• Title/Summary/Keyword: Motor recovery

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Study on Recovery of Polymeric Raw Materials from WastePolystyrene in Motor Oil using Microwave Thermal Decomposition (마이크로웨이브 열분해(熱分解)를 이용(利用)한 폐(廢) 폴리스티렌과 모터 오일 혼합물(混合物)로부터 고분자(高分子) 원료(原料) 물질(物質) 회수(回收)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Kang, Tae-Won
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.11-16
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    • 2006
  • A novel microwave-induced pyrolysis was used for the recovery of valuable products from waste polystyrene in motor oil. Quartz tube was introduced as microwave reactor and silicon carbide was used as the microwave absorbent. In the experiments, different pyrolysis conditions were applied, such as time range from 30 minutes to 1 hour and microwave input power range from 180 to 250W. The distillate products from pyrolysis were analyzed with GC/MS. Styrene, 1-methyl styrene, toluene, ethyl benzene were the four main products. Styrene recovery rate from polystyrene was around 50%. Temperature for the complete pyrolysis using microwave was around $300^{\circ}C$ which is much lower than that of conventional thermal pyrolysis.

Developing Unity BLDC motor controller adding TCP/IP for Vapor Recovery System (TCP/IP 기반 유증기 회수용 제어기 일체형 BLDC모터 개발)

  • Kim, Duck-young
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2010
  • Recently, Applications of BLDC motor have grown gradually in energy savings and controls of speed and torque. But most of BLDC motors need controller and driving circuits aside from motor, according to various situations. In this paper, it was designed for a embedded controller and motor including microprocessor that programmable intelligent control as various circumstances. And in order that the user conveniently use better than to use web browser using TCP/IP module in controller.

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A Study of Motor Functional Evaluation in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중환자의 운동기능평가에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Jeom-Deok
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise on functional status in stroke patients. The understanding of the course of recovery after stroke and factors affecting outcomes are important in planning and evaluation of stroke rehabilitation. Methods: To predict the outcom of stroke patient, we measured in the beginnig of rehabilitation, on 36 patients. The variables were gender, age, duration of rehabilitation treatment, motor assessment scale(MAS). Results: The patient age in 50-59 years was 41.7%. The stroke left side motor weakness were found 55.6%. The duration of rehabilitation treatment in 2-3 months was 50.0%. In the difference 24.63 for motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment had significantly higher than 10.86 for motor assessment scale at initial. Gender by motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was 25.7 in male and 23.2 in female(P<0.05). Past history by motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was 26.7 in hypertension, 24.6 in cardiac disorder and 21.8 in diabetes mellitus(P<0.05). Conclusion: The subjective symptoms of motor assessment scale after a rehabilitation treatment was significantly associated with gender.

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Delayed Intraventricular Nogo Receptor Antagonist Promotes Recovery from Stroke by Enhancing Axonal Plasticity

  • Kim, Tae-Won;Lee, Jung-Kil;Joo, Sung-Pil;Kim, Tae-Sun;Kim, Jae-Hyoo;Kim, Soo-Han
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.130-135
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    • 2006
  • Objective : After ischemic stroke, partial recovery of function frequently occurs and may depend on the plasticity of axonal connections. Here, we examine whether blockade of the Nogo/NogoReceptor[NgR] pathway might enhance axonal sprouting and thereby recovery after focal brain infarction. Methods : Adult male Sprague Dawley rats weighing $250{\sim}350g$ were used. Left middle cerebral artery occlusion[MCAO] was induced with a intraluminal filament. An osmotic mini pump [Alzet 2ML4, Alza Scientific Products, Palo Alto, CA] for the infusion of NgR-Ecto[310]-Fc to block Nogo/NgR pathway was implanted 1 week after cerebral ischemia. Prior to induction of ischemia, all animals received training in the staircase and rotarod test. Two weeks after biotin dextran amine injection, animals were perfused transcardially with PBS, followed by 4% paraformadehyde/PBS solution. Brain and cervical spinal cord were dissected. Eight coronal sections spaced at 1mm intervals throughout the forebrain of each animal with cresyl violet acetate for determination of infarction size. Images of each section were digitized and the infarct area per section was measured with image analysis software. Results : Histological examination at 11 weeks post-MCAO demonstrates reproducible stroke lesions and no significant difference in the size of the stroke between the NgR[310]Ecto-Fc protein treated group and the control group. Behavioral recovery is significantly better and more rapid in the NgR-Ecto[310]-Fe treated group. Blockade of NgR enhances axonal sprouting from the uninjured cerebral cortex and improves the return of motor task performance. Conclusion : Pharmacological interruption of NgR allows a greater degree of axonal plasticity in response this is associated with improved functional recovery of complicated motor tasks.

