• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Maillard

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Glucose-아미노산계 Maillard 반응생성물의 니트로사민 생성억제작용 (Inhibitory Action of Maillard Reaction Products Derived from Glucose Amino Acids on the Formation of N-nitrosamine)

  • 이동호;이태기;여생규;염동민;김선봉;박영호
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 1994
  • Glucose-아미노산(Lys, Gly, His, Arg)모델계 반응을 통해 생성된 Maillard반응생성물과 비투석성 melanoidin의 NDMA생성억제능에 대한 영향을 검토하였는데 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. Maillard반응생성물과 비투석성 melanoidin의 모든 시료에서 NDMA생성억제능이 나타났으며, 환원능을 소멸시키고 난 후의 NDMA생성억제능은 환원능이 소실되기 이전보다 1/2이하로 감소하여 이들 시료에 존재하는 환원능이 NDMA생성억제에 있어서 주요 인자로 나타났다. 2. Melanoidin과 ascorbic acid를 동량 첨가하였을 때, NDMA생성억제능은 ascorbic acid를 동량 첨가하였을 때, NDMA생성억제능은 ascorbic acid와 비슷한 경향을 나타내어 비투석성 melanoidin의 NDMA생성억제능이 우수한 것으로 나타났다. 3. Maillard반응생성물에 의한 NDMA생성억제작용은 Maillard반응생성물에 존재하는 비투석성 melanoidin이 크게 관여하고 이들 억제작용에는 Maillard반응생성물의 환원능이 크게 관여 하는 것으로 나타났다.

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Glucose-아미노산계 Maillard 반응생성물의 아질산염 소거작용 (Nitrite Scavenging Effect of Maillard Reaction Products Derived from Glucose-Amino Acids)

  • 김선봉;이동호;염동민;박진우;도정룡;박영호
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.453-458
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    • 1988
  • 식품의 가공, 저장 및 조리중 있어서 Maillard 반응으로 용이 하게 생성되는 Maillard 반응생성물과 비투석성 melanoidin의 아질산염 소거작용에 관하여 검토하였는데 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. Maillard 반응생성물과 비투석성 melanoidin의 아질산염 소거능은 우수한 것으로 나타났다. 2. 반응용액의 pH변화에 따른 아질산염 소거능은 pH1.2에서 가장 켰으며 pH가 증가 할수록 아질산염 소거능은 감소하였다. 3. 환원능을 소실시키고 난 후의 아질산염 소거능은 pH1.2에서 1/2이하로 감소하였다. 4. Maillard반응생성물이 나타내는 아질산염 소거작용에는 melanoidin이 크게 관여하는 것으로 나타났다.

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반응표면분석에 의한 Maillard 반응기질의 동적변화 모니터링 (Monitoring of Dynamic Changes in Maillard Reaction Substrates by Response Surface Methodology)

  • 이기동;김정숙;권중호
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.212-219
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    • 1996
  • Maillard 반응중 피질의 변화를 4차원 반응표면으로 나타내어 기질의 동적변화를 모니터링하고자 하였다. Total amino acids의 함량변화에 대한 회귀분석 결과 높은 $R^2$ (0.9470)를 나타내었으며, 각각의 amino acid또한 높은 R'를 나타내어 대부분 유의성이 인정되었다. 유리당의 함량에 대한 회귀분석에서 glucose의 함량에 대한 R'는 0.9250이었으나 fructose에 대한 $R^2$는 0.6490으로 낮은 값을 보였다. Maillard반응중 total amino acids의 함량은 반응온도가 높고 용매의 pH값 이 증가할수록 크게 감소되었다. 반응생성물의 갈색도는 반응온도가 증가할수록 증가하나 145‘C 내외에서 최대값을 나타내었다. 각각의 amino acid함량변화는 total amino acids 함량인화와 유사한 경향이었으며, 4차원 반응표면분석 결과 aspartic acid, threonine, glucose등의 기질들은 복합기질계 Maillard반응에 있어서 특이하게 반응온도가 증가할수록 크게 감소한 반면, 용매의 pH와 반응시간의 영향은 거의 받지 않는 것으로 나타났다.

