• Title, Summary, Keyword: Monochamus alternatus

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Comparison of Cuticular Hydrocarbons of the Pine Sawyer (Monochamus saltuarius), Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Oak Longicorn Beetle (Moechotypa diphysis) (북방수염하늘소(Monochamus saltuarius), 솔수염하늘소(Monochamus alternatus), 털두꺼비하늘소(Moechotypa diphysis) 성충의 표피탄화수소 비교)

  • Lee, Jeong-Eun;Kim, Eun-Hee;Yoon, Chang-Mann;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.211-218
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    • 2010
  • Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) of the pine sawyer (Monochamus saltuarius), Japanese pine sawyer (M. alternatus) and oak longicorn beetle (Moechotypa diphysis) were analyzed by GC, GC-MS and compared. Monochamus beetles are typical vectors of pine wilt disease but Moechotypa diphysis, which belongs to the same family, is not. They possess different CHCs in carbon number: 23-25 in M. saltuarius, 25-32 in M. alternatus, and 23-29 in M. diphysis. In comparison to inter-species, these three species of adult beetles have different numbers and chains of constituents of CHCs. In comparison between male and female in intra-species, the quantities of CHCs show the difference but constituents are not. Major constituent of M. saltuarius were analyzed as n-pentacosane > n-nonacosane > n-heptacosane; those of M. alternatus were n-nonacosene > n-pentacosane > n-nonacosane; and those of M. diphysis were n-heptacosane > 13-methylheptacosane > 3-methylheptacosane. From the body surface, most saturated carbohydrates of 3 species beetles are composed of n-alkane (40.2 - 65.7%) and followed by olefines > monomethylalkanes that one or two double bonds in M. saltuarius and M. alternatus. Otherwise, M. diphysis have the difference in order of monomethylalkanes > olefins.

Predicting Potential Distribution of Monochamus alternatus Hope responding to Climate Change in Korea (기후변화에 따른 솔수염하늘소(Monochamus alternatus) 잠재적 분포 변화 예측)

  • Kim, Jaeuk;Jung, Huicheul;Park, Yong-Ha
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.501-511
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    • 2016
  • Predicting potential spatial distribution of Monochamus alternatus, a major insect vector of the pine wilt disease, is essential to the spread of the pine wilt disease. The purpose of this study was to predict future domestic spatial distribution of M. alternatus by using the CLIMEX model considering the temperature condition of the vector's life history. To predict current distribution of M. alternatus, the administrative divisions data where the pine wilt spots caused by M. alternatus were found from 2006 to 2014 and the 10-year mean climate observed data in 68 meteorological stations from 2006 to 2015 were used. Eight parameter sets were chosen based on growth temperature range of M. alternatus reported in preceding researches. Error matrix method was utilized to select and simulate the parameter sets showing the highest correlation with the actual distribution. Regarding the future distribution of M. alternatus, two periods of 2050s(2046-2055) and 2090s(2091-2100) were predicted using the projected climate data of RCP 8.5 Scenario generated from Korea Meteorological Administration. Overall results of M. alternatus distribution simulation were fit in the actual distribution; however, overestimation in Seoul Metropolitan area and Chungnam Region were shown. Gradual expansion of M. alternatus would be expected to nationwide from western and southern coastal areas of Korea peninsula.

Isolation and Identification of Entomopathogenic Fungus from the Pine Wilt Disease Vector, Monochamus alternatus Hope(Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Korea

  • Shin, Tae-Young;Choi, Jae-Bang;Bae, Sung-Min;Cha, Ye-Rim;Oh, Jeong-Mi;Koo, Hyun-Na;Woo, Soo-Dong
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 2009
  • Entomopathogenic fungi were isolated directly from a cadaver of adult Monochamus alternatus supporting fungal sporulation, using a semi-selective medium and then screened several fungal colonies. The pathogenicity of each fungus was tested using oak longicorn beetle, Moechotypa diphysis, as substitutive insect. As the result, only one of them showed high pathogenicity against M. diphysis, with up to 100% mortality within 21 days of inoculation. Selected fungus was named as MaW1 and identified by Beauveria bassiana using microscopic examination and DNA analysis. Pathogenicity was also evaluated to M. alternatus.

