• Title/Summary/Keyword: Non-governmental organizations

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Non-Governmental Organizations' Perception on Housing Welfare Policy and Local Governance (비영리민간단체를 대상으로 한 주거복지 의식조사 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Tae;Kim, Young-Joo
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.97-104
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    • 2007
  • Today, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are considered to be an important actor in the policy process. Based on this fact, this study aims to analyze the perception of the housing-related NGOs in Korea. Questions were prepared around two main themes: housing welfare policy and local governance. The data were collected in 11 cities where multi-party talks on housing welfare were held in April and in May 2007. The results are as follows. When it comes to housing welfare policy, housing supply should be combined with rehabilitation policy of low-income households. The roles of local government are strongly emphasized. Stabilization of housing market is important, but concrete measures should be necessary to help those who cannot participate in housing transaction. Concerning local governance issues, local government is expected to play a great role in setting up a productive policy network; NGOs are inclined to rely on public aid; An emphasis is put on professional and academic education which can make housing welfare delivery system more effective. With the questionnaire survey results, evolution and characteristics of the NGO movements in the Korean housing sector and the recent change of housing policy orientations are explained. And, strengthening communication channel between central and local actors, participation of NGOs in the various housing surveys, establishing a regular forum on the local level, and so on, are proposed in the conclusion.

Current status and prospects of oral health services exchange from South and North Korea through nongovernmental organizations (비정부기구를 통한 남북한 구강보건의료 교류의 현황과 전망)

  • Han, Dong-Hun;Shin, Teo-Jeon;Myoung, Hoon;Lee, Seung-pyo;Kim, Chong-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.53 no.10
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    • pp.705-711
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    • 2015
  • South Korea's oral health care non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have played a crucial role in South-North relations, although a formal intergovernmental relationship is difficult to establish and also easily breaks down. Humanitarian assistance by NGOs in the oral health care sector is an area that receives wide support from South Korean society for its urgency and for its appeal to humanity. This humanitarian assistance started in the late 1990's and continued to grow until the late 2000's. This assistance continued throughout the tension between the two administrations that resulted in a radical decrease in overall assistance from South Korea to North Korea. However, concerns remain about the transparency and efficiency of NGO activities. In this article, the NGOs and their major activities are delineated, and South Korean legislation is examined. A current act, the Law on the Development of South and North Korean Relations serves as a basis for governmental regulation and support of NGO's. Humanitarian assistance in the oral healthcare area is directly related to the oral health of the North Korean people, and it should not be influenced by political changes. Long-term planning and close discussions between NGOs, their North Korean counterparts, and the South Korean government are needed. NGOs need to overcome their shortcomings such as a lack of expertise and shortage of financial support. For this, NGOs must improve their administration transparency and professionalism.

Social Attitudes toward Compensation of Local Communities Hosting Noxious Facilities (혐오시설 유치지역주민의 보상에 대한 사회적 태도)

  • Hong, Seonghoon
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.727-746
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    • 2000
  • This paper investigates the social attitudes toward compensation of local communities hosting noxious facilities. Using a contingent valuation survey, we find that respondents are more distrustful of government institutes and waste disposal firms than non-governmental organizations. Siting procedures for waste disposal facilities are thought to be unfair 10 general. We also find that social distrust influences the likelihood of voting yes in a referendum to compensate the hosting communities of waste disposal facilities. Individuals who are distrustful of government institutes and waste disposal firms exhibit positive attitudes for the compensation of hosting communities. The higher the level of compensation offered, the less likely to vote yes for compensation.

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VBioindex: A Visual Tool to Estimate Biodiversity

  • Yu, Dong Su;Yoo, Seung Hwa
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.90-92
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    • 2015
  • Biological diversity, also known as biodiversity, is an important criterion for measuring the value of an ecosystem. As biodiversity is closely related to human welfare and quality of life, many efforts to restore and maintain the biodiversity of species have been made by government agencies and non-governmental organizations, thereby drawing a substantial amount of international attention. In the fields of biological research, biodiversity is widely measured using traditional statistical indices such as the Shannon-Wiener index, species richness, evenness, and relative dominance of species. However, some biologists and ecologists have difficulty using these indices because they require advanced mathematical knowledge and computational techniques. Therefore, we developed VBioindex, a user-friendly program that is capable of measuring the Shannon-Wiener index, species richness, evenness, and relative dominance. VBioindex serves as an easy to use interface and visually represents the results in the form of a simple chart and in addition, VBioindex offers functions for long-term investigations of datasets using time-series analyses.

Recent Developments in the EU Investment Policy : Towards an Investment World Court?

