• Title/Summary/Keyword: Muscle activities

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Analysis on Muscle Activities in the Upper Body of Caregivers according to Drive-Assisting Speeds of a Shower Carrier

  • Ko, Cheol Woong;Cho, Deok Yeon;Bae, Tae Soo
    • Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.437-442
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    • 2013
  • Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of drive-assisting system in a shower carrier on the upper body muscle activities of caregivers through drivability tests. Background: In care facilities, one of the major ADL (Activities of Daily Living) factors is bathing/showering. Recently, bath/shower-assisting equipment is actively being introduced in care facilities to reduce caregivers' muscle burden. In particular, it is desirable to utilize a shower carrier equipped with drive-assisting system to effectively care for the elderly. However, there were few systematic studies on the relationship between muscle activities and drive-assisting speeds. Method: For the drivability tests to study the effects on the muscle activities according to the drive-assisting speeds(corresponding drive-voltages: 0.0V, 2.0V, 2.1V, 2.3V), 6 females in their 40s($43{\pm}4yrs$, $157{\pm}5cm$, and $54.5{\pm}1.5kg$) were selected. To measure muscle activities of caregivers through drivability tests, 7 muscles in the upper body(TM/Trapezius Muscle, DM/Deltoid Muscle, BBM/Biceps Brachii Muscle, TBM/Triceps Brachii Muscle, ECRLM/Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Muscle, FCUM/Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, and ESM/Erector Spinae Muscle) were selected. Results: In the TM, muscle activities were decreased as 21% compared to 0.0V, when drive-voltage 2.0V was applied, as 57% by 2.1V, and 62% by 2.3V(p<0.05), whereas 40%, 56%, and 69% of muscles activities were decreased respectively from the DM(p<0.05). Also, from the UL(BBM+TBM+ECRLM+FCUM), muscle activities were decreased by 17% with 2.0V as against 0.0V, by 47% with 2.1V, and 52% with 2.3V, whereas decreases in muscle activities from the ESM were found by 20%, 34%, and 42% respectively by 2.0V, 2.1V, and 2.3V(p<0.05). Conclusion: The muscle activities were decreased in the order of the DM, TM, ESM, and UL. As muscle activities were remarkably reduced as drive voltage were increased, it was expected to reduce the upper body muscle burden on the caregivers when using shower carriers equipped with driving-assist system. Applications: The results from this study can be applied for the development of a shower carrier including other equipment to possibly reduce the muscle burden of the caregivers.

A Study on the Masticatory Muscle Activity According to the Occlusal Guidance Patterns (교합 유도 형태에 따른 저작근 활성도에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Ok-Hee;Kay, Kee-Sung
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.189-200
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the muscle activity of the group function occlusion and the changed canine guided occlusion using EM2. In this study, 13 subjects with group function occlusion and without temporomandibular disorders were selected, each subject was changed to the canine guided occlusion by forming the lingual ramps in the upper canines with light curing composite resin. The muscle activities of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle were recorded in the group function occlusion and immediately, one week, and two weeks after changing to the canine guided occlusion under the condition of maximum voluntary clenching in centric occlusion, lateral excursion, and during gum chewing. The results were as follows: 1. In case of maximum voluntary clenching in centric occlusion, the muscle activities of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle of working and balancing side didn't show any difference immediately after changing to the canine guided occlusion, one week after changing to the canine guided occlusion, one week after changing to it the muscle activities of the anterior temporal masseter muscle of working and balancing side were increased significantly, and two weeks after changing to it the muscle activities of the masseter muscle were increased significantly in comparison with the group function occlusion. 2. In case of maximum voluntary clenching in lateral excursion, the muscle activities of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle of working and balancing side were reduced significantly immediately after changing to the canine guided occlusion, one week after changing to it the muscle activities of the anterior temporal muscle of balancing side and of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle of working side were reduced significantly, and 2 weeks after changing to it the muscle activities of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle of working side were reduced significantly in comparison with the .group function occlusion. 3. During gum chewing, the muscle activities of the anterior temporal and masseter muscle of working and balancing side didn't show any difference immediately after changing to the canine guided occlusion, one week after changing to it the muscle activities of the masseter muscle of working and balancing side were increased significantly, and two weeks after changing to it only the muscle activities of masseter muscle of working side were increased significantly.

