• Title/Summary/Keyword: Middle school curriculum

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Basic Study for Effective Sex Education of Home Economics in Middle School Curriculum (중학교 가정교과 과정 중 효과적인 성교육을 위한 기초 연구)

  • 조숙자
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.63-75
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine middle school students' needs for sex education as a basic study for effective sexuality education of Home Economics in middle school curriculum. 305 middle school students from two schools in Chung-ju were participated in this study. The results of this study are; (1) sexual intercourse was the highest checked item that the students want to know; however, prevention of sexual violence and contraception were the lowest responses; (2) showing video tape and sex education professional lecture methods were the most effective ways to teach sex education that the students believed; (3) the curiosity regarding sex that the students did not satisfied with current school sex education have met by watching sexual video tape or TV; and (4) the students believed that sex education should be started in the elementary school curriculum and they wanted to learn with sex education professional.

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Comparison of Sexuality Education of Home Economics and Technology .Home Economics in 6th, 7th Middle School Curriculum (6, 7차 교육과정 중 가정과 기술.가정 교과서의 성교육의 비교)

  • 조숙자
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.97-105
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    • 2003
  • This study was to examine the contents of sexuality education in the 6th Home Economics 1 and in the 7th Technology.Home Economics 1 of Middle school curriculum by comparing those two text books. The result of the study was that: 1) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 has more sexuality education contents than in the 6th; 2) the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 used much more vivid and realistic pictures to catch students' attention and bring educational effect; 3) the 7th Technology \ulcornerHome Economics 1 included more detailed information for the young students such as pregnancy, birth control, masturbation, artificial abortion, and prevention of sexual violence than the 6th; 4) although the 7th TechnologyㆍHome Economics 1 showed more developed contents for the sexuality education, it had still only theory based information that lost students' attention on this important issue.

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Development and Application of a Forest Education Program Using the ADDIE Model

  • Kim, Soyeon;Kim, Jiwon;Choi, Jungkee
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.243-254
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to develop a forest education program through middle school curriculum linkage. We used the ADDIE model, comprising the five phases of Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation, to secure the objectivity of the program. In the Analysis phase, middle school textbooks were analyzed while considering middle school students' needs for curriculum linkage and the developmental stages of adolescents. The Design phase focused on promoting an understanding of curriculum subjects based on what was reviewed in the Analysis phase and concretized and organized a program that can be implemented in the forest, with a focus on science and physical education, based on the results of middle school students' needs. We also established the objectives and goals of curriculum linkage forest education, established the concept of the program, and selected the educational contents, teaching-learning methods, and evaluation methods. In the Development phase, we developed a 2-night, 3-day program linkage with the middle school curriculum and created a manual for instructors and a workbook for students. In the Implementation phase, we revised and supplemented the program through the first test operation with 24 students in their second year of middle school, after which, we carried out a six-session program for the 2-night, 3-day as the second test operation with 17 students in their second year of middle school. In the Evaluation phase, the program was evaluated by the students who participated in the second test operation using questionnaires on satisfaction and curriculum linkage understanding as well as rating scales for attitudes toward forests and environmental sensitivity. The results showed that middle school students showed positive significance in satisfaction and understanding of the middle school curriculum as well as attitudes toward forests and environmental sensitivity through the forest education program.

The Present Status of Science Experimental Education and the Cautions on Using Toxic Chemicals (과학 실험 교육의 현황과 실험 시약 사용의 주의사항)

  • 김윤경;정해문
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.144-155
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    • 1998
  • This research aims to perceive the present state of science experimental education practiced in middle school and also to improve the laboratorial environment. Accordingly, this study surveyed 297 middle school science teachers in Seoul to examine the risks and accidents occurred during lab sessions, the conditions of chemical waste disposal, and whether or not teacher's manual clearly states cautions on toxic chemicals. About 70%(69.6%) of science teachers were highly concerned about risks and toxicity of chemicals used in classes, 59.9% experienced actual accidents, and 83.2% were anxiety of incidents caused by chemicals. Besides, 55.2% of science teachers answered that they have little knowledge about caring noxious chemicals used in lab sessions. So it turns out that they need more specific education on handling toxic chemicals. More than one third(36.7%) answered that they disposed of chemical waste water without any special care or kept it in the lab after experiments. The number of chemicals as well used in middle school curriculum is increasing as grades gets higher toxic chemicals. However, there are few teachers' manual covering how to handle noxious chemicals. Therefore, in middle school curriculum the number of poisonous chemicals should be minimized as much as possible, and in case the toxic chemicals have to be used, teacher's guide book should state precautions on handling chemicals in detail. Also government should make it obligatory on schools to instate ventilator for chemical waste, or to transport the waste to proper disposal systems.

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'Development' and 'Relations', as the Core Concepts of Home Economics in 2015 Revised Middle School Curriculum in Korea (2015 개정 가정과의 핵심개념 '발달과 관계' - 중학교 교육과정을 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, JungHa;Jun, Mi-Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this review was to introduce and examine 'development' and 'relations' as the core concepts of Home Economics in 2015 revised middle school curriculum in Korea. The 2009 and 2015 proclamation of the ministry of education on home economics curriculum and 26 published middle school textbooks were reviewed. The major findings were as follows. First, the components of human 'development' and family 'relations' were strongly associated with promoting four key competencies (i.e. the self-management competency, the communication competency, the aesthetic sensibility competency, the community competency) of 2015 revision. Also, four of cross-curricular learning topics (i.e. character education, multicultural education, safety and health education, human right education) in 2015 revision could be effectively discussed with human 'development' and family 'relations'. Second, when teaching and learning of the core concept, human 'development', continuous dynamic aspects of life-span development, the connectedness of different domains of development, systematic approach of various concepts in development, specificity and empirical evidence of information and variability of developmental patterns in adolescence should be considered. Third, when teaching and learning of the core concept, family 'relations', family trait such as generational relations, gender relations, role relations and power relations should be taken into account. In addition, exclusively focusing on normal family ideology or image of middle-class family and lecture-centered instruction methods should be changed for students to achieve the competencies relevant to family relations. The future directions for applying core concepts, 'development' and 'relations' in classroom will be discussed.

