.

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A Study on Prevalence and its Relating Factors of Urinary Incontinence in Women (여성의 요실금빈도와 관련요인에 관한 조사연구)

  • Kim Keum-Soon;Suh Moon-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.73-85
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the prevalence of the urinary incontinence and it's relating factors in women. The target population is 327 community dwelling women in the age of 30-70 years old at 6 cities in Korea. The data were collected from August, 1996 to December. 1996 with interview using structured questionaire composing of items of general characteristics, obstetric characteristics, disease characteristics, situation of experiencing urinary incontinence, discomfort due to urinary incontinence, and depression. The data were analysed with $SPSS/PC^+$ program, T-test, $x^2$ test, and ANOVA test. The results obtained from this study were as follows : 1) The prevalence of urinary incontinence in women is 37.7%(130/327). 2) The mean duration of experiencing the urinary incontinence was 75.9 months and the 60% of the respondents experienced a few frequency of urinary incontinence and the most common amount of urinary incontinence(91.5%) was somewhat small expressed as 'wetting their clothes'. 3) The common factors related to the urinary incontinence were coughing, sneezing, laughing aloudly, and the activities of need for hurry. 4) The most common situations of discomforts associated with urinary incontinence were having long journey, exercise, playing, and social meeting. 5) The incidence of urinary incontinence was significantly higher in woman who had more children, older age of last delivery, more vaginal delivaries, and less c-section. 6) The incidence of urinary incontinence was not affected with the disease characteristics of the respondents, however it was higher when the women had the physical problems of constipation, abdominal laparatomy and episode of urinary catheterization than who had not. 7) The most common symptom of urinary incontinence was the frequent urine(43.1%), and the next was the urgent urine(12.3), delayed urine(9.2%). 8) 90.7% of the epsodic urinary incontinence were not treated at al, however, they wanted to try the herb medicine(41.5%), Kegel exercise(27.7%), and biofeedback(10.0%). 9) The level of Depression in the group of urinary incontinence was higher than that of non incontinence group significantly. In conclusion, as urinary incontinence in women proved severe health problem, health care providers need to develop and provide nursing intervention of urinary incontinence such as pelvic muscle exercise with bio-feedback and psychological care.

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Comparative Analysis of the Shoulder Joint on Agonists' EMG Activities with and without Taping during Isometric Flexion and Extension (테이핑 유무에 따른 견관절 등척성 굴곡.신전 시 주동근의 근전도 비교)

  • Ha, Yong-In;Kang, Young-Teak;Lee, Kyung-Soon;Seo, Kuk-Woong;Seo, Kuk-Eun;Lee, Il-Gu
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.85-95
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    • 2008
  • This study is analyzing about application of taping by movement about shoulder joint's isometric contraction. M. college students take part in experiment. WEMG-8 and HUMAC system are used. Findings were as follows: EMG of muscle's MVIC at each angle before and after taping. 1. In flexion, EMG with taping is effective for supra spinatus at $0^{\circ}{\cdot}45^{\circ}{\cdot}90^{\circ}$, anterior deltoid at $0^{\circ}{\cdot}45^{\circ}$ and biceps brachii at $0^{\circ}{\cdot}90^{\circ}$. 2. In extension, EMG with taping is effective for triceps brachii at $0^{\circ}$, latissimus dorsi at $90^{\circ}$ and posterior deltoid at $45^{\circ}{\cdot}90^{\circ}$. 3. Each angle viewpoint, EMG of latissimus dorsi in extension can be arranged in its high order as $90^{\circ}<45^{\circ}$, $0^{\circ}$ without taping and $90^{\circ}<0^{\circ}$ respectively. EMG of posterior deltoid in extension is in its high order as $90^{\circ}<45^{\circ}<0^{\circ}$ without taping and $90^{\circ}<0^{\circ}$.

A Study on the Relations between Yangseng Level and Obesity in Industrial Workers (근로자(勤勞者)의 양생수준(養生水準)과 비만(肥滿)과의 관계(關係))

