• Title, Summary, Keyword: N-containing compound

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Studies on Utilization of Diaminododecane by Microbacterium sp. EL-0112 L (Microbacterium sp. EL - 0112L의 Diaminododecane 자화에 관한 연구)

  • 이미연;이상준
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 1985
  • Microorganisms capable of utilizing diaminododecane containing amine groups diterminally were isolated from the soil by enrichment culture. One strain of these isolated strain, designated as EL-0112L, was selected for this study. The results of this study were as follows. 1. This isolated strain EL-0112L was identified as Microbacterium, from the results of morphological, cultural, and biochemical tests. This isolated strain was named temporarily Microbacterium sp. EL-0112L for convenience. 2. Microbacterium sp. EL-0112L was tested for ability to utilize different kinds of substitued alkanes containing cyan, amine, chloro, and thiol groups(monoterminally or diterminall substituted) as carbon source. Pentamethylenediamine, hexamethylenediamine, n-decane, laurylamine, and alkane derivatives containing cyan, chloro, and thiol groups were not utilized by Microbacterium sp. EL-0112L. 3. The alkane derivatives that did not serve as growth substrates were tested further in oxidation tests using resting cell preparation of Microbacterium sp. EL-0112 L. Alkane derivatives containing cyan, chloro, thiol groups, and n-decane were oxidized by Microbacterium sp. EL-0112 L. It is possible that this isolated strain is also able to degrade their substituted counterparts since they are structually similar to diaminododecane. The remarkable substrates that were being oxidized were dichlorodecane, and 1-dodecanethiol. Microbacterium sp. EL- 0112L could not oxidize pentamethylenediamine, and hexamethylenediamine. 4. The metabolic products formed from diaminododecane by Microbacterium sp. EL-0112 L were acid compound containing carboxyl group and not containing amine group. On the thin layer chromatography, Rf values of these metabolic products were different from that of the product formed by Corynebacterium sp. EL-0112L. These results suggested the specificity of diaminododecane as carbon source.

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Studies on the Glycolipid Biosurfactant(2);The Rhamnolipid Production and Isolation by Pseudomonas sp. 13 (당 지질계 미생물 계면활성제에 관한 연구(제2보);Pseudomonas sp. 13에 의한 Rhamnolipid의 생성 및 분리)

  • Lee, Sun-Ju;Nam, Ki-Dae;Park, Heung-Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.157-163
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    • 1992
  • A microorganism, isolated from soil and designated Pseudomonas sp13, produced two kinds of rhamnolipid in the medium containing glucose as carbon source. There were both rhamnolipid contain L-rhamnose and ${\beta}$-hydroxydecanoic acid. Coumpound A and B elucted chloroform-methanol mixed solution of silicic acid column chromatography and recrystallized from a mixture of ether and n-hexane. Studies on the structure of these products reveled that compound A is L-rhamnopyranosyl-${\beta}$-hydroxydecanoyl-${\beta}$-hydroxydecanoic acid and compound B is L-rhamnopyranosyl-L-rhamnopyranosyl-${\beta}$-hydroxydecanoyl-${\beta}$-hydroxydecanoic acid.

Analysis of Surface Compound for Austanitic Nitrocarburized High Carbon Chromium Bearing Steel (오스테나이트 침질탄화 처리한 고탄소 크롬 베어링강의 표면층 분석)

  • Kim, C.S.;Jin, J.K.;Kim, D.K.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Heat Treatment
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.279-288
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    • 1995
  • To investigate the characteristics of nitrocarburizing for high carbon chromium bearing steel, it was undertaken 4 hours holding at $850^{\circ}C$ in the atmosphere containing 60% endothermic gas and 40% ammonia. The microstructure of nitrocarburized surface consists of ${\varepsilon}-Fe_{2-3}N$, ${\gamma}^{\prime}-Fe_4N$, $Fe_3C$ and $Fe_3$(C,N), and the ${\varepsilon}$-nitride was rich in the surface-internal part. The nitrocarburized surface contains a larger volume fraction of primary carbonitrides and has more retained austenite and is slightly harder than the interior.

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Dimesogenic Compounds Consisting of Two Identical Terminal N-(4-Oxybenzylidene)-4-n-butylaniline Units and a Central Polymethylene Spacer

  • Jung-Il Jin;Bong Young Chung;Joo-Hoon Park
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.583-588
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    • 1991
  • A series of dimesogenic compounds having two identical, terminal Schiff base type mesogens and a central polymethylene spacer were prepared and their properties were compared with those of the corresponding monomesogenic compounds. The mesomorphic properties of the compounds were studied by differential scanning calorimetry and on a hot-stage of a polarizing microscope. All of the dimesogenic compounds formed mesophases enantiotropically with the exception of pentamethylene-1,5-bis(4-oxybenzylidene 4-n-butylaniline). This compound was monotropic and formed only a nematic phase on heating the solid, whereas it formed nematic as well as smectic A phases on cooling the isotropic liquid. Those compounds containing longer (octamethylene and decamethylene) spacers favored the formation of nematic phase whereas those having shorter (dimethylene and tetramethylene) spacers formed smectic phases. In general, the variety of mesophase forms exhibited by the dimesogenic compounds was significantly less than that shown by the corresponding monomesogenic compounds.

