• Title/Summary/Keyword: Multi-cultural family

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Approaches to and Issues in Research on Multi-Cultural Family Homes (다문화가정 주거의 연구를 위한 접근방법과 쟁점)

  • Hong, Hyung Ock
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.649-663
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    • 2013
  • As cultural diversity has gained a great deal of attention and the social fabric of Korean society is redefined, the number of studies on multi-cultural family homes has been growing in the area of human ecology, but relevant research is rarely found on the subject of housing. While the emphasis of housing research is on multidisciplinary approaches and empirical research is highly valued, a theoretical and methodological platform for discussing the new rising agenda of multi-cultural family homes is lacking. The purpose of this study was to explore approaches to and to discuss the issues in research for multi-cultural family homes in terms of housing theories and multidisciplinary approaches. To understand the housing related needs of multi-cultural families, this study highlights social constructionism, the ecological perspective, and feminist epistemology. These three multidisciplinary approaches were useful for generating an ontological analysis of multi-cultural family homes. Further, this study highlights two housing related theories, the microsociological and housing pathways approaches, for dealing with multi-cultural family homes. In conclusion, the five approaches were useful for exploring issues in housing research on multi-cultural family homes with appropriate research methods like hermeneutics, quantitative, and qualitative methods, and field research. Insights into using perspectives and holistic approaches might be useful for solving the problems of multi-cultural family homes in Korea.

Association between Self-esteem and Health Behavior of the Children with Multi-cultural Family Background (다문화가정 초등학생의 자아존중감과 건강행위 간의 관련성)

  • Yoo, Bit-Na;Park, Kyoung-Ok;Choi, Jin-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.41-55
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to identify the characteristics of health behavior and self-esteem and the relationship between the two factors among elementary school students with multi-cultural family background. Participants: Survey participants were 87 multi-cultural family children who lived in Seoul and Kyoungi areas and were registered in the local elementary schools. Methods: Data collection was conducted by face-to-face interview survey. Elementary education majored undergraduate students who participated in the education support program for multi-cultural family children in the Ministry of Education and Science and primary researcher of this study interviewed the target students and finished the survey questionnaire based on the students' responses. Survey included general characteristics, multi-cultural family characteristics, self-esteem, and (physical, mental, and social) health behavior. Results: 1. The self-esteem scores of the multi-cultural families children were greater in girl than boys among the children whose parents were graduated from college or more, and whose father had his job. The participants' health behavior scores were different by mothers' educational level. 2. The better they speak in English the greater the self-esteem scores. There was no statistical difference in health behavior scores by the participants' multi-cultural family background. 3. Self-esteem had moderate level correlation with health behavior (r= .56, p= .00) including all sub-categories of physical, mental, and social health. Conclusions: Positive self-esteem level is more sensitive to explain multi-cultural family children's health behaviors, which means that self-esteem is an important factor determining multi-cultural children's health behaviors and their health status in future. Therefore, more research to identify the factors related to health behaviors should be supported and the health promotion programs utilizing self-esteem should be developed for the child and youth with multi-cultural family backgrounds.

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A System Theory Approach to Social Support for Multi-cultural Families with a Focus on Formal Support Systems (다문화가족의 사회적 지지에 대한 체계론적 접근 - 공적 지원체계를 중심으로 -)

  • Hong, Sung-Hee
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.23-47
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers' personal experiences providing social support to multi-cultural family in a multi-cultural family center. The data were collected through in-depth interviews with 14 social workers at the multi-cultural family center, and were analyzed using a phenomenological research method. The major findings were as follows : The social workers' personal experiences with and understanding of social support were classified as 4 categories : 'source of emotional support to the multi-cultural family', 'diverse and systematic educational support', 'excessive demands on material support', and 'daily life support and connection with community network'. The social workers recognized emotional and educational support as essential factors in providing social support to multi-cultural family. However, the social workers' perceptions of material support derived from negative personal experiences stemming from excessive demands and misunderstanding for material support. These results showed that social workers at the multi-cultural family center provided multi-cultural families with social support and that they interacted with community support system and multi-cultural families to increase their satisfaction.

