• Title, Summary, Keyword: Nomex Honeycomb

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Bondline Strength Evaluation of Honeycomb Sandwich Panel For Cure Process and Moisture Absorption (경화공정 및 수분흡수에 따른 복합재료 하니콤 샌드위치 판넬의 접합강도특성 연구)

  • Choe, Heung-Seop;Jeon, Heung-Jae;Nam, Jae-Do
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, through a series of comparative experiments, effects of two different cure processing methods, cocure and precure, on the mechanical properties of honeycomb core materials for aircraft applications are considered. Mass of moisture accumulated into the closed cells of the sandwich panel specimen from the measured mass of moisture diffused to the full saturation state into the elements(skin, adhesive layer, Nomex honeycomb), consisting the honeycomb sandwich specimen has been calculated. Water reservoir of 70$\^{C}$ was used to have specimens absorb moisture to see the influence of moisture absorbed into sandwich panel on its mechanical properties. For the repair condition holding for 2 hours at 177$\^{C}$(350℉) temperature, a pressure due to the vapor expansion in each cell of the sandwich panel, which may result in the local separation of the interface between laminated skin and the surface of the honeycomb, has been estimated by vapor pressure-temperature relation from the thermodynamic steam table and compared to the pressure from the ideal gas state equation. The bonding strengths of the laminated skins on the flat surface of the Nomex honeycomb have been compared by the flatwise tension test and climbing drum peel test performed at room temperature for dry, wet and wet-repair specimens, respectively.

High-Gain and Wideband Microstrip Antenna Using Glass/Epoxy Composite and Nomex Honeycomb (유리섬유/에폭시 복합재료와 허니컴을 이용한 고성능의 마이크로스트립 안테나 설계)

  • You C.S.;Hwang W.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2004
  • In this paper we developed Composite-Smart-Structures(CSS) using sandwich structure composed of Glass/Epoxy laminates and Nomex honeycomb and microstrip antenna. Transmission/reflection theory shows that antenna performances can be improved due to multiple reflection by Glass/Epoxy facesheet, and honeycomb is used for air gap between antenna and facesheet. Stacked radiating patches are used for the wideband. Facesheet and honeycomb thicknesses are selected considering both wideband and high gain. Measured electrical performances show that CSS has wide bandwidth over $10\%$ and higher gain by 3.5dBi than initially designed antenna, and no doubt it has excellent mechanical performances by sandwich effect given by composite laminates and honeycomb core. The CSS concept can be extended to give a useful guide for manufacturers of structural body panels as well as antenna designers, promising innovative future communication technology.

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Microstrip Antenna for SAR Applications with Microwave Composite Laminates and Honeycomb Cores (복합재료 하니콤 샌드위치 판넬을 이용한 SAR 시스템용 마이크로스트립 안테나 개발)

  • 유치상;이라미;황운봉;박현철;박위상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2000
  • Microstrip antenna for SAR applications is designed with microwave composite laminates and Nomex honeycomb cores, which becomes an aircraft's structural panel. This study demonstrated fabrication, design procedures and structural and electrical performances of complex antenna system presented. For validating structural rigidity, 3-point bending test is performed, and simulation results for the complex antenna array are compared with measurements for its electrical performance. The results show that this antenna system can be applied in dual polarized synthetic aperture radar and has a good flexural stiffness with comparison of previous sandwich constructions.

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FEM Analysis of Smart Skin Structure Specimen (스마트 스킨 구조물 시편의 유한요소 해석)

  • 전지훈;황운봉
    • Composites Research
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2003
  • FEM analysis of the smart skin structure, and application of the sandwich structures investigated. The honeycomb manufactures only provide stillness of thickness direction and transverse shear modulus. Although these are dominant mechanical properties. the other mechanical properties are needed in FEM analysis. Hence, this work shows procedures of obtaining those mechanical properties. Honeycomb material was assumed to be ar, isotropic material and properties are estimated by its dominant honeycomb properties. The other honeycomb properties are then obtained by mechanical properties of Nomex. Buckling test and three point bending test were simulated by ABAQUS. Both the shell and solid element models were used. The results were compared with experimental results and analytical approaches. They showed good agreements. This study shows a guideline of FEM analysis of smart skin structure using commercial a FEM package.

Design of Microstrip Antenna with Composite Laminates and its structural rigidity (복합재료 평면 안테나 구조의 제작 및 기계적 특성 평가)

  • 전지훈;유치상;김차겸;황운봉;박현철;박위상
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.195-198
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    • 2002
  • Two types of conformal load-bearing antenna structure (CLAS) were designed with microwave composite laminates and Nomex honeycomb cores, to give both structural rigidity and good electrical performance. One is 4$\times$8 array for Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) system and the other is $5\times2$ array for wireless LAN system. Design was based on wide bandwidth, high polarization purity, low loss and good structural rigidity. We studied the design, fabrication and structural/electrical performances of the antenna structures. The flexural behavior was observed under a 3-point bending test, an impact test, and a buckling test. Electrical measurements were in good agreement with simulation results and these complex antenna structures have good flexural characteristics. The design of this antenna structure is extended to give a useful guide for sandwich panel manufacturers as well as antenna designers.

