• Title/Summary/Keyword: Newcastle disease virus

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Immunohistochemical identification of newcastle disease virus with indirect immunoperoxidase technique (Indirect Immunoperoxidase 법을 이용한 조직내 뉴켓슬병 바이러스 항원동정)

  • Nho, Whan-goog;Sur, Jung-hyang;Kim, Soon-bok
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.309-315
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    • 1990
  • The present experiment was done to identify newcastle disease virus(NDV) antigens in frozen sections of various oragns from experimentally NDV-infected with indirect immunoperoxidase method. Section were incubated with rabbit anti-NDV polyclonal as first antibody, followed by incubation with goat anti-rabbit or protein A peroxidase conjugate. Positive reactions were often detected in the epithelium of trachea and in the lymphocyte of spleen at 24 hours after virus inoculation. the viral antigen was localized mainly in the cytoplasm of infected cells. The method approved to be highly specific for the identification of NDV and allowed a precise localization of the viral antigens in infected cells.

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Historical Studies on the Newcastle Disease Virus (뉴캣슬병 바이러스 연구사)

  • 박근식
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.57-73
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    • 1979
  • 뉴캣슬병은 19세기중엽부터 뉴캣슬병 (ND)의 발생이 있었던 것으로 추측하고 있으나 영국에서 1926년 Doyle$^{62}$ 에 의해서 처음으로 발생보고 된 이내 오늘에 이르기까지 ND는 세계적으로 널리 발생되고 있을 뿐만 아니라 앞으로도 거의 근절되지 않고 계독존재하면서 양계에 많은 피해를 줄 것으로 예상된다. 이와 같이 세계적으로 분포되어 있을 뿐만 아니라 많은 학자들은 이병과 이병의 원인체인 Newcastle disease virus(NDV)에 관한 연구가 이루어져 왔었다. (중략)

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Association between Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of the Major Histocompatibility Complex Class II Gene and Newcastle Disease Virus Titre and Body Weight in Leung Hang Khao Chickens

  • Molee, A.;Kongroi, K.;Kuadsantia, P.;Poompramun, C.;Likitdecharote, B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2016
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II gene on resistance to Newcastle disease virus and body weight of the Thai indigenous chicken, Leung Hang Khao (Gallus gallus domesticus). Blood samples were collected for single nucleotide polymorphism analysis from 485 chickens. Polymerase chain reaction sequencing was used to classify single nucleotide polymorphisms of class II MHC. Body weights were measured at the ages of 3, 4, 5, and 7 months. Titres of Newcastle disease virus at 2 weeks to 7 months were determined and the correlation between body weight and titre was analysed. The association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and body weight and titre were analysed by a generalized linear model. Seven single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified: C125T, A126T, C209G, C242T, A243T, C244T, and A254T. Significant correlations between log titre and body weight were found at 2 and 4 weeks. Associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms and titre were found for C209G and A254T, and between all single nucleotide polymorphisms (except A243T) and body weight. The results showed that class II MHC is associated with both titre of Newcastle disease virus and body weight in Leung Hang Khao chickens. This is of concern because improved growth traits are the main goal of breeding selection. Moreover, the results suggested that MHC has a pleiotropic effect on the titre and growth performance. This mechanism should be investigated in a future study.

Molecular Cloning and Nucleotide Sequence of the Gene Encoding Fusion(F) Protein of the Thermostable Newcastle Disease Virus Isolated from a Diseased Pheasant (꿩에서 분리된 Newcastle Disease Virus 내열성주 (CBP)의 Fusion(F) 유전자 클론닝과 염기서열 분석)

  • Chang, Kyung-Soo;Jun, Moo-Hyung;Song, Hee-Jong;Kim, Kui-Hyun;Park, Jong-Hyeon
    • The Journal of Korean Society of Virology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.233-245
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    • 1998
  • The gene encoding F protein of CBP-1 strain, a heat-stable Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated from the diseased pheasants in Korea, was characterized by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), nucleotide and amino acid sequences. Virus RNA was prepared from the chorioallatoic fluid infected with NDV CBP-1 virus and cDNA was amplified by RT-PCR, cloned and sequenced to analyze. The PCR was sensitive as to detect the virus titer above $2^5$ hemagglutination unit. 1.7kb (1,707bp) size of the cDNA was amplified and cloned into BamHI site of pVL1393 Baculo transfer vector. The nucleotide sequences for F protein were determined by dye terminator cyclic sequencing using four pairs of primers, and 553 amino acid sequences were predicted. In comparison of the nucleotide sequence of F gene of CBP-1 with those of other NDV strains, the homology revealed 88.8%, 98.5% and 98.7% with Kyojungwon (KJW), Texas GB and Beaudette C strains, respectively. As the deduced 553 amino acid sequences of F protein of CBP-1 were compared with those of other NDV strains, the homology appeared 89.9%, 98.7% and 98.9% with KJW, Texas GB and Beaudette C strains, respectively. The putative protease cleavage site (112-116) was R-R-Q-K-R, indicating that CBP-1 strain is velogenic type. The amino acid sequences include 6 sites of N-asparagine-linked glycosylation and 13 cysteine residues. These data indicate that the genotype of CBP-1 strain is more closely associated with the strains of Texas GB and Beaudette C than KJW strain.