Reality of Housing for Multi-Cultural Families from the Perspectives of Social Constructionism and Critical Social Constructionism (사회구성주의와 비판적 사회구성주의 관점으로 본 다문화가정 주거의 실재)

  • Hong, Hyung Ock
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.573-586
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to review the conceptual framework of social constructionism and critical social constructionism in the research area of multi-cultural family homes, using a literature review. Fopp argued that social constructionism had an objectivation problem that only considered the actor side as a policy object; therefore he suggested a weaker social constructionist perspective with moderate relativism and the application of feminist epistemology to marginal life for maximizing objectivity. This article explores a conceptual framework for studying the reality of housing of multi-cultural families in Korea in the light of constructionist ideas and presents a review of empirical positivist data to support the framework. Based on results, using the social constructionist framework, five contexts (structural, institutional, organizational, operational, and intersubjective) were reviewed and ideas were suggested to develop an appropriate future situation for multi-cultural family homes. For a weaker social constructionist framework, three National Survey of Multi-Cultural Family Homes data sets were reviewed to determine the real condition of multi-cultural family homes. Further, from a feminist perspective, the empirical data of marginalized multi-cultural family homes were reviewed from the perspectives of gender inequality of decision making, cultural adaptation, and differentiation in housing related areas. In conclusion, two perspectives were useful for understanding multi-cultural family housing in Korea but must be compensated with substantial empirical data for a holistic approach.

A Study on Job Satisfaction and Relevant Variables in Employees of Multi-Cultural Family Support Center: Focused Home-Visiting Educator (다문화가족지원센터 종사자의 직무만족도 및 관련변인에 관한 연구: 방문교육지도사를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Seong Ae;Park, Jeong Yun
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.391-404
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    • 2015
  • This study examined job satisfaction and relevant variables for multi-cultural family home-visiting educators. The selected study subjects were 192 home-visiting educators who work at Multi-Cultural Family Support Centers in the Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Chungcheongnam-do areas. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS ver. 18.0. The main results were as follows. First, the job satisfaction level in multi-cultural family visiting educators stood at 3.29 points, subjects' age, averagely monthly income, marital status, and activity career were shown to influence generally upon job satisfaction, self-efficacy, job stress, and cultural competency. Job satisfaction was high in groups with: a high age, small career, low averagely monthly income, and married. Second, self-efficacy and job stress were big in the job satisfaction of multi-cultural family visiting educators. The same outcome as the existing prior research was indicated. Cultural competency was not significant. Third, an examination of relative influence upon job satisfaction in home visiting educators indicated that the explanation power was 29.0%. Significant influential variables included academic background, marital status, self-regulation, and role ambiguity. Self-regulation was greater for those with lower academic backgrounds and unmarried. Job satisfaction was higher in the lower role ambiguity. Thus, the same outcome as the existing prior research was indicated. Cultural competency wasn't indicated to be significant. This has significance in having shown characteristics of job satisfaction in multi-cultural family visiting educators.

A Study Family Harmony Leisure Activities of Migrants women Multi-Cultural Family (다문화가정 결혼이주여성 가족 구성원의 여가유형을 통한 가족화합애를 위한 여가활동 방안)

  • Koo, Kyung-Yeo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.97-114
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    • 2015
  • This study classify and compare leisure activities migrants women multi-cultural family member includes husband and children. Their common leisure activities is normal daily activity life comparable non leisure daily activity life. Those of common leisure actives is watching type of leisure such as reading book, eat out, visit relatives which reflect passive and egocentric. Therefore need to ownself active, self creative, as well as its family harmony oriented is more signigicant. Future study will be find out the barrier of cultural activities and advanture activities leisure for multi-cultural family.

