• Title, Summary, Keyword: Motor recovery

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Robust Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor using Fuzzy Logic Controller (퍼지논리 제어기를 이용한 영구자석 동기전동기의 강인성 제어)

  • Yoon, Byung-Do;Kim, Yoon-Ho;Chae, So-Hyung;Kim, Chun-Sam;Yoo, Bo-Min
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1228-1230
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    • 1992
  • The permanent magnet synchronous motor(PMSM) is receiving Increased attention for servo drive applications in recent years because of its high torque to inertia ratio, superior power density and high efficiency. By vector-controll method, PMSM has the same operating characterics as seperately excited dc motor. The drive system of servo motor is requested to have an accurate response for the reference input and a quick recovery for the disturbance such as load torque. However, when the unknown disturbances and parameter variations are imposed on the permanent magnet synchronous motor(PMSM), the drive system is significantly effected by them. As a result, the drive system with both a fast compensation and a robustness to a parameter variations is requested. This paper investigates the possibility of applying the fuzzy logic controller(FLC) using Multi-Rule Base In a servo motor control system. In this paper, The five Rule Bases(1 to 5) are selected to recover the state error caused by the disturbance in steady state. In the initial operating mode. Rule Base 0 is used. To show the validity of the proposed fuzzy logic controll system, the computer simulation results are provided.

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Effect of Sopung-tang and tDCS on Motor function Recovery and GDNF Expression in Photothrombotic Brain Infarction Induced Rat Model (광혈전 유도 뇌손상 백서에서 소풍탕(疏風湯)과 tDCS의 적용이 운동기능회복과 GDNF 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Sim, Ki Cheol;Kim, Gi Do;Kim, Kyung Yoon;Chung, Hun Woo;Kim, Gye Yeop
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.894-901
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    • 2012
  • The effect of Sopung-tang(SPT) and trans-cranial direct current stimulation(tDCS) was investigated in photothrombotic brain infarction(PTI) rats. Sprague-Dawley 80 rats, were divided into four groups. group I was experiental control group(n=20), group II was PTI induced and oral administration of SPT(n=20), group III was PTI induced and tDCS administration(n=20) and group IV was PTI induced and SPT and tDCS administration for 28 days on stroke rats(n=20). Analysis the neurological function test, 25 point behavior functional score test, and immunohistochemistric finding of GDNF expression, and electron microscopy assessment In motor behavior test, the outcome of group IV was significantly difference than the other group, and In immunohistochemistric finding, group II, III, IV were increase GDNF expression on 28 days, In electron microscopy finding, the all groups were degenerated of cell organelles, and synaptic plasticity were improvement of group II, III, IV(especially group IV) These results suggest that, 28days application of SPT and tDCS was the motor function and histopathologic, micro-morphological improvement of motor function recovery and positive influence on synaptic plasticity.

Clinical Features and Long-Term Outcome in Adult Stroke Patient due to Moyamoya Disease : A Single Subject Study

  • Kwon, Yong Hyun;Kim, Chung Sun
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.126-131
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    • 2013
  • This case report described a single case of adult stoke patient due to Moyamoya disease through long-term follow-up observation, which included his demographics, brain images, and change of motor function and functional activities. The subject was the 54-year-old male diagnosed with left hemiparesis from a stroke due to multifocal encephalomalacia in both hemispheres. At the time of the stroke attack, he took brain surgery intervention including external ventricular drain. Physical and occupational therapy for stroke rehabilitation were admitted including muscle strengthening exercises, functional activity/ADL training, neurofacilitative techniques with bobath or proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation concepts, and compensatory strategy. Patient's MRI showed that right frontal lobe, right peri-ventricular area, left parietal, and left occipital lobes were damaged, and MRA showed that abnormal collateral vessel was richly developed in both hemispheres by occlusion of proximal internal carotid arteries in both sides. His motor strength was improved from poor to good grade in all of upper and lower limb motions, that MBC was improved from stage 1 to stage 5. In FAC and barthel index, at the initial evaluation, he could not perform any functional movement, but his FAC and barthel index were on 3 and 14 points at present, respectively. During long-term follow-up for approximately 4 years, the subject's functional motor ability was improved, as similar with recovery progression of usual stroke patient. We believe that this single case report will provide clinical information and concern regarding Moyamoya disease with physical therapist, in terms of such as epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostic procedures, clinical features, recovery process, and prognosis.