  • Giupponi, Belen Olmos
    • Journal of Arbitration Studies
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.175-230
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    • 2016
  • The controversies that have surrounded the negotiation of both the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) have underlined the difficulties arising out from the adoption of a truly common EU investment policy. Non-governmental organizations have called into question transparency and legitimacy of international investment arbitration during the negotiations. The article presents a reflection about current developments of the EU investment policy addressing, in particular, the criticisms towards the whole investor-to-State system and the EU's efforts in developing a "tailor-made" investment agreement and Investor-to-State Dispute resolution system. Along these lines, the article critically assesses the recently announced proposal for the establishment of an 'Investment Court System' put forward by the EU during the TTIP negotiations.

Global Civil Society from Hyperlink Perspective: Exploring the Website Networks of International NGOs

  • Meier, Harald
    • Journal of Contemporary Eastern Asia
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.64-77
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    • 2016
  • This case study takes a look at the hyperlink networks extracted from the websites of 367 international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with datasets from 2010, 2012 and 2014. The first level of evaluation focuses on connections between the NGOs, identifying important nodes, groups and their relations. The second level takes into account the broad range of networked websites from the World Wide Web delivering insights into general networking patterns. The third level explores the underlying spatial configurations of the network which offers a great variety of geographic insights on information flows between and within continents, countries and cities. The most interesting findings of this study are a low level of interconnectedness between the NGOs and at the same time a strong spatial concentration of all embedded network actors.

Review of the Burden of Esophageal Cancer in Malaysia

  • Siti-Azrin, Ab Hamid;Wan-Nor-Asyikeen, Wan Adnan;Norsa'adah, Bachok
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.3705-3709
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    • 2016
  • Esophageal cancer is one of the top leading causes of cancer-related deaths in Malaysia. To date, neither the prevalence nor incidence of esophageal cancer nationally have been recorded. Esophageal cancer remains a major and lethal health problem even if it is not common in Malaysia. The late presentation of esophageal cancer makes it a difficult and challenging medical problem. Therefore, more governmental and non-governmental organizations of Malaysia should emphasize primary and secondary prevention strategies.

Microfinance Institutions and Legal Status: An Overview of the Microfinance Sector in Bangladesh

  • Mia, Md Aslam
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2016
  • Although the microfinance sector in Bangladesh is mainly driven by Non-Governmental-Organizations (NGOs), there are other types of Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) that also provide financial services to the poor. Despite the criticism of microfinance programs, the current poverty situation in Bangladesh still requires such programs for consistently battling poverty. Hence, the aim of this paper is to profile the microfinance sector based on their legal status and investigate any possible differences (if any) between them in various aspects. After a thorough investigation of the sector, it was found that around 33 million of the clients are being served by the mainstream MFIs (NGO and Grameen Bank) while another 10-15 million clients are served by other types of MFIs (financial cooperatives, credit unions, various ministries etc.), accounting for the one-third of the total population in Bangladesh. While the mainstream MFIs basically works with poor, other categories of MFIs are concerned with relatively wealthy clients. Looking into the financial performance and social intermediation of the MFIs, the NGO-MFIs performed better than other types of MFIs in the sector.

Disaster Assessment and Mitigation Planning: A Humanitarian Logistics Based Approach

  • Das, Kanchan;Lashkari, R.S.;Biswas, N.
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.336-350
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes a mathematical modeling-based approach for assessing disaster effects and selecting suitable mitigation alternatives to provide humanitarian relief (HR) supplies, shelter, rescue services, and long-term services after a disaster event. Mitigation steps, such as arrangement of shelter and providing HR items (food, water, medicine, etc.) are the immediate requirements after a disaster. Since governments and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) providing humanitarian aid need to know the requirements of relief supplies and resources for collecting relief supplies, organizing and initiating mitigation steps, a quick assessment of the requirements is the precondition for effective disaster management. Based on satellite images from weather forecasting channels, an area/dimension of the disaster-affected zones and the extent of the overall damage may often be obtained. The proposed approach then estimates the requirements for HR supplies, supporting resources, and rescue services using the census and other government data. It then determines reliable transportation routes, optimum collection and distribution centers, alternatives for resource support, rescue services, and long-term help needed for the disaster-affected zones. A numerical example illustrates the applicability of the model in disaster mitigation planning.

Multilingual and Multicultural Library Services in Korea (국내 다국어/다문화 도서관 서비스에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Yong-Wan;Lee, Soo-Sang
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.269-297
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the current nationwide status of the multicultural and multilingual library services in Korea. To do this, a survey aimed at the public libraries, the non-governmental organizations and the governmental bodies that provided library services with multicultural and multilingual materials was conducted. Also, 15 librarians and the persons in charge were interviewed. As a result of this study, some recommendations not only regarding national library policies but also regarding public libraries providing multicultural library services to local users were suggested.