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Directivity of Integration of Multi-Cultural Family's Family Life Culture (다문화가정의 가정생활문화 통합의 지향성)

  • Cha, Sung-Lan
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.85-101
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    • 2009
  • The Multi-cultural Family Support Center provides various educational programs and services for multi-cultural families. However, there are controversies regarding integration and assimilation, ethnic identity and ethnocentrism, and state-sponsored multi-culturalism. From the home economist's perspective, it was necessary to explore the direction of integration of family life culture in the multi-cultural society. This study concluded that there is a necessity to accept foreign culture and create a new culture while still maintaining their and our own cultural identity respectively. For this purpose, integration and assimilation must progress side by side to maintain the cultural identity and stability of multi-cultural families. But, women migrants are to adapt in their everyday life, they need to attend a Korean-language course and take part in a traditional Korean culture program such as having an assimilational characteristics. Also for the happiness of multi-cultural families ultimately not for the confronted problems, it requires sometimes education of changing migrants' own traditional customs and life culture partly. In this sense, educational and cultural programs held by Multi-Cultural Family Support Center are meaningful and their importance in adapting into everyday life must be recognised by all of us.

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The Leisure of Multi-Cultural Family in Marriage Migrant Women's View (결혼이주여성 관점에서의 다문화가정 여가생활)

  • Cha, Sung-Lan
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.51-70
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    • 2011
  • This study is to explore the effects of leisure life on multi-cultural family from a view of marriage migrants women. For this purpose, data were collected by in-depth interviews of 24 marriage migrants women who came from 7 countries such as Vietnam, China, Japan etc. They are living in Daejeon city, Okcheon gun(Chungbuk), Gumi city(Gyungbuk) and the length of residence is ranging from 4 and half month to 13 years and 6 months. Data were analyzed by qualitative method. Major findings are as follows: First, individual and family leisure of marriage migrant women had positive effects on adaptation of her family life. Especially, in the early marriage stage, family leisure contributed women's emotional stability. Second, time was the most limiting constraints in family leisure of multi-cultural family. Third, early in the marriage, marriage migrant women who is not fluent in Korean language, customs, and courtesy hinders them from joining their family leisure. Fourth, leisure may seem to contribute to family life satisfaction, but marital relationships and household economy has to be settled beforehand.

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The Relationship between Multi-cultural Family Husbands' Stress Related to their Wives and their Psychological Abuse (다문화가족 남편의 아내에 대한 스트레스와 심리적 학대의 관련성)

  • Park, Ji-Sun;Ryu, Han Su
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.722-731
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife and their psychological abuse based on the Stress theory of Lazarus et al. Data from 271 subjects that answered to all questions regarding the subjects' social demographic characteristics, and the husbands' stress related to their wife and their psychological abuse of their wife in statistical analyses. To analyze the data, a study model was set using multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife as an independent variable and their psychological abuse of their wife as a dependent variable and the goodness-of-fit of the model for the data and the relationship between the variables were reviewed using a structural equation model. According to the results, the goodness-of-fit index of the model satisfied the statistical acceptable standard with CFI=0.909 and RMSEA=0.057. The relationship between the variables indicated that multi-cultural family husbands' stress related to their wife had significant effects on their psychological abuse of their wife. This result indicates the necessity of intervention for management of the husbands' stress in order to prevent multi-cultural family husbands' psychological abuse of their wife.

Development of the Computer Education Contents for Students of Multicultural Family (다문화 가정 학생을 위한 컴퓨터 교육 내용 개발)

  • Park, Soo-Hyun;Park, Sun-Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.417-425
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    • 2010
  • According to the increasing education concerns for students of multi-cultural family, it has been focused about the multi-cultural education's Model and the study of teaching way, something like that. However, the study of computer education is very rare and not continued. But Multi-culture students' information gap is remarkably high as compared with common students. So, the measures for reducing the information gap is needed for their future study and future life. Therefore, this thesis will be suggested computer education as an additional education process for the students of multi-cultural family to be easily accustomed to Korean education currents and reduce the information gap for students of multi-cultural family. To verify the validity, I will conduct the survey for multi-cultural experts. After that, the quality of education in stages will be constructed.

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