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Synthesis and characterization of star-shaped imide compounds

  • Jeon, Eunju;Yoon, Tae-Ho
    • Rapid Communication in Photoscience
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.19-20
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    • 2012
  • Novel star-shaped imide compounds containing electron-donating triphenylamine and/or electron-withdrawing bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl side groups were synthesized via a two-step process. First, 3,6-dibromo-benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracarboxylic acid (2B4BA) was reacted with 4-aminophenyl (diphenylamine) (ATPA) or 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)aniline (6FA) by imide reaction. Then, Suzuki coupling reaction was carried out on these compounds with 4-(N,N-diphenylamino)-1-phenyl boronic acid (BTPA) or 3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl boronic acid (6FBB), resulting in 3,6-bis[4-(diphenylamino)phenyl]-N,N'-bis[4-(diphenylamino) phenyl]-pyromellitimide (TPTPPI), 3,6-bis[3,5-bis(trifluoro methyl) phenyl]-N,N'-bis[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]-pyro mellitimide (6F6FPI) or 3,6-bis[4-(diphenylamino)phenyl]-N,N'-bis[3,5-bistrifluoromethyl)phenyl]-pyromellitimide (6FTPPI). The imide compounds obtained were characterized by NMR, FT-IR, DSC, TGA, melting point analyzer, EA, and solubility measurements. In addition, their optical and electrical properties were evaluated by fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-vis spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry (CV). 6F6FPI exhibited deep blue emission (443 nm), along with high $T_m$ ($382^{\circ}C$) and relatively high $T_g$ ($148^{\circ}C$).

Optimum loading capacity and nitrification characteristics of the swine wastewater treatment process using soil microbe (토양미생물을 이용한 축산폐수 처리공정의 적정부하율과 질산화공정의 특성)

  • Ha, Jun-Soo;Shin, Nam-Cheol
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.183-187
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    • 2000
  • Removal rate of nitrogen compound containing swine wastewater was 97 percent in case of high loading rate treatment of swine wastewater at studies for process development using soil microorganism. Minimum hydraulic retention time(HRT) for nitrification process was 11 days and solid retention time was 25 days. Nitrification was between 5 and 11 days but this time $NO_2-N$ was remained. Reactor condition was injured to nitrosomonas according to pH, $NO_2\;^--N$, and $NH_3\;^--N$ concentration but this condition was recover to pH controlling.

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Synthesis of Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) Complexes from Schiff base Ligand and Reactivity Studies with Thermosetting Epoxy Resin

  • Lakshmi, B.;Shivananda, K.N.;Prakash, Gouda Avaji;Rama, Krishna Reddy K.;Mahendra, K.N.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.1613-1619
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    • 2011
  • A hybrid thermosetting maleimido epoxy compound 4-(N-maleimidophenyl) glycidylether (N-MPGE) containing Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) ions was prepared by curing N-MPGE and tetradentate Schiff base Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes. The curing polymerization reaction of N-MPGE with metal complexes as curing agents was studied. The cured samples were studied for thermal stability, chemical (acid/alkali/solvent) and water absorption resistance and homogeneity of the cured systems. The tetradentate Schiff base, 3-[(Z)-2-piperazin-1-yl-ethylimino]-1,3-dihydro indol-2-one was synthesized by the condensation of Isatin (Indole-2, 3-dione) with 1-(2-aminoethyl)piperazine (AEP). Its complexes with Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) have been synthesized and characterized by microanalysis, conductivity, Uv-Visible, FT-IR, TGA and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The spectral data revealed that the ligand acts as a neutral tetradentate Schiff base and coordinating through the azomethine nitrogen, two piperazine nitrogen atoms and carbonyl oxygen.