A Clinical Observation of the Stroke Patients : Using Functional Independence Measure (Functional Independence Measure를 이용한 뇌졸중(腦卒中) 환자의 임상적 관찰)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;Jung, Seung-Hyun;Shin, Gil-Cho;Lee, Won-Chul
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.97-113
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    • 1998
  • BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to investigate disability of the patients after stroke, clinical applicability and usefulness of the FIM in evaluating the functional abilities and to assess the characteristics of the patients after stroke. And this study examined difference by predictive factors on the treatment outcome. METHOD The study was composed of 31 stroke patients who were within 1 week after stroke and had been treated in hospital more than 4 weeks. Improving rate was measured by using the Functional Independence Measure(FIM), and the correlation was analyzed between Motor FIM and Cognitive FIM. We analyzed significant meaning statistically in the mean value of FIM. RESULT 1. There was no significant meaning statistically in the mean value of FIM that was between both at admission and after 2 weeks. But there was proportional correlation between both at admission and after 4 weeks, and significant meaning statistically. 2. There was proportional correlation between both FIM and Motor FIM, and significant meaning statistically. But there was no significant meaning statistically between both FIM and Cognitive FIM. 3. There was no significant meaning statistically between both FIM and sex, age, side of weakness, stroke subtype, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes mellitus, heart disease, starting point of rehabilitation therapy and past history of cerebral vascular accident. While dysarthria affected functional recovery in stroke patients, and significant meaning statistically. CONCLUSION 1. FIM appeared to be a valid and reliable method to measure the functional abilities of the patients after stroke. 2. Only one thing between Motor FIM and score didn't influence FIM score. 3. Dysarthria affected functional recovery in stroke patients, and it is the statistically significant factor.

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Fuzzy-Neuro Controller for Speed of Slip Energy Recovery and Active Power Filter Compensator

  • Tunyasrirut, S.;Ngamwiwit, J.;Furuya, T.;Yamamoto, Y.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.480-480
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we proposed a fuzzy-neuro controller to control the speed of wound rotor induction motor with slip energy recovery. The speed is limited at some range of sub-synchronous speed of the rotating magnetic field. Control speed by adjusting resistance value in the rotor circuit that occurs the efficiency of power are reduced, because of the slip energy is lost when it passes through the rotor resistance. The control system is designed to maintain efficiency of motor. Recently, the emergence of artificial neural networks has made it conductive to integrate fuzzy controllers and neural models for the development of fuzzy control systems, Fuzzy-neuro controller has been designed by integrating two neural network models with a basic fuzzy logic controller. Using the back propagation algorithm, the first neural network is trained as a plant emulator and the second neural network is used as a compensator for the basic fuzzy controller to improve its performance on-line. The function of the neural network plant emulator is to provide the correct error signal at the output of the neural fuzzy compensator without the need for any mathematical modeling of the plant. The difficulty of fine-tuning the scale factors and formulating the correct control rules in a basic fuzzy controller may be reduced using the proposed scheme. The scheme is applied to the control speed of a wound rotor induction motor process. The control system is designed to maintain efficiency of motor and compensate power factor of system. That is: the proposed controller gives the controlled system by keeping the speed constant and the good transient response without overshoot can be obtained.

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Functional Recovery Following the Transplantation of Olfactory Ensheathing Cells in Rat Spinal Cord Injury Model

  • Muniswami, Durai Murugan;Tharion, George
    • Asian Spine Journal
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.998-1009
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    • 2018
  • Study Design: Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) from rat olfactory mucosa were cultured, characterized, and transplanted into a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI). Purpose: To evaluate different doses of OECs in a rat model of SCI. Overview of Literature: SCI causes permanent functional deficit because the central nervous system lacks the ability to perform spontaneous repair. Cell therapy strategies are being explored globally. The clinical use of human embryonic stem cell is hampered by ethical controversies. Alternatively, OECs are a promising cell source for neurotransplantation. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of different doses of allogenic OEC transplantation in a rat model of SCI. Methods: OECs were cultured from the olfactory mucosa of Albino Wistar rats; these cells were characterized using immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry. Rats were divided into five groups (n=6 rats each). In each group, different dosage ($2{\times}10^5$, $5{\times}10^5$, $10{\times}10^5$, and >$10{\times}10^5$) of cultured cells were transplanted into experimentally injured spinal cords of rat models. However, in the SCI group, only DMEM (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium) was injected. Rats were followed up upto 8 weeks post-transplantation. The outcome of transplantation was assessed using the Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan (BBB) scale; motor-evoked potential studies; and histological examination. Results: Cultured cells expressed 41% of p75NTR, a marker for OEC, and 35% of anti-fibronectin, a marker for olfactory nerve fibroblast. These cells also expressed $S100{\beta}$ and glial fibrillary acid protein of approximately 75% and 83%, respectively. All the transplanted groups showed promising BBB scores for hind-limb motor recovery compared with the SCI group (p<0.05). A motor-evoked potential study showed increased amplitude in all the treated groups compared with the SCI. Green fluorescent protein-labeled cells survived in the injured cord, suggesting their role in the transplantation-mediated repair. Transplantation of $5{\times}10^5$ cells showed the best motor outcomes among all the doses. Conclusions: OECs demonstrated a therapeutic effect in rat models with the potential for future clinical applications.