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The Significance of Pyrazine Formation in Flavor Generation during the Maillard Reaction

  • Yoo, Seung-Seok
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.360-367
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    • 1997
  • The chemistry background of the Maillard reaction focused on pyrazines and factors affecting the reaction products were reviewed. The Maillard reaction, also called a non-enzymatic browning reaction, is quite complex and generates numerous reaction products. In processed foods, it is generally accepted as a key reaction to produce flavor components. Specially, pyrazines possess an important impact character on the roasted foods with other heterocyclic compounds. The Maillard reaction is initiated by condensation between reducing sugar and amino group, and N-glycosylamines are produced via Schiff base with dehydration of water. After the rearrangement of the N-glycosylamines, they follow transformation into deoxyhexosones which are reactive intermediates. Degradation and fragmentation are facilitated by rearranged compounds. By condensation, pyrazine, one of the final Maillard products, is generated as a relatively stable form to provide specific aromas. During the processes of the reaction, chemical or physical environmental parameters affect the formation of the products.

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올리고당의 Maillard 반응물질의 유지에 대한 항산화효과 (The Antioxidative Effects of Maillard Reaction Mixtures of Oligosaccharides)

  • 이수미;안명수
    • 한국식생활문화학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.195-200
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    • 1997
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the Maillard reactions of some oligosaccharides with lysine and the antioxidative effects of the ethanol extracts from their reaction mixtures on the soybean oil. The Maillard reactions were carried out of 2% oligosaccharides such as palatinose (PN), fructooligosaccharide (FO), isomaltooligosaccharide (IMO) with 2% lysine (L) for 24 hours heating at 60, 80, $100^{\circ}C$. The color intensity of Maillard reaction mixtures were determined by UV-VIS spectrophotometer upon reaction time and temperature. And the antioxidative effects on the soybean oil of each ethanol extract from Maillard reaction mixture of each oligosaccharide were measured by peroxide value (POV). POV's of soybean oil including reaction extracts were determined regularly every 2 days during 20 days storaged at $60{\pm}1^{\circ}C$. The results were obtained as follows: 1. The color intensity of the Maillard reaction mixtures were raised highly as the browning temperature and time increased. The color intensity of PN L browning mixture was the highest. The order of high color intensity at $100^{\circ}C$ was PN L>FO L>Glu L>IMO L. 2. Comparing the antioxidative effect of Maillard reaction product (at $100^{\circ}C$, for 12 hours) of each oligosaccharide to that of BHT and TBHQ, the order of high antioxidative effect was TBHQ>IMO L>BHT>Glu L>PN L>FO L. 3. From these results, it was known that PN L shown as high brown color intensity was appeared low antioxidative effect, while IMO L shown as low brown color intensity was appeared high antioxidative effect. So, it was recognized that there was no relation between brown color intensity and antioxidative effect.

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Maillard 반응 생성물의 열분해 산물에 대한 돌연변이 유발성 연구 (Mutagenicity of Maillard Reaction Products in Salmonella typhimurium)

  • 김숙영;문자영;이동욱;박기현
    • 한국연초학회지
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 1988
  • The mutagenicity of pyrolyzates (at 30$0^{\circ}C$, $600^{\circ}C$ and 75$0^{\circ}C$) prepared from three kinds of Maillard reaction Products, KG-19, KG-24 and KG-32, and that of the tar of cigarettes added these products were determined by using Salmonella typhimurium TA 98. The pyrolyzates of Maillard reaction products showed linear increases of revertant colonies according to the increase of pyrolysis temperature and dose of pyrolyzates, respectively. However, there was no difference in revertant colonies between the tar of cigarettes containing these products and those containing imported Maillard reaction products, or not containing any reaction product. It seems due to a little amount of these products added to the cigarettes.

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Optimization of Maillard Reaction in Model System of Glucosamine and Cysteine Using Response Surface Methodology

