• 제목/요약/키워드: NMR

검색결과 4,903건 처리시간 0.111초

2D-NMR 기법을 이용한 (20S)-와 (20R)-ginsenoside $Rh_2$$^1H-$$^{13}C-NMR$ Signals의 완전 동정 (Complete Assignment of $^1H-$ and $^{13}C-NMR$ Signals for (20S)- and (20R)-ginsenoside $Rh_2$ by 2D-NMR Techniques)

  • 김동선;이유희;박종대;정소영;이천배;김신일;백남인
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.184-189
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    • 1995
  • 인삼의 다이올계 조사포닌 분획으로 부터 및 단계의 화학반응을 이용하여 (20S)-ginsenoside $Rh_2$ 및 그 입체이성체인 (20R)-ginsenoside $Rh_2$를 제조하였다. 또한 DEPT, $^1H-^1H$ COSY, HMQC, HMBC 및 NOESY와 같은 NMR 기법을 이용하여 두 화합물의 $^1H-NMR$$^{13}C-NMR$의 signal들을 완전히 동정하였다.

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$^1H-NMR$을 이용한 한약재의 품질 평가 방법 확립;진피의 Hesperidin 정량분석 (Quantitative Analysis of Quality Control of Natural Medicine by $^1H-NMR$ Spectrometry-Quantitative Analysis of Hesperidin from Citrus unshiu)

  • 안은미;백미영
    • 대한본초학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.27-32
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : In this paper, we describe that $^1H-NMR$ spectroscopy may be superior to the conventional HPLC for the quantitative analysis of hesperidin from Citrus unshiu. Methods : $^1H-NMR$ spectra (400 MHz) were recorded in $DMSO-d_6$ using a Varian UNITY Inova AS 400 FT NMR spectrometer. One hundred milligram of powdered Citrus unshiu was weighed out and mixed with 1 ml of $DMSO-d_6$ with sonication for 30 min (room temperature). The extracts were filtrated through a 0.45 ${\mu}m$ PVDF filter and 0.5 ml of filtrated extract used for quantitative $^1H-NMR$ measurement (added 1 mg of dimethyl terephthalate as internal standard). The quantity of hesperidin was calculated by the ratio of the intensity of the compound to the known amount of internal standard. For HPLC analysis, the half gram of plant material was extracted with 60 ml of MeOH for 2 hours. The extracts were made 100 ml volume and analyzed by a Waters HPLC system using a YMC ODS column. The total flow rate was 1.0 ml/min with a sample volume 10 ${\mu}l$ and UV detection at 280nm. Results : The contents of hesperidin in Citrus unshiu was determined $5.33{\pm}0.06$% in the quantitative $^1H-NMR$ method and $5.15{\pm}0.12%$ in HPLC method. Using the quantitative $^1H-NMR$ the contents of hesperidin can be determined in much shorter time than the conventional HPLC measurements. Conclusions : From those results, the advantages of quantitative $^1H-NMR$ analysis are that can be analyzed to identify and quantify, and no reference compounds required for calibration curve. Besides, it allows rapid and simple quantification for hesperidin with an analysis time for only 10 min without any pre-purification steps.

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Comparison of metabolic profiling of Daphnia magna between HR-MAS NMR and solution NMR techniques

  • Kim, Seonghye;Lee, Sujin;Lee, Wonho;Lee, Yujin;Choi, Juyoung;Lee, Hani;Li, Youzhen;Ha, Seulbin;Kim, Suhkmann
    • 한국자기공명학회논문지
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.12-16
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    • 2021
  • Daphnia magna is used as target organism for environmental metabolomics. The metabolome of D. magna was studied with NMR spectroscopy. Most studies used the extract of D. magna, but the reproducibility cannot be obtained using extracted sample. In this study, lyophilized D. magna samples were analyzed with two different 1H NMR techniques, HR-MAS on intact tissues and solution NMR on extracted tissues. Samples were measured three times using 600 MHz NMR spectrometer. Metabolite extraction required more than twice as many D. magna, but the metabolite intensity was lower in solution NMR. In the spectra of HR-MAS NMR, the lipid signal was observed, but they did not interfere with metabolite profiling. We also confirmed the effect of swelling time on signal intensities of metabolites in HR-MAS NMR, and the results suggest that appropriate swelling should be used in lyophilized D. magna to improve the accuracy of metabolite profiles.