Design of Loss-reduction Mechanisms for Energy Recovery Devices in Reverse-osmosis Desalination systems (역삼투 담수시스템용 에너지회수장치의 손실극복 메커니즘 설계)

  • Ham, Y.B.;Kim, Y.;Noh, J.H.;Shin, S.S.;Park, J.H.
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2012
  • Novel mechanisms for Energy Recovery Devices are proposed to diminish the pressure loss in the high-pressure reverse-osmosis system. In the beginning, the state-of-the-art in the design of Energy Recovery Devices is reviewed and the features of each model are investigated. The direct-coupled axial piston pump(APP) and axial piston motor(APM) showed 39% energy recovery at operating pressure of reverse osmosis desalination systems, 60 bar. Meanwhile, the developed PM2D model, in which APM pistons are arranged parallel to those of APP, is more compact and showed higher efficiency in a preliminary test. Loss-reduction mechanisms employing rod piston and double raw valve port are additionally proposed to enhance the efficiency and durability of the device.

Protein Kinase C Activity and Delayed Recovery of Sleep-Wake Cycle in Mouse Model of Bipolar Disorder

  • Moon, Eunsoo;Choe, Byeong-Moo;Park, Je-Min;Chung, Young In;Lee, Byung Dae;Park, Jae-Hong;Lee, Young Min;Jeong, Hee Jeong;Cheon, YongJun;Choi, Yoonmi;Park, Jeonghyun
    • Psychiatry investigation
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    • v.15 no.9
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    • pp.907-913
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    • 2018
  • Objective Previous studies reported the delayed recovery group after circadian rhythm disruption in mice showed higher quinpirole-induced locomotor activity. This study aimed to compare not only Protein Kinase C (PKC) activities in frontal, striatal, hippocampus and cerebellum, but also relative PKC activity ratios among brain regions according to recovery of circadian rhythm. Methods The circadian rhythm disruption protocol was applied to eight-week-old twenty male Institute Cancer Research mice. The circadian rhythm recovery patterns were collected through motor activities measured by Mlog system. Depressive and manic proneness were examined by forced swim test and quinpirole-induced open field test respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was employed to measure PKC activities. Results The delayed recovery group presented greater locomotor activities than the early recovery group (p=0.033). The delayed recovery group had significantly lower frontal PKC activity than the other (p=0.041). The former showed lower frontal/cerebellar PKC activity ratio (p=0.047) but higher striatal/frontal (p=0.038) and hippocampal/frontal (p=0.007) PKC activities ratios than the latter. Conclusion These findings support potential mechanism of delayed recovery after circadian disruption in bipolar animal model could be an alteration of relative PKC activities among mood regulation related brain regions. It is required to investigate the PKC downstream signaling related to the delayed recovery pattern.

Influence of Functional Electrical Stimulation during Gait Training on Motor Unit Action Potential (기능적전기자극을 이용한 보행훈련이 편마비 환자의 하퇴근육의 근전위활동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yang-Hoon;Seo, Sam-Gi;Lee, Jeong-Woo;Yoon, Se-Won;Kim, Yong-Eok;Kim, Tae-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Clinical Electrophysiology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2007
  • This study divided 35 hemiplegia patients into control group having standard physical therapy and gait training and functional electrical stimulation(FES) group using FES during gait training in order to examine the effects of applying FES to ankle joint dorsiflexor on motor unit action potential. Stimulation conditions of FES were pulse rate 35 pps, pulse width $250{\mu}s$, and on-time 0.3 second, treatment hour was 30 min. and treatment period was once a day for five days a week through six weeks. For functional evaluations before and after treatment, root mean square(RMS) were measured and the following conclusions were obtained. : In RMS analysis of motor unit action potential, gastrocnemius was significantly reduced in both weight bearing(p<.001) and bearing condition (p<.05). In conclusion, application of FES to hemiplegia patients in recovery stage during gait training decreased RMS and it was interpreted that it was caused by mitigation of muscular spasticity by reduction of motor unit.

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Effects of Environmental Reinforcement Through Motivation on Motor and Cognitive Function in Rats With Focal Ischemic Brain Injury

  • Heo, Myoung
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.44-52
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    • 2009
  • It is known that individual factors as cognitive, perception, emotion, and motivation may greatly influence on recovery from neurologic region. This study was to investigate the effects of environmental reinforcement through motivation to perform the tasks voluntarily on motor and cognition function in rats with focal ischemic brain injury. Focal ischemic brain injury was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats (15 rats, $250{\pm}50$ g) through middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo). And then, experiment groups were randomly divided into three groups; The control group: MCAo induction ($n_1$=5), the environmental reinforcement (ER) group: the application for ER after MCAo induction ($n_2$=5), the environmental reinforcement through motivation (ERM) group: the application for ERM after MCAo induction ($n_3$=5). The climbing test (CT) and the modified limb placing tests (MLPTs) to measure the motor function and the Morris water maze acquisition test (MWMAT) and the Morris water maze retention test (MWMRT) to measure the cognitive function were performed. For the CT, the ERM group was significantly larger than the ER group. For the MLPTs, the ERM group was significantly decreased compared to other groups. For the MWMAT, the time to find the circular platform in the ERM group significantly decreased compared to other groups. For the MWMRT, the time to dwell on the quadrant circular platform in the ERM group was significantly increased compared to other groups. These results suggested that the ERM could improve the motor and cognitive functions in the rats with focal ischemic brain injury.

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