  • Arachchi, Shanika Jeewantha Thewarapperuma;Kim, Ye-Joo;Kim, Dae-Wook;Oh, Sang-Chul;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2017
  • Sulfur-containing amino acids play important roles in good flavor generation in Maillard reaction of non-enzymatic browning, so aqueous model systems of glucosamine and cysteine were studied to investigate the effects of reaction temperature, initial pH, reaction time, and concentration ratio of glucosamine and cysteine. Response surface methodology was applied to optimize the independent reaction parameters of cysteine and glucosamine in Maillard reaction. Box-Behnken factorial design was used with 30 runs of 16 factorial levels, 8 axial levels and 6 central levels. The degree of Maillard reaction was determined by reading absorption at 425 nm in a spectrophotometer and Hunter's L, a, and b values. ${\Delta}E$ was consequently set as the fifth response factor. In the statistical analyses, determination coefficients ($R^2$) for their absorbance, Hunter's L, a, b values, and ${\Delta}E$ were 0.94, 0.79, 0.73, 0.96, and 0.79, respectively, showing that the absorbance and Hunter's b value were good dependent variables for this model system. The optimum processing parameters were determined to yield glucosamine-cysteine Maillard reaction product with higher absorbance and higher colour change. The optimum estimated absorbance was achieved at the condition of initial pH 8.0, $111^{\circ}C$ reaction temperature, 2.47 h reaction time, and 1.30 concentration ratio. The optimum condition for colour change measured by Hunter's b value was 2.41 h reaction time, $114^{\circ}C$ reaction temperature, initial pH 8.3, and 1.26 concentration ratio. These results can provide the basic information for Maillard reaction of aqueous model system between glucosamine and cysteine.

D-glucose-glycine계 Maillard반응생성물의 항산화작용 (Antioxidative Action of Maillard Reaction Products Derived from D-Glucose and Glycine System)

  • 김선봉;박영호;박진우;조뇌문효;가등박통
    • 한국수산과학회지
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.52-56
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    • 1987
  • The antioxidative activity of each molecular weight (MW) fraction of Maillard reaction products prepared from a D-glucose and glycine system, i. e., MW below 1000, MW between 1000 to 3000 and MW above 5000, nondialyzable melanoidins, reduced melanoidins and ozone-treated melanoidins were estimated in a linoleic acid-aqueous system. The antioxidative activity ana reducing ability of Maillard reaction products increased with increasing molecular weight and color intensity. Maillard reaction products of MW above 1000 showed obvious antioxidative activity and reducing ability, whereas the MW fraction below 1000 showed only weak activities. When nondialyzable melanoidins were reduced with sodium borohydride, their color intensity and reducing ability remarkably decreased, but their antioxidative activity did not decrease so much.

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Glycine과 Glucose의 Maillard Reaction Products에 의한 토란의 효소적 갈변 저해 (Inhibition of Enzymatic Browning of Taro (Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta) by Maillard Reaction Products from Glycine and Glucose)

  • 이민영;이민경;김춘영;박인식
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.1013-1016
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    • 2004
  • 토란으로부터 polyphenol oxidase를 추출하여 Maillard reation products(MRPs)가 토란 PPO에 미치는 영향을 조사하였다. 토란 PPO에 대한 MRPs의 저해 효과는 사용한 기질이 (+)-catechin, catechol인 경우에 높게 나타났다. 그리고 MRPs의 토란 PPO 저해 효과는 당의 종류를 달리하여 생성한 MRPs 중에서 fructose와 glucose로 제조한 MRPs의 첨가시 가장 높았으며, glycine과 glucose의 농도가 높아질수록 저해 효과가 증가하였다. 반응 시간에 따른 MRPs의 저해 효과를 조사한 결과, 반응 시간이 길어질수록 MRPs의 변색 정도가 높아졌으며, 이에 따라서 토란 PPO에 대한 저해 효과도 증가하였다.

Optimization of Maillard Reaction between Glucosamine and Other Precursors by Measuring Browning with a Spectrophotometer

  • Ogutu, Benrick;Kim, Ye-Joo;Kim, Dae-Wook;Oh, Sang-Chul;Hong, Dong-Lee;Lee, Yang-Bong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2017
  • The individual Maillard reactions of glucose, glucosamine, cyclohexylamine, and benzylamine were studied at a fixed temperature of $120^{\circ}C$ under different durations by monitoring the absorbance of the final products at 425 nm. Glucosamine was the most individually reactive compound, whereas the reactions of glucose, cyclohexylamine, and benzylamine were not significantly different from each other. Maillard reactions of reaction mixtures consisting of glucosaminecyclohexylamine, glucosamine-benzylamine, glucose-cyclohexylamine, and glucose-benzylamine were also studied using different concentration ratios under different durations at a fixed temperature of $120^{\circ}C$ and pH 9. Maillard reactions in the pairs involving glucosamine were observed to be more intense than those of the pairs involving glucose. Finally, with respect to the concentration ratios, it was observed that in most instances, optimal activity was realized, when the reaction mixtures were in the ratio of 1:1.