Insecticidal Activity of Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Pine Sawyer (Monochamus saltuarius) Using Abamectin and Emamectin benzoate

  • Lee, Dong-Hyeon;Suh, Dong Yeon;Seo, Sang-Tae;Lee, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.255-258
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    • 2020
  • Pine wilt disease (PWD) caused by pine wood nematode (PWN), Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, which is transmitted by Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius, is a serious threat to coniferous forests in the Northern Hemisphere, including Korea. The efficacy of abamectin and emamectin benzoate for preventing the PWD in the field and its effect on the vectors Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) were evaluated. An experimental plot was delimited, of which consists of Japanese red pine (Pinus densiflora) forest in South Korea, and trunk injection trials were made with abamectin and emamectin benzoate. Branches of each tree were collected, and are subsequently subjected to the analysis of residues for both nematicides. Results obtained in this study showed that abamectin and emamectin benzoate showed over 90% mortality at the recommended concentration after 6 days and 8 days, respectively. Consequently, it was found that both insecticides have a higher effect on the susceptibility and persistence of two vectors of PWD, M. alternatus and M. saltuarius feeding on branches of the trees, and its application by trunk injection is confirmed as an option for pine wilt disease management programs in Korea.

Insecticidal Activity of Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Toxicity Test of Honeybee (Apis mellifera) using 5 Kinds of Neonicotinoids (5종의 네오니코티노이드계 약제에 대한 솔수염하늘소의 살충활성과 꿀벌독성)

  • Cho, Woo Seong;Jeong, Dae-Hoon;Lee, Jae Seon;Kim, Hyun Kyung;Seo, Sang-Tae;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2017
  • Susceptibility and persistence of Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus adults, and acute contact toxicity, foliage contact toxicity, and residual toxicity to honeybee, Apis mellifera were evaluated by using 5 kinds of neonicotinoid pesticides. All neonicotinoids pesticides showed over 80% mortality 48 hour after body spray treatment. However, only 2 kinds of acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin showed over 80% mortality in the twig dipping treatment. All of the five neonicotinoides pesticides used in M. alternatus adults showed residual effect of 60-80% mortality, but the efficacy decreased rapidly after 1 day of treatment. Acetamiprid ME showed the lowest toxicity in the acute and foliage contact toxicity test of A. mellifera. The residual toxicity of leaves on A. mellifera was very low in acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin. However, the residual toxicity of all pesticides treatments decreased to 10-30% after 1 day of treatment and further decreased with time. These results indicate that acetamiprid ME among five neonicotinoid agents showed a high insecticidal activity in the M. alternatus adults, while it exhibited relatively low contact and residual toxicity in the A. mellifera. It is thought that acetamiprid ME can be effectively used for the control of the M. alternatus adults as vector of pine wilt disease.

Effects on Habitation of Monochamus alternatus by Tending of Sapling Japanese Red Pine(Pinus densiflora) Forest (소나무 치수림 가꾸기가 솔수염하늘소의 서식에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Kwon-Seok;Park, Nam-Chang;Hong, Sung-Cheon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.99 no.4
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    • pp.528-533
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    • 2010
  • Cage plots were established in 2008 to find the relationship between combination of tended Japanese red pine sapling and the habitation of Monochamus alternatus, a vector for pine wood nematode. Japanese red pine sapling tended at different times were successively put into the cage, and then the adult of Monochamus alternatus was put in June. Presence or absence of the larva was determined November. Sapling tendings were done at seven successive times in 2009, mid- and late February and March, mid-April, May and June. Some saplings were also tended in mid-October of 2008, the previous year of this experiment. The larva was found in all the saplings tended later than mid-March in 2009. No larva was found in the saplings tended in mid-October of 2008 and those in February of 2009. In case of the combination the by-products of mid-February and late March of 2009 and mid-October of 2008, the larva was found in the by-product of mid-February and late March of 2009, but those in mid-October of 2008 was not. When the saplings tended in mid-October of 2008 and mid- and late February of 2009 were put into the cage singly, the larva was found in all the saplings. Results indicated the mixture of the saplings tended at different times affected the habitation of Monochamus alternatus differently.