The Correlation between the Balance, Cognition, Motor Recovery and Activity of Daily Living in Stroke Patie (뇌졸중 환자의 균형, 인지, 기능회복, 일상생활 평가도구의 상관성)

  • Cho, Ki-Hun;Kim, Chan-Mun
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2011
  • Background: The purpose of the present study was to determine correlations between the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Modified Barthel Index(MBI), Mini-Mental State Examination(MMSE) and Fugl-Meyer motor function Assessment(FMA) in persons with strokes. Methods: We recruited 77 stroke patients from the Seoul Bukbu Geriatric Hospital in Seoul, Korea. Balance was measured by BBS. Activity of Daily Living was assessed using MBI. Cognitive function was examined using MMSE. Motor Recovery was measured using FMA. Data was analyzed using Pearson' correlation. Resurts: There were a statistically significant correlation between BBS and MBI, BBS and MMES, BBS and FMA upper extremity, BBS and FMA lower extremity. There were a statistically significant correlation between MBI and MMSE, MBI and FMA upper extremity, MBI and FMA lower extremity. There were a statistically significant correlated between FMA upper extremity and FMA lower extremity. Conclusions: This study will help rehabilitation program for stroke patients and will be the reference data for selection of therapy and evaluation method.

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The Approach of Robot-assisted Gait Therapy for Locomotor Recovery of Chronic Stroke Patients: a Case Report

  • Shin, Hee-Joon;Lee, Ju-Hyeok;Seo, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Hong-Rae;Moon, Ok-Kon;Park, Si-Eun;Park, Joo-Hyun;Kim, Nyeon-Jun;Min, Kyung-Ok
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.207-213
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    • 2011
  • In this case report, we investigated the effects of robot-assisted gait therapy in a chronic stroke patient using motor assessment and gait analysis. A patient who suffered from the right hemiparesis following the left corona radiata and basal ganglia infarction received 30 minutes of robot-assisted gait therapy, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. Outcome was measured using Motoricity index(MI), Fugl-Meyer assessment(FMA), modified motor assessment scale(MMAS), isometric torque, body tissue composition, 10-meter gait speed and gait analysis. After robot-assisted gait therapy, the patient showed improvement in motor functions measured by MI, FMA, MMAS, isometric torque, skeletal muscle mass, 10-meter gait speed. In gait analysis, cadence, single support time, double support time, step length, walking speed improvement in after robot-assisted gait therapy. The results of this study showed that robot-assisted gait therapy is considered to facilitate locomotor recovery of the chronic hemiparetic stroke patient.

Effects of Gastrodiae Elata Pharmacopuncture at GB20 on Motor Control and Cognitive Function in Mild TBI Rats (중등도 외상성 뇌손상 흰쥐에서 천마약침(天麻藥鍼)이 운동조정 및 인지 기능회복에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Kyung-Yoon;Jeong, Hyun-Woo;Kim, Gye-Yeop
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.1080-1086
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    • 2009
  • This study was designed to investigate the effects of Gastrodiae Elata Pharmacopuncure at GB20 on motor control and cognitive dysfunction recovery after mild traumatic brain injury in rats. Rats were divided into three groups; (1) no treatment after traumatic brain injury(experiment I), (2) Treatment with NPA after traumatic brain injury(experiment II), (3) Treatment with GEP after traumatic brain injury(experiment III). In our study, we carried out behavioral test(Rotarod, Morris water maze) and immunohistochemistry study of the change BDNF in the hippocampus(pre, $7^{th}$, $14^{th}$ day). In Rotarod test(motor control function) was significantly increased in the experimental group III as compared with experimental group I, II on $7^{th}$(p<0.01) and $14^{th}$ day(p<0.001). In Morris water maze test(cognitive function) was significantly decreased in the experimental group III as compared with experimental group I, II on $14^{th}$ day(p<0.001). In immunohistochemistric response of BDNF in the hippocampus, the experimental group III was more immune response than the other groups on $14^{th}$ day. These results imply that Gastrodiae Elata Pharmacopuncure at GB20 can play a role in facilitating recovery of motor control and cognitive function after mild traumatic brain injury in rats.