시료의 회전 속도가 함철 비정질 규산염의 고상 NMR 신호에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Spinning Speed on 29Si and 27Al Solid-state MAS NMR Spectra for Iron-bearing Silicate Glasses)

  • 김효임;이성근
    • 한국광물학회지
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.295-306
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    • 2018
  • 고상 핵자기공명 분광분석은 비정질의 원자 구조를 제공하는 효과적인 방법론으로 다양한 비정질 규산염의 원자구조를 규명해왔다. 하지만, 함철 비정질 규산염의 경우, 철 함량 증가에 따른 신호의 변화가 상자성 효과와 구조 변동을 모두 반영하고 있기 때문에 분석에 많은 어려움이 있다. 이에 철 함량 증가에 따른 신호 변화가 실제 구조의 변동으로부터 기인한 것인지 확인하기 위해서는 온도변화에 따른 신호의 이동 여부를 관찰하는 것이 필수적이다. 본 연구에서는 철 함량에 따른 함철 비정질 규산염의 신호 변화를 해석하기 위하여 철이 포함된 휘석과 아노르다이트 조성의 비정질의 가변회전 속도 $^{29}Si$$^{27}Al$ NMR 실험을 수행하였다. 이는 온도 상승에 따른 신호의 변화 여부를 확인할 수 있게 하며, 쌍극자 효과에 관한 정보를 제공한다. 함철 휘석 비정질의 $^{29}Si$ NMR과 함철 아노르다이트 비정질의 $^{27}Al$ NMR 결과, 회전 속도 증가에도 불구하고 신호의 형태 및 위치가 달라지지 않았다. 회전 속도의 증가가 신호에 변화를 야기하지 않음을 확인한 본 결과는 철 함량 증가로 인한 신호의 변화가 상자성 이동 기원이 아니라, 철로부터 컷오프 반경 너머의 생존 신호임을 지시한다. 이에 철 함량 증가에 따라 아노르다이트 비정질의 Al 신호가 음의 화학적 차폐 방향으로 이동하는 현상은, 철의 진입에 따른 ${Q^4}_{Al}$(1 또는 2Si) 비율의 상대적 증가와 철과 ${Q^4}_{Al}$(3 또는 4Si) 구조간의 높은 공간적 근접도를 지시한다. 본 결과는 철 함량에 따른 규산염 비정질의 고상 NMR 신호 변화가 실제 구조적 변화를 지시하고 있음을 보여주며, 고상 NMR이 자연계에 존재하는 각종 유리질의 구조 분석에 효과적으로 적용될 수 있음을 제시한다.

낭성 종양의 체액에 대한 생체내, 생체외 3T 양성자 자기공명분 광법과 양성자 핵자기공명기법의 비교: Preliminary Study (Comparison of in Vivo, in Vitro 3T MR Spectroscopy and Proton NMR Spectroscopy for the Fluid from Cystic Tumor: Preliminary Study)

  • 이희중;김종열;장용민
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-114
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    • 2008
  • 목적 : 3T MR 기기를 이용하여, 췌장 주위에 발생한 낭성 종양에 대하여, 생체내, 그리고 생체외 생체내 자기공명분광법(magnetic resonance spectroscopy: MRS)를 획득한 후, 생체외 핵자기공명 (nuclear magnetic resonance, NMR) 스펙트럼을 기준으로 비교함으로써, 낭성 종양의 감별 진단에 있어 MRS의 적용 가능성을 알아보고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법 : 췌장 주위에 발행한 12예의 낭성 종양(점액성 낭성 종양=5, 췌담관내 유두종=5, 가성 낭종=1, 및 림프관종 n=1)을 대상으로 3.0T 생체내, 생체외 양성자 MRS 및 9T NMR 스펙트럼을 획득하였다. NMR의 피크와 상응하는 생체내, 생체외 양성자 MRS에서 관찰되는 피크의 존재유무를 알아보았으며, 특정 질환을 예측하는 피크에 대하여 알아보았다. 결과 : 생체내 MRS는 NMR과 민감도 29.6%, 특이도 82.6% 그리고, 67.7%의 정확도를 보였으며 (p=0.096, McNemar test), 생체외 MRS는 생체내 MRS는 민감도 57.1%, 특이도 92.6%, 그리고, 82.3%의 정확도를 보였다 (p = 0.362, McNemar test). 질병간의 스펙트럼의 차이는 NMR에서 췌담관내 유두종의 경우에서 점액성 낭성 종양에 비해 3.5-4.0 ppm에서 유의하게 많은 피크를 보였다 (p=0.026). 결론 : 결론적으로, NMR 이용한 화학물질 분석은 낭성 종양의 감별 진단에 도움이 될 가능성이 있는 기법으로 생각되지만, 생체내 및 생체외 MRS는 임상에 적용되기 위해서는 많은 기술적 발전을 필요로 하는 것으로 생각된다.