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Difference in Muscle Activities According to Stability on Support Surface During Plank Exercise

  • Cho, Yong-Ho;Choi, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.73-77
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    • 2017
  • PURPOSE: The present study aimed to measure muscle activities in the pectoralis major, the erector spinae, and the quadriceps femoris according to support surface states of arms and legs during plank exercise. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 21 healthy males in their 20s and their muscle activities at three states were measured as follows: The first state was where the support surface of arms and legs was stable. The second state was where only arms were unstable, and the third state was where only legs were unstable. Electromyography (EMG) was used to measure muscle activities. Pectoralis major, quadriceps femoris, and elector spinae were measured for muscle activities. RESULTS: The muscle activities in the pectoralis major were statistically high when arms were unstable. The muscle activities in the quadriceps femoris were statistically high when legs were unstable. The muscle activities in the erector spinae were higher when arms and legs were unstable compared to that at the stable support surface. No significant difference was revealed statistically when arms and legs were unstable. CONCLUSION: If the instability of arms and legs is employed during plank exercise, exercise on the upper and lower bodies or the erector spinae is expected to be more effective.

Effects of Closed Chain Exercise on Activities of Shoulder Girdle Muscles in 60's

  • Park, Hye Jin;Oh, Tae Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare activities of shoulder girdle muscles according to types of closed chain exercise in the sixties. Methods: The subjects consisted of 15 persons in their sixties. Muscle activity of the pectoralis major, deltoid middle, deltoid posterior, upper trapezius, lower trapezius, and serratus anterior were measured using electromyography according to shape of the support base and angle of shoulder flexion. According to types of closed chain exercises, muscles activities were compared by paired t-test. Significance level to verify statistical significance was .05. SPSS win (ver. 22.0) program was used for statistical analysis. Results: Muscle activities of the pectoralis major, middle deltoid, trapezius lower, and serratus anterior showed significant difference according to types of closed chain exercise (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to types of closed chain exercises of the shoulder girdle, muscle activities of the pectoralis major, deltoid middle, posterior and lower trapezius showed change of muscle activities.

Comparison of Muscle Activities of Trunk and Lower Limb during Bow and Squat Exercises

  • Shon, Ji-won;Lim, Hyung-won
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.95-100
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to examine muscle activities of trunk and lower limb during squat and 108 bows exercises and to provide objective data for establishing a training method for improving muscle strength of trunk and lower limb. Methods: Twenty normal healthy subjects participated in this study. Each exercise was divided into five periods. Muscle activities of trunk and lower limb in each period of both 108 bows and squat exercises were measured and analyzed by independent t-test. Results: In starting, mid-flexion, mid-extension, and end period muscle activities obtained from 108 bows exercise were significantly higher than those from squat exercise. However, in the final flexion period, muscle activities of multifidus, elector spinae, rectus femoris, biceps femoris, and tibialis anterior from squat exercise were significantly higher than those from bow exercise. Conclusion: In this study, high muscle activities in most muscles of trunk and lower limb were observed from all periods of 108 bows exercise except the final flexion period. Therefore, it is likely that 108 bows exercise rather than squat exercise is more suitable for high strength exercise to improve muscle strength of trunk and lower limb and thus will be applicable for strengthening muscles of trunk and lower limb of patients.

Effect of 'Sexiang Shuhuo Jing' for CPK, LDH Activities and Skeletal Muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA Expression after Skeletal Muscle in Rats (골격근 손상에 대한 '사향서활정'(麝香舒活精)치료의 혈청 CK, LDH활성도 및 골격근 ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA 발현 변화의 관찰)

  • Kim, Jin-Hang;Song, Je-Ho
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.992-996
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    • 2006
  • The study examined clinical effect of the 'Sexiang Shuhuo Jing' on serum CK and LDH activities and skeletal muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA expression concentration 140days after skeletal muscle injury in rats. The clinical research consisted of observing and measuring the serum CK, LDH activities and skeletal muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA expression, at the time of injury and during recovery. All experimental data were analyzed by repeated measurement with ANOVA on of SPSS(11.5v), accepting level for all significances was above ${\alpha}\;=.05.$ The results were as follows: That skeletal muscle injury in rats there existed a substantial increase serum CK, LDH activities and expression of skeletal muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA And Sexiang Shuhuo Jing treatment group's serum CK, LDH activities lower and faster recovery than control group. The 1 st day after skeletal muscle injury, Sexiang Shuhuo Jing treatment group's skeletal muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA expression was much more higher than control group, after 2 day's faster recovery normal level than control group. There existed a substantial increase again serum CK, LDH activities and skeletal muscle ${\alpha}-actin$ mRNA expression 3rd days after injury in control group. But in Sexiang Shuhuo Jing treatment group's can't be found that.