Movement of Monochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Adults among Young Black Pine Trees in a Screen Cage (망실 내 해송 묘목에서 솔수염하늘소 성충의 이동에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Soo;Lee, Sang-Myoeng;Kim, Chul-Su;Lee, Dong-Woon;Park, Chung-Gyoo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2011
  • Movement of adult Monochamus alternatus was investigated on young black pine, Pinus thunbergii, trees for about one month in a screen cage. Number of pine trees to which M. alternatus females and males moved during the experimental period was $6.4{\pm}1.4$ and $7.2{\pm}1.5$ out of 15 trees, respectively. Adult females and males moved to $0.2{\pm}0.1$ and $0.3{\pm}0.1$ tree per day, respectively. A 74.6 and 80.7% of adult females and males moved at night (17:00-08:00) to other trees. After moving, most beetles (72.6% of females and 76.0% of males) stayed on the tree to which they moved for one to two days. Some beetles stayed for up to seven days.

Ophiostoma ips from Pinewood Nematode Vector, Japanese Pine Sawyer Beetle (Monochamus alternatus), in Korea

  • Suh, Dong Yeon;Hyun, Min Woo;Kim, Jae Jin;Son, Seung Yeol;Kim, Seong Hwan
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.59-62
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    • 2013
  • Japanese pine sawyer beetle (Monochamus alternatus) is an economically important pest in coniferous trees. Ophiostoma ips was isolated from the beetle and identified based on analysis of morphological properties and the ${\beta}$-tubulin gene sequence. The fungus easily produced perithecia with a long neck on malt extract agar and its ascospores were rectangular shaped. This is first report of Ophiostoma species associated with the pinewood nematode vector beetle in Korea.

Field Bioassay for Longhorn Pine Sawyer Beetle Monochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Korea Based on Aggregation Pheromone 2-(Undecyloxy)ethanol (집합페로몬 2-(Undecyloxy)ethanol을 이용한 솔수염하늘소 유인 실험)

  • Lee, Sung-Min;Hong, Do Kyung;Park, Jongseong;Lee, Jinho;Jang, Sei-Heon;Lee, ChangWoo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.25 no.12
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    • pp.1445-1449
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    • 2015
  • The pinewood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae) poses a serious threat to pine forests in Europe and East Asia, leading to a debilitating pine wilt disease. Infected pine trees in Korea are generally fumigated or crushed to small wood chips after felling. Although pine wilt disease often recurs in pest management sites, there are no adequate means to monitor the effectiveness of pest control measures in those sites. Recently, a male-produced aggregation pheromone, 2-(undecyloxy)ethanol, was shown to be useful for attracting several Monochamus species, which are vectors for the pinewood nematodes. In this study, we investigated the abilities of 2-(undecyloxy)ethanol at three different doses (175, 350, and 700 mg), as well as host plant volatiles (α-pinene and ethanol), to attract M. alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) at a pine forest in Pohang, Korea where infected pine trees had been cut down and fumigated. Twenty-seven M. alternatus were captured in cross-vane panel traps made of polyethylene terephthalate bottles and acrylic sheets. The results indicate that a high dose of 2-(undecyloxy)ethanol (700 mg per trap) is the most effective for attracting M. alternatus. The aggregation pheromone could be used to monitor the effectiveness of pest control measures as well as M. alternatus populations.

Distribution patterns of Monochamus alternatus and M. saltuarius (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Korea

  • Kwon, Tae-Sung;Lim, Jong-Hwan;Sim, Sang-Jun;Kwon, Young-Dae;Son, Sung-Kil;Lee, Kooi-Yong;Kim, Yeon-Tae;Park, Ji-Won;Shin, Chang-Hoon;Ryu, Seok-Bong;Lee, Chong-Kyu;Shin, Sang-Chul;Chung, Yeong-Jin;Park, Young-Seuk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.95 no.5
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    • pp.543-550
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    • 2006
  • Distribution patterns of two pine sawyer species (Monochamus alternatus which is the main vector insect and M. saltuarius which is the potential insect vector of the pine wood nematode) were investigated in Korea. The data were collected at 89 study sites which were chosen to cover the whole region of South Korea. The selected pine trees were killed in early April and left for I year in the pine stands to be egg-laid by the pine sawyers. Emergence of the beetles from the dead pine trees was checked from early April to late July. M. saltuarius was the most abundant in the mid to northern areas of South Korea, whereas M. alternatus in Jeju-do, southernmost island of Korea. Considering temperature distribution patterns in areas where the two species occur, their thermal distribution boundary may be formed around $13.2^{\circ}C$ of annual mean temperature. The hypothesized distribution map of the two Monochamus species under the invasion of pine wilt disease is suggested on the base of thermal distribution of Korean peninsula.