  • Park, Jung-Eun;Yu, Seong-Gi;Lee, Hyung-Beom;Chong, Myong-Soo;Lee, Ki-Nam
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.65-84
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the researcher tried to present the groundwork to prepare the oriental medical yangseng plan for the future obesity with the comparison between yangseng level and the obesity of workers. The researcher made up the questionnaire which asks the general character, health-related character and yangseng level, projected among 560 people. All collected material was analyzed by SPSS and tested by T-test and ANOVA. 1. The general yangseng level average is 3.27, morality yangseng 3.90, sleep yangseng 3.39, mind yangseng 3.31, sex life yangseng 3.30, exercise yangseng 3.15, activities and rest yangseng 3.08, diet yangseng 2.94, seasonal yangseng 2.84. The highest is morality yangseng and seasonal yangseng is the lowest. 2. In the aspect of yangseng level: Having a spouse, Non-smoking, Regular exercising, Sufficient sleeping have higher yangseng levels. 3. Obesity related index is changing into the higher level when he/she is older, more paid, more job experience, more education background but less metabolic calory. And drinking and regular exercising have relativity with body composition analysis. 4. After comparing yangseng level with body composition analysis, we can easily find that the more visceral fat, the higher WHR has a high yangseng level. The more mineral also has a high mind yangseng and a low diet yangseng. The visceral fat level has a high yangseng level when higher morality yangseng and mind yangseng are getting higher and higher. And sex life yangseng shows that the highest yangseng level is from 9-10 visceral fat and the lowest yangseng level is from below 4 visceral fat. The higher WHR, the higher morality, mind and sleep yangseng. The heavier, the lower diet yangseng. The mind yangseng was very high when body fat rate was higher. The more body fat, the higher morality yangseng. The higher yangseng, when we have more muscle. Yangseng level and obesity of laborer has a close relationship with individual character and daily habits. Also, relevance can be easily found between yangseng level and obesity. Now the researcher came into the conclusion that we need to control over laborers' health and prevention of their obesity.

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A Study on the Relations between Yangseng Level and Obesity in Industrial Workers (근로자(勤勞者)의 양생수준(養生水準)과 비만(肥滿)과의 관계(關係))

  • Park, Jung Eun;Yu, Seong Gi;Lee, Hyung Beom;Chong, Myong Soo;Lee, Ki Nam
    • Journal of Korean Medical Ki-Gong Academy
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.46-73
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the researcher tried to present the groundwork to prepare the oriental medical yangseng plan for the future obesity with the comparison between yangseng level and the obesity of workers. The researcher made up the questionnaire which asks the general character, health-related character and yangseng level, projected among 560 people. All collected material was analyzed by SPSS and tested by T-test and ANOVA. 1. The general yangseng level average is 3.27, morality yangseng 3.90, sleep yangseng 3.39, mind yangseng 3.31, sex life yangseng 3.30, exercise yangseng 3.15, activities and rest yangseng 3.08, diet yangseng 2.94, seasonal yangseng 2.84. The highest is morality yangseng and seasonal yangseng is the lowest. 2. In the aspect of yangseng level: Having a spouse, Non-smoking, Regular exercising, Sufficient sleeping have higher yangseng levels. 3. Obesity related index is changing into the higher level when he/she is older, more paid, more job experience, more education background but less metabolic calory. And drinking and regular exercising have relativity with body composition analysis. 4. After comparing yangseng level with body composition analysis, we can easily find that the more visceral fat, the higher WHR has a high yangseng level. The more mineral also has a high mind yangseng and a low diet yangseng. The visceral fat level has a high yangseng level when higher morality yangseng and mind yangseng are getting higher and higher. And sex life yangseng shows that the highest yangseng level is from 9-10 visceral fat and the lowest yangseng level is from below 4 visceral fat. The higher WHR, the higher morality, mind and sleep yangseng. The heavier, the lower diet yangseng. The mind yangseng was very high when body fat rate was higher. The more body fat, the higher morality yangseng. The higher yangseng, when we have more muscle. Yangseng level and obesity of laborer has a close relationship with individual character and daily habits. Also, relevance can be easily found between yangseng level and obesity. Now the researcher came into the conclusion that we need to control over laborers' health and prevention of their obesity.

Degenerative Changes of Myocytes Induced by Restriction of Flight in Doves (비행운동 제한에 따른 비둘기 심근세포의 퇴행성 변화)

  • 문혜정;이용덕;박원학
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.269-279
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    • 2000
  • This present study was investigated to elucidate degenerative changes according to the change of habitual environment on the myocytes of doves by restricting them from flight that is instinct behavior of this animal and strong exercise. To restrict doves from flight, they were confined in the cage (1 $m^3$) for 2 months. After this period, the myocardium of the experimental group was compared to that of wild doves in the ultrastructural and cytochemical ways. In addition, stereological changes were also examined. The results were as followings: 1. The body weight of the confined experimental groups was higher than that of the wild doves, but the ratios of the pectoral muscle/body weight (p<0.05) and the heart/body weight were lower. 2. At the ultrastructural level, the myocardium of confined doves appeared as wavy fibers in the smaller area than in the myocardium of wild doves. Also, the length of sarcomeres was longer in the confined doves. The number of sarcoplasmic reticulum and capillary was smaller in the myocardium of confined doves. 3. Cytochemical examinations showed that the activities of cytochrome oxidase were lowered in the confined doves. 4. Stereological analysis revealed that the density of myofibrils was greater in the confined doves. In contrast the volume density of sarcoplasmic reticulum (p<0.05) and the surface density of mitochondrial inner membrane (p<0.05) was lower in the confined doves, while the numerical density of mitochondrial inner membrane was higher (p<0.05). These results suggest that even the short period of restricted exercise can induce negative effects on the functions of myocytes of doves that are adapted for the strong exercise such as flight. Therefore, the maintenance of prolonged exercise seems to be one of the important factors that are critical to retain the functions of myocardium.

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