The Effects of Knee Muscle Taping Therapy on Parameter of Muscle Activities (슬관절 근육 테이핑요법이 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Kyung-Han;Choi, Chan-Ho;Yoo, Wang-Keun
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.121-132
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the effects of taping therapy on muscle activities between the group of taping therapy treatment and control group before or after exercises. The subjects are 18 S college's healthy male students who do not have any problems in the legs and could bend the knee joint normally. Considering physique, condition of health and capacity for locomotion, 3 groups of each 6 persons for the experimentation were classified. Three groups composed of control group without taping therapy treatment for control group, group I with taping therapy treatment only before the experimentation and group II with taping therapy treatment during 24 hour. before and after the experimentation. EMG MP150 was used to evaluate the parameter of the lower leg's muscle activities the exercise before 5 min. after 10 min. and after 24 hour. for the experimentation. Compared with control group, group I and group II had more increased muscle activities in vastus lateralis and rectus femoris and was statistically significant. And group I and group II also had more increase in muscle activities than control group in vastus medialis, although there was no statistically significant. We found that taping therapy increased muscle activity positively. The application of taping therapy could be used not only for preventive effects for sports man but also therapeutic effects for general people.

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Comparison of Muscle Activities of Thoracic and Lumbar Extensors during Trunk Lift Exercises According to Exercise Position (운동 자세에 따른 몸통 들기 운동 시 가슴과 허리 폄 근육의 근활성도 비교)

  • Koh, Eun-Kyung;Jung, Do-Young
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the muscle activities of the thoracic extensor(TE) and lumbar extensor(LE) during trunk lift (TL) exercise according to exercise position. Seventeen healthy subjects with no medial history of back pain were recruited for this study. Subjects performed the TL exercise in prone, quadruped and heel-sitting positions. The activities of the TE and LE were measured using surface electromyography during TL exercise in each exercise position. A one-way repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the normalized muscle activities of the TE and LE and the TE/LE ratio. The results showed that there was not significant effect of exercise position on the muscle activities of TE(p>.05). However, there was significant effect of exercise position on the muscle activities of LE and the TE/LE ratio(p>.05). Post hoc pair-wise comparisons with Bonferroni correction showed that both muscle activities of LE and TE/LE ratio in prone position were significantly different in those in heel-sitting and quadruped positions, during TL exercise, respectively. The TE/LE ratio was the greatest for TL exercise in heel-sitting position. Therefore, for selective activation of the TE muscle, we recommend performing the TL exercise in heel-sitting or quadruped position.

Effect of Abdominal Hollowing on Muscle Activity of Gluteus Maximus and Erector Spinae during Bridging Exercise (교각 운동 시 복부 넣기가 큰볼기근과 척추세움근의 활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Koh, Eun-Kyung;Jang, Jin-Ho;Jung, Do-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.319-324
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study examined the muscle activities of the erector spinae (ES) and gluteus maximus (GM) during bridging exercises with and without abdominal-hollowing. Methods: Nineteen healthy subjects with no medical history of low back pain or hip flexion contracture were enrolled in this study. The subjects performed bridging exercises with and without abdominal hollowing or with and without a one-leg lift. The muscle activities of the ES and GM were measured by surface electromyography during bridging exercises under each condition. A 2 (abdominal hollowing)X2 (one-leg lift) repeated ANOVA was used to compare the normalized muscle activities of the ES and GM. Results: The muscle activity of the ES during bridging exercise with abdominal-hollowing was significantly smaller than that without abdominal-hollowing (p=0.00). The muscle activities of the GM during bridging exercise with abdominal-hollowing were significantly greater than those without abdominal-hollowing (p=0.00). In addition, the muscle activities of the GM during bridging exercise with one-leg lifting was significantly greater than that without one-leg lifting (p=0.00). Conclusion: Bridging exercise with abdominal-hollowing appears to be more effective on activating the GM muscle than that without abdominal-hollowing minimizing the activation of the ES muscle.

Analysis of Muscle Activity with Lower Extremity during Stairs and Ramp Ascending of Hemiplegic Patients (편마비 환자의 계단과 경사로 오르기 동안 하지의 근 활성도 분석)

  • Park, Seung-Kyu;Cheon, Dong-Whan
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of muscle activities during level walking, stairs and ramp climbing in hemiplegic patients. Methods: Eight hemiplegic patients were recruited and agreed to participate in this study. Muscle activity was measured by MP100 system (BIOPAC System Inc., Santa Barbara, CA, USA). Statistical analysis was used as a one-way repeated measure of ANOVA to know the difference according to the gait conditions (level walking, stairs and ramp ascending). Results: In the swing phase, muscle activity of rectus femoris muscle, with the side lower extremities affected, were generally significantly different in the stair and ramp ascending. In addition, biceps femoris muscle with unaffected side lower extremity was generally significantly different in the ramp ascending. In the swing phase, muscle activity of tibialis anterior muscle with unaffected side lower extremities was generally showed a significant difference in the ramp ascending. In the stance phase, climbing stairs and ramps showed an increase in the muscle activities. Further, climbing the stairs increased muscle activities of the gastrocnemius muscle. Conclusion: These findings indicate that compared with the level walking climbing stairs, ramps and muscle activities of lower extremity during each showed different results. It can be seen that in accordance with the terms of gait are different muscles group recruitment.