Relationship of Saponin and Non-saponin for the Quality of Ginseng (인삼의 품질과 약리활성 물질과의 상관성)

  • Nam, Gi-Yeol;Go, Seong-Ryong;Choe, Gang-Ju
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.274-283
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    • 1998
  • It has generally been accepted that quality of ginseng should be determined not by the content of a single component but by composition and balance of total active principles. However, there still can be an exception with a product in which a given ginsenoside is used for the treatment of a specific disease. Although ginsenosides have been regarded to be major active components of ginseng and employed as index components for the quality control, it does not consistent with the traditional concept on ginseng quality creterion; main root has been more highly appreciated than the lateral or fine root. Content of ginsenosides in the lateral or fine root is much higher than that in main root. However, the ratio of protopanaxadiol (PD) and protopanaxatriol (PT) saponins existing in various part of ginseng root is greatly different. The ratio of PD/PT saponins in main root is well balanced but the thinner the root is the higher the ratio. Thus far, a total of 34 different kinds of ginsenosides have been isolated from Korean (red) ginseng, and their pharmacological activities were elucidated partly. Interestingly, different ginsenoside shows similar or contrary effects to each other in biological systems, thus indicating the significance of absolute content of single ginsenoside as well as compositional patterns of each ginsenoside. Therefore, pharmacological activities of ginseng should be determined as a wholly concept. In these regards, standardization of ginseng material (fresh ginseng root) should be preceded to the standardization of ginseng products because ginsenoside content and non-saponin active principles such as polysaccharides and nitrogen (N)-containing compound including proteins are significantly different from part to part of the root. In other words, the main root contains less ginsenosides than other lateral or fine roots. Contents of polysaccharides and N-containing compound in main root is higher. However, the quality control of ginseng products focused on non-saponin compounds has limitation in applying to the analytical method, because of the difficult chemical analysis of these compounds. Content of ginsenosides, and ratios of PD/PT and ginsenoside Rb,/Rg, are inversely proportional to the diameter of ginseng root. Therefore, these can be served as the chemical parameters for the indirect method of evaluating from what part of the root does the material originate. Furthermore, contents of polysaccharides and N-containing compounds show inverse relationship to saponin content. Therefore, it seems that index for analytical chemistry of saponin can be applied to the indirect method of evaluating not only saponin but also non-saponin compounds of ginseng. From these viewpoints, it is strongly recommended that quality of ginseng or ginseng products be judged not only by the absolute content of given ginsenoside but also by varieties and compositional balance of ginsenosides, including contents of non-saponin active principles.

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Sensory and Antioxidative Characteristics of AF-343 Containing Salt-reduced Dried Bulgogi Bibimbap (AF-343 함유 저염 건조 불고기 비빔밥의 관능적 항산화적 특성)

  • Kim, Hae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the sensory characteristics and antioxidative activity of the reduced salt dried bulgogi bibimbap containing AF-343, a dandelion-derived compound extract. A sample with a 30% reduced salt had a sodium amount of 659.01 mg, which was significantly lower than that of the sample before the reduction (p<0.05). The textural hardness of the SW (Standard sample with the AF-343), showed the lowest value of $1.03N/cm^2$, indicating that the AF-343-containing sample could have a slightly softer texture than the non-containing sample. In the analytical sensory test, the AF-343-containing samples showed a synergistic effect on the aroma and flavor of bulgogi, with values of 5.7 and 8.4, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of the non-containing sample group (4.3 and 4.4, respectively). The hardness by the sensory test was slightly hard with values of 7.2-8.1 in all samples, indicating that textural improvement was needed. In the acceptance test, all the samples scored with slightly lower values of 4-5 points, highlighting the need for future studies to improve the sensory characteristics of dried bibimbap. The flavonoid contents of AF-343-containing SW and RW sample groups were 68.21 and 64.31 mg GAE/100 g, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of the samples without AF-343 (49.06 and 44.82 mg GAE/100 g, respectively) (p<0.05). The ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activities were similar to those of the flavonoid contents. As a result, in the production of AF-343-containing reduced-salt dried bulgogi bibimbap, more study on the textural improvement will be needed to achieve better palatability.

STUDIES ON THE CHLORINE OF BURLEY TOBACCO PLANTS. V. THE EFFECT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER TYPE ON THE CHLORINE ABSORPTION BY TOBACCO PLANTS. (버어리종 담배의 염소에 관한 연구 V. 질소질 비료의 형태가 담배의 염소흡수에 미치는 영향)

  • 김상범;배길관
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 1988
  • Effect of several nitrogen fertilizer sources on the chlorine absorption by the burley tobacco plants was investigated under the field and pot condition. The nitrogen sources included compound fertilize.(containing 3.9% NH4-N and 6.1% NH2-N), (NH4)2SO4, NaNO3. (NH2)2CO and NH4NO3. The chlorine content of leaf during growing stage was high in (NH4)2SO4 plot , and the differences among nitrogen sources was remarkable at maximum growing stage. The chlorine content of cured leaf was high in (NH4)2SO4 plot. When the (NH4)2SO4 was applied, the total alkaloid content of cured leaf was increased and the color of cured leaf became undesirable with the increment of leaf chlorine. The yield, quality and value of cured leaf were high in NaNO3 plot , while low in (NH4)2SO4 plot.

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