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Validation of a Real-Time RT-PCR Method to Quantify Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) Titer and Comparison with Other Quantifiable Methods

  • Jang, Juno;Hong, Sung-Hwan;Kim, Ik-Hwan
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.100-108
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    • 2011
  • A method for the rapid detection and quantification of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) produced in an animal cell culture-based production system was developed to enhance the speed of the NDV vaccine manufacturing process. A SYBR Green I-based real-time RT-PCR was designed with a conventional, inexpensive RT-PCR kit targeting the F gene of the NDV LaSota strain. The method developed in this study was validated for specificity, accuracy, precision, linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), and robustness. The validation results satisfied the predetermined acceptance criteria. The validated method was used to quantify virus samples produced in an animal cell culture-based production system. The method was able to quantify the NDV samples from mid- or late-production phases, but not effective on samples from the early-production phase. For comparison with other quantifiable methods, immunoblotting, plaque assay, and tissue culture infectious dose 50 ($TCID_{50}$) assay were also performed with the NDV samples. The results demonstrated that the real-time RT-PCR method is suitable for the rapid quantification of virus particles produced in an animal cell-culture-based production system irrespective of viral infectivity.

Production of recombinant nucleocapsid protein of Newcastle disease virus in Escherichia coli for a diagnostic ELISA

  • Kim, Hyun-Il;Park, Kyoung-Phil;Park, Chan-Hee;Cho, Hyun-Ah;Yang, Ho-Suk;Hahn, Tae-Wook
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2009
  • Transmission of avian viruses both bird-to-bird and from birds to non-avian species is a major health concern. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is an economically important avian virus that poses substantial risks to the poultry industry. Rapid and sensitive diagnostic methods, such as the enzymelinked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are required to track such infections. To develop an ELISA for detecting anti-NDV antibody in avian sera, the nucleocapsid protein (NCP) gene of the NDV La Sota strain was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and the 513-amino acid recombinant NCP was purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography. To evaluate its ability to replace NDV whole virus antigen as a coating antigen, NCP-coated and whole NDV-coated ELISAs were tested and compared using a panel of NDV positive antisera from chickens. Results using purified NCP were highly correlated with those obtained using whole NDV (r= 0.927), demonstrating that recombinant NCP expressed in Escherichia coli is a suitable substitute antigen for whole NDV in a diagnostic ELISA.

Studies on the immunization against field strain after live Newcastle disease virus vaccination (뉴캣슬병 생독백신 접종 후 야외 분리 바이러스에 대한 면역성 조사)

  • 김순태;박인화;김성국;김영환;조광현;손재권
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.147-159
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    • 2001
  • This Study was conducted to determine vaccination programs for the control of Newcastle Disease(ND) in chickens and investigate protective effect against Newcastle disease virus (NDV) after live ND vaccination. Maternal HI antibody titer level of chickens according to day(age) 1, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 were decreased gradually as 7.10$\pm$0.74, 6.57$\pm$0.74, 3.71$\pm$1.25, 2.20$\pm$1.03, 1.20$\pm$1.23 and 0.50$\pm$0.71. As a result of HI test and ELISA, both chickens vaccinated with VG/GA strain live vaccine at 1-day-old and chickens not vaccinated do not have antibody titer for protection against NDV at 14-day-old. Except for LaSota strain vaccine, in case of vaccination with VG/GA spray and VG/GA, B1 and LaSota strain drinking water at 14-day-old, the protective effect was 100% in chickens inoculated NDV($10^{7.2}$ $EID_{50}$/50${\mu}\ell$, eye drop) at 21-day-old, but not 10~50% at 28-day-old. These data suggest that live NDV vaccination should be given at 10-day-old 20-25day-old for protect against NDV at periodic outbreaks of ND caused by velogenic viscerotropic NDV in the environment of a farm.

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The Occurrance of Velogenic Viscerotropic Newcastle Disease Virus in an Adult Peacock (성숙 공작(Pavo cristatus)에서 발생한 내장 친화형 뉴캣슬병 바이러스 강독주)

  • 조경오;박남용;강문일;고홍범;이근우
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.152-155
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    • 2001
  • A two-year-old male peacock (Pavo cristatus) showed acute watery green diarrhea, followed by neurological signs including torticollis and muscular tremor. By the hemagglutination inhibition test for detecting the antibody against the Newcastle disease virus (NDV), the peacock serum inhibited the agglutination of chicken red blood cells. Grossly distinctive hemorrhagic lesions were found in the mucosa of proventiculus and intestine and lung. The spleen revealed multiple variable sized necrotic foci. Histologically, the mucosa of gastrointestinal track had hemorrhagic lesions and some of them underwent ulceration. The spleen exhibited multiple variable sized necrotic foci in which fibrin exudation was marked. Central nervous system had mild non-suppulative menin-goencephalitis consisting of vasculitis, perivascular hemorrhage, gliosis and meningitis. The cells particularly in the cerebellum were degenerative to necrotic. Some of these nerve cells revealed characteristic peripheral chromatolysis. From the present serological and pathological findings, it is suggested that NDV causing death of peacock was velogenic viscerotropic strain. This is the first report of the occurrence of velogenic viscerotropic NDV in an adult peacock in Korea.

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Demonstration of Newcastle Disease Virus Antigens in Paraffin Embedded Tissues of Experimentally Infected Chickens Using Peroxidase-antiperoxidase(PAP) Technique (Peroxidase-antiperoxidaes법을 이용한 실험감염 계의 조직내 뉴캣슬병 바이러스 항원동정)

  • 노환국;신종백;임기재;김병지
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.184-194
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    • 1992
  • This study was done to identify Newcastle disease virus(NDV) antigens in paraffin sections of various organs from experimentally NDV-infected chicken using peroxidase-antiperoxidase(PAP) technique. Sections were Incubated with rabbit anti-NDV polyclonal as first antibody, followed by incubation with goat anti-rabbit IgG conjugate and peroxidase anti-peroxidase ( PAP ). Positive reactions were often detected in the epithelim of trachea and in the lymphocyte of spleen at 24 hours after virus inoculation. The viral antigen was localized mainly in the cytoplasm of infected cells. The method approved to be highly specific for the indetification of NDV and allowed a precise localization of the viral antigens in infected cells.

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