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XRF 및 NMR 법에 의한 윤활유 중의 인 함량 비교분석 연구 (Determination of phosphorous in lubricating oil by XRF and NMR methods)

  • 임헌성;한기정;이석근
    • 분석과학
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.168-172
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    • 2005
  • A comparison study of XRF and $^{31}P$-NMR method for the analysis of phosphorous in lubricating oil has been described. Pure oil and water were used for the observation of matrices effect variation by different analytical methods. Quantitative analysis was carried out by XRF and $^{31}P$-NMR using real samples. Significant difference is observed from the slopes on the calibration curves by the XRF due to the matrices (water: 124.0, oil: 276.6). While the result obtained from XRF showed a large matrix effect, the slopes obtained from $^{31}P$-NMR results of two different matrices, however, are in good agreement ranged of ${\pm}9%$ (water: 4.9, oil: 5.3).

수소 핵자기공명을 이용한 과실의 비괴적 당도측정 시작기의 개발 (Development of NMR Based Prototype Sensor for Non-destructive Sugar Content Measurement in Fruits.)

  • 조성인;정창호
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 1996
  • A 4.1MHz$1^H$ Nuclear Magnetic Resonance(NMR) sensor was designed and manufactured to evaluate the internal quality of fruits. The magnet console having 963gauss magnetic field induction was used for the NMR sensor. To optimize and evaluate the NMR sensor, glycerol and sugar-water solutions were used. $^1$H(proton) resonance signals were used to estimate the sugar contents in fruits. Artificial neural network models were developed to predict sugar contents in fruits from the proton resonance signals. The standard errors of prediction(SEP) were 0.565(apple), 0.394(pear) and 0.415(kiwi), respectively. The result implied that it was possible to evaluate apple, pear and kiwi into 3 grades using the NMR sensor.

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NMR analysis of organic ligands on quantum-dots

  • Kim, Jin Hae
    • 한국자기공명학회논문지
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 2019
  • Quantum dot (QD) is an emerging novel nanomaterial that has wide applicability and superior functionality with relatively low cost. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has been contributed to elucidate various features of QDs and to improve their overall performance. In particular, NMR spectroscopy becomes an essential analytical tool to monitor and analyze organic ligands on the QD surface. In the present mini-review, application of NMR spectroscopy as a superb methodology to appreciate organic ligands is discussed. In addition, it was recently noted that ligands exert rather greater influence on diverse features of QDs than our initial anticipation, for which contribution of NMR spectroscopy is briefly reviewed.

Calculation of NMR Shift in Paramagnetic System when the Threefold Axis is Chosen as the Quantization Axis (Ⅲ). The NMR Shift for 3d$^2$ System in a Strong Crystal Field of Octahedral Symmetry

  • Sang Woon Ahn;Se Woong Oh;Kee Hag Lee
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 1984
  • A general expression using the nonmultipole expansion method is derived for the NMR shift arising from 3d electron angular momentum and the 3d electron spin dipolar-nuclear spin angular momentum interactions for a 3$d^2$ system in a strong crystal field environment of octahedral symmetry when the threefold axis is chosen as the quantization axis. The NMR shift is separated to the contribution of constant, $1/R^5\;and\;1/R^7$ terms and compared with the multipolar terms. We find that $1/R^5$ term contributes dominantly to the NMR shift but the contribution of $1/R^7$ term may not be negligible. It is also found that the exact values of the NMR shift are in agreement with the multipolar results for distances larger than 0.35 nm.

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Metabolic Discrimination of Safflower Petals of Various Origins Using 1H NMR Spectroscopy and Multivariate Statistical Analysis

  • Whang, Wan-Kyun;Lee, Min-Won;Choi, Hyung-Kyoon
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.557-560
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    • 2007
  • The metabolic discrimination of safflowers from various geographical origins was performed using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy followed by principal components analysis. With a combination of these techniques, safflower samples from different origins could be discriminated using the first two principal components (PC) of the 1H NMR spectra of the 50% methanol fractions. PC1 and PC2 accounted cumulatively for 91.3% of the variation in all variables. The major peaks in the 1H NMR spectra that contributed to the discrimination were assigned to fatty acid (terminal CH3), lactic acid, acetic acid, choline derivatives, glycine, and safflower yellow derivatives. In this study, we suggest that various types of safflower can be discriminated using PCA and 1H NMR spectra.