The reinterpretation and visualization for geometric methods of solving the cubic equation (삼차방정식의 기하적 해법에 대한 재조명과 시각화)

  • Kim, Hyang Sook;Kim, Yang;Park, See Eun
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.403-427
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to reinterpret and visualize the medieval Arab's studies on the geometric methods of solving the cubic equation by utilizing Apollonius' symptom of the parabola. In particular, we investigate the results of $Kam{\bar{a}}l$ $al-D{\bar{i}}n$ ibn $Y{\bar{u}}nus$, Alhazen, Umar al-$Khayy{\bar{a}}m$ and $Al-T{\bar{u}}s{\bar{i}}$ by 4 steps(analysis, construction, proof and examination) which are called the complete solution in the constructions. This paper is available in the current middle school curriculum through dynamic geometry program(Geogebra).

Development of Climate Change Education Plan: Focus on Applicable Plan of Middle School Curriculum (기후변화 교육 방안 개발: 중학교 교육과정에서 적용가능한 방안을 중심으로)

  • Woo, Jung-Ae;Nam, Young-Sook
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.117-133
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a middle school science climate change education plan. The detailed contents of the study are as follows: First, a research study was conducted for understanding climate change and the direction and contents of the climate change education were set up. Second, the climate change education plan was prepared. The middle school climate change education plan were arranged through research study. The results of the study are as follows: First, the direction and contents of the climate change education were arranged. The direction of the climate change education was arranged to reflect the global science education system, sustainable development education, and youth leadership. Second, the middle school climate change education plan was arranged. The middle school climate change education plan includes a course of study and creative experience program. The plan for the course of study focused intensely on scientific study.

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The reinterpretation and the visualization of Pappus' methods for trisecting the angle (Pappus 가 보인 일반각의 3등분문제 해결의 재조명과 시각화)

  • Kim, Hyang Sook;Kim, Yang;Pak, Jin Suk
    • East Asian mathematical journal
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.219-238
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to reinterpret and visualize Pappus' methods for trisecting the angle by utilizing the Nicomedes' conchoid and Apollonius' symptom of a hyperbola. In particular, we reinterpret the Pappus' three results which are the methods of hyperbola and circle, the trisection of the arc and focus and directrix of the hyperbola by 3 steps(analysis, construction, and proof) in the current middle school curriculum of Mathematics. Moreover, we visualize the construction of an hyperbola which is represented by means of an eccentricity.

Analysis of the "Clothing Life" Section of the Technology and Home Economics textbook in the middle school curriculum revised in 2015 (2015년 개정 교육과정에 따른 중학교 기술·가정 교과서의 의생활 영역 분석)

  • Kang, Ju Yeong;Lee, Yejin
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.15-35
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to provide an understanding and information of the new curriculum by comparing 12 kinds of Technology and Home Economics textbooks(Clothing Life section) that reflect the 2015 revised. Results revealed that most of the textbooks' unit arrangements consisted of the introduction, development, and summary. In addition, we examined the advantages of current textbooks and suggested future improvement directions. The analysis of volume revealed that the largest textbook was 38 pages and the smallest was 24 pages. In addition, the learning objectives by unit a little bit differed for each textbook. The illustrations in the textbooks were primarily figures followed by photographs, tables, and graphs. The number of textbooks with the largest amount of illustrations was 69 and those with the least were 38, indicating a significant difference. As for career, 8 textbooks of 12 textbooks reflected related contents. The number of units, volumes of the clothing life section, and ratio of illustrations used in each textbook were different, but the contents were similar. Most of the contents of the 2009 textbooks are mostly included and the meaning of clothing, clothing purchasing, dress code, and creative clothing life are added on 2015 revised textbooks. Furthermore the educational objectives have extended to wide range and provides concrete guidelines to foster human resources that will lead the future society.

Research of Pre-Service Science Teachers' Understanding About the Chemistry Concept and Analysis of Incorrect Responses: Focus on Middle School Curriculum (예비 과학교사의 화학 개념에 대한 이해도 조사와 오답 반응 분석: 중학교 교육과정을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jeong;Choi, Won-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.1030-1041
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    • 2011
  • We investigated the understanding of pre-service science teacher about the chemistry concept of middle school curriculum using some items in National Assessment of Educational Achievement and analyzed the result according to background variables of pre-service science teacher. The result was that there were some pre-service science teachers who select incorrect answer at all items, pre-service science teachers don't fully understand the concept needed to solve item. And the percentage of correct answer at some items was low regardless of selection of chemistry as an elective subject at CSAT(College Scholastic Ability Test). We found some facts through the depth interviews to find the cause of the result. First, the misconception acquired in middle school days is tend not to change until college student. Second, the formation of misconception is affected by the study habit with which solve problem by simple calculation and memory without essential understanding. Third, the study habit with which solve problem by simple calculation and memory without essential understanding could not replace misconceptions acquired in middle school days with scientific concept regardless of selection of chemistry as an elective subject at CSAT.