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Development of Firefighters' Personal Protective Clothing with Nomex Honeycomb Fabric and its Protective and Comfort Evaluation (노멕스 허니콤 구조 직물을 적용한 소방관용 특수방화복 개발 및 이의 보호 쾌적 성능평가)

  • Jung, Jae-Yeon;Ku, Ponjun;Kim, Do Hyung;Kwon, Min-Jae;Kang, Sungwook;Choi, Jeong-Yoon;Lee, Joo-Young
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.606-617
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    • 2019
  • The present study newly developed a firefighters' protective jacket and pants using a Nomex honeycomb structured layer (HPC) in cases of being exposed to flashover or flameover. This study evaluated the protective and comfort functions of an HPC compared to the current KFI firefighters' protective clothing (FPC). The results are as follows. First, thermal protective performance (TPP) of fabric layers was 2.75 times greater for HPC than FPC at $125kW/m^2$. Second, the predicted second and third degree burn areas were smaller for HPC than FPC when using a flame manikin. Third, thermal insulation using a thermal manikin was 0.2 clo greater for HPC than FPC. Fourth, there were no marked differences in maximal performance, mobility, and microclimate temperature/humidity between FPC and HPC through human wear trials. The thermal insulation of HPC was higher than that of FPC; however, any negative effect of HPC thermal insulation on the comfort functions for firefighters was not found. In conclusion, the newly-developed HPC provided more protection in reducing burn injuries from $125kW/m^2$, while no negative impact on maximal performance, mobility and thermal comfort functions of firefighters, which is appropriate for quick-evasive tactics at the flashover, flameover or back draft fires.

Sound Insulation Strategy of the Side Panels in a Tilting Train (틸팅열차 측면재의 차음 전략)

  • Kim, Seockhyun;Seo, Taegun
    • Journal of Industrial Technology
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    • v.31 no.A
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    • pp.33-38
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    • 2011
  • In an express tilting train, side wall insulating the noise from the exterior sound source consists of two parts. One is the layered composite panel including aluminum honeycomb, glass wool and nomex honeycomb. The other is the double glazed window. In this study, sound insulation performance of the two parts is investigated by mass law and experiment. Based on ASTM E2249-02, the intensity sound transmission loss (TL) is measured on the specimens of the two parts. Mass law deviation (MLD) is considered in order to compare the sound insulation performance in respect of weight. Contribution of each part to the sound insulation is analyzed and the sound insulation strategy for the interior noise reduction is investigated.

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Sound Insulation Performance of Honeycomb Composite Panel for a Tilting Train (틸팅 열차용 허니콤 복합 적층재의 차음성능)

  • Kim, Seock-Hyun;Seo, Tae-Gun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.1931-1936
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    • 2010
  • In Korean tilting trains, honeycomb composite panels are used for high speed and light weight. The side wall of a tilting train consists of an aluminum honeycomb coated with carbon-fiber-reinforced epoxy skin and a nomex honeycomb panel as the main structure, with glass wool inserted between the panels. In this study, based on ASTM E2249-02, we measure the intensity sound transmission loss (TL) of the honeycomb composite panels. Using mass law deviation (MLD), we estimate the sound insulation performance of the honeycomb composite panels in terms of their weight and explore the feasibility of substituting a conventional corrugated steel panel. The transmission-loss data of the honeycomb composite panels obtained in the study will be used to establish noise-reduction measures for train compartments.

Impact Damage of Honeycomb Sandwich Antenna Structures (통신 안테나용 허니콤 샌드위치 구조물의 충격 손상에 관한 연구)

  • 조성재;김차겸;박현철;황운봉
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society For Composite Materials Conference
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    • pp.74-77
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    • 2001
  • The impact response and damage of CLAS panel was investigated experimentally. The facesheet material used was RO4003 woven-glass hydrocarbon/ceramic and the core material was Nomex honeycomb with a cell size of 3.2mm and a density of 96 kg/$\textrm{m}^{3}$. The shield plane used was RO4003 and 2024-T3 aluminum. Static indentation and impact test was conducted to characterize the type and extent of the damage observed in two CLAS panels, and the performance of antenna used in a wireless LAN system. Correlation of peak contact force, residual indentation and the delamination area shows impact damage of the panel with an aluminum shield plane is larger than that of the panel with RO4003 shield plane, although tile former is more penetration resistant. The damage was observed by naked eye, ultrasonic inspection and cross sectioning. The shape and size of delamination was estimated by ultrasonic inspection, and the area of delamination linearly increases as impact energy increases. The performance of impact damaged antenna was estimated by measuring return loss and radiation pattern.

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Characteristics of Sandwich Panels and Indoor Composite Materials (샌드위치 패널 및 내장재 특성 연구)

  • 허완수;이상원;김장엽;이종호
    • Composites Research
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, the sandwich panel composites consisting of core material and face sheet were studied to evaluate the mechanical properties, noise level and fire resistance including flammability, smoke, and toxicity. Four types of sandwich panel were prepared using various kinds of panel and honeycomb materials. It was observed that Al honeycomb/Al skin composite materials had the excellent flatwise tensile strength and edgewise compressive strength compared with other types of composites. The flatwise compressive strength and flexural strength of Nomex honeycomb/Al skin composite were higher than those of other composites. PMI form/Al skin composite showed the higher core shear strength and facing bending strength. From the experimental results of flame resistance tests, it can be said that the phenol based skin composite has the excellent flame retardation properties, which are similar to those